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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 42 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 2, "The Making of the Nation" [eventually included in volume 1, "The Birth of Britain"]: various pre-war proofs [with a few later notes]., [1938] - Oct 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/403A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typed and manuscript drafts and galley proofs (marked first revise and printer's copy) for chapters entitled "The Normans" or "The Norman Invasion", "The Rise and Fall of Norman Feudalism" or "The Progress of Norman Feudalism", "Henry Plantagenet and the Medieval Church", "Coeur de Lion" or "Richard I", "Magna Carta", "The Plantagenets", "King John", "Law: Edward I", "Bannockburn and the Second Edward", "The Long Bow", "King Henry II", and "The Mother of Parliaments".With suggested...
Dates: [1938] - Oct 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 2, "The Making of the Nation" [of volume 1, "The Birth of Britain"]: various post-war revises., 1954 - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/420A-E
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as "R E's" [returned empties], "P A's", or first, second or third revise) and typed drafts for: provisional chapter lists; chapters entitled "The Norman Invasion", "William the Conqueror", "The Progress of Norman Feudalism" or "Growth amid Turmoil", "Coeur de Lion", "The English Common Law", "Magna Carta", "The Mother of Parliaments", "King Edward I", "Bannockburn (and the Second Edward)", "The Long Bow", "The Social Catastrophe" or "The Black Death",...
Dates: 1954 - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": miscellaneous notes, correspondence on the content and production of the book, and other material., 1938 - 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/443A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents [mainly literary assistants and advisers] include: Denis Kelly (3); Brigadier-General [Sir James] Edmonds, of the Military Branch of the Historical Section, on the American Civil War; Alan Bullock on Henry III and Edward I (2); [George] Young on Augustus and Trajan, and the Magna Carta; Alan Hodge on an article on George III and checking books 8 and 9 (3); Robert Wilberforce on likely US Catholic reaction to the book; Sir Alan Lascelles [Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth...
Dates: 1938 - 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 1 [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain"]: main pre-war revise [with a few later notes]., [1938] - [1955]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/416A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (marked printer's copy and second revise) for: the prologue; book 1, "The Origin of the English Speaking Peoples" [eventually entitled "The Island Race"] featuring chapters entitled "Britannia", "Subjugation", "The Roman Province", "The Lost Island", "England", "The Vikings", and "The Saxon Dust"; book 2, "The Making of the Nation" featuring chapters entitled "The Norman Invasion", "William the Conqueror", "The Progress of Norman Feudalism", "Henry Plantagenet and the...
Dates: [1938] - [1955]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 1 [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain"]: "New Discovery": spare proofs., [1938] - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/417A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some marked second revise) for: the prologue; book 1, "The Origin of the English Speaking Peoples" [eventually entitled "The Island Race"] featuring chapters entitled "Britannia", "Subjugation", "The Roman Province", "The Lost Island", "England", "The Vikings", "Alfred the Great" and "The Saxon Dust"; book 2, "The Making of the Nation" featuring chapters entitled "The Norman Invasion", "William the Conqueror", "The Progress of Norman Feudalism", "Henry Plantagenet and...
Dates: [1938] - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1 to 4, "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies": page proofs., 1955 - 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/441A-D
Scope and Contents

Includes loose and bound page proofs for the above volumes, with suggested corrections, amendments, and notes [mainly for volume 1] from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, printers, etc.] or organisations including: "C C W" [Charles Wood], "A H" [Alan Hodge], WSC, [John] Sundell of Cassell [and Company], "D K" [Denis Kelly], Time-Life [International], and [George Gordon] Allen.

