Public and Political: General: Spain., 10 Feb 1937 - 14 Dec 1937
Scope and Contents
Correspondents on the Spanish Civil War include: the Marques del Moral [representative of the Nationalists] on the illegality of the Spanish Government; Pablo, Marques de Merry del Val [former Spanish Ambassador to Britain] on subjects including the Communist dictatorship in the Government, WSC's article ["Spain's Road to Peace"], Communist propaganda, and the mercy shown by General Franco to his opponents (4); Robert Graves on WSC's misinformation about Communist influence and interference from the Soviet Union, comparative levels of violence on Government and Nationalist sides, Franco's certain defeat, and the benefits to Britain in supporting the Government side; Don Pablo de Azcarate y Florez, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on subjects including WSC's article ["Can the Powers Bring Peace to Spain?], WSC's information on Communist influence and Government excesses, and an invitation for WSC to visit Spain for himself (3); Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso] on his sympathy for the Spanish Government, caught between the Nationalists and the Army; Katharine, Duchess of Atholl, on subjects including Communist influence, the actions of Manuel Azana [President of Spain], the Spanish Ambassador, benefits to Italy and Germany from the war, German fortifications in Morocco and southern Spain, the composition of the Government, and the International Brigade (3); Leslie Hore-Belisha, Secretary of State for War; Guy Locock, Assistant Director, Federation of British Industries; Nellie Romilly [earlier Nellie Hozier] on the situation of Englishmen caught in Spain, including Giles Romilly; Sir Herbert Samuel; Sir Hugh Tudor, on Franco's shortage of arms; Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon] on French opposition to granting belligerent rights to either side; Brigadier-General Sir Ormonde Winter [Director of Communications to the International Board for Non-Intervention in Spain]; Josiah Wedgwood; Frederick Hoyer Millar [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Inchyre] on border controls between Spain and France (2); Harold Caccia [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary]; "Bobbety" [Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Lord Cranborne, later 5th Lord Salisbury].Other subjects include: Spanish and German guns overlooking Gibraltar; British indifference to Spain; smuggling from France into Spain.Also includes: notes on their visit to Spain by the Duchess of Atholl, Ellen Wilkinson, Eleanor Rathbone and Dame Rachel Crowdy [Rachel Thornhill], on the scheme for observation of the Spanish frontiers by other nations; press cutting from the News Chronicle, with an article by Philip Jordan, and also French press notes, on German guns on the Moroccan coast; notes from Spanish sources on events previous to and during the war; typescript of a speech by de Azcarate y Florez at the Bryce Club, Oxford, on the Spanish point of view in the war; notes and copies of correspondence by WSC and Violet Pearman [Secretary to WSC].
- 10 Feb 1937 - 14 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access
Open, except for folios 57-58, closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S27 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review date 1 January 2021.
1 file(s) (1 bound file (99 folios))
Language of Materials