Skip to main content

Cambridge University Libraries are providing a blend of online and controlled in-person services. Please see our website for more details.

Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 280 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - D., 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/140
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Max Aitken, MP for Holborn [London]; John Addis [Junior Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; 17th Duke of Alba (2); "Alex", Field Marshal Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis], Supreme Allied Commander [Mediterranean], on subjects including WSC's visit to Italy (5); Leo Amery on subjects including Britain's place in Europe (3); General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine]; Frank Giles [Private Secretary to the...
Dates: 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence B., 13 Nov 1945 - 27 Oct 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/146A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Hugo Baring; 2nd Lord Baldwin of Bewdley; Consuelo Balsan [earlier Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough] (2); Don Domingo de las Barcenas, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on the attitude of the United Nations to Spain, and worsening relations with Britain; Gunilla, Lady Barnes, on the death of Sir Reginald Barnes; "Reggie" [Sir Reginald Barnes] (3); Herman Baruch, United States Ambassador to the Netherlands; Beverley Baxter; Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands; 10th Duke...
Dates: 13 Nov 1945 - 27 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Ca - Col., 22 Oct 1951 - 29 Nov 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/182A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Jock", John Colville [Joint Principal Private Secretary to WSC] on subjects including WSC's income, reaction in the United States to President Dwight Eisenhower's illness and the possible marriage of Princess Margaret, Averell Harriman and democratic policies and anti-Americanism in Britain (17); Sir Alexander Cadogan; Alice, Lady Cahill; Louis St Laurent, Prime Minister of Canada; Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury; H A Cape on playing polo with WSC (4); Lord...
Dates: 22 Oct 1951 - 29 Nov 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence D - E., 04 Jan 1946 - 17 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/148
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edouard Daladier; Sir William Darling on Elbert Hubbard's "A Message to Garcia", and using a recording of a speech by WSC (5); 1st Lord Davidson; "Clem", Clement Davies; William Deakin [literary assistant to WSC] on subjects including ["The Second World War"] (10); Kenneth de Courcy; General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (5); "Buck", 9th Lord de la Warr [earlier Lord Buckhurst] (2); Filippo del Giudice, Managing Director, Pilgrim Pictures Limited (4); 6th Lord De L'Isle...
Dates: 04 Jan 1946 - 17 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 314 - 321, closed under S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review date: 1 Jan 2022.
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence E - G., 04 Jun 1946 - 17 Nov 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/169
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade; Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2) on subjects including his intention to divorce Beatrice Eden; Nicholas Eden [later 2nd Lord Avon]; [2nd] Lord Beatty (2) and Walter Monckton (4) on the affair between Beatty's wife [Dorothy, Lady Beatty, earlier Dorothy Bragg, later Dorothy Hewitt] and [Anthony Eden] and the possibility of divorce; Leif Egeland [High Commissioner in London for South Africa] on the illness of Jan Smuts [former Prime Minister of...
Dates: 04 Jun 1946 - 17 Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence E - M., 09 Feb 1944 - 02 Jan 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/141A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Eden on not accepting the order of the garter, building up the Conservative Front Bench and broadening the party's appeal (2); Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe] on finding United States accommodation for WSC on the Riviera [France] and on a statement concerning the crisis in January 1945 over pulling troops out of Alsace (3); Frank Cook [Charge d'Affaires, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia] on the gift of a picture from...
Dates: 09 Feb 1944 - 02 Jan 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence I - K., 26 Nov 1945 - 08 Jul 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/151
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ismet Inonu [President of Turkey]; Seyed Taqizadeh [Iranian Ambassador to Britain]; Sir Hastings Ismay [Additional Secretary (Military) to Cabinet] on mementoes of WSC for the Imperial War Museum and notes for ["The Second World War"] (5); Anthony Nutting on the Italian Ambassador to Britain, Duke Tommaso Gallarati-Scotti; Count Nicola Carandini, Italian Ambassador to Britain; Louis Jacquinot, French Minister of Navy, on a memorial to the Free French; Vice-Admiral...
