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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 28 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/296A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Carl Bechhofer Roberts on subjects including his biography of WSC, and particularly the Abdication Crisis [of King Edward VIII, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, later Duke of Windsor] (2); Ivy, Lady Chamberlain; Cosmo Lang [Archbishop of Canterbury]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, on a speech by WSC in a foreign affairs debate, and his tribute to the Foreign Office; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord...
Dates: 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Public and Political: General: Patronage: Correspondence, P-Q., [Mar] [1941] - Mar 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/560A-B
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence from various organisations and individuals informing WSC of tributes paid to him or requesting his support for various projects. Correspondents include: D Routhwaite of the Commonwealth Relations Office regarding a centenary message from WSC to the Pioneer newspaper (3); Sir Frank Francis, Director and Principal Librarian of the British Museum; Charles Jervis, Editor-in-Chief, Press Association; Henry Boyne regarding the Parliamentary Press Gallery Trust; various...
Dates: [Mar] [1941] - Mar 1965
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1950., Aug 1950 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/103
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (3); representatives of the Hotel Majestic, St Annes on the Sea [Lancashire], on WSC's stay there (5); George Christ of Conservative and Unionist Central Office; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip]; H V Armstrong, Secretary of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations (9); representatives of British Railways (4). Also...
Dates: Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-S., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/85A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Count Edward Raczynski, former Polish Ambassador to United Kingdom; George Zdziechowski, former Polish Finance Minister, on the international economic situation and the Marshall Plan; Prime Minister Clement Attlee; representatives of the Conservative Research Department including R A Butler (4); Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Craddock; Antony Head; Juliet, Lady Rhys Williams (3) including 2 on her social security scheme; representatives of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speech notes: House of Commons., 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/6A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (5 June 1946, House of Commons) on foreign affairs on various subjects including: the cold war and the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; Communism; the report of the Trade Union delegation to Athens [Greece] and the elections held there; affairs and events in Spain, Italy, Germany, France and Poland; a broadcast delivered by Field Marshal Jan Smuts; reconstruction in Belgium and the Netherlands; and the United Nations. Source...
Dates: 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A-C
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution on the presentation of the Chesney Gold Medal to WSC (4 July, Royal United Service Institution), including WSC's acceptance speech entitled "Military History", on former winners of the medal, the importance of the study of military history, the progress of military science and in tribute to the career of Admiral Sir Henry Moore, Chairman of the Royal United Service Institution Council. Also includes opening speech by Admiral...
Dates: 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Lists of speeches and speech notes., 1945 - 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/1A-D
Scope and Contents Includes lists of the speeches made by WSC between 1945 and 1954 with details of the place of delivery, subjects covered and numbers of words.Speech notes for WSC's speech (20 October 1945, Woodford [Essex]) on receiving the freedom of the Borough of Wanstead and Woodford on subjects including: his long association with Essex and his disappointment at not being re-elected. Also includes an invitation card for the event.Hansard report and speech notes for WSC's speech (22 October 1945, House...
Dates: 1945 - 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 16 Oct 1920 - 13 Nov 1923

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/62
Scope and Contents Speech notes and draft typescript for WSC's speech (16 October 1920, King's Theatre, Dundee, Scotland) on the tyranny of Bolshevism, the Socialist delegation to Russia, Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith, Leader of the Liberal Party]'s policy on Ireland and the need for firm action in Ireland. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3018 - 3024.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (4 November 1920, United Wards Club Luncheon, Cannon Street Hotel, London), entitled...
Dates: 16 Oct 1920 - 13 Nov 1923
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/73
Scope and Contents Print of WSC's speech (25 April, Royal Naval Division War Memorial unveiling ceremony, Admiralty Building, London). Also includes a note from Lieutenant-Colonel Bernard Freyberg. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3554 - 3556.Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 May, Primrose League Demonstration, Albert Hall, London) on the founding of the League, conditions now facing Conservatives, the Budget and foreign policy. Also includes a note from [Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister], regretting his...
