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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 41 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary., 1925 - 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/202
Scope and Contents Proofs and an offprint of WSC's article entitled "The German Splendour" on WSC's visits to Germany in 1906 and 1906 to see Kaiser Wilhelm II and the manoeuvres of the German army. Includes WSC's observations on the strength of the German army and navy compared to British forces, on German artillery, and military techniques (which are compared to those used at the Battle of Omdurman).Proofs and an offprint of WSC's article entitled "Consistency in Politics" which includes: observations on the...
Dates: 1925 - 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "Great Contemporaries": proofs., 22 Jun 1937 - 26 Jul 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/584
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Arthur James Balfour" on 1st Lord Balfour's career, including the Free Trade issue in 1903; "Hitler and his Choice" on German rearmament since the First World War and Hitler since 1935; "George Nathaniel Curzon" on 1st Lord Curzon.Also includes: a letter from 17th Lord Derby [earlier Lord Stanley] correcting details about himself in the Balfour article.

Dates: 22 Jun 1937 - 26 Jul 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "My Life", News of the World: copy., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/522A-B
Scope and Contents Carbon copies of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "My Life", News of the World": press cuttings., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/524
Scope and Contents

Cuttings of the following articles by WSC from "My Life": "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord Randolph Churchill's autobiography and the Free Trade issue; "Changing the Political Camp" on going over to the Liberals, South Africa and the Board of Trade; Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst.

Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "My Life", News of the World": proofs., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/523A-B
Scope and Contents Galley proofs of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC: 5., Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/618
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Memories of Parliament as a Novitiate Member" on the thrill of being an MP, features of the House of Commons, the gulf between the parties in the early years of the century, Joseph Chamberlain, the Free Trade debate, Charles Parnell and the flogging of soldiers; "On Making a Maiden Speech in the House" on the maiden speeches by F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead] and WSC, the effect of the Irish Nationalists and later,...
Dates: Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 2., Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/648
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "First Political Triumph, A Ban by the Duchess, Trouble with My Party Chiefs, Free Trade War Starts" on his return from the Boer War, victory at Oldham [Lancashire] in the 1900 General Election, obtaining his father's papers for the biography of Lord Randolph Churchill, and the opening of the Free Trade versus Protection debate; "I Was Warned that I Should be Called a Turncoat" on his dispute with Joseph Chamberlain and the Conservative Party,...
Dates: Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Political: Constituency: North West Manchester: Correspondence., 02 Jul 1905 - 23 Dec 1905

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 4/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: E Crosfield Pearson on canvassing support for WSC (6); E Pappadimitrou on Japan (2); William Royle, Chairman of the Manchester Liberal Association on demonstrations by suffragettes, including Annie Kenney and [Christabel] Pankhurst, against Sir Edward Grey (4).Other subjects include: Free Trade; preparations for the General Election and predictions about Liberal successes; WSC's support for local associations, clubs and events; and discussion of issues connected with...
Dates: 02 Jul 1905 - 23 Dec 1905
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence C-G., Jul 1929 - May 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/573A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [1st Lord] Carson on India; "Bertie" [7th Duke of] Leinster [earlier Lord Edward FitzGerald] on his health; Randolph Churchill on his finances; representatives of Nicholl Manistry and Company regarding the division of stock and a settlement to Randolph Churchill; Lord Ivor Churchill on subjects including family affairs including Gladys, Duchess of Marlborough and a statue of John, 1st Duke of Marlborough (5); Neville Chamberlain on opposition to the Finance Bill;...
Dates: Jul 1929 - May 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - D., 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/140
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Max Aitken, MP for Holborn [London]; John Addis [Junior Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; 17th Duke of Alba (2); "Alex", Field Marshal Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis], Supreme Allied Commander [Mediterranean], on subjects including WSC's visit to Italy (5); Leo Amery on subjects including Britain's place in Europe (3); General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine]; Frank Giles [Private Secretary to the...
Dates: 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with Lord Beaverbrook., 04 Aug 1951 - 19 Feb 1960

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/211
Scope and Contents Correspondence between WSC and 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] on subjects including: Chartwell [Kent]; racing; WSC's visits to Beaverbrook's house in France; Beaverbrook's opposition to a German army; publishing letters by WSC in books by Beaverbrook; the Canadian stock market; effects of the United States's policy on Suez [Egypt]; British Free Trade proposals to Canada; economic problems in the United States.Other correspondents include: Arthur Christiansen, [Editor], Daily...
Dates: 04 Aug 1951 - 19 Feb 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches., [1904] - [1909]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/14
Scope and Contents

Undated manuscript speech notes by WSC Mainly on free trade, protection and the fiscal question.

