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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 292 Collections and/or Records:

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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/185A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 July) on the central direction of the war including: setbacks in Egypt and Cyrenaica [Libya] including the fall of Tobruk to forces under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and WSC's confidence in General Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief Middle East]; press coverage of the war and the freedom of war correspondents; his meeting with President Roosevelt and the strength of the alliance with the United States; ship-building and the production and deployment of...
Dates: 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 10 Aug 1942 - 17 Feb 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/190A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 February) on the war situation including: the U Boat war; losses on all fronts; ship-building in the United States; decisions made at the Casablanca [Morocco] with President Roosevelt; a tribute to the achievements of General Sir Harold Alexander as Commander in Chief Middle East and General Sir Bernard Montgomery as General Officer commanding the 8th Army; support for Turkey; his visit to Cyprus, Cairo [Egypt] and Tripoli [Italy]; events and operations in...
Dates: 10 Aug 1942 - 17 Feb 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/191A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for a speech by WSC (not used) and part of a broadcast about India on calls for Indian independence, the achievements of the Indian army, Gandhi's fast and WSC's illness. Part of the notes form an unused section of WSC's broadcast of 21 March 1943 [see CHAR 9/193]. Source material includes correspondence from Leo Amery, Secretary of State for India and Burma [later Myanmar] (3), Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] (2); a pamphlet on...
Dates: 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/192A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 July) on the fall of Mussolini including an assessment of his regime and the principles to be used in negotiations with Italy; and also on events and operations in the Soviet Union and the bombing of Germany. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States]; Francis Keenlyside [Assistant Secretary in charge of Shipping Policy]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet]; and...
Dates: 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 13 Jul 1943 - 21 Apr 1944

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/198A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 March) on "a matter of confidence" relating to the deletion of a clause from the Education Bill which would accept equal pay for male and female teachers and an ensuing vote of no confidence. Subjects covered include: the strength of British democracy and the House of Commons and the principle of equality between the sexes. Includes note that the speech was not delivered. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6916-7 (part).Speech notes and Hansard copy of...
Dates: 13 Jul 1943 - 21 Apr 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/200A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (2 August) on the war situation including: successes against Germany and Japan world-wide including the Far East; decisions made at the Quebec [Canada] conference; the Normandy landings; RAF losses; the tanks supplied by the United States and praise for the Sherman and Churchill tanks; the progress of General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in Italy]; his hopes of victory; flying bombs and the evacuation of London; improved...
Dates: 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/201A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (28 September) on the war situation including: successes in France, the liberation of Paris, and landings in the South of France; fighting in Italy; a tribute to the achievements of the British and United States armies; casualty figures; the campaign in Burma [later Myanmar] and progress against Japan; the use of DDT; setbacks in China; the modernisation of the British fleet; the position of Eastern European countries; and the presidential elections in the...
Dates: 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Nov 1944 - 15 Dec 1944

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/203A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (15 December) on Poland entitled "Poland's future" including an extract from an earlier speech on decisions made at the Teheran [Persia, later Iran] conference and the need for agreement with the Soviet Union about the frontiers of Poland. Also includes correspondence and source material from: Guy Schofield, editor of the Evening News; Lord Alfred Douglas on the publication of correspondence between himself and WSC (3); Lady Daphne Straight; Bernard Griffin,...
Dates: 30 Nov 1944 - 15 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 20 Feb 1945 - 15 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/206A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard notes for WSC's speech (27 February) on the Yalta [Soviet Union] conference including: the importance of the House of Commons backing the government; agreements reached on shipping and military operations; the decision to exclude France from the meeting; the United Nations; discussion of the boundaries of Poland and his support for the Soviet Union's claim to the Curzon line; and his visits with Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] Foreign Secretary, to Egypt and...
Dates: 20 Feb 1945 - 15 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/103
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 February) entitled "Broadcasting and political controversy" on the reporting of political affairs and the BBC. Source material includes minutes of a meeting of the Doran Committee on the BBC. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5221-4.Rough notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on air estimates, criticising the disarmament conference at Geneva [Switzerland] and arguing for a strong British air force. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5229-34.Notes for WSC's speech (22...
Dates: 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Mar 1936 - 30 Apr 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/117
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (16 March) on British naval strength in relation to the United States and Japan, and on building new ships. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5705-13.Brief notes for WSC's speech (26 March) on foreign policy, a speech by the Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon], German successes, including the reoccupation of the Rhineland [Germany], sanctions against Italy over its invasion of Abyssinia [Ethiopia], and the League of Nations. Published: Complete...
Dates: 16 Mar 1936 - 30 Apr 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/101
Scope and Contents Typescript draft of WSC's speech (27 June), entitled "India" on 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, Chairman, Indian Franchise Committee]'s scheme for enfranchising the Indian population. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5186 - 5189.Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July), entitled "Reparations Abandoned" on the War Loan Conversion, the worsening economic situation, the need for international economic co-operation, the Lausanne Treaty, the ending of German reparations and the treatment...
Dates: 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Lecture tour of United States and Canada: Speech notes and typescript., 28 Jan 1932 - 08 Mar 1932

