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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 139 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 19 Mar 1934 - 24 Jul 1934

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/110
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (19 March, Mansion House, London) on ex-services welfare. Source material includes letter from George Tryon [Minister of Pensions], cutting from the Manchester Guardian, statistics on the scale of losses for various nations in World War I, and suggested headings for WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V p 5349.Rough notes for WSC's speech (20 April, Mansion House, London, Honourable Company of Merchant Mariners Dinner) on the courage of the merchant service...
Dates: 19 Mar 1934 - 24 Jul 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/111
Scope and Contents Notes and draft press statement for WSC's speech (1 November, Woodford Bridge [Essex], Constituency meeting) on subjects including the need for Conservatives to be ready for the next general election, the National government, India and air defence against Germany. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5389-90.Notes and drafts for WSC's speech (16 November, BBC broadcast) entitled "The Causes of War" on German domestic policy, and the German threat to Europe and Britain. Also includes galley...
Dates: 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 02 Mar 1935 - 12 Nov 1935

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/115A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 March, Albert Hall, London, India Defence League Demonstration) entitled "Dead as Mutton" on the Government of India bill and his misgivings about the National Government. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5557-8.Notes for WSC's speech (26 September, City Carlton Club Luncheon, London) on German rearmament, Italian designs in Abyssinia [Ethiopia], and the League of Nations. Also includes: letter of support from Sir Austen Chamberlain. Published: Complete...
Dates: 02 Mar 1935 - 12 Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/144
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (30 March, BBC) entitled "A hideous state of alarm and menace" on the fate of the neutral nations, German atrocities, particularly in Poland, and wishing to avoid conflict with the Soviet Union. Also includes various cuttings reporting the speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6199-201.Notes for WSC's broadcast (19 May, BBC) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government,...
Dates: 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 22 Feb 1942 - 15 Jul 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/56A/75-91
Scope and Contents

Copy of a letter from John Colville [pilot, RAFVR, former Private Secretary to WSC] to CSC with impressions of South Africa and criticisms of the Empire Air Training Scheme; with correspondence between WSC, Sir Archibald Sinclair [Secretary of State for Air, later 1st Lord Thurso] and 1st Lord Cherwell [Personal Assistant to WSC, earlier F A Lindemann] enquiring about the efficiency of the scheme, and Colville's progress.

Dates: 22 Feb 1942 - 15 Jul 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 16 Sep 1942 - 11 Feb 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/56A/95-104
Scope and Contents

Correspondence on John Colville [former Private Secretary to WSC] being found unfit for a pilot's commission; includes letters between John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC], WSC, Sir Archibald Sinclair [Secretary of State for Air, later 1st Lord Thurso] and Ronald Melville [Private Secretary to Sinclair] on the inconvenience to WSC of releasing Colville, his progress in training, and the limitations of training in South Africa.

Dates: 16 Sep 1942 - 11 Feb 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 09 Jul 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/77/111
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Evatt [Australian Minister of External Affairs and Attorney General] marked "most secret" to WSC thanking him for his "thoughtful wire", commenting on plan to provide Spitfires for Australia, and stating that a black swan has been allocated to WSC and will arrive after plumage attaches itself in August.

Dates: 09 Jul 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 02 Mar 1912 - 05 Mar 1912

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/14/67-85
Scope and Contents Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Hotel Excelsior, Naples [Italy]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on subjects including: relations with Germany; praising WSC's speech in Glasgow [Scotland] on Naval Defence [to the Clyde Navigation Trustees, 9 February]; criticising the visit by 1st Lord Haldane [Secretary of State for War] to Germany; warship design and construction, particularly of the "Super-Swift" and "Super-Active" classes; the importance of aircraft and submarines;...
Dates: 02 Mar 1912 - 05 Mar 1912
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Mar 1912 - 05 Mar 1912

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/16/33-40
Scope and Contents Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Hotel Excelsior, Naples [Italy]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on subjects including: relations with Germany; praising WSC's speech in Glasgow [Scotland] on Naval Defence [to the Clyde Navigation Trustees, 9 February]; criticising the visit by 1st Lord Haldane [Secretary of State for War] to Germany; warship design and construction, particularly of the "Super-Swift" and "Super-Active" classes; the importance of aircraft and submarines;...
Dates: 02 Mar 1912 - 05 Mar 1912
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 27 Mar 1939

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/568B/199
Scope and Contents

Letter from the Air Ministry (Adastral House, Kingsway [London]) to WSC informing him of his appointment as Honorary Air Commodore of No. 615 (County of Surrey) (Fighter) Squadron, Auxiliary Air Force and of the Air Council's pleasure at WSC's association with the Auxiliary Air Force.Signed typescript.

Dates: 27 Mar 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 21 Feb 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/200/24
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Lieutenant General Carl Spaatz [Commanding General, United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe] thanking him for the album of photographs showing the work of the 8th and 15th United States Air Forces, and stating, "I can imagine no finer record of the great contribution which the Air Forces under your Command have made to the successes of the Anglo-American Armies since their landing in Europe". [Carbon].

Dates: 21 Feb 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), Feb 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/200/25
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lieutenant General Carl Spaatz [Commanding General, United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe] to WSC announcing his very great pleasure in presenting WSC with a "pictorial report on our strategic effort during the past year against the enemy's power to wage war" [report not attached]. [Signed typescript].

Dates: Feb 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/209/5
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, May 1945. Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: senior civil servants, including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chief Whip [James Stuart]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; the Chiefs of Staff; "C" [Major General Sir Stewart Menzies, Head of Britain's Secret Intelligence Service]....
Dates: 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for minutes M 497/5 and C 42/5, which are closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review 2032.
 Unknown

"Wars are not won by evacuations", 04 Jun 1940

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A/9-28
Scope and Contents Typescript copy of notes for WSC's speech on the fall of Belgium and surrender of King [Leopold] of Belgium; the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France]; the successes of the RAF; losses of men and weaponry; military development and the possibility of German invasion. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender".Carbon typescript copy with some manuscript annotations in ink [not by WSC] laid out in "psalm style" apart...
Dates: 04 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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