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Asia-Pacific War, 1941-1945

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Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 670 Collections and/or Records:

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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/204A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 March, Royal College of Physicians, London) on advances in medicine and science and the importance of a National Health Service. Also includes correspondence and source material from: 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] President of the Royal College of Physicians (2); Michael Reed [Private Secretary to Minister of Health]; notes and copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC] and John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC];...
Dates: 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 08 Dec 1941 - 21 Jan 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/153
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's broadcast (8 December, BBC) entitled "The Great Alliance of Free Peoples" on the attack on Pearl Harbor [United States], liaison with President Roosevelt, and the declaration of war on Japan. [Repeat of WSC's speech delivered to the House of Commons earlier that day with one added paragraph; for further material see CHAR 9/149 and CHAR 9/180] Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6523-6.Notes for WSC's broadcast (24 December, Washington...
Dates: 08 Dec 1941 - 21 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 08 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/25/4-5
Scope and Contents

Memorandum by Sir Edward Campbell [former British Vice-Consul in Java [part of Indonesia] to WSC warning that the War Cabinet should not underestimate Japanese air strength and determination and recommending that a bombing campaign of Japanese cities should be undertaken immediately otherwise the war will last for years.

Dates: 08 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 30 Aug 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/22A/91
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Robert Morgan advising that he should feel assured rather than "disquieted" about the favourable turn of affairs in Far East relations, particularly with Japan.

Dates: 30 Aug 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 17 Oct 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/44/10
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] urging that re-disposition of first class units to eastern hemisphere will include a modern capital ship to deter Japan.

Dates: 17 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 25 Nov 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/100-103
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC on proposals by the Japanese Ambassador [Kichisaburo Nomura]; for restoration of peace with China in return for petroleum from the United States and an end to sanctions; United States propose trade deal involving raw silk; suspects trouble will follow soon anyway; with reply from WSC expressing concern for China.

Dates: 25 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 30 Nov 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/2-3
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] suggesting a joint ultimatum to Japan to prevent war.

Dates: 30 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/9
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] with text of message sent to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, suggesting joint ultimatum to Japan.

Dates: 01 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/16
Scope and Contents

Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC supporting his ultimatum to Japan and urging a stronger United States military presence in Far East.

Dates: 02 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 07 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/37
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] requesting news of casualties; advises United States will declare war on Japan in event of invasion of Thailand [Siam], Malaya [later Malaysia], Burma [later Myanmar] or the East Indies [later Indonesia]; good news from the Soviet Union; General Alan Cunningham's return to Britain.

Dates: 07 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 08 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/40
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek "British Empire and United States have been attacked by Japan - always we have been friends: now we face a common enemy".

Dates: 08 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 08 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/43
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] to WSC advising that Canada has declared war on Japan.

Dates: 08 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 09 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/47-49
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to [Alfred] Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich], Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, authorising him to form a War Council, and detailing principle tasks.

Dates: 09 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 04 Mar 1942 - 28 May 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/57B/157-183,185
Scope and Contents Letter from 1st Lord Hankey [Paymaster-General] to WSC enclosing memoranda on the use and techniques of Bomber Command and the dispersal of capital ships and their use against Japan, written before his resignation; forwarded to the Secretary of State for Air [Sir Archibald Sinclair, later 1st Lord Thurso] and Chief of Air Staff [Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal], the First Lord of the Admiralty [A V Alexander] and 1st Sea Lord [Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound]; with replies by...
Dates: 04 Mar 1942 - 28 May 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 14 Jun 1942 - 28 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/58/24-34
Scope and Contents Draft letter from WSC to General Douglas MacArthur [Commander-in-Chief of Allied Forces, South West Pacific Area] bearing good wishes for MacArthur and his command, with appreciative reply, including MacArthur's opinion that WSC deserved the Victoria Cross, passed on by "C" [General Sir Stewart Menzies, Head of the Secret Intelligence Service, MI6]; includes correspondence between John Martin and Francis Brown [Private Secretaries to WSC] and Valentine Lawford [Assistant Private Secretary to...
Dates: 14 Jun 1942 - 28 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 11 Feb 1942 - 28 Feb 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/59/76-82
Scope and Contents Letter from Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond, Master, Downing College, Cambridge, to WSC on the threat to Trincomalee [Ceylon, later Sri Lanka] and need to improve its defences; also includes note to Richmond by John Peck [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC], notes by Colonel Leslie Hollis [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet] to John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC] and WSC, and draft reply from WSC explaining that Trincomalee must be defended by British troops rather than Dutch,...
Dates: 11 Feb 1942 - 28 Feb 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Feb 1941 - 28 Feb 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/2
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, February 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: the Chiefs of Staff; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs]; Vice Chief of Imperial General Staff [?General Sir Robert Haining];...
Dates: 01 Feb 1941 - 28 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Apr 1941 - 30 Apr 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/4
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, April 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] and Desmond Morton [Prime Minister's Personal Assistants]; Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs]; the Chiefs of Staff; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Sir Edward Bridges...
Dates: 01 Apr 1941 - 30 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Dec 1941 - 25 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/12
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, December 1941 (some written while WSC was in the United States).Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; senior civil servants including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces [Lieutenant-General Bernard Paget];...
Dates: 02 Dec 1941 - 25 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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(Untitled), 02 Apr 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/37/36
Scope and Contents

Telegram [from WSC] to [Sir Stafford Cripps, British Ambassador to the Soviet Union] (Moscow) with a message for Yosuke Matsuoka [Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs] of "sincerity and goodwill": warning him of the possible consequences if Japan and the combined British and American "naval superiority" should come into conflict.

Dates: 02 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 15 Oct 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/54B/141
Scope and Contents

Letter from Franklin Roosevelt [President of the United States] to WSC praising Lord Louis Mountbatten [Chief of Combined Operations] following his trip to Hawaii; situation with Japan worsening.

Dates: 15 Oct 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 20 Oct 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/54B/150-163
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to [Franklin Roosevelt] President of the United States, detailing secret military plans, reorganisation of command, and projected course of the war: Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to attack Cyrenaica [Libya], then advance on Tripoli; invasion of Norway has been planned as a cover; reports of German preparation for invasion of Britain over North Sea; seeks introduction of American troops to Northern Ireland; command. structure between the...
Dates: 20 Oct 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 07 Jun 1942 - 16 Jun 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/55/97-99
Scope and Contents

Letters from Rear-Admiral Tufton Beamish to WSC enclosing extracts from an account by his son of a journey from Singapore to Sumatra; with reply. [See CHAR 20/53C/290 for further copy of WSC's reply].

Dates: 07 Jun 1942 - 16 Jun 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Apr 1942 - 03 Apr 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/56A/61-67
Scope and Contents

Letter from Sir Edward Campbell [Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] to WSC warning about the danger of Australia and the United States attacking Japan too soon and the efficiency and strength of the Japanese; includes manuscript, typescript copy and WSC's reply.

Dates: 01 Apr 1942 - 03 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open