Baldwin, Stanley, 1867-1947 (1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley and Prime Minister)
- Existence: 1867 - 1947
Stanley Baldwin (1867-1947) was born on 3 August 1867 in Lower Park, Bewdley, the son of industrialist Alfred Baldwin. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge, before joining the family iron and steel business. He was elected a Conservative M.P. in 1906, and in December 1916 became Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Andrew Bonar Law. Thereafter, Baldwin served in David Lloyd George's government as Junior Lord of the Treasury, Financial Secretary to the Treasury and President of the Board of Trade. He became Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1922, and Prime Minister in 1923. Baldwin lost the 1929 General Election, but served as President of the Council in the new National Government, before replacing Ramsey MacDonald as Prime Minister in June 1935. He resigned in 1937, and was later made Earl Baldwin of Bewdley. He died on 14 December 1947. Baldwin's son, Oliver Ridsdale Baldwin (1899-1958), was Viscount Corvedale, later 2nd Earl Baldwin, author, journalist and M.P.
Found in 25 Collections and/or Records:
Letters from Baldwin to various people, 1896-1947; letters from Arthur Windham Baldwin, 3rd Earl Baldwin, to Derek Pepys Whiteley, 1958-1968; memorandum of a conversation with Baldwin, 1938, by J.W. Robertson Scott, editor of The countryman; a speech, 'The unfailing genius of Rudyard Kipling', given to the Kipling Society in 1967 by the 3rd Earl Baldwin; newscuttings on Stanley Baldwin.
Newscuttings on Baldwin and the Abdication Crisis; reviews of books on Baldwin and family; photographs of Baldwin (1925), of a portrait drawing by W. Rothenstein (1928) and of a R.G. Eves painting in the National Portrait Gallery (c. 1933); obituary of the 2nd Lord Hardinge of Penshurst; letters and articles about Baldwin; and Lord Baldwin. A memoir, by Tom Jones, an obituary in The Times expanded into a pamphlet.
Correspondents include Stanley Baldwin, A. W. Ellis, John Holroyd-Reece, Paul Johnston, Douglas Leighton, J. Ramsay MacDonald, George Macy, Curtis Moffat, C. H. Norman, Quentin Pope, Oliver Simon, and John de la Valette. With the correspondence are a typescript costing of publications for 1935, and a typescript (carbon copy) memorandum from W. C. Heaton and Company Certified Public Accountants to George Macy re: Nonesuch Press dated 29 July 1935.
Correspondence relating to Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley: photocopy letters, 30 May 1925-15 Sep. 1977
Can Dore find a job for a man at Blackwall?; he was convicted of a theft and Customs cannot take him back
Engagements at Cambridge
Thanks for congratulations [on earldom?]; future plans
Glad to have news of Dore, after Norway episode
Thanks for congratulations; 'I have now got all the honours I ever wanted.'
He always speaks extempore from notes; he got Geoffrey Dawson to send his reporter's note; with transcript of notes of Baldwin's address, 16 June , at opening of Centenary Exhibition of painting and drawings of Sir Edward Burne-Jones, Tate Gallery
Letter from Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867-1941) to Arthur W. Perowne, Bishop of Worcester, 14 Apr. 1935
He cannot think of such a speech or treatise as Perowne requires
The letters listed below from Stanley Baldwin to his elder son Oliver are additional to those acquired by the University Library at auction in 1989 (MS Add.8795). John Boyle (1893-1969) was Oliver Baldwin's companion for thirty-five years from 1923. He had Conservative sympathies and great charm, and was liked by both Oliver's parents.
Letters to ORB from his mother Lucy Baldwin, his uncle A. E. Ridsdale, and other members of the Baldwin, Kipling and Ridsdale families, 1900-1949
Macdonald sisters: Correspondence and papers of the Baldwin, Kipling, Burne-Jones, Poynter, and Macdonald families
Personal and family correspondence and papers
Correspondence between Stanley Baldwin and EHY.
Stanley Baldwin and Lucy Isaac: conveyance deeds for the purchase and sale of a property in Stow-on-the-Wold, 1922-1932
Comprise: conveyance of a freehold dwelling house, garden and land known as 'The Parks' in the parish of Lower Swell, Gloucestershire, 1 June 1922, Mark Fenwick Esq. to Mrs Lucy Isaac and Stanley Baldwin; conveyance of a freehold dwelling house, land and premises known as Fossewold, Stow-on-the-Wold, Gloucestershire, 14 Dec. 1932, Mrs Lucy Isaac and Stanley Baldwin to Mrs Mary Warden.
49 letters to Oliver Baldwin, containing mostly family and personal news, with occasional references to the strain of political life. There is also 1 letter from the Shropshire Archaeological Society to Stanley Baldwin, 17 June 1937, on his Earldom, and congratulating him for selecting Corvedale, a Shropshire place name, for his subsidiary title.
Stanley Baldwin: MS (signed 'Baldwin of Bewdley') of speech on democracy in New York, 16 AUG 1939. It was written at Astley Hall, Stourport-on-Severn, on 1 AUG 1939.
Correspondence and papers of ARTHUR WINDHAM BALDWIN 3RD EARL BALDWIN OF BEWDLEY (1904-1976) mostly concerning his father STANLEY BALDWIN 1ST EARL BALDWIN OF BEWDLEY (1867-1947)
The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.