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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 178 Collections and/or Records:

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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1938 - Nov 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/132
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (23 May, Royal Forest Hotel, Chingford [Essex]) on international affairs and collective security, particularly the Sudeten problem in Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia]. Also includes cutting from the Chingford Guardian reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5965-6.Notes for WSC's speech (31 May, Sheffield [Yorkshire] City Hall) on the German threat to Czechoslovakia and inadequacies in the British rearmament programme. Also...
Dates: 23 May 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 19 May 1939 - 28 Jun 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/137
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (3 June, Woodford Wells and Wanstead [Essex]) on the Thetis submarine disaster, maintaining a strong policy against Germany, and Czech gold. Also includes cutting from the Walthamstow [Essex] Guardian reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6138-9.Notes for WSC's speech (19 May, Corn Exchange, Cambridge) entitled "The new army" on the Conscription Act and uniting against the Nazi and Fascist powers both domestically and internationally. Also...
Dates: 19 May 1939 - 28 Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/150A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9. Various cuttings reporting WSC's speech (17 January, Glasgow [Scotland])...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Mar 1936 - 23 Jul 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/120
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 March, Birmingham, Jewellers' Association Annual Dinner) on the German reoccupation of the Rhineland [Germany], the French reaction, and the Treaty of Locarno [Switzerland]. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech and one by Sir Austen Chamberlain. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5704-5.Notes for WSC's speech (8 May, Chingford [Essex]) on the Abyssinian [Ethiopia] crisis, sanctions against Italy, and the role of the League of Nations....
Dates: 14 Mar 1936 - 23 Jul 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material [dated 1939 unless otherwise indicated]., [Nov] [1938] - Apr 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/136
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (23 May, House of Commons) on his objections to the White Paper on Palestine, and the legacy of the Balfour declaration [supporting a Jewish national home in Palestine]. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6128-37 [further notes in CHAR 9/135].Typed report of WSC's speech (1 February, Buckhurst Hill [Essex]) on Germany, the international situation, and civil defence. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6063-4.Typed report of WSC's speech (10 March, Chigwell [Essex])...
Dates: [Nov] [1938] - Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 18 Feb 1937 - 25 May 1937

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/125
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (18 February, [Grosvenor House, London] British Iron and Steel Federation Annual Dinner) on the state of the iron and steel industry and defence spending. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5827-8.Notes for WSC's speech (22 February, [Porchester Hall] Paddington [London]) supporting the Municipal Reform Party in the London County Council election, criticising local Labour policy and Herbert Morrison [Leader of the LCC]. Source material includes election notes,...
Dates: 18 Feb 1937 - 25 May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/126
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (31 May, Caxton Hall [Westminster, Conservative Party meeting]), moving the motion for Neville Chamberlain's [Prime Minister] election to the Conservative Party leadership and praising his achievements as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5856-7.Notes for WSC's speech (11 June, [London] Australia Club Dinner) proposing a toast to the Prime Minister of Australia, Joseph Lyons, and commenting on naval security in the Far East and Singapore....
Dates: 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 28 Oct 1938 - 11 Dec 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/133
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (25 November, Harlow [Essex]) on his position as constituency MP, British rearmament, and the international situation. Source material includes a letter on local opposition to WSC. Also includes a photograph of a painting of Lord Randolph Churchill and a cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech [see also CHAR 9/130C for further notes for the speech]. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6039-41.Notes for WSC's toast to the Duke of Kent (?28 October, [Merchant...
Dates: 28 Oct 1938 - 11 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/151
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May, BBC) to the Polish people on 150th anniversary of the Polish Constitution, commenting on the attack on Poland by Germany, Polish resistance, and praise for Poles in exile in Britain. Also includes cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's speech entitled "Poland will remain unconquerable". Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29 May, broadcast 2 June) to the people of Canada, on Canada's support in the...
Dates: 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/104
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (February, Chingford [Essex]) on subjects including the National Government, economic affairs, unemployment, and India.Notes for WSC's speech (17 February, Queen's Hall, London, Anti-socialist and anti-communist union) on socialism and communism, the Soviet Union, Japan, India, and the Oxford Union motion against fighting for King and country. Also includes printed guide containing the text of WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5219-20.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/106
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (12 July, Clarke Hall Fellowship address) on Sir William Hall and penal reform.Rough notes for WSC's speech (7 July, Epping [Essex]) on the India White Paper. Source material includes notes for WSC's speech (24 June, Gloucester) on subjects including the National Government and the economy. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5279-80.Notes for WSC's speech (12 August, Theydon Bois [Essex]) entitled "Europe's hour of danger" on subjects including the National...
Dates: 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/111
Scope and Contents Notes and draft press statement for WSC's speech (1 November, Woodford Bridge [Essex], Constituency meeting) on subjects including the need for Conservatives to be ready for the next general election, the National government, India and air defence against Germany. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5389-90.Notes and drafts for WSC's speech (16 November, BBC broadcast) entitled "The Causes of War" on German domestic policy, and the German threat to Europe and Britain. Also includes galley...
Dates: 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 02 Mar 1935 - 12 Nov 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/115A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 March, Albert Hall, London, India Defence League Demonstration) entitled "Dead as Mutton" on the Government of India bill and his misgivings about the National Government. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5557-8.Notes for WSC's speech (26 September, City Carlton Club Luncheon, London) on German rearmament, Italian designs in Abyssinia [Ethiopia], and the League of Nations. Also includes: letter of support from Sir Austen Chamberlain. Published: Complete...
Dates: 02 Mar 1935 - 12 Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 24 Sep 1936 - Dec 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/121
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (24 September, [Theatre des Ambassaduers] Paris [France]) on the democracies, Nazism and Bolshevism, the need for Franco-British co-operation, and support for the League of Nations. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5788-90.Notes for WSC's speech (3 October, Oxford High School, memorial unveiling ceremony) on the career and writings of Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]. Also includes cutting from the Times containing the text of WSC's speech, and...
Dates: 24 Sep 1936 - Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material [1936 unless otherwise indicated]., 1936 - 1937

