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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 370 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, R-S, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches, Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/398
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay on his knighthood; Sir Eugene Ramsden on Conservative support for WSC; Whitelaw Reid [London correspondent] of the New York Herald Tribune [United States]; [Sir] Robert Renwick sending on memoranda on French banks (by "Birch"), demolition in London, and Albania (by Renwick) (4); [David] Waley [Principal Assistant Secretary] (Treasury) and Philip Allen (Ministry of Home Security) on Renwick's memoranda; Paul Reynaud, French Minister of...
Dates: Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, R-S. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Dec 1942 - Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/469A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Rickenbacker sending Christmas and New Year greetings (2); [1st] Lord Riverdale [earlier Sir Arthur Balfour] on wings being presented to WSC; representatives of Birt, Potter, and Hughes Limited, forwarding agents (5), [Maurice] Metcalf [Principal Private Secretary to the Minister of Food] (2), and [Reginald] Ashford [Private Secretary to the Chairman of the Board of Customs and Excise], on the gift of Australian wine from W S Robinson; Frances Rodney, editor of...
Dates: Dec 1942 - Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office Correspondence T-Z., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/536
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by WSC's Private Office at 10 Downing Street, (Kathleen Hill and Elizabeth Layton) as opposed to the Private Office File also contains copies of notes and letters by Private Office staff including John Colville, Anthony Bevir and Commander Charles Thompson.Correspondents include: Vice-Admiral Ernest Taylor MP, on election defeat; General Sir William Thwaites on Victory in Europe; Robert Turton MP on electon defeat; Major-General Sir Hugh Tudor, (2) on Victory in...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/447
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Mavis Tate and Sir Reginald Wingate supporting WSC's leadership; Cecil Thomas, editor of the Daily Mirror, on his brother, [Sir] Shenton Thomas [Governor of Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for the Malay States] and Singapore; "Bendor", [2nd] Duke of Westminster, (4) on subjects including the landings in North West Africa, meeting WSC, and reminisces; Sir Courtauld Thomson on gifts of a desk once owned by Lord Beaconsfield and a Russian gold medal and on...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1943 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/470
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Taylor on his health and sending salmon; [John] Joseph Tinker, Margaretta, Lady Winchilsea, [Rodney] Gallop (Foreign Office), the Sultan of Zanzibar [later Tanzania, Seyyid Sir Khalifa bin Harub], and Acting British Resident Zanzibar [?Sir Guy Pilling] on WSC's health; Sir Henry Tizard on the age of the Straits of Dover (3); Robert Trevelyan sending on a copy of a speech by his father Sir George Trevelyan at a Whitefriars Club dinner in 1904; [Sir] Hugh Tudor...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1940 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/399
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Archbishop of York William Temple, [Sir] Hugh Tudor, Alice, Lady Wimborne (2), 2nd Lord Wimborne [earlier Ivor Guest and Lord Ashby St Ledgers], and Edward, Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, and Edward VIII], congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister; Captain William Tennant on Dunkirk [France]; Benjamin Tillett praising the "gallantry of the Sea Titans"; Ronald Tree and Sir Ralph Wedgwood, [Chairman] Railway Executive Committee, thanking WSC for...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/423
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Walter] Thompson [WSC's detective] on the loss of his son; [General Sir John] Dill [Chief of Imperial General Staff] on Sir Hugh Tudor; Will Thorne on "Jack" [John] Jones; [9th] Lord Torrington on reproducing a picture from WSC's "The Great War Illustrated"; Tudor on missing WSC at Placentia Bay, Newfoundland [Canada] and his news; [Harry] Vaisey sending on a pamphlet on the will of [Sarah] 1st Duchess of Marlborough; Euan Wallace thanking WSC for a letter; General...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - D., 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/140
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Max Aitken, MP for Holborn [London]; John Addis [Junior Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; 17th Duke of Alba (2); "Alex", Field Marshal Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis], Supreme Allied Commander [Mediterranean], on subjects including WSC's visit to Italy (5); Leo Amery on subjects including Britain's place in Europe (3); General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine]; Frank Giles [Private Secretary to the...
Dates: 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence C., 22 Nov 1946 - 29 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/161
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry] on racing; Ruby, Lady Carson on black swans; Douglas Chandor on his portraits of WSC and CSC (5); "F T Cheng", Tien-Hsi Cheng [Chinese Ambassador to Britain] on gifts and invitations to WSC (2); Frank Clarke on subjects including the United States elections, sending cigars to WSC, and a projected visit by WSC to the United States (15); Walter Graebner [London representative for Time-Life International]; Randolph...