Dates: [1904] - [1909]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches., 1904 - 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/15
Scope and Contents

Undated manuscript speech notes by WSC Subjects covered include free trade, taxation, general elections, colonial affairs, education, Ireland.

Dates: 1904 - 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and non-House of Commons: Printed collection with preface., 14 Apr 1902 - 08 Mar 1905

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/20
Scope and Contents Volume "For Free Trade: A Collection of Speeches delivered at Manchester or in the House of Commons during the Fiscal Controversy preceding the General Election" by WSC, published March 1906, containing:.Extract from WSC's speech (14 April 1902, House of Commons, Budget debate) entitled "The Prelude to Protection", on the need for increased taxation. Published: (full version), Complete Speeches I, pp 143 - 8.Extract from WSC's speech (22 June 1903, House of Commons, Budget debate) entitled...
Dates: 14 Apr 1902 - 08 Mar 1905
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of Commons), entitled...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/22
Scope and Contents Proof copy (3rd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation" and "The Budget", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and others: speech notes and source material [all dates below are 1938]., 1938 - 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/130A-D
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (30 June) entitled "The Sandys storm" supporting the motion to set up a Select Committee to enquire into a complaint by Duncan Sandys concerning anti-aircraft defences. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5985-90.Notes for an unused speech (July) on agricultural policy, free trade, and the dangers to sea trade in time of war.Notes for WSC's speeches (11 and 19 July) entitled "The Sandys storm" on the report of the Committee of Privileges concerning an alleged breach of...
Dates: 1938 - 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and print., 13 Oct 1924 - 07 May 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/71
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (7 April) on the German Reparation (Recovery) Act, as an alternative method of receiving reparations through the new trade treaty with Germany. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3546 - 3554.Speech notes for WSC's Budget statement (28 April) on Philip Snowden's last Budget as former Chancellor of the Exchequer, the National Debt, the return to the Gold Standard, expenditure and revenue, estate duty, tax on luxury goods, import duty on hops, the re-imposition...
Dates: 13 Oct 1924 - 07 May 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 13 Jul 1943 - 21 Apr 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/198A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 March) on "a matter of confidence" relating to the deletion of a clause from the Education Bill which would accept equal pay for male and female teachers and an ensuing vote of no confidence. Subjects covered include: the strength of British democracy and the House of Commons and the principle of equality between the sexes. Includes note that the speech was not delivered. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6916-7 (part).Speech notes and Hansard copy of...
Dates: 13 Jul 1943 - 21 Apr 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 17 Dec 1924

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/68
Scope and Contents

Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (17 December) on fiscal policy, including the Safeguarding of Industries Act, the most-favoured-nation principle, as in the Anglo-German Treaty, tax reform, Imperial Preference and taxation of staple foodstuffs. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3511 - 3517.

Dates: 17 Dec 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 20 Apr 1932 - 08 Jun 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/100
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (21 April), entitled "The Budget" on 1st Lord Snowden's past budgets, British prestige in the United States, Protectionism, the harmful effects of paying war debts in gold, the Gold Standard, the need for an economic alliance with the United States and the stability of sterling. Also includes printed extracts from the Budget Debate, reporting WSC's speech and speeches by Sir Robert Horne [former Chancellor of the Exchequer] and Leo Amery....
Dates: 20 Apr 1932 - 08 Jun 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and typescript., 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/72A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 May) on the silk duty in the Budget, and the sugar tax. Source material includes notes on artificial silk, including a quote from Samuel Courtauld, Chairman of Courtaulds Limited, and Philip Snowden [former Chancellor of the Exchequer] on tea duty. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3620 - 3631.Speech notes for WSC's statement (25 May) for the 2nd reading of the Finance Bill, on criticism of the Budget, particularly from Snowden, taxation, silk and death...
Dates: 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/94A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (29 April), entitled "The Budget" on the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden's adoption of WSC's own measures as former Chancellor, on the National Debt, the Unemployment Insurance Fund and taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5016 - 5024.Speech notes for WSC's speech (13 May), entitled "India Office" on trade with India, the boycott on British goods and its harmful effect on Lancashire and the Indian people, and the political...
Dates: 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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