Skip to main content

East African Photographs

Reference Code: GBR/0115/RCS/Y30468BB

Scope and Contents

Collection of four modern copies each 115 x 75 mm, of photographs taken in East Africa at the beginning of the century. The images were accompanied by a photocopy of a typed note relating to No. 1 and an incomplete list of those portrayed in No. 2, probably written in c. 1938.

These photographs are of particular interest as they show the three families; Bodeker, McQueen and Wallace, who can claim to be the first European settlers in Kenya, since they trekked up from the coast in the autumn of 1896. The following biographical notes are based on ‘Dictionary on East African Biography Records’, ‘The Kenya Pioneers’ (1985) by Errol Trzebinski, Mary Gillett’s ‘Tributes to Pioneers’ (1986), and other sources, and the number of the relevant photograph is included.

Bagge, Stephen Salisbury (1859-1950). Imperial British East African Co. staff, and government service. (1)
Barratt, Lt. Possibly William Henry Harkes Barrett who came to Kenya in 1902 and served with the KAR. (1)
Baskerville, Rev. George Knyfton (c. 1867-1941). CMS missionary in Uganda form 1890-1922. (2)
Baxter, Dr. Edward John (c. 1853-1939). Medical missionary, CMS. (2)
Bird, Gertrude Elizabeth (1864-1949). CMS missionary. (2)
Bodeker, Henry Albert (c. 1871-19--) was a Parsee of Eurasian origin, who studied and qualified as a doctor at Glasgow University. ON 28 April 1896 he married Helen Wardlaw (1869-1935) daughter of Sir Henry Wardlaw, the 18th Baronet of Pitreavie, a match which evoked considerable opposition from her family. They had intended to farm, but he found his medical skills were much in demand and in 1899 entered Government service. Mrs Bodeker brought with her an elegant wardrobe including a range of harts, some of which can be seen in the photographs (see Kenya Pioneers, pp. 9-19). (1) (2) (3)
Burns, Inspector. Not identified. (1)
Cook, Lady. Kate Timpson (c. 1863-1938) was a nurse who came to Uganda for the CMS in 1896. In 1900 she was married to the distinguished missionary doctor Albert Ruskin Cook who was knighted in 1932. (2)
Cooper, -. Not identified.
D’Cruz, Goanese clerk: not identified. (1)
Herne, Mr and Mrs. Probably David E. and Margaret Herne, who settled at Naivasha in 1900. His wife died there in 1903. (1) (perhaps 3)
Lane, Charles Robert William (1871-1936). Imperial British East Africa Company staff and Government service. (2)
Lowe, Mr. Not identified. (1)
Macallister, Robert John Dudley. Imperial British East Africa Company staff and Government service. (1)
McQueen, Mary (? - 1940). Arrived with her husband James, a blacksmith from Dumfriesshire and eventually settled in Mbagathi. She was an extremely practical Scotswoman. Their daughter Jean, born at Pangani in November 1899, is regarded as the first white child to be born in the area now covered by Nairobi. Mary McQueen died in November 1940. (2)
Philips. Not identified. (1)
Stordy, Robert John (died 1943). Uganda Transport Service 1898. Became chief Veterinary Officer East African Protectorate and Uganda in 1907. DSO 1916. (1)
Taylor, Bertha. (c. 1870-1950). CMS missionary in Uganda 1896. Married in 1901 to the Rev. H.E. Maddox. (2)
Trefusis, W.R. Smith Mackenzie’s agent at Fort Smith. (2)
Vialle, Edward Delaney was an American merchant in Zanzibar (where he was a Vice-Consul) and East Africa. In 1897 he leased two acres of land at Nandi Fort for Smith Mackenzie. (2)
Wallace, James and Mary. James Wallace was a Scottish farmer who originally went to East Africa with his brother, Dr. David Wallace and his wife, but she fell ill and they returned home. James and Mary Wallace travelled with the Bodekers and the McQueens, and their eldest child, Francis George Kikuyu Wallace was born at Fort Smith (Kabate) in December 1896. (2) (perhaps 3)
Wigram, Rev. Beresford Edward (c. 1870-1917). CMS missionary in East Africa. (2)


  • Creation: 1900 - 1938

Conditions Governing Access

Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (


4 item(s) (4 images)

Language of Materials


Immediate Source of Acquisition

Acquired by the RCS library in c.1982 but source is not known.


This collection level description was entered by WS using information from the original typescript catalogue.

Date information

DateText: Photographs are modern copies of photographs taken at the beginning of the century..



Includes index.
2006-08-21 16:26:07+00:00
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Cambridge University Library Repository

Cambridge University Library
West Road
Cambridge CB3 9DR United Kingdom