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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 111 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/182A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May) to the Polish people on the attack on Poland by Germany and the siege of Warsaw. Also includes correspondence from Count Edward Raczynski [Polish Ambassador to Great Britain], Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon , Foreign Secretary] and notes and copies of correspondence from Kathleen Hill [Secretary to WSC] and John Colville [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29...
Dates: 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/188A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 February) on the fall of Singapore and reviewing the war. Subjects covered include: the Atlantic Charter and assistance provided by the United States; operations in the Soviet Union; the entry of Japan into the war; the Home Front and difficulties of food supply; and the strength of China. Also includes correspondence from James Stuart [Government Chief Whip]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Secretary of State for Air]; [General Wladyslaw]...
Dates: 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 May 1943 - 30 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/194A-B
Scope and Contents Press cuttings of WSC's broadcast from Washington, United States (14 May) on the Home Guard in which he pays tribute to the members of the Home Guard. Also includes correspondence from Sydney Redman [Principal Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War]; Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Thomas Moore [Chairman of the Home Guard Joint Parliamentary Committee] (3); Robert Gransden; George Anderson, Principal Officer Eastern civil defence region (2); telegrams from the Ministry of Information;...
Dates: 11 May 1943 - 30 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Jun 1943 - 09 Nov 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/196A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcript of WSC's speech (6 September, University of Harvard, United States) on receiving an honorary degree and on Anglo-American unity including the success of joint operations and also on his interest in Basic English which he shares with President Roosevelt, including the phrase "The empires of the future are the empires of the mind". Also includes correspondence from C K Ogden on Basic English (2); Isaiah Berlin (2); Alan Hodge; Raymond Swing; Averell Harriman;...
Dates: 06 Jun 1943 - 09 Nov 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/204A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 March, Royal College of Physicians, London) on advances in medicine and science and the importance of a National Health Service. Also includes correspondence and source material from: 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] President of the Royal College of Physicians (2); Michael Reed [Private Secretary to Minister of Health]; notes and copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC] and John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC];...
Dates: 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Oct 1951 - 09 Oct 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/58A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election address (16 May 1955, Sir James Hawkey Hall, Woodford [Essex]) on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Prime Minister and his appointment of Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] as his successor; the Government's record on the economy, employment, social services, housing and the reduction of economic controls; the threat of a return to Socialism; the support of Clement Attlee [leader of the Labour Party] for the hydrogen bomb and Western...
Dates: 06 Oct 1951 - 09 Oct 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Jan 1957 - 06 Nov 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/61A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (14 January, meeting of constituency branch chairmen, 28 Hyde Park Gate) on subjects including: the work done in the constituencies; the resignation of Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] as Prime Minister; the decision by the United States to play a greater part in the Middle East and their relations with Britain; emergency steps to strengthen the economy; the need to support the new government. Source material includes draft notes by Anthony Montague Browne...
Dates: 08 Jan 1957 - 06 Nov 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 15 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/56
Scope and Contents Speech by WSC (15 January, Conference of Munitions Inspection Department, Institute of Civil Engineers) congratulating the department on its work.Speech by WSC (27 June, Mansion House, London) entitled "Greece and the War" on the 1st anniversary of Greece's entry into the war, in tribute to the Greek Prime Minister, Eleutherios Venizelos, and on the progress of the war. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2611 - 2613 (part).Speech notes for WSC's speech and proofs of the speeches (4 July,...
Dates: 15 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 30 Apr 1932 - 05 Oct 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/102
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (30 April, Royal Academy Banquet, Burlington House, London), entitled "Political Painters" on artistic parallels with the politics of the Prime Minister [Ramsay MacDonald], the Lord President of the Council [Stanley Baldwin], the Secretary of State for the Dominions [J H Thomas] and WSC himself. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5153 - 5154.Typescript for WSC's broadcast to the United States (8 May, London), entitled "International Monetary Policy" on worldwide...
Dates: 30 Apr 1932 - 05 Oct 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, newspaper cuttings and source material., 19 May 1940 - 23 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/176A-B
Scope and Contents BBC broadcast by WSC (19 May) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government. Source material includes notes from Andrew Stewart. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6220-23.BBC broadcast by WSC (17 June) entitled "The news from France is very bad" on the capitulation of France. Published: Complete Speeches VI, p 6231.BBC broadcast by WSC (14 July) entitled "War of the unknown warriors" on the disabling of the...
Dates: 19 May 1940 - 23 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Typescript, prints and speech notes., 02 Jan 1919 - 09 Nov 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/58
Scope and Contents Speech by WSC (2 January, Ministry of Munitions, Ponder End Shell Factory deputation) entitled "Real Comradeship" on the success of munitions production and adjustment to peacetime. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2661 - 2663.Report of the speeches (16 January, American Society in London dinner for John Davis, United States Ambassador to Great Britain), including a speech by WSC entitled "Comrades in War and Peace" on the common task of Britain and the United States in keeping world...