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/122
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (19 November, [Claridge's, London] United Associations of Great Britain and France Dinner) on the need for Franco-British friendship and co-operation. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5814-5.Notes for and report of WSC's speech (25 November, [Dorchester Hotel, London] New Commonwealth Society Luncheon) on his stance on defence and disarmament, and the need to back up the League of Nations with force if necessary. Also includes printed copy of the speech issued...
Dates: 1936 - 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/138
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (8 August, United States [National Broadcasting Company]) entitled "A hush over Europe" on German and Italian war preparations, and [Adolf] Hitler's pivotal role. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6149-51.Notes for WSC's broadcast (1 October, BBC) entitled "The first month of war" on Poland, the Soviet Union, U-boat attacks, the situation in Britain, and Franco-British relations, which includes the phrase that Russia "is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an...
Dates: 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The International Situation", 30 Nov 1950

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39B/275-302
Scope and Contents Speech notes WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: the continuing threat from the Soviet Union since the disbanding of the Allied armies; hopes for a settlement while the United States still has a superior atomic stockpile, and the need to keep building up Western forces; Soviet proposals for a 4-Power conference; the advance into Korea by China, and its possible use in a Sino-Soviet conspiracy as a distraction from the danger to Europe; the burden borne by the United States...
Dates: 30 Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The International Situation", 14 Dec 1950

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39C/539-574
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) subjects including: the importance of keeping up relations with the United States, and the reluctance of the Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] to do so, particularly over Korea; the advantage of maintaining a fortified line in Korea; the need to censor the despatches of the United Nations war correspondents from Korea; appeasing from strength, not weakness; the lack of consultation with Britain by the United States over its atomic weapons; the...
Dates: 14 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir John Colville

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CLVL
Scope and Contents

The material held at Churchill Archives Centre mainly consists of Colville's diaries. They provide an insight into the decision-making of three Prime Ministers and the meetings held with other top officials, as well as the lives of key figures during World War II, and its aftermath.

Dates: 1939 - 1987
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR, CHUR and CHAQ
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into three sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR), with some additional material (CHAQ). Together, the three sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1, CHUR 1 and CHAQ 1/1 and 2/1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 03 Apr 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/262/44
Scope and Contents

Cutting from the Evening Standard - article by WSC "Stop it Now", on the international situation.

Dates: 03 Apr 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 09 Sep 1910

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/4/40-41
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC (Honor, Off Mytilene [Mitilini, Greece]) to Sir Edward Grey thanking him for taking over his "painful duties" [see CHAR 12/4/39]. WSC describes a decision over a capital case which he regrets, and speaks of the departmental work he has accomplished while on holiday. He describes the places he has visited (including Monte Carlo where he won o160), a meeting with Governor Mahmoud Muktar, and an incident in which de Forest [Count de Bendern] shot a seagull with a Mauser pistol....
Dates: 09 Sep 1910
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 25 Feb 1897

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/23/20-21
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses: the likelihood that he might be chosen to serve in Egypt; his plan to return to England; his reading; the behaviour of the British government in Crete [Greece]; his own disagreement with the Conservative Party and disapproval of [Arthur] Balfour, George Curzon [later Lord Curzon] and the government's foreign policy and the possibility that "Jack" [John S Churchill] may enter the army.

Dates: 25 Feb 1897
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 11 Mar [1897]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/23/24-26
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (Government House, Guindy [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses: arrangements for his return to England during his leave and possible routes; horse racing; and his disagreement with [Arthur] Balfour's policy regarding Eastern powers and Greece. Envelope present.

Dates: 11 Mar [1897]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.