Dates: 26 Nov 1945 - 08 Jul 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence N - Z., 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/142
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Jooda Shumshere Jung Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Nepal, on WSC's illness and his own abdication (2); Basil Neven- Spence; Hubert Pierlot [Senator of Belgium] on WSC's visit to Belgium; Harold Nicolson on reactions in the army to WSC's loss of the General election, and on WSC's example to new MPs; Dr Berggrav, Bishop of Oslo; George Bell, Bishop of Chichester, on Berggrav's visit; Ridley Pakenham-Walsh [former literary assistant to WSC]; John Winant [United States...
Dates: 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence O - R., 01 Nov 1945 - 22 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/164
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ridley Pakenham-Walsh [former literary assistant to WSC] on General Douglas MacArthur's view of WSC's achievement in holding back the Allied invasion of Europe; 5th Duke of Palmella, Portuguese Ambassador to Britain; George Paynter (3); 1st Lord Portal of Hungerford, President, Ex-Services Welfare Society; CSC on Portal; 1st Lord Portal of Laverstoke; 11th Lord Queensberry [earlier Lord Drumlanrig] on correspondence between WSC and Lord Alfred Douglas in his book...
Dates: 01 Nov 1945 - 22 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with Field-Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery., 15 Feb 1943 - 18 Nov 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/143
Scope and Contents Subjects include: Alamein dinners and reunions; Montgomery's book ["El Alamein to the River Sangro"]; pamphlets by Montgomery on military matters; bringing Field-Marshal Erwin Rommel to battle (February 1943); Montgomery's book "Ten Chapters"; political and military problems in post-war Egypt; mis-statements in Alan Moorehead's biography of Montgomery on WSC's part in the dismissal of Field-Marshal Archibald Wavell and in the D-Day landings; the mutual respect between WSC and Stalin;...
Dates: 15 Feb 1943 - 18 Nov 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with President Eisenhower., 04 Feb 1952 - 22 Aug 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/217
Scope and Contents Correspondence between WSC and Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, on subjects including the 4-Power Summit at Geneva, American foreign policy, particularly on the Far East, former relations between Eisenhower and WSC, the declassification of war records, the defence of Formosa [later Taiwan], a medallion for WSC's 81st birthday, Western unity, Eisenhower's health, his relations with Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] and Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton], atomic...
Dates: 04 Feb 1952 - 22 Aug 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Various: "I guarded Winston" by Ex-Inspector Walter Thompson: typescript., 1939 - 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/494A-B
Scope and Contents Includes a typescript of Ex-Inspector Walter Thompson's book about his experiences working for WSC between 1939 and 1945 covering subjects and events including: WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty and as Prime Minister; WSC's visits to Chequers [Buckinghamshire]; WSC's habits including methods of working and writing speeches; WSC's illnesses during the war; wartime events including the Battle of Britain, the Atlantic Charter, WSC's visits to Washington [United States] and Moscow [Soviet...
Dates: 1939 - 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Various: "I worked for Mr Churchill" by Elizabeth Layton, typescript., 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/498A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript proofs of a book by Elizabeth Layton [later Elizabeth Nel] published as "Mr Churchill's Secretary" sent for WSC's approval. The book covers her experiences working for WSC between 1941 and 1945 and subjects and events including: WSC's work habits and methods of writing speeches; his personal health during the war; wartime events including the blitz and VE Day; visits to Washington [United States], Quebec [Canada], Cairo [Egypt], Teheran [Iran], Moscow; 10 Downing Street,...
