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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 24 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: R V Jones on bombing science (4); Lieutenant-General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine] on the Katyn [Soviet Union] massacre; Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (7); William Deakin (10); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Frank Rye on the Westminster by-election [1924]; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; 1st Lord Portal [of Hungerford, earlier Sir Charles...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/537
Scope and Contents

General Public Correspondence A-B Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including John Colville, Leslie Rowan, John Peck, Commander Charles Thompson, and Miss E M Watson.Subjects include correspondence on gifts (particularly books, cigars, wines and spirits); requests for signed books and photographs and the General Election campaign and result.

Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/538
Scope and Contents General Public Correspondence C-D Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including John Colville, Commander Charles Thompson, Anthony Bevir, and Miss E M Watson.Correspondents include Captain James Caulfield RN; Baroness Cederstrom and Douglas Chandor, on gift of volume of his portraits; Subjects include correspondence on gifts (particularly books, cigars, wines and spirits),...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/539
Scope and Contents

General Public Correspondence E-G Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including John Peck, John Colville, Leslie Rowan, and Miss E M Watson Subjects include correspondence on gifts (particularly books, cigars, wines and spirits), requests for patronage, requests for signed books and photographs, Victory in Europe and the General Election campaign and result.

Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General., 01 Jan 1945 - 30 [Jun] 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/540A-B
Scope and Contents General Public Correspondence H-K Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including Miss E M Watson, John Colville, George Harvie Watt and Commander Charles Thompson.Correspondents include Walter Hutchinson,Hutchinson & Co., (Publishers) Ltd, (11) on gifts of books, 1942-45; The Ministry of Information, (16) particularly Charles Gibbs-Smith, B C Sendall, and A S Hodge on...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 30 [Jun] 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Election: Tours., 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/553A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include Conservative candidates either requesting visits from WSC or thanking him for visits including: Major-General Robert Laycock, [3rd] Lord Long, Reginald Manningham Buller [later 1st Lord Dilhorne], [Edward] Spears (3), Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton], Edward Terrell, Randolph Churchill, Donald Somervell, Bernard Sunley, Alfred Denville, George Harvie Watt and Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe]; David [1st Lord] Margesson of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, K-Y., May 1941 - Nov 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/449
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Harold] Clifford Smith on the gift of a damask napkin with pictures of [1st] Duke of Marlborough's victories; [3rd] Lord Rothschild [of MI5] on testing honey; [