Dates: 1955 - 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence, mainly thanking WSC for complimentary copies and congratulating him on volumes 1-4 ("The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution" and "The Great Democracies") of "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples"., Apr 1956 - Jun 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/67A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Doreen Henderson of Cassell and Company (6); David Pitblado (2) and Sir Leslie Rowan [former Private Secretaries to WSC]; Oliver, 1st Lord Chandos [earlier Oliver Lyttelton] (3); Josephine Schwarz, WSC's cook; Lettice Shillingford [earlier Lettice Marston] (3), Jane Welby (2), Jo Sturdee [later Lady Onslow] (2), Elizabeth Gilliatt (3), Grace Hamblin (2), Delia Morton, Gillian Maturin (2), Jill Lynam (2), and Jane Darwin [WSC's secretaries]; Lady Diana Cooper [earlier...
Dates: Apr 1956 - Jun 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), Pr-Z., Jul 1947 - Jul 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/21
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin]; Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] on General Prioux's objections to his treatment in the memoirs; Sir Alexander Walker; Sir William Robieson, [editor] of the Glasgow Herald [Scotland]; Sir George Rendel [British Ambassador to Belgium] on Belgian troops in the Abyssinian [later Ethiopia] campaign (1941); Denis Richards; Eleanor Roosevelt on WSC publishing President Roosevelt's "Ship of State" letter; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry...
Dates: Jul 1947 - Jul 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 27 - 30: Proofs for and notes by [George] Gordon Allen., 23 Dec 1939 - 26 May 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/137
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs annotated with comments and suggestions by [George] Gordon Allen of the following chapters: Chapter 22 "War"; Chapter 27 "The Combat Deepens" (provisionally entitled "Progress of the Conflict" and "October"); Chapter 28 "The Magnetic Mine"; Chapter 29 "The Action off the River Plate"; Chapter 30 "Scandinavia. Finland". Also annotated by various individuals including WSC, William Deakin and Chips Gemmell, WSC's secretary.Also includes galley proofs of...
Dates: 23 Dec 1939 - 26 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Committee of Imperial Defence: correspondence., 09 Jan 1912 - 18 Oct 1912

