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Public and Political: General: Defence of Freedom and Peace Union., 08 Jan 1938 - 23 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/343A-B

Scope and Contents

Correspondence on the Focus in Defence of Freedom and Peace, mainly between WSC and A H Richards [Secretary of the Focus] on subjects including: the visit of [? Ivan Subasic], Ban of Croatia [Yugoslavia]; the pacifism movement among the churches; meetings of the Focus, where WSC gave speeches, including mass meetings at Manchester (9 May), Bristol [16 May], Sheffield [Yorkshire, 31 May], Birmingham (2 June) and Chingford [Essex, 11 December]; a joint campaign with the League of Nations Union; involving Lord Halifax [Foreign Secretary, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] and Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] in the Focus; a meeting with Alfred Wall [Secretary, London Trades Council]; a national campaign for a National Unity League; the expansion of Headway, former journal of the League of Nations Union; organizing protest against the Munich Pact.Other correspondents include: [Henry] Wickham Steed on subjects including religious pacifism, Czech resistance to Germany and claims by Sir Oswald Mosley [British Union of Fascists] that WSC advocates the encirclement of Germany (3); Katharine, Duchess of Atholl, on joining the National Committee for Defence and Freedom of Peace, the dangers of Nationalist victory in Spain and Benito Mussolini's long-term involvement in Spanish affairs; James Watts, Honorary Treasurer, Manchester City Conservative Association, on gaining right-wing support for the Focus, the need for an alliance with France, and the importance of not attacking the Government (5); 10th Lord Stamford [earlier Lord Grey of Groby] on WSC's visit to Manchester; 1st Lord Meston; 17th Lord Derby [earlier Lord Stanley] on chairing and then withdrawing from the Manchester meeting (5); Sir Malcolm Robertson on the audience for a national campaign on defence; Rennie Smith, Secretary, Friends of Europe; "R C" [1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood, earlier Lord Robert Cecil, President of the League of Nations Union] on WSC's speeches at Manchester and Bristol.Other subjects include: WSC's view on the duty to rouse the country and themes for his Manchester speech; political concerns in the Bristol area.Also includes: note on meetings between the Ban of Croatia and members of the Focus, on Yugoslav relations with Italy and Germany; lists of Focus members attending meetings; note of a meeting between Benito Mussolini and the Spanish Monarchists, 1934; memorandum on Headway and its take-over by the Focus; press statement on the Focus mass meetings; translation of a report on WSC's speech at Manchester from Der Angriff; list of National Committee for Defence of Freedom and Peace members; notes and copies of correspondence by WSC and Violet Pearman, Kathleen Hill and Mary Penman [Secretaries to WSC] to individuals listed above and also to others including Sir James Hawkey [Vice-Chairman of Epping Division Conservative Association, Essex].


  • 08 Jan 1938 - 23 Dec 1938

Conditions Governing Access



2 file(s) (2 bound files (215 folios))

Language of Materials


The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.