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Army

 Organization

Found in 91 Collections and/or Records:

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 Series

Home Office, 1910 - 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12
Scope and Contents INTRODUCTION TO CHAR 12: THE HOME OFFICE: GENERAL The Home Office papers contain correspondence, printed material and papers which were created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as Home Secretary. The papers have been arranged into correspondence and subject-based files. The Home Office papers form a departmental sub-class of the official class of the Chartwell Papers which was divided according to the various offices held by WSC. Files containing varying numbers of items were...
Dates: 1910 - 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Literary: Correspondence concerning WSC's research for Volume 3 of "The World Crisis"., 20 Jan 1926 - 31 Oct 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/203
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Beatty, Admiral of the Fleet; James Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] (2); Kenneth Dewar of the Naval Staff Intelligence Division (5); 1st Lord D'Abernon [earlier Sir Edgar Vincent] (4) on statistics of German casualties (4); Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] (3); Brigadier General James Edmonds of the Military Branch of the Historical Section (13); John Du Cane (3); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial...
Dates: 20 Jan 1926 - 31 Oct 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1950 - Aug 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/57A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Kenneth Anderson on 1st Army in north Africa; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (6); Lieutenant-Colonel L V S Blacker (6); Captain John Broome on convoy PQ17; Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Browning on the raid on Bruneval [France]; ?Robert Chapman; Admiral John Godfrey; R G Gregory (4) and Josiah Francis, Australian Minister for the Army, on Australian troops and the Burma campaign; R V Jones on German use of "Window" [the code name...
Dates: Oct 1950 - Aug 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: miscellaneous correspondence, A-E, and correspondence on the Life magazine serialisation, of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Mar 1948 - Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (4); Brigadier Hugh Harlock [Australian Army Representative in the United Kingdom] on accounts of the Australian Army's part in the war; William Deakin (2); Robert Mason (Foreign Office); George Crosfield; Count Edmund Carton de Wiart (2); Andre de Staercke [Secretary to Prince Charles, Regent of Belgium]; Olive Muir (4); Arthur Birse [one of WSC's wartime interpreters] thanking WSC for mentioning him; Robert Marshall [Private...
Dates: Mar 1948 - Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 1., Apr 1938 - May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/614
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "How Wars of the Future will be Waged" on the importance of the horse in the Boer War, of machine-guns and tanks in World War I, the need for foresight and initiative amongst generals, and the importance of air power in a future conflict; "Future Safeguards of National Defence" on the importance of the Navy to national defence, the German submarine campaign in World War I, the threat of air attacks on ships...
Dates: Apr 1938 - May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC: 2., May 1939 - Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/643
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs, and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Our Rule Britannia Office of State" on the history and structure of the Admiralty, his experience of it during World War I, the replacement of coal-driven ships with oil-powered, the Admiralty yacht, the Enchantress, and praise for the Navy; "The Cinderella of Our Fighting Services" on the War Office, his experiences over demobilisation and mutinies at the end of World War I, and conscription; "Will There...
Dates: May 1939 - Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 2 ("The World Crisis" series)., 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/675
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "The Man Who Scared the U-Boats" on the convoy system for merchant shipping during World War I; "The German Army Myth" on the first battles on the Western Front; "The French" on the Battle of Verdun [France]; "The Blackest Day of the German Army" on the use of tanks at the Battles of Cambrai and Amiens [both France]; "The Valiant Heart of Man" on the bravery of those who fought in World War I; "Plan for Victory" on British naval strategy at the start...
Dates: 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/649
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Most Thrilling Days I Have Ever Lived" on his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty, on board the Enchantress, visiting the British Naval Fleet, his threat to resign, and the decision to order the Fleet to its war stations; "With the Kaiser on Parade" on his experiences as Under Secretary of State for the Colonies, viewing the manoeuvres of the German Army in 1906, WSC's impressions of its strength, and his meeting with Young Turks in...
Dates: Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Appendices., Oct 1940 - 27 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/179A-I
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of the appendices to Volume 2 including: Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May - December 1940"; Appendix B "Loss by Enemy Action of British, Allied and Neutral Merchant Tonnage"; Appendix D "Correspondence Relating to Dakar [Senegal] between Mr Churchill and Mr [Robert] Menzies" [Prime Minister of Australia]; Appendix E "List of Operational Code Names"; Appendix F "List of Abbreviations". The proofs are annotated with suggested amendments and...
Dates: Oct 1940 - 27 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: 'Final' proofs., 12 Aug 1948 - 17 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/182A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The...
Dates: 12 Aug 1948 - 17 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Master copy proofs., 21 Jan 1949 - 24 Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/180
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 11 "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the...
Dates: 21 Jan 1949 - 24 Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for CSC., 20 Jan 1948 - 25 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/189
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 11 "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the French Fleet. Oran" [Algeria]...
Dates: 20 Jan 1948 - 25 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for Sir Edward Marsh., 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/187A-D
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs from: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence"); Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence");...
Dates: 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for William Deakin., 12 Aug 1948 - 29 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/191A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The...
Dates: 12 Aug 1948 - 29 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: 'Starred final' proofs., 20 Oct 1948 - 17 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/184
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 11...
Dates: 20 Oct 1948 - 17 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Miscellanea., 18 Sep 1939 - 22 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/201A-C
Scope and Contents Includes various typescript and galley proofs from: the title pages, preface and contents table for Volume 2; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils" (provisionally entitled "The Italian Campaign Against France"); Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 12 "The Apparatus of Counter- Attack. 1940"; Chapter 13 "At...
Dates: 18 Sep 1939 - 22 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/196A-C
Scope and Contents Includes notes and comments by Pownall on subjects including: factual and printing errors throughout Volume 2; the build-up to the German attack on the Soviet Union; the build-up to "Dynamo" [codename for the evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk, France]; the British Expedition Force; the meeting between 6th Lord Gort [Commander-in-Chief of British Field Force, earlier John Vereker] and General Maxime Weygand [Commander-in-Chief, French Army], May 1940; British casualties; the defence of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": 'Superseded' proofs., 01 Mar 1948 - 27 Aug 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/186
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs from: Chapter 12 "The Apparatus of Counter-Attack. 1940"; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 27 [Benito] "Mussolini Attacks Greece"; Chapter 28 "Lend-Lease"; Chapter 30 "Ocean Peril" (provisionally...
Dates: 01 Mar 1948 - 27 Aug 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: correspondence mainly about the Dardanelles Expedition., Apr 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/43A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Josiah Wedgwood, General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (4), Kenneth Dundal and Harold Cawley on their personal experiences of events at the Dardanelles; Maurice Hankey [Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence] on his responsibility for policy on the Dardanelles expedition; "Freddie" [Frederick Guest]; Major General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations at the War Office] (10) on subjects including movements of...
Dates: Apr 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I., Aug 1914 - May 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/38
Scope and Contents Cabinet papers on various subjects by various individuals including: Field Marshal Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres, Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France] on the strengths and weaknesses of the British army on the Western Front and in the Eastern theatre; David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions] on the conduct of the war, its treatment by the press and the shortage of munitions; [Lord] Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on operations, forces, munitions and...
Dates: Aug 1914 - May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: War Policy Committee: correspondence and papers., Aug 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/61
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Reginald Brade [Secretary, War Office] on machine gun wastage; [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston, Lord Privy Seal]; [3rd Lord] Selborne [earlier Lord Wolmer] on population calculations and compulsory military service (2); Major General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations at the War Office](4); Austen Chamberlain [Secretary of State for India]; Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith, Prime Minister]; Robert Borden [Prime Minister of Canada] on the...
Dates: Aug 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: War Policy Committee: printed reports on World War I., Sep 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/60
Scope and Contents Includes: the main report of the War Policy Committee covering recruitment to the army, munitions, the air service and the navy; a note on the War Policy Cabinet Committee by Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War]; a supplementary report by some members of the War Policy Committee (including WSC) which includes additional sections on the hostile and allied armies, the supply of labour and notes on statements by the President of the Board of Trade [Walter Runciman], the Chancellor of the...
Dates: Sep 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: War Policy Committee: statement by David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions]., 16 Aug 1915 - 18 Aug 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/56
Scope and Contents

