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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 324 Collections and/or Records:

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Personal: Visits and Invitations: France: H - Le., Sep 1955 - Apr 1963

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/147
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Dr Jacques Vialle on adjustments to WSC's hearing aid (6); A Larenque of the Hotel du Helder on accommodation for members of WSC's staff (11); J Broc, General Manager of the Hotel de Paris (15) on accommodation for WSC and CSC; Enid, Lady Kenmare; and Alvide Lees-Milne with a photograph of Thomas Molesworth-Bridges.Other subjects covered by the file include: arrangements for supplies of Pol Roger champagne and requests for press photographs.Also includes: bills for...
Dates: Sep 1955 - Apr 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Visits and invitations: France: R - S., Aug 1955 - Apr 1963

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/149
Scope and Contents Correspondents includes: the staff of Prince Ranier III inviting WSC to various social occasions; Louis Lottier, Mayor of Roquebrune; Celia Sandys; "Willie" [William] Sax regarding painting with WSC (5); Captain Arthur Soames; Mario Profeta (13) and Frederick Smith (3), chauffeurs to WSC; and Sergeant Murray.Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from Anthony Montague Browne [Private Secretary to WSC], Doreen Pugh [Secretary to WSC], and Gillian Maturin [Secretary to WSC]; copies...
Dates: Aug 1955 - Apr 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence R-T., Jan 1935 - Dec 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/22
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ralph Gould on WSC becoming President of Epping and District Branch of the Scientific Poultry Breeders' Association Ltd. (4); Sir James Hawkey, Vice-Chairman of Epping Division Conservative Association (3); Ellen Stutely [a local party worker] (7).Other subjects include: European rearmament; Indian affairs; permission to fish at Chartwell; a pension query from a constituent; local transport issues; Abyssinia [Ethiopia]; WSC's perceived lack of support for the National...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Dec 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence T-Z., Jan 1934 - Dec 1934

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/15
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Edward Campbell, Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Postmaster-General on extending telephone services.Other subjects include: pension, benefit and employment queries by WSC's constituents; licensing laws; local transport issues; providing a post office for Wanstead [Essex]; the glass house industry; confidence in the National Government; the British Legion; greyhound racing; Indian affairs; television; the Royal Infant Orphanage, Wanstead; arrangements for a...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence concerning various business., Jan 1952 - Dec 1958

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/20
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir James Hawkey, Chairman [until 1952], and W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent, (6) of Woodford Conservative Association; Leonard Ropner, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Films Association, on 3 dimensional propaganda films (2); Stephen Pierssene, General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office (3). Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Lettice Marston (Lettice Shillingford), Grace Hamblin, S Wade, Jane...
Dates: Jan 1952 - Dec 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence, mainly with representatives of Woodford Conservative Association., Nov 1950 - Dec 1958

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/12A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Cedric] Wordsell, Secretary and Agent [until 1951] (9); Sir James Hawkey, Chairman [until 1952] (18); Kathleen Kemp, Secretary to the Agent (17); W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Secretary and Agent [from 1952] (40); Malcolm McCorquodale; Rowland Arnison, Chairman [1952-1954] (4); John Harvey, Vice-Chairman [1952-1954], Chairman [1954-1956] (9); Squadron Leader Albert Cooper inviting WSC and CSC to lunch; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary]; George Christ...
Dates: Nov 1950 - Dec 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 50 which has been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about potentially living individuals until review on 1 January 2027.
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Public and Political: General: General Election: Tours., 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/553A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include Conservative candidates either requesting visits from WSC or thanking him for visits including: Major-General Robert Laycock, [3rd] Lord Long, Reginald Manningham Buller [later 1st Lord Dilhorne], [Edward] Spears (3), Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton], Edward Terrell, Randolph Churchill, Donald Somervell, Bernard Sunley, Alfred Denville, George Harvie Watt and Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe]; David [1st Lord] Margesson of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Gifts: Birthday gifts: S-Z., 1954 - 1955