Dates: 22 Nov 1946 - 29 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence, Giraudier - Guest., Aug 1956 - Feb 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/524A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Antonio Giraudier on subjects including his family's departure from Cuba, gifts of cigars to WSC, and his application to live in Nassau [Bahamas] (94); Peter Stephens, Commercial Counsellor, Madrid [Spain]; Herbert Marchant, British Ambassador to Cuba on Giraudier and events in Cuba (3); Derek Pearse, Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for the Colonies; [2nd] Lord Bridges, Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary, regarding the son of Abdullah...
Dates: Aug 1956 - Feb 1965
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence, Haile Selassie - Hearst., Mar 1958 - Dec 1964

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/525
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia (7); Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone [earlier Quintin Hogg] (2); Joyce Hall, President of Hallmark Cards on subjects including the 'People to People' programme, gifts to WSC, a meeting with Hailsham, Oscar Nemon, the visit of Queen Elizabeth II to the United States, a Churchill museum and a project to microfilm WSC's papers (25); Conrad Knickerbocker, Manager of Public Relations at Hallmark Cards on the loan of films to WSC (4);...
Dates: Mar 1958 - Dec 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence N - Z., 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/142
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Jooda Shumshere Jung Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Nepal, on WSC's illness and his own abdication (2); Basil Neven- Spence; Hubert Pierlot [Senator of Belgium] on WSC's visit to Belgium; Harold Nicolson on reactions in the army to WSC's loss of the General election, and on WSC's example to new MPs; Dr Berggrav, Bishop of Oslo; George Bell, Bishop of Chichester, on Berggrav's visit; Ridley Pakenham-Walsh [former literary assistant to WSC]; John Winant [United States...
Dates: 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Q - Roo., 09 Dec 1940 - 18 Mar 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/196
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Quickswood [earlier Lord Hugh Cecil] on subjects including WSC's career, chances of war with the Soviet Union, and WSC's speeches (6); Admiral Arthur Radford; Prince Rainier of Monaco (2); Raja Sir Maharaj Singh; Habib Rahimtoola, Governor of Sind, Pakistan; J Arthur Rank, Chairman, Rank Organisation Limited, on a film about Douglas Bader; Helen Reid [Chairman], New York Herald Tribune, on the Herald Tribune Forum; 1st Lord Reith, former Chairman, Imperial...
Dates: 09 Dec 1940 - 18 Mar 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Ros - Ry., 01 Apr 1946 - 28 Aug 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/197
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Alan Hodge, Joint Editor, History Today, on WSC writing the preface to a paper by 5th Lord Rosebery (3); 6th Lord Rosebery [earlier Lord Dalmeny] on his father's papers (7); Lewis Rosenstiel on subjects including gifts of cigars and whisky for WSC (11); Bernard Baruch; 2nd Lord Rothermere [earlier Esmond Harmsworth, Chairman, Daily Mail] on subjects including WSC's retirement (5); Anthony de Rothschild; John Graham [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign...
Dates: 01 Apr 1946 - 28 Aug 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence, Samuel - Soames., Feb 1954 - May 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/534
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [2nd] Lord Samuel; [1st] Lord Samuel on subjects including Israel (6); "Hinch", Lord Hinchingbrooke [later 10th Lord Sandwich]; [9th] Lord Sandwich [earlier Lord Hinchingbrooke]; Duncan Sandys on arrangements to meet (5); Willy Sax [supplier of paints to WSC] on subjects including gifts (9); Sir Albert Schweitzer; Sir Herbert Seddon; Andre Dunoyer de Segonzac (3); Horatia Seymour; Sir Hartley Shawcross [Lord Shawcross] on subjects including the Other Club and his...
Dates: Feb 1954 - May 1965
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with and on Charles Crisp, 07 Oct 1900 - 26 Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/215
Scope and Contents Copies and originals of correspondence 1900 - 1948 between WSC and Charles Crisp, second Conservative candidate for Oldham [Lancashire], on subjects including WSC becoming MP for Oldham, Crisp standing for the Carlton Club, constituency business, shares held by Crisp for WSC, Crisp finding a different candidacy, Crisp standing again for Oldham, and Crisp trying to quote from or sell WSC's letters.Other correspondents include: Joseph Chamberlain on Crisp finding a new candidacy (2). Also...
Dates: 07 Oct 1900 - 26 Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 88 - 89, closed since they contain sensitive information on living individuals. Open date: 1 Jan 2025.