Dates: 02 Jan 1919 - 09 Nov 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/2A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 November, House of Commons) entitled "The Anglo American Alliance" on the impending visit by the Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, to the United States and on subjects including foreign policy and the Soviet Union, the production of nuclear weapons and the disclosure of information about atomic weapons. Source material includes: a note from [?1st Lord Cherwell earlier Frederick Lindemann]; a letter from Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] and an extract...
Dates: 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 15 Aug 1945 - 13 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/3A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (6 December, House of Commons) on the vote of censure about party politics and criticism of the Labour government's policy on reconstruction after the war and issues including: demobilisation and employment; housing; economic issues; foreign policy; and the regulation of industry by the Board of Trade. Source material includes: letter from Sir Ian Fraser on preference for employing ex-servicemen; a copy of a statement by Harry Truman, President...
Dates: 15 Aug 1945 - 13 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/4A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's address to personnel on board the R M S Queen Elizabeth (13 January) in which he reviews the war and links between the United Kingdom and Canada.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (26 February, University of Miami, United States) on receiving an honorary law degree in which he discusses education. Includes the phrase "I am surprised that in my later life I should have become so experienced in taking degrees, when, as a school boy, I was so bad at passing...
Dates: 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 31 Mar 1947 - 17 May 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/12A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (18 April, Albert Hall, London) to a meeting of the Primrose League entitled "Empire and Freedom" including: the diminishing British empire; Lord Randolph Churchill's role in founding the Primrose League; criticism of the spending of a loan from the United States; party politics and support for the United Nations. Also includes press cuttings about the speech and notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp...
Dates: 31 Mar 1947 - 17 May 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/14A-F
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 September, International Congress of Physicians, Guildhall, London) on the medical profession and scientific advances in which he reflects on previous speeches made by Sir Edward Grey and 1st Lord Morley of Blackburn. Also includes a report from the Lancet on WSC's speech and the reply to it made by 1st Lord Moran and papers about the meeting. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7521-3.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 September, Royal Wanstead Schools,...
Dates: 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/17A-G
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 March 1948, House of Commons) on navy estimates including: the absence of enemies at sea; the importance of the navy to sustaining the British empire; criticism of the Labour government's secrecy about their naval policy and naval estimates; previous mistakes in naval policy; the scrapping of ships; and his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty. Source material includes: notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC] and "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady...
Dates: 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 07 May 1948 - 28 May 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/18A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 May, The Hague [The Netherlands]) at the Congress of Europe entitled "The grand design" including: the progress of European integration and support from the United States for the Marshall Plan; the origins of European unity and the “Grand Design” of King Henry IV of France; the importance of “forgetting the hatreds of the past”, of mutual economic and military aid, closer political unity and maintaining progress; the speech he made at Zurich [entitled "The...
Dates: 07 May 1948 - 28 May 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/22A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 November 1948, Westminster Abbey) at the unveiling of a memorial to President Franklin Roosevelt in which WSC pays tribute to Roosevelt. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7730-31.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November 1948, House of Commons) entitled "The Iron and Steel Bill" on the nationalisation of the steel industry including: the contrast between unemployment after World War I and full employment after World War II; a loan from the United States...
Dates: 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/25A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (United Europe Economic Conference, Church House, Westminster [London]) entitled "The three circles (foreign policy)" including: the importance of the European movement in foreign policy; the resources of Europe; the "three circles" of significance in world affairs being the British empire and commonwealth, the English-speaking world, and United Europe. Source material includes: background notes from Duncan Sandys [Chairman of the International Executive of the...
Dates: 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1938 - Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/132
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (23 May, Royal Forest Hotel, Chingford [Essex]) on international affairs and collective security, particularly the Sudeten problem in Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia]. Also includes cutting from the Chingford Guardian reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5965-6.Notes for WSC's speech (31 May, Sheffield [Yorkshire] City Hall) on the German threat to Czechoslovakia and inadequacies in the British rearmament programme. Also...
Dates: 23 May 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/145
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 October, [Caxton Hall, London]) on his leadership of the Conservative Party and the retirement of Neville Chamberlain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6294-6.Notes for WSC's broadcast (21 October, BBC) to the people of France entitled "Dieu protege la France". Also includes French translation of WSC's broadcast. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6296-8.Notes for WSC's speech (9 November, Mansion House [London]) entitled "A long road to tread" on the illness of...
Dates: 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/150A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.Various cuttings reporting WSC's speech (17 January, Glasgow [Scotland])...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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