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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 51 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 10 [eventually entitled "Recovery and Reform" and included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various pre-war proofs., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/411
Scope and Contents Includes typed drafts and galley proofs (marked printer's copy and first revise) for chapters entitled "The Crimean War", "Canada: 1660-1780", "Canada: 1780-1812", "The Loyalists", "New Zealand", "Australia", "The Locust Years (1815-32)", "The Monarchy and the Divorce (1820-22)", "Tory England (1822-27)", "The Dissolution of Eighteenth-Century England (1827-30)", "The Passing of the Great Reform Bill (1830-32)", "Reform and Beyond (1832-54)", "England: 1832-37", "England: 1837-46", "South...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 10, "Recovery and Reform" [eventually included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various post-war revises., Nov 1954 - Jan 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/436A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as first, second, third, fourth, penultimate, or last revise, "duplicate", or second draft) and manuscript and typed drafts for: provisional chapter lists; chapters entitled "The Locust Years" or "The Tory Peace" or "The Victory Peace", "Prelude to Reform" or "Canning and the Duke", "The Migration of the Peoples. I: Canada and South Africa", "The Migration of the Peoples. II: Australia and New Zealand", "Reform and Beyond" or "Reform and Free Trade",...
Dates: Nov 1954 - Jan 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1-4, "From Earliest Years to 1485", "1485-1688, The Tudors and Stuarts", "Confronting the French, 1689-1815", and "The Nineteenth Century" [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies"]: superseded version (pre-war and post-war proofs)., [1938] - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/415A-E
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as "R E's" [returned empties] or debris; some marked first revise of 1 May 1954 or printer's copy) for: chapters or sections entitled "Church and State, 1066-1215, and the Quarrel with Beckett", "Tudor Rule", "Henry VIII and the Reformation", "Protestant and Catholic: the Reigns of Edward VI and Mary I", "Queen Elizabeth I", "Notes on the History of Law under the Tudors", "The Government of the Stuarts", "The Age of Expansion", "Charles I and the Great...
Dates: [1938] - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/338
Scope and Contents Proofs and cutting of various articles and short pieces by WSC: an introduction to a biography of 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] by 2nd Lord Birkenhead [earlier Frederick Smith]; "Great fighters in lost causes" on the careers of various historical figures; "Shakespeare's plays as short stories: Julius Caesar"; "Life - the greatest secret of all and how to tackle all its trials and problems"; "England. My England" in which WSC dwells on his pride in his country; "If I lived my life...
Dates: 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/282A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs for various articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine: "[Georges] Clemenceau: the man and the tiger" including his relationship with [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch, French politics and World War I; "If I lived my life over again" on various decisions taken by WSC, gambling, his experiences during the Boer War and at the Admiralty and his attitude towards the Conservative Party; "People who have influenced or impressed me" on Lord Randolph Churchill, William Bourke Cockran, Sir Francis...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Sunday Chronicle., 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/574
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Big Navy" on the possibilities of war between Japan and China, or Japan and the United States; "A King is Crowned" on the relationship between the Crown and the Empire, George VI and past coronations; "The Better Way" on the similarities between Nazism and Communism, Benito Mussolini, Stalin and Hitler; "Menace Over Europe" on the threat of war arising from the economic strains in Germany, Italy and Japan; "Jellicoe" on...
Dates: 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence concerning "My Early Life"., Oct 1946 - Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/35
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Viola [Violet] Lady Apsley [earlier Violet Bathurst] on quoting WSC on fox-hunting (2); representatives of Odhams Press Limited including [William] Surrey Dane [Vice-Chairman and Managerial Consultant] (15); representatives of the BBC (17); Allen Lane of Penguin Books offering to publish the book; Sir George Bull; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (2); B W Cummins, honorary editor of the Swimming Times, on quoting WSC on swimming (5). Also...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 1 ("The Gathering Storm") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Apr 1948 - May 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reverend Andrew Blair on Pierre Laval [former head of government, Vichy France]; Belgian General Boels; Robert Boothby; George Bosworth on WSC's role in the 1930s and arms exports to Germany; Timothy Breen (2); Camille Chautemps defending his actions; William Clarke [member of Room 40, naval intelligence]; Kenneth de Courcy on British policy in the years before the war (2); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]; "Sidney", Lord Herbert [later 16th Lord Pembroke and 13th...
Dates: Apr 1948 - May 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence on permission to quote extracts from various of WSC's works including speeches, "Great Contemporaries", "Liberalism and the social problem", "London to Ladysmith", "Lord Randolph Churchill", "Marlborough: His Life and Times", "My African Journey", "My Early Life", "Thoughts and Adventures", "The River War", "Secret Session Speeches", "Savrola", the war memoirs ["The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"., Dec 1949 - Jan 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/60A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade, [editor] of the Sunday Dispatch, proposing the book publication of WSC's articles on monarchs (2); Sir Robert Hodgson on a letter from WSC on King Alfonso XIII of Spain; representatives of Odhams Press Limited particularly G C Piper of the Book Department (20); representatives of Fladgate and Company particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (24); James Thornton, Assistant Controller, (2) and Mary Somerville, Controller, Talks Division, BBC, and John,...
Dates: Dec 1949 - Jan 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence with and about Sir Edward Marsh., Oct 1933 - Oct 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/2
Scope and Contents Others correspondents include: Sir William Haley, [Editor] of the Times, on WSC writing a tribute on Marsh's death (2); 10th Lord Elgin and Kincardine [earlier Lord Bruce]; James Stewart-Murray [?9th Duke of Atholl]; David Garnett on his publishing a volume of T E Lawrence's [T E Shaw, "Lawrence of Arabia"] letters. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: Denis Kelly [literary assistant to WSC]; secretaries Grace Hamblin, Anthony Montague Browne, Lettice Marston [later Lettice...
Dates: Oct 1933 - Oct 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: London to Ladysmith., 01 Jan 1900 - 31 Dec 1900

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/11
Scope and Contents

Handwritten draft in WSC's own hand.

