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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 30 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, E-G, many praising WSC's speeches and leadership., Sep 1939 - Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/394
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War] (5) including (2) on his role in the government; Maxine Elliott on her health (2); Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on honouring [Walter Richard] Sickert; Daisy Fellowes [earlier Daisy, Princesse de Broglie] (2); Sir Warren Fisher [Regional Commander for Civil Defence, North-West Region] criticising the conduct of the war; [Edward] FitzClarence [later 6th Lord Munster] on Randolph Churchill's time in the...
Dates: Sep 1939 - Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, A-B., Jun 1946 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Marcel Sibert, President of the French Committee for International Relations, inviting WSC to speak; Freda Smith [Duncan Sandys' secretary] (4); secretarial support for the United Europe Committee (4); Duncan Sandys, Joint Honorary Secretary of the Committee (5); Leo Amery (7) including (1) partly on India; Prime Minister Clement Attlee (2); Major Edward Beddington-Behrens (6) including (1) offering WSC a ride on his horse; United States Representative Hale Boggs;...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches., 1904 - 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/15
Scope and Contents

Undated manuscript speech notes by WSC Subjects covered include free trade, taxation, general elections, colonial affairs, education, Ireland.

Dates: 1904 - 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/129A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (5 May) on the Eire bill, Britain abandoning rights it had under the 1921 Treaty, and the role of [Eamon] De Valera [Prime Minister of Ireland]. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5948-55.Notes for WSC's speech (25 May) entitled "A private execution" on the replacement of 1st Lord Swinton [earlier Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister and Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame] as Secretary of State for Air, the state of air defence, and setting up a...
Dates: 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/60
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 March) on the union of the Air and War Ministries, and building up the RAF. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2965 - 2974.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on the need for forces in the Middle East, the situation in the Caucasus, the Crimea [Soviet Union] and Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey], and the need for more Territorial and regular army recruitment.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on army...
Dates: 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 16 Feb 1922 - 03 Aug 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/65A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (16 February), on the Irish elections, the dangers of delay, the Irish Boundary Commission, the interests of Northern and Southern Ireland and the position of Ulster. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3192 - 3205.Speech notes for WSC's statement (23 February) on freeing the funds of Irish local authorities previously intercepted to fund compensation claims, and settling compensation for personal injury and injury to property between the British and Irish...
Dates: 16 Feb 1922 - 03 Aug 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 13 Jun 1921 - 15 Dec 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/63
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (14 June) on policy in the Middle East, particularly Palestine and Mesopotamia [later Iraq], the formation of the Middle Eastern department, troops in the Middle East, the hand-over to an Arab government and army in Mesopotamia, the situation in Kurdistan and Jewish colonies in Palestine and Transjordan [later Jordan]. Source material includes Colonial Office notes on WSC's statement. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3095 - 3111.A copy of Hansard (15...
Dates: 13 Jun 1921 - 15 Dec 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and typescript., 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/72A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 May) on the silk duty in the Budget, and the sugar tax. Source material includes notes on artificial silk, including a quote from Samuel Courtauld, Chairman of Courtaulds Limited, and Philip Snowden [former Chancellor of the Exchequer] on tea duty. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3620 - 3631.Speech notes for WSC's statement (25 May) for the 2nd reading of the Finance Bill, on criticism of the Budget, particularly from Snowden, taxation, silk and death...
Dates: 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/59
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 February) on the abolition of conscription, the need for an increase in the army, development in the Air Force and in tanks, the Territorial Army and troops for Ireland. Source material includes: an extract from the Naval, Military and Air Force Service Act, 1919; memoranda by WSC on estimates, and reliefs for foreign garrisons; [?] Francis Acland on estimates; [Lieutenant-General Sir George MacDonogh] Adjutant-General, on reliefs for...
Dates: 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 17 Feb 1926 - 25 Mar 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/74
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (17 February), entitled "The Road Fund" on Parliament putting restrictions on raising money, and the constitutional procedure of the Budget. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3828 - 3833.Typescript of WSC's statement [February] on the Civil Service sports grant.Speech notes for WSC's statement (9 March), entitled "Military Civil Servants (Pensions)", on pension rights for ex-servicemen. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3857 - 3863.Speech notes for WSC's...
Dates: 17 Feb 1926 - 25 Mar 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/94A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (29 April), entitled "The Budget" on the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden's adoption of WSC's own measures as former Chancellor, on the National Debt, the Unemployment Insurance Fund and taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5016 - 5024.Speech notes for WSC's speech (13 May), entitled "India Office" on trade with India, the boycott on British goods and its harmful effect on Lancashire and the Indian people, and the political...
Dates: 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/101
Scope and Contents Typescript draft of WSC's speech (27 June), entitled "India" on 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, Chairman, Indian Franchise Committee]'s scheme for enfranchising the Indian population. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5186 - 5189.Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July), entitled "Reparations Abandoned" on the War Loan Conversion, the worsening economic situation, the need for international economic co-operation, the Lausanne Treaty, the ending of German reparations and the treatment...
Dates: 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons., Feb 1912 - Sep 1912