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 24/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith, Prime Minister] on a naval memorandum by 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett, member of the Committee of Imperial Defence] and a projected meeting of the Committee of Imperial Defence at Malta on naval strategy (3); Sir Charles Ottley, Secretary to the Committee, on recognition for the services of the Committee's officers, particularly Adrian Grant-Duff [Assistant Secretary (Military)], and on the suitability of...
Dates: 09 Jan 1912 - 18 Oct 1912
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: General Election: Tours., 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/553A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include Conservative candidates either requesting visits from WSC or thanking him for visits including: Major-General Robert Laycock, [3rd] Lord Long, Reginald Manningham Buller [later 1st Lord Dilhorne], [Edward] Spears (3), Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton], Edward Terrell, Randolph Churchill, Donald Somervell, Bernard Sunley, Alfred Denville, George Harvie Watt and Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe]; David [1st Lord] Margesson of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, S., Dec 1942 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/478
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys sending on a pamphlet by [General Sir Bernard] Montgomery; Archdeacon of Quebec [Canada, Frederick] Scott sending copies of poems (2); Gladys Storey on her Bovril Fund; Lisa Sheridan, photographer, on taking photographs of WSC (5). Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and "E S L" [Elizabeth Layton], [Prime Minister's Private Secretaries] Leslie Rowan, Francis [Brown], [Edith] Watson, and "J H P" [John...
Dates: Dec 1942 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Patronage: correspondence., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/455A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Thomas Mitchell, Lord Provost of Aberdeen [Scotland], on WSC visiting Aberdeen and accepting its Freedom (4); Thomas Loveday, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Bristol, on various University matters; Hugh, [7th] Lord Sefton [earlier Lord Molyneux] offering WSC membership of the Buck's Club; Sir Patrick Hannon sending confidence in WSC's leadership from the Constitutional Club and the Early Closing Association (2); Sir George Mitcheson offering WSC the presidency of...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Patronage: correspondence, A-G. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Oct 1941 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/484A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Thomas Mitchell, Lord Provost of Aberdeen [Scotland], on WSC visiting the City to receive its freedom; [John] Pimlott [Private Secretary to the Home Secretary] on WSC visiting Northern Ireland to receive the Freedom of Belfast [Ulster]; [Alan] Hodge [Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Information] (5) and Brendan Bracken [Minister of Information] (2) on concerns over WSC being a patron of Blighty magazine; [Nicholas] Mackaskie, Honorary Treasurer of Gray's...
Dates: Oct 1941 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1950 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/113A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Richard Acland on the "Churchill Arch" in the House of Commons; Commander Peter Agnew withdrawing his candidacy at Ormskirk [Lancashire]; Patrick Kinna (Foreign Office); representatives of the Conservative Research Department including [Richard] Michael Fraser [later Lord Fraser of Kilmorack] (4); Garry Allighan on his expulsion from the House of Commons; Cuthbert Alport; Leo Amery on Persian [Iranian] oil; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman,...
Dates: Jun 1950 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C., Dec 1946 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/53
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George] Peter Thorneycroft; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (8); Colonel Patrick Blair, Political Secretary [to Chairman of Unionist Party in Scotland] (2); Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton] (2); Sir Arthur Young, Scottish Unionist Whip (2); 11th Lord Scarbrough [earlier Sir Lawrence Lumley]; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin], Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party, on...
Dates: Dec 1946 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-L., Nov 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Terence Garvey (Foreign Office) on the case of George Dace; Percy Cudlipp, editor, Daily Herald, and Patrick Donner (2) requesting WSC to write for them; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Kenneth de Courcy; Sir Paul Booth on the "Dog and Duck" circle; Eric Gandar Dower on his constituency position (2); Robert Jenkins; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director,...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence, R-S., Jan 1958 - Jan 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/512A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Julian Ridsdale, MP; Sir David Robertson, MP; John Rodgers, MP (5) on subjects including his meeting with Chiang Kai Shek; Colonel Sir Leonard Ropner, MP on the Unionist Club; Anthony Royle, MP [later Lord Fanshawe]; Duncan Sandys on the work of the Civic Trust; Michael Wilmshurst, Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary; [Gerard Andre], French Ambassador to Great Britain; Sir John Dean on the Sevenoaks [Kent] Conservative Association; Sir Derek Greenaway,...
Dates: Jan 1958 - Jan 1965
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A., 29 Dec 1945 - 20 Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/166
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Leo Amery on subjects including offering his services in government, money for colonial development, WSC's speech [28 March 1950, "European Unity"] and the failure of Ernest Bevin [Foreign Secretary] to respond to it, and Israel's relations with Britain (8); Haile Selassie, Emperor of Abyssinia [later Ethiopia] (2); Philip Moore [later 1st Lord Moore of Wolvercote], Assistant Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty, on the commemoration of the United...
Dates: 29 Dec 1945 - 20 Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Ross and Cromarty By-election: Randolph Churchill's candidature., 10 Jan 1936 - 07 Apr 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/287
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Randolph Churchill on subjects including his adoption as Conservative candidate for Ross and Cromarty [Scotland], his willingness to support a Liberal candidate, canvassing, the [National Government] candidate, Malcolm MacDonald, local support, press reaction to his candidature, local agricultural conditions and economic distress, and WSC's popularity in the area (9); Brendan Bracken on Randolph's poor chances; John Astor [owner of the Times] on a suggestion in the...
Dates: 10 Jan 1936 - 07 Apr 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: Aberdeen and Edinburgh [Scotland] (April 1946)., 29 May 1942 - 19 Jun 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/233
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: Sir Ronald Matthews, Chairman, London and North Eastern Railway, on travel arrangements; Sir Thomas Mitchell, Lord Provost of Aberdeen, on arrangements for WSC's visit and granting him the Freedom of the City (16); Sir Thomas Jaffrey; Helen, Lady Jaffrey, on accommodation for WSC; Sir Hastings Ismay [Additional Secretary (Military) to the Cabinet] on statistics for Scots in the Armed Forces for WSC's speech in Aberdeen ("The Needs of a Sick World", 27...
Dates: 29 May 1942 - 19 Jun 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: Ayr [Scotland] (May 1947)., 27 Nov 1946 - 09 Aug 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/251
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: Sir Charles MacAndrew on accommodation for WSC; Robert Brown, Town Clerk, Ayr, on arrangements for WSC receiving an honorary burgess-ship (14); Sir Thomas Moore [MP for Ayr Burgh] on invitations for WSC, and WSC's speech at Ayr ["Trust the People", 16 May 1947] (3); Sir Arthur Young [MP for Partick, Glasgow] (6); Lieutenant- General Sir Robert Sturges, Royal Marines Association, asking WSC to visit the Ayrshire branch of the association; James Stuart...
Dates: 27 Nov 1946 - 09 Aug 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches and articles, 1976-01 - 1976-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 7/1/55
Scope and Contents

Subjects include: foreign policy and defence; Berlin, symbol of détente or confrontation; the civil war in Angola; the economic crisis; Britain's and Europe's interests in Central and Southern Africa; Sir Winston Churchill's political philosophy; Home Rule for Scotland; the sale of council houses; Romania; the future of the European aviation industry; Rhodesia [later Zambia and Zimbabwe]; Britain's decline.

Dates: 1976-01 - 1976-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of Commons), entitled...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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