Includes 3 copies of a statement by Lloyd George on the manufacture of munitions covering requirements for the war, estimated dates of completion, calculations of wastage on the Western Front, labour problems including the employment of women and the deployment of trained engineers in the army, the possible effect of compulsory military service. Also includes a statement by Lloyd George on the supply of guns.

Dates: 16 Aug 1915 - 18 Aug 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: War Policy Committee: statements., 19 Aug 1915 - 23 Aug 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/58
Scope and Contents Includes 2 copies of statements by: Walter Runciman, President of the Board of Trade, on numbers of people employed in services "of national importance", the employment of women in the railway industry and the extent of enlistment from the industrial classes; Walter Long, President of the Local Government Board, on the use of the national register to recall skilled men from the army for munitions work and on compulsory service; and Reginald McKenna, Chancellor of the Exchequer, on economic...
Dates: 19 Aug 1915 - 23 Aug 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: War Policy Committee: statements., 17 Aug 1915 - 24 Aug 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/59
Scope and Contents Includes 2 copies of statements by: Major General Robert Montgomery, Director of Recruiting, on recruitment and wastage; Sir Reginald Brade, Secretary of the War Office, on the supply of rifles and control of munitions factories; Lieutenant-General Sir Archibald Murray, Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff, on the military forces stationed in the United Kingdom to repel invasion and the possibility of deploying them abroad; and Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, on...
Dates: 17 Aug 1915 - 24 Aug 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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  • Subject: Military equipment X

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Subject
Air warfare 40
Armed forces 40
Second World War (1939-1945) 36
Germany 31
France 28

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