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Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946 (Baron Keynes, economist)

 Person

Biography

John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), Baron Keynes and economist, was born in Cambridge on 5 June 1883, the son of Florence and Dr. John Neville Keynes, fellow of Pembroke College and later University Registrar. He was educated at Eton, and came up to King's College, Cambridge as a scholar in 1902. After he was awarded his undergraduate degree, he entered the Home Civil Service and served for two years at the India Office. He left the civil service in 1908, however, and in 1909 was elected a fellow of King's College and remained so until his death. He was lecturer in Economics from 1911 to 1937 and in 1919 he also accepted the post of Second Bursar of the college. In 1924 he began his memorable tenure as first bursar, changing completely the philosophy by which the college managed its assets, and in 1925, he married Lydia Lopokova. He served on a number of government committees in the 1920s and 30s, but - as with everyone else - it was during the two world wars that most was demanded of him. During World War I he became a civil servant in the Treasury and by 1917 had gained a position of some responsibility. He was the Treaury's representative at the peace conference that ended the war. At the invitation of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Keynes placed his services at the disposal of his country again in 1940, after war had broken out a second time. As an advisor to the treasury, he was much involved in both the problems of war finance and plans for the later transistion from war to peace. Among other things, Keynes acted as one of the negotiators of Lend-Lease, and played a leading part at the Bretton Woods conference. He was rewarded for his services during the first war with a C.B., and for those during the second by elevation to the peerage, becoming Baron Keynes of Tilton. He died on Easter Sunday, 21 April 1946, after several years of ill-health.

Found in 16 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Cambridge Printing Exhibition 1940 Scrapbook, 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.9824/C/46
Scope and Contents

Album so labelled on spine. It contains: a copy of the printed prospectus; letters from Reynolds Stone, John Johnson, James Guthrie, J. M. Keynes, Bernard Darwin, Graham Pollard, O. F. Morshead, G. D. H. Cole, Lord Esher, Jan van Krimpen, Percy Muir, C. H. St. J. Hornby, J. Fletcher, Michael Clapham; specimen slips for the catalogue, prospectus for the catalogue, and clippings.

Dates: 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Series

Cambridge University Free Trade Association: letters mostly concerning subscriptions, 1906-1911 (Circa)

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.9787/1/1-94
Scope and Contents The date at which the Association was founded has not been ascertained, but it was presumably part of the opposition to the movement for tariff reform that developed within the Conservative party and elsewhere from 1902. With the exception of one undated letter (Add.9787/1/1) that was apparently written while the Association was being formed, the correspondence in this collection begins in March 1906, when a circular (not present) was sent to members announcing that the Association would...
Dates: 1906-1911 (Circa)
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

copy: From Bibliographical Notes & Queries II. No.6, 1936; 200. Newton: Principia (1687), 1936 (circa)

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8214/122
Scope and Contents From the Series:

Relating to editions of Newton's Principia: Add.8214/1-66: letters to Munby; 67-118: copies of letters from Munby; 119-124: other letters; 125-137: other items; 138-145 other items (1955 and undated)

Dates: 1936 (circa)
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

copy of reply to Messrs Dawson & Sons, Cannon House, Pilgrim Street, EC 4, 29 May 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8214/120
Scope and Contents From the Series:

Relating to editions of Newton's Principia: Add.8214/1-66: letters to Munby; 67-118: copies of letters from Munby; 119-124: other letters; 125-137: other items; 138-145 other items (1955 and undated)

Dates: 29 May 1936
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Series

Correspondence and papers, 1936-1968

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8214
Scope and Contents

Relating to editions of Newton's Principia: Add.8214/1-66: letters to Munby; 67-118: copies of letters from Munby; 119-124: other letters; 125-137: other items; 138-145 other items (1955 and undated)

Dates: 1936-1968
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

Correspondence with John Maynard Keynes, 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.9824/C/17
Scope and Contents

Includes a list of his books for exhibition in the hand of Stanley Morison.

Dates: 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Series

From John Maynard Keynes [1st Baron Keynes, Economist], Gower St, 18 June 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.7973/K/9
Scope and Contents

An invitation, signed, in the hand of Keynes's mother following Keynes's appendectomy

Dates: 18 June 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Series

From John Maynard Keynes [1st Baron Keynes, Economist], King's College, Cambridge, 10 June 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.7973/K/10
Scope and Contents

Thanks for congratulations [on award of CB?]

