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Keynes, Florence Ada, 1861-1958 (née Brown, social and political activist)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1861 - 1958

Biography

Florence Ada Keynes was born on 10 March 1861 in Cheetham, Manchester, the eldest of the three daughters and three sons of Dr John Brown (1830–1922), Congregationalist minister, and his wife, Ada Haydon, née Ford (1837–1929), schoolteacher. Educated at home, she was offered a scholarship at Newnham Hall, Cambridge, when she was seventeen, on the strength of her results in the Cambridge senior local examinations. She began her studies there in 1878 by following the syllabuses originally designed to test the educational standards of schoolteachers. Through mutual family acquaintances in the Congregationalist church, she met (John) Neville Keynes (1852–1949), logician and economist, and they became engaged in 1880. Having passed several examinations at Newnham, she went home to assist in teaching at her mother's school, but returned to Cambridge on her marriage to Keynes on 15 August 1882. Three children, John Maynard Keynes, economist, Geoffrey Langdon Keynes, surgeon, and Margaret Neville were born in quick succession. With her own financial position secured, Florence Keynes turned her attention to voluntary work and became involved in a number of projects associated with the health care and education of girls and mothers, and in 1895 became secretary of the Cambridge branch of the Charity Organization Society. Her public career began in 1907 when she was elected a local poor-law guardian; she became chairman of the board in 1922. When in 1914 married women became eligible to serve as town and county councillors, Florence Keynes became the first woman councillor in Cambridge. She served on the borough council for many years, as alderman from 1930 and as mayor in 1932, and set in motion the scheme to rebuild Cambridge's Guildhall. In 1920 she was among the first group of women to be made magistrates. During her years on the council she took a particular interest in issues of public and mental health, manifested in the founding of the Papworth colony for tuberculosis victims, and in her work for Fulbourn Mental Hospital. On the national stage she campaigned for the establishment of juvenile courts and urged women to act as jurors and magistrates. She was instrumental in the introduction of women police in 1931 after a campaign lasting seventeen years. Florence Keynes died on 13 February 1958 at her home in Cambridge, 6 Harvey Road.

Found in 5 Collections and/or Records:

 Fonds

Correspondence and papers on the education and early career of Charles Ryle Fay (1884-1961), economic historian.

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.7746
Scope and Contents

The letters and papers catalogued below were preserved by C. R. Fay's father, who pasted them into an unused copy of Smith's commercial scribbling diary for 1902; Mr Fay adopted a generally chronological arrangement, but does not seem to have felt himself to be bound strictly by this. Many of the documents are addressed to the elder Fay, and the collection can be regarded as being as much the papers of the father as of the son.

Dates: 1894-1910
Conditions Governing Access: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

Correspondence: Nora Barlow and Diary of the Voyage of HMS Beagle, Oct.-Nov. 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.10286/3
Scope and Contents

Contains three letters sent to Ida Darwin in October-November 1933. Two of the letters are from Hugh Frank Newall and Thomas Cecil Farrer offering their congratulations and comments on the recent publication of 'Charles Darwin's Diary of the Voyage of HMS Beagle' edited by Nora Barlow. The third letter is from Florence Ada Keynes thanking Ida for sending a sketch of the "projected Guildhall" in Cambridge.

Dates: Oct.-Nov. 1933
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

Keynes, F.A., Mrs: Correspondence with the Press, 1923 - 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0265/UA/PRESS 3/1/2/6848
Scope and Contents

Includes a report by Carr, H.M.

Dates: 1923 - 1946
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Scholarly access to this material may be restricted if it contains information exempted from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act, 2000. Please apply in advance to the Cambridge University Press Archivist.
 Series

Mrs F.A. Keynes to Charles Ryle Fay, 12 Dec 1903

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.7746/56
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The letters and papers catalogued below were preserved by C. R. Fay's father, who pasted them into an unused copy of Smith's commercial scribbling diary for 1902; Mr Fay adopted a generally chronological arrangement, but does not seem to have felt himself to be bound strictly by this. Many of the documents are addressed to the elder Fay, and the collection can be regarded as being as much the papers of the father as of the son.

Dates: 12 Dec 1903
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Item

University Publisher: Correspondence with Keynes, [F.A.], 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0265/UA/PRESS 3/1/3/2622
Scope and Contents

1 carbon typed letter addressed to Mrs Keynes.

Dates: 1946
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Scholarly access to this material may be restricted if it contains information exempted from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act, 2000. Please apply in advance to the Cambridge University Press Archivist.

Additional filters:

ARCHON code (for CUL materials)
Archives and MSS Dept. (GBR/0012) 3
University Archives (GBR/0265) 2
 
Type
Archival Object 4
Collection 1