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/99A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speeches (including 3 February, Public Music Hall, Cleveland, Ohio and 8 February, Economic Club Meeting, Hotel Astor, New York), entitled "International Finance" and "Deflation and War Debts" on the world economy, war debts and the Gold Standard. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5130 - 5133 (part).Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speeches (including 28 January, Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York, 7 February, Orchestra Hall, Chicago, and 8 March,...
Dates: 28 Jan 1932 - 08 Mar 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and press cuttings., 02 Mar 1944 - 04 Jan 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/166
Scope and Contents Typescript speaking notes and press cuttings for WSC's speech (2 Mar 1944, London) entitled "The Royal College of Physicians" proposing the health of the College and on the National Health Service. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6895 - 7.Press cutting from The Times reporting WSC's speech (23 Mar 1944, London) to United States troops. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6905 - 6.Typescript speaking notes, and press cuttings for WSC's BBC broadcast (26 Mar 1944) entitled "The Hour of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1944 - 04 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/181A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.BBC broadcast by WSC (9 February) entitled "Give us the tools" on the war situation including: the repulsion of the threat of...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/182A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May) to the Polish people on the attack on Poland by Germany and the siege of Warsaw. Also includes correspondence from Count Edward Raczynski [Polish Ambassador to Great Britain], Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon , Foreign Secretary] and notes and copies of correspondence from Kathleen Hill [Secretary to WSC] and John Colville [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29...
Dates: 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/188A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 February) on the fall of Singapore and reviewing the war. Subjects covered include: the Atlantic Charter and assistance provided by the United States; operations in the Soviet Union; the entry of Japan into the war; the Home Front and difficulties of food supply; and the strength of China. Also includes correspondence from James Stuart [Government Chief Whip]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Secretary of State for Air]; [General Wladyslaw]...
Dates: 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 May 1943 - 30 Jun 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/194A-B
Scope and Contents Press cuttings of WSC's broadcast from Washington, United States (14 May) on the Home Guard in which he pays tribute to the members of the Home Guard. Also includes correspondence from Sydney Redman [Principal Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War]; Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Thomas Moore [Chairman of the Home Guard Joint Parliamentary Committee] (3); Robert Gransden; George Anderson, Principal Officer Eastern civil defence region (2); telegrams from the Ministry of Information;...
Dates: 11 May 1943 - 30 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Jun 1943 - 09 Nov 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/196A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcript of WSC's speech (6 September, University of Harvard, United States) on receiving an honorary degree and on Anglo-American unity including the success of joint operations and also on his interest in Basic English which he shares with President Roosevelt, including the phrase "The empires of the future are the empires of the mind". Also includes correspondence from C K Ogden on Basic English (2); Isaiah Berlin (2); Alan Hodge; Raymond Swing; Averell Harriman;...
Dates: 06 Jun 1943 - 09 Nov 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/204A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 March, Royal College of Physicians, London) on advances in medicine and science and the importance of a National Health Service. Also includes correspondence and source material from: 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] President of the Royal College of Physicians (2); Michael Reed [Private Secretary to Minister of Health]; notes and copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC] and John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC];...
Dates: 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Oct 1951 - 09 Oct 1955

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/58A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election address (16 May 1955, Sir James Hawkey Hall, Woodford [Essex]) on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Prime Minister and his appointment of Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] as his successor; the Government's record on the economy, employment, social services, housing and the reduction of economic controls; the threat of a return to Socialism; the support of Clement Attlee [leader of the Labour Party] for the hydrogen bomb and Western...
Dates: 06 Oct 1951 - 09 Oct 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Jan 1957 - 06 Nov 1957

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/61A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (14 January, meeting of constituency branch chairmen, 28 Hyde Park Gate) on subjects including: the work done in the constituencies; the resignation of Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] as Prime Minister; the decision by the United States to play a greater part in the Middle East and their relations with Britain; emergency steps to strengthen the economy; the need to support the new government. Source material includes draft notes by Anthony Montague Browne...
Dates: 08 Jan 1957 - 06 Nov 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 15 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/56
Scope and Contents Speech by WSC (15 January, Conference of Munitions Inspection Department, Institute of Civil Engineers) congratulating the department on its work.Speech by WSC (27 June, Mansion House, London) entitled "Greece and the War" on the 1st anniversary of Greece's entry into the war, in tribute to the Greek Prime Minister, Eleutherios Venizelos, and on the progress of the war. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2611 - 2613 (part).Speech notes for WSC's speech and proofs of the speeches (4 July,...
Dates: 15 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 30 Apr 1932 - 05 Oct 1932

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/102
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (30 April, Royal Academy Banquet, Burlington House, London), entitled "Political Painters" on artistic parallels with the politics of the Prime Minister [Ramsay MacDonald], the Lord President of the Council [Stanley Baldwin], the Secretary of State for the Dominions [J H Thomas] and WSC himself. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5153 - 5154.Typescript for WSC's broadcast to the United States (8 May, London), entitled "International Monetary Policy" on worldwide...
Dates: 30 Apr 1932 - 05 Oct 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open