Dates: 01 Jan 1900 - 31 Dec 1900
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Material used in WSC's book "My Early Life"., 1899 - [1929]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/284
Scope and Contents

Includes notes about the Boer War, the treatment of rebels in South Africa and sport at Harrow school. Also includes transcripts of letters to WSC from [3rd Lord] Salisbury, [Evelyn, 1st Lord] Cromer criticising WSC's writing, Albert Edward [Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII] on WSC's letters to the Daily Telegraph concerning battles on the North West Frontier in India and a letter from "De Profundis" [?to the Harrovian] concerning conditions at Harrow school.

Dates: 1899 - [1929]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: miscellaneous correspondence., Nov 1942 - Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Henry Morton on WSC's escape from the Boers; Antony Brett-James; Winifred Bull on her WSC quotation calendars (4); Randolph Churchill on Collier's magazine taking colour pictures of WSC; Sir Charles Petrie (2); John Lockhart; Allen Lane of Penguin Books (2); representatives of H A and W L Pitkin Limited (11) on subjects including reproducing a 1941 letter from King George VI to WSC and various of their publications; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; Sir Norman...
Dates: Nov 1942 - Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World: copy., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/522A-B
Scope and Contents Carbon copies of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World": press cuttings., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/524
Scope and Contents

Cuttings of the following articles by WSC from "My Life": "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord Randolph Churchill's autobiography and the Free Trade issue; "Changing the Political Camp" on going over to the Liberals, South Africa and the Board of Trade; Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst.

Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World": proofs., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/523A-B
Scope and Contents Galley proofs of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 1., Apr 1938 - May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/614
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "How Wars of the Future will be Waged" on the importance of the horse in the Boer War, of machine-guns and tanks in World War I, the need for foresight and initiative amongst generals, and the importance of air power in a future conflict; "Future Safeguards of National Defence" on the importance of the Navy to national defence, the German submarine campaign in World War I, the threat of air attacks on ships...
Dates: Apr 1938 - May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC., 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/619
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and press cuttings from the Sunday Chronicle for: "I Escape" on WSC's capture by the Boers and details of his subsequent escape; "The Blunder that Beat Germany" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The True Story of the Tank" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its first use in action; "When Britain Nearly Starved" on the German submarine campaign during World War I, British anti-submarine warfare, and...
Dates: 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., Oct 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/647
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Life Story", an introduction to WSC's autobiography, his childhood, education, entry into the Army and early career in India; "I Charge with the Lancers" on his experiences trying to go to the Sudan, Lord Kitchener's opposition, meeting [Robert, 3rd] Lord Salisbury, and taking part in the "last great charge of British cavalry"; "When I was a Prisoner of War", an brief account of the origins of the Boer War, WSC's experiences in action on...
Dates: Oct 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 2., Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/648
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "First Political Triumph, A Ban by the Duchess, Trouble with My Party Chiefs, Free Trade War Starts" on his return from the Boer War, victory at Oldham [Lancashire] in the 1900 General Election, obtaining his father's papers for the biography of Lord Randolph Churchill, and the opening of the Free Trade versus Protection debate; "I Was Warned that I Should be Called a Turncoat" on his dispute with Joseph Chamberlain and the Conservative Party,...
Dates: Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 2., 08 Mar 1942 - 05 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/703
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Are there men on the moon?" on the necessary conditions for life to develop outside the Earth; "The Ides of March", William Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" rewritten as a short story; "India - as I knew it" on WSC's memories of his time in India as an officer in the 4th Hussars; "I prayed" on WSC's experiences on the run from captivity by the Boers; "What do you know about yourself?" on the digestive system, the liver, the nervous system and the...
Dates: 08 Mar 1942 - 05 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 6., 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/670
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "How It Feels to be a Road Accident Victim" on WSC's accident in New York [United States]; "Parliament", defending the British parliamentary system, an historical examination of developments in the rights of the individual citizen, contrasting the British system with that of the dictatorships, and explaining its structure; "The Other Side of Flying" on developments in air travel, the autogyro, gliding, an historical review, and the benefits of...
Dates: 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/671
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The British Working Man" on WSC's views on the rights and responsibilities of trade unions, strikes, the role of government in industrial disputes, and the birth of the Labour Party; "A Very Great Englishman" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell, his role at the siege of Mafeking [South Africa] and the founding of the Boy Scouts Movement; "The March of Progress" on scientific developments and their effect on mankind from the Stone Age to the mid-twentieth...
Dates: 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/672
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Neville Chamberlain" on British Prime Ministers since [William] Gladstone, Chamberlain's career, including during World War I, and as Chancellor of the Exchequer, and WSC's views on his personality; "The Grimmest Task in the Government" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, capital punishment, and prison reform; "Maiden and Other Speeches" on speeches by F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead], Timothy Healy, WSC, Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord...
Dates: 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Tit-Bits articles by WSC., Oct 1939 - Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/654
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from Tit-bits for: "I Was a Prisoner of War" (2 parts) on WSC's capture by the Boers, his subsequent escape from a prisoner of war camp, his experiences on the run, and his luck in seeking refuge in a British home; "I am a Prisoner in a Mine" on his experiences hiding in a mine; "My Nightmare Journey" on his escape on board a goods train bound for the Portuguese frontier; "It's Splendid to be Free" on his escape into Portuguese territory, his reception at the British...
Dates: Oct 1939 - Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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