Dates: 10 June 1917
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Fonds

John Maynard, Geoffrey and Margaret Keynes: The Gem

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.9350
Scope and Contents

Children's magazine produced by the Keynes family, under the editorship of Margaret Neville Keynes and including contributions from her brothers John Maynard and Geoffrey Keynes. The Gem was first produced on 7 January 1898, and ran to 11 numbers, before it became The Acorn in 1899. The editions contain stories, poems, editorials, and pen and watercolour drawings. There are also accompanying notes on The Gem and its successor publications.

Dates: 1898
Conditions Governing Access: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Fonds

John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes: Correspondence to Francis Jenkinson and Arthur Cole, 1912-1941

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.4251/769-771
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

Artificial collection of single item or small collection accessions. Mainly correspondence but includes other papers.

Dates: 1912-1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Fonds

John Maynard Keynes: Dr Melchior

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8535
Scope and Contents

A holograph manuscript of chapters I and II of 'Dr Melchior', the memoir of John Maynard Keynes and notes made during the Versailles conference. There is an accompanying letter from Austin Robinson, Royal Economic Society, to Sir Geoffrey Keynes, 25 February 1972, 1 page, regarding Dr Melchior, a defeated enemy.

Dates: 1931 (Circa)
Conditions Governing Access: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Fonds

John Maynard Keynes: Lecture on Newton

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8536
Scope and Contents

A holograph manuscript of a talk on Sir Isaac Newton delivered by John Maynard Keynes at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1942. There is an accompanying typescript of a talk delivered by Geoffrey Keynes at the Newton Tercentenary celebrations in the Hall of Trinity College, 17 July 1946, and a newscutting from the Times literary supplement, 1971, regarding J.M. Keynes.

Dates: 1942-1971
Conditions Governing Access: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Item

Letter to Myers from J. M. Keynes about the choice of artist to complete the portrait of James Ward, 19130530

Reference Code: GBR/3377/CSMyers/1/2
Scope and Contents

Keynes recommends Duncan Grant, one of the 'Bloomsbury Group' artists and known for slightly experimental work, as someone to consider as portraitist of Ward. Keynes mentions that he has seen a picture by McEvoy (a favoured candidate) but that in his opinion McEvoy's style is 'old fashioned'. Keynes speaks of the need, nevertheless, to satisfy the 'subscribers' (those who are contributing to the cost of the portrait). Of course, McEvoy was eventually awarded the commission.

Dates: 19130530
 Fonds

Order of service in memory of John Maynard Keynes

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8519
Scope and Contents

'Westminster Abbey order of service in memory of John Maynard Keynes...May 2nd 1946', written and illuminated by Kenneth Breeze. There is an accompanying letter from Geoffrey Keynes to his mother, 15 December 1946, 2 pages, enclosing the order of service.

Dates: 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

'Reviews and letters re 1) Wages in the Coalmining Industry 2) Wages in theory and practice', bulk: 1922 - 1935

Reference Code: GBR/1058/ROW/6/1
Scope and Contents

Newspaper cuttings and correspondence relating to Rowe's books and articles. Includes a manuscript signed letter and a manuscript signed postcard from J. M. Keynes regarding Rowe's work. Also includes copies of the contract between Rowe and P. S. King and Son Ltd for 'Wages in the Coal Industry' (1922), Rowe and George Routledge and Sons for 'Wages in Practice and Theory' (1928) and Rowe and The Syndics of the University Press for 'Markets and Men' (1935).

Dates: Majority of material found within 1922 - 1935
 File

University Publisher: Correspondence with Keynes, J.M., 1932 - 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0265/UA/PRESS 3/1/3/2623A
Scope and Contents

18 carbon typed letters.

Dates: 1932 - 1937
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Scholarly access to this material may be restricted if it contains information exempted from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act, 2000. Please apply in advance to the Cambridge University Press Archivist.

Additional filters:

ARCHON code (for CUL materials)
Archives and MSS Dept. (GBR/0012) 13
University Archives (GBR/0265) 1
 
Type
Archival Object 12
Collection 4
 
Subject
Bloomsbury 1
Modernism (art) 1
Portrait painting 1
 

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.