Dates: 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/77A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (3 January, Wolfe Dinner, Westerham, Kent) on the achievements and prosperity of Canada.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (20 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Leeds, Yorkshire), entitled "National Finance", on the increase in national expenditure and necessity for cuts, particularly in education, on the changing funding system for local authorities, electricity development, the coal subsidy and averting a coal dispute, and the general improvement in...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/81
Scope and Contents Typescript of WSC's speech (11 May, British Bankers' Association Annual Dinner, Merchant Taylors' Hall, London), entitled "The Financial Situation" on the results of the Budget, the trade revival and the war debt to the United States. Also includes a press cutting from the Financial Times reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4217 - 4218 (part).Typescript of WSC's speech (12 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet to Bankers and Merchants, Mansion House, London), entitled "Peace and...
Dates: 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Typescript, prints and speech notes., 02 Jan 1919 - 09 Nov 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/58
Scope and Contents Speech by WSC (2 January, Ministry of Munitions, Ponder End Shell Factory deputation) entitled "Real Comradeship" on the success of munitions production and adjustment to peacetime. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2661 - 2663.Report of the speeches (16 January, American Society in London dinner for John Davis, United States Ambassador to Great Britain), including a speech by WSC entitled "Comrades in War and Peace" on the common task of Britain and the United States in keeping world...
Dates: 02 Jan 1919 - 09 Nov 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/4A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's address to personnel on board the R M S Queen Elizabeth (13 January) in which he reviews the war and links between the United Kingdom and Canada.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (26 February, University of Miami, United States) on receiving an honorary law degree in which he discusses education. Includes the phrase "I am surprised that in my later life I should have become so experienced in taking degrees, when, as a school boy, I was so bad at passing...
Dates: 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/16A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 January 1948, House of Commons) on the foreign affairs debate including: support for the Labour government's foreign policy; affairs and events in various countries including Greece, Italy and the United States; his predictions of the Cold war in his Fulton speech ["The Sinews of Peace" see CHUR 5/4A-B] and the need for reconciliation between France and Germany at Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", see CHUR 5/8]; criticism of a speech by Herbert Morrison, Lord...
Dates: Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/17A-G
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 March 1948, House of Commons) on navy estimates including: the absence of enemies at sea; the importance of the navy to sustaining the British empire; criticism of the Labour government's secrecy about their naval policy and naval estimates; previous mistakes in naval policy; the scrapping of ships; and his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty. Source material includes: notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC] and "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady...
Dates: 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/20A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 July, Woodford [Essex]) at an open air constituency meeting entitled "A new parliament" on subjects including: praise for Sir James Hawkey as Chairman of the Woodford Conservative Association; the strength of the Conservative Party; his involvement with social policy; the National Health service; the need to oppose communism; the possibility of war with the Soviet Union; the Labour government's economic policy; and the pledges of the Conservative Party. Also...
Dates: 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/24A-E
Scope and Contents Includes speech notes for WSC's speech (31 March, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston [United States]) entitled "The twentieth century - its promises and its realisation" on subjects including: the teaching of engineering and science in the United Kingdom contrasted with the situation in the United States; the role of science and the use made of scientific discoveries for military purposes; Great Britain's hopes for the twentieth century; WSC's early political career and...
Dates: Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/26A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 June, Kensington Town Hall [London]) on receiving the freedom of the Borough of Kensington including: his memories and experience of Kensington; its history and contribution during World War II and his descent from John, 1st Duke of Marlborough. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7824-5 (part).Brief manuscript notes for WSC's speech (26 June, Savoy Hotel [London]) at the 1922 Committee Luncheon.Speech notes for WSC's speech (5 July, Sikorski Institute,...
Dates: 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/104
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (February, Chingford [Essex]) on subjects including the National Government, economic affairs, unemployment, and India.Notes for WSC's speech (17 February, Queen's Hall, London, Anti-socialist and anti-communist union) on socialism and communism, the Soviet Union, Japan, India, and the Oxford Union motion against fighting for King and country. Also includes printed guide containing the text of WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5219-20.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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