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/426
Scope and Contents Correspondents (mainly concerning 80th birthday gifts to WSC) include: [5th] Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], Minister without Portfolio; and Martin Lynch [Private Secretary to Munster]; Andrew Stark [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary]; Spyros Skouras (5), President, and J Pattison (3), Director, of 20th Century Fox, regarding the installation of Cinemascope film equipment at Chartwell [Kent]; Priscilla, Lady Tweedsmuir [earlier Priscilla, Lady Grant]; Richard...
Dates: 1954 - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Gifts: Correspondence (private and personal): A-W., Sep 1954 - Dec 1963

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/590
Scope and Contents Correspondents (on various fund-raising and commemorative projects) include: 7th Lord Anglesley [earlier George Paget]; Bernard Baruch; Brian Batsford; Michael Cary [Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet], Derek Stephen [Private Secretary to the Secretary of the Cabinet] and Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook], Secretary of the Cabinet on the presentation of official histories to WSC; "Rock", 5th Lord Cholmondeley [earlier Lord Rocksavage]; Adrian Conan Doyle on a biography of Arthur Conan...
Dates: Sep 1954 - Dec 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Gifts: Winston Churchill Birthday Trust., 30 Sep 1954 - 19 Jan 1959

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/431A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents (concerning the Winston Churchill birthday trust) include: Brian Goddard, Secretary of the Winston Churchill birthday fund; Edward Martell, Chairman of the Fund (and Editor of the Recorder) (10) on subjects including a register of donors and the amounts given; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company (WSC's solicitor) on subjects including investments, the establishment of the Trust and the presentation to WSC (23); A L Ball, Manager of Lloyds Bank (Cox's and King's branch) (4);...
Dates: 30 Sep 1954 - 19 Jan 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence A - B., 05 Jun 1918 - 27 Dec 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/363
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Samuel] Vyvyan Adams on WSC's broadcast (18 December [on the scuttling of the Graf Spee]); Herwald Ramsbotham [later 1st Lord Soulbury], 1st Commissioner of Works, on WSC's occupation of Admiralty House; 17th Duke of Alba [Spanish Ambassador to Britain] on false allegations about WSC in the French and Spanish press (2); 1st Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro], congratulating WSC on his appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty; Leo Amery on subjects including...
Dates: 05 Jun 1918 - 27 Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia] (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma, later Myanmar] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1942]., c [1892] - Dec 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/440
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lady Margaret Alexander on her husband [General Harold Alexander, later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis]; Sir Gifford Fox; John Winant [United States Ambassador to Great Britain] on W Sterling Cole giving WSC the American flag flying over the United States Capitol when he spoke there in 1941; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson; Paul Appleby, United States Under-Secretary of Agriculture; Anthony Rumbold [2nd Secretary], British Embassy, Washington [United States] (2)...
Dates: c [1892] - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence from Conservative Associations (including branches), constituencies, clubs and Young Conservatives, E-M., Feb 1950 - Apr 1955

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/120A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Taylor; various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office particularly Richard Greville (31); Sir Eric Errington, Chairman, Executive Committee, of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations (13); Colonel Patrick Blair, Political Secretary to Chairman of Unionist Party in Scotland; 1st Lord Glentoran [earlier Captain Herbert Dixon], President Ulster Unionist Council; Alan Gomme-Duncan; Christopher Soames; Joseph Godber...
Dates: Feb 1950 - Apr 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence D - E., 04 Jan 1946 - 17 Dec 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/148
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edouard Daladier; Sir William Darling on Elbert Hubbard's "A Message to Garcia", and using a recording of a speech by WSC (5); 1st Lord Davidson; "Clem", Clement Davies; William Deakin [literary assistant to WSC] on subjects including ["The Second World War"] (10); Kenneth de Courcy; General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (5); "Buck", 9th Lord de la Warr [earlier Lord Buckhurst] (2); Filippo del Giudice, Managing Director, Pilgrim Pictures Limited (4); 6th Lord De L'Isle...
Dates: 04 Jan 1946 - 17 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 314 - 321, closed under S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review date: 1 Jan 2022.
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence, Moran - Nixon., Jul 1953 - Dec 1964

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/530A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: various doctors on WSC's health, hearing aids and on gifts from WSC including Charles [1st Lord] Moran [earlier Sir Charles Wilson] (4), Dorothy, Lady Moran [earlier Dorothy, Lady Wilson], Herbert Seddon (5), Dr D Roberts (4), Jacques Vialle (3) and Philip Yeoman; [1st] Lord Morrison of Lambeth; Prince Hassan Ben El Mehdi, Moroccan Ambassador to Great Britain on a disaster in Agadir; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]; John Colville on the...
Dates: Jul 1953 - Dec 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence N - O., 03 May 1946 - 23 Oct 1951