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with Antonio Giraudier., 08 Nov 1947 - 30 Mar 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/159
Scope and Contents Letters from Antonio Giraudier on his gifts to WSC, of cigars, wine, painting equipment and food parcels for London hospitals, WSC's painting, and on WSC's gifts to him, of books and a picture (49).Other correspondents include: Eleonora Mackenzie, British Legation, Cuba, on sending Giraudier's cigars (12); CSC on the hospital food parcels (3); G Ceris Jones, Matron, Westminster Hospital [London] on the food parcels; Elizabeth Cockayne, Matron, Royal Free Hospital [London] on the food...
Dates: 08 Nov 1947 - 30 Mar 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with Antonio Giraudier., 06 Apr 1951 - 03 May 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/218
Scope and Contents Correspondence between WSC, his secretaries and Giraudier on gifts of cigars, brandy and wine from Giraudier to WSC, a proposed visit by Giraudier, gifts of books and a painting from WSC, food parcels from Giraudier to WSC's staff, and "The New World", volume 2 of "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples".Other correspondents include: representatives of H Sichel Sons Incorporated, wine merchants, delivering Giraudier's wine (12); representatives of Marshall Ellis Limited [? export agents]....
Dates: 06 Apr 1951 - 03 May 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General Public Correspondence L-M, 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/541
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including Miss E M Watson, John Peck, George Harvie Wattand John Colville.Correspondents include Sir Eugene Ramsden on visit to Yorkshire during election campaign; Thomas Levy on election defeat; Lord Ashfield, London Passenger Transport Board, sending poster for display at stations quoting from speech by WSC; Prof A M Low, enclosing...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General Public Correspondence N-P Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including John Colville, John Martin and Miss E M Watson., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/542
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include Dr M A Phillips (4) on his part in the development of the sulphonamide drug M & B 693, request for signed photograph of WSC, and recommendation of Dr Arthur Ewins (Director of Research at May & Baker) for an honour Subjects include correspondence on gifts (particularly books, cigars, wines and spirits), requests for patronage, requests for signed books and photographs, Victory in Europe and the General Election campaign and result.

Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General Public Correspondence R-S., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/543
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including Miss E M Watson Correspondents include Sir Richard Redmayne, on gift of book "The Problem of the Coal Mines"; Sir Stanley Reed, asking if he would be willing to pass through Aylesbury during election tour, pointing out that it was a very marginal seat; H S Richards (3) on gift of "Victory" horse brasses (retained); Lt General Guy...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General Public Correspondence T-Z., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/544
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including John Colville, Miss E M Watson, and John Peck.Correspondents include: Philip Tilden, Architect, on the election campaign, particularly Herbert Morrison's statement that houses built under a Conservative regime would be shoddy; Elsie and Doris Waters ("Gert and Daisy") sending photograph of his old bungalow in Bangalore, India,...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: Cuba (February 1946)., 05 Jan 1946 - 19 Mar 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/231
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit to Cuba and invitation to Jamaica include: Frank Clarke (2); Ernest Bevin [Foreign Secretary]; Guillermo de Blanck [Cuban Ambassador to Britain]; Miguel de Leon, Acting-President, Cuban Congress; Albert Nathan, Publisher, Jamaica Daily Express (3); [William] Alexander Bustamente [leader of Government Business, Jamaica] (2); Cecil Bunbury, Press Attache, British Legation, Cuba (4); William Dunlop [Head of Communications Department, Foreign Office]. Also includes...
Dates: 05 Jan 1946 - 19 Mar 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: Paris, Brussels and Antwerp (November 1945)., 13 Oct 1945 - 04 Apr 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/222
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit to France and Belgium include: 1st Lord Cunningham [Chief of Naval Staff] on transport for WSC (2); Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen, British Ambassador to Belgium, on the risks of appearing to support Leopold, King of Belgium, WSC's speech to the Belgian Parliament, and the programme for the visit (9); Edward [Duke of Windsor, earlier Edward Prince of Wales and King Edward VIII]; 13th Lord Reay [earlier Aeneas Mackay], Foreign Office (3); Duff Cooper [later 1st...
Dates: 13 Oct 1945 - 04 Apr 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: Switzerland (August - September 1946) G - H., 22 Aug 1946 - 10 Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/241
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: Charles Gos on a speech by WSC on mountains (6); Clare Sheridan; General Henri Guisan, thanking WSC for a gift of some of his books; Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans]; Henri Hoppenot, French Ambassador to Switzerland; Sir Ellis Hume-Williams. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence by Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt and M Staite, WSC's secretaries. A large proportion of the papers in this file are in French or...
Dates: 22 Aug 1946 - 10 Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.