Dates: 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: various papers. [most date from 1943]., Jan 1939 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/462
Scope and Contents Includes: cutting from the Daily Telegraph on a broadcast by President [Franklin] Roosevelt on ?13 February 1943 on matters including the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers and the situation in North Africa; list of members of the Other Club; copies of poem by [Arthur] Weber-Brown on WSC and Roosevelt; extract from a lecture given by WSC to the Royal United Services Institution on 17 April 1901 on the war in South Africa; cutting from the St Louis Post-Dispatch [United States] on the...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States (January - March 1946) E - G., May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/226
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: General Ira Eaker, Deputy Commander, United States Army Air Forces (2); Dwight Eisenhower on subjects including the death of Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to Franklin Roosevelt], and histories of the Second World War (5); Harry Butcher, former naval aide to Eisenhower, on publishing his diaries; J C Thomson [British Consul, Miami] (3); Sir Francis Evans [British Consul-General, New York]; Clarence Streit, President, Federal Union; Millard...
Dates: May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Special correspondence: Sir Winston Churchill, 1940-05 - 1955-07

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/2/4
Scope and Contents Correspondence with Sir Winston Churchill on subjects including: organisation of the War Cabinet; the value of air transport, and LSA's view that the Air Ministry did not give it enough importance; averting famine in India; monetary and commercial policy and the possibility of this causing a split in the Conservative Party; the lifelong friendship between Churchill and LSA; honours for LSA; policy on European Union and India after the war; Army reform; Palestine; the possibility of India...
Dates: 1940-05 - 1955-07
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Speeches: House of Commons., 20 Jan 1942 - 24 Feb 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/154A-B
Scope and Contents Cutting from "Hansard", statement on the death of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, 20 Jan 1942 Published Complete Speeches VI, pp.6552-53.Typescript speaking notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC and others], and extract from "Hansard" for speech on the War Situation, [in Vote of Confidence Debate], particularly on North Africa and the Far East 27 Jan 1942 [with covering note stating that the speaking notes were "far from being correct"] Published Complete Speeches VI,...
Dates: 20 Jan 1942 - 24 Feb 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/156
Scope and Contents Typescript speech notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC and others], extract from Hansard and cutting from the Times, for WSC's speech (8 Sept 1942) entitled "The War Situation" on subjects including success in Vote of Censure debate, success of Malta convoy, the Dieppe [France] Raid, the war in the Pacific, the bombing campaign againt Germany, the Battle of the Atlantic, the condition of the Eighth Army in the Western Desert, and the appointment of Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard...
Dates: 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 11 Feb 1943 - 27 Jul 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/159
Scope and Contents Typescript speaking notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC], "Hansard" and press cuttings for WSC's speech (11 Feb 1943) on the War Situation, including the Casablanca Conference, the Battle of the Atlantic, War in the Far East, North Africa, (praising General Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander, Eighth Army]). Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6742 - 55.Extract from "Hansard" on WSC's short statement (24 Mar 1943) on the Tunisian Campaign. Published: Complete Speeches VII, p...
Dates: 11 Feb 1943 - 27 Jul 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/141A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (30 July) on making the remainder of the day's sitting a secret session. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard.Statement by WSC (17 September, secret session) on the danger to the Houses of Parliament posed by air raids and possible changes to House of Commons procedures as a consequence of this threat. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6280-3.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (13 August) on an aeroplane disaster involving Australian ministers and military...
Dates: 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/142A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (8 October) on the Battle of Britain, the Home Guard and the Home Front, Hitler's threat to invade Britain, events at Dakar [Senegal], the desertion of Vichy France, the Burma road and events in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6284-94.Notes for WSC's statement (17 October) on Robert Boothby [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food] and Czechoslovak claims.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on the war situation, including the air battles, the bombing of...
Dates: 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/146A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Also includes copy of Hansard containing the text of WSC's speech and others in the debate on production, supply and manpower. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6331-8.Hansard copy of the debate on the conduct of Robert Boothby (28 January) including...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 20 May 1941 - 25 Jun 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/147A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (20 May) on victory in Abyssinia [Ethiopia], action at Sollum [Egypt], and the German attack on Crete [Greece]. Also includes cuttings from the Daily Telegraph and the Times reporting WSC's statements. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6401-3.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (21 May) on the attack on Crete.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (22 May) on heavy fighting in the battle for Crete. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6403-4.Hansard copy of WSC's...
Dates: 20 May 1941 - 25 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.