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/43
Scope and Contents Printed pamphlet, press reports and manuscript notes for speech on Irish Home Rule, Celtic Park Football Ground, Belfast, 8 Feb 1912 Published Complete Speeches II, pp.1899-1909.Cuttings from the Times reporting speech by WSC on Naval Defence, to the Clyde Navigation Trustees, 9 Feb 1912 [Glasgow, Scotland]. Published Complete Speeches II, pp.1909-14 [WSC's first major speech as First Lord of the Admiralty]. See CHAR 9/43/41-42 for more detailed description of article.Press cutting,...
Dates: Feb 1912 - Sep 1912
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes., Jan 1908 - Dec 1908

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/31
Scope and Contents Typescript of speech by WSC (23 January 1908, Birmingham Town Hall) entitled "Social Policy" on free trade and social policy. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 883 - 8.Typescript of speech by WSC (2 April 1908, Sun Hall, Liverpool) entitled "Tariff Reform and Unemployment" on taxation and unemployment. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 921 - 9.Manuscript and typescript notes for Election addresses by WSC in Manchester, including (14 April, Grand Theatre, Manchester) on subjects including...
Dates: Jan 1908 - Dec 1908
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Sep 1951 - 12 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/43A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election campaign (30 September - 10 October) on subjects including the grim economic outlook, regaining Britain's prestige abroad, the advantages of not winning the last election and improving the National Health Service. Source material includes: notes by 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] on the National Health Service, national unity and peace through strength, the tone of WSC's election broadcast, rearmament, Labour attempts to take credit for...
Dates: 30 Sep 1951 - 12 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 24 Oct 1955 - 16 Dec 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/59A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (18 November, Monkhams Ward Dinner and Dance, Woodford [Essex]) on the increased Conservative majority, Conservative support for a varied, tolerant society, the current political situation, including the last Budget, the rejection of nationalization by the electorate, and Labour's lack of other policies. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8662 - 3.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (24 November, Harrow [Middlesex]) on receiving the...
Dates: 24 Oct 1955 - 16 Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 16 Oct 1920 - 13 Nov 1923

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/62
Scope and Contents Speech notes and draft typescript for WSC's speech (16 October 1920, King's Theatre, Dundee, Scotland) on the tyranny of Bolshevism, the Socialist delegation to Russia, Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith, Leader of the Liberal Party]'s policy on Ireland and the need for firm action in Ireland. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3018 - 3024.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (4 November 1920, United Wards Club Luncheon, Cannon Street Hotel, London), entitled...
Dates: 16 Oct 1920 - 13 Nov 1923
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 12 Feb 1921 - 24 Sep 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/64
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 February, English-Speaking Union dinner, Hyde Park Hotel, London), entitled "Imperial Family Council" on the English speaking peoples, the unity of the Empire, and understanding with the United States. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3063 - 3066.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (31 March, reply to Moslem delegation, Government House, Jerusalem [Palestine]), entitled "Justice for Arab and Jew" on Arthur Balfour [Lord President of the...
Dates: 12 Feb 1921 - 24 Sep 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 20 Jan 1922 - 11 Nov 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/66A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (20 January, National Liberal Council, Central Hall, Westminster, London) on the Government's standing, the strength of the Liberal and Conservative coalition, the need for stability and the preservation of liberal principles against the threat of Socialism. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3159 - 3165.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 January, Kenya Dinner, Hotel Victoria, London) on colonial policy in Kenya and Uganda, compared to the French policy in North...
Dates: 20 Jan 1922 - 11 Nov 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/77A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (3 January, Wolfe Dinner, Westerham, Kent) on the achievements and prosperity of Canada.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (20 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Leeds, Yorkshire), entitled "National Finance", on the increase in national expenditure and necessity for cuts, particularly in education, on the changing funding system for local authorities, electricity development, the coal subsidy and averting a coal dispute, and the general improvement in...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/81
Scope and Contents Typescript of WSC's speech (11 May, British Bankers' Association Annual Dinner, Merchant Taylors' Hall, London), entitled "The Financial Situation" on the results of the Budget, the trade revival and the war debt to the United States. Also includes a press cutting from the Financial Times reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4217 - 4218 (part).Typescript of WSC's speech (12 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet to Bankers and Merchants, Mansion House, London), entitled "Peace and...
Dates: 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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