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/174
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Margaret Nairn; Princess Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (earlier Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands] on gifts of books from WSC (5); Queen Juliana of the Netherlands on making WSC godfather to her daughter (7); Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (3); CSC (2); Baron Adolph Bentinck [Minister of the Netherlands in London]; Michiels van Verduynen, Netherlands Ambassador to Britain (3); 6th Lord Clarendon [earlier Lord Hyde], Lord Chamberlain, on Queen Juliana's state...
Dates: 03 May 1946 - 23 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Various: "I guarded Winston" by Ex-Inspector Walter Thompson: typescript., 1939 - 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/494A-B
Scope and Contents Includes a typescript of Ex-Inspector Walter Thompson's book about his experiences working for WSC between 1939 and 1945 covering subjects and events including: WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty and as Prime Minister; WSC's visits to Chequers [Buckinghamshire]; WSC's habits including methods of working and writing speeches; WSC's illnesses during the war; wartime events including the Battle of Britain, the Atlantic Charter, WSC's visits to Washington [United States] and Moscow [Soviet...
Dates: 1939 - 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Various: "I worked for Mr Churchill" by Elizabeth Layton, typescript., 1947

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/498A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript proofs of a book by Elizabeth Layton [later Elizabeth Nel] published as "Mr Churchill's Secretary" sent for WSC's approval. The book covers her experiences working for WSC between 1941 and 1945 and subjects and events including: WSC's work habits and methods of writing speeches; his personal health during the war; wartime events including the blitz and VE Day; visits to Washington [United States], Quebec [Canada], Cairo [Egypt], Teheran [Iran], Moscow; 10 Downing Street,...
Dates: 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 13 Apr 1942 - 30 Oct 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/58/45-51
Scope and Contents

Correspondence between Francis Brown [Private Secretary to WSC], WSC, Lieutenant-General Bernard Paget [Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces] and "Bert" [10th Duke of Marlborough, earlier Lord Blandford] on arrangements for Marlborough to be Liaison Officer to General Hugh Ellis, Regional Commissioner, Southern Command and also on the defences of [?] Chequers [Buckinghamshire].

Dates: 13 Apr 1942 - 30 Oct 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 03 May 1942 - 04 May 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/64/37-40
Scope and Contents

Correspondence between Commander Charles Thompson [Personal Assistant to WSC], Colonel [? Denys Hicks], 1st Anti-Aircraft Division, and Major A McGrath [? Military Assistant] to the Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces, on defence and security arrangements for Chartwell [Kent].

Dates: 03 May 1942 - 04 May 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 09 Jul 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/77/111
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Evatt [Australian Minister of External Affairs and Attorney General] marked "most secret" to WSC thanking him for his "thoughtful wire", commenting on plan to provide Spitfires for Australia, and stating that a black swan has been allocated to WSC and will arrive after plumage attaches itself in August.

Dates: 09 Jul 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 10 Feb 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/32/3
Scope and Contents

Letter from [Charles] Thompson [Personal Assistant to WSC] to [Frederick] Root [Private Secretary to Minister of Works and Buildings] on WSC's views of a modified scheme for an air-raid shelter at Chartwell [Kent]. Carbon copy.

Dates: 10 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 14 Feb 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/32/4
Scope and Contents

Letter from [Frederick] Root [Private Secretary to Minister of Works and Buildings] (Lambeth Bridge House, London) to [Charles] Thompson [Personal Assistant to WSC] on time and costs for a modified scheme for an air-raid shelter [at Chartwell, Kent]. Signed typescript.

Dates: 14 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 19 Feb [1941]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/32/5-6
Scope and Contents

Notes from "C R T" [Charles Thompson, Personal Assistant to WSC] to [Eric] Seal [Prime Minister's Principal Private Secretary] on who will pay and time and costs for an air-raid shelter at Chartwell [Kent]. Manuscript notes with Seal's annotated replies.

Dates: 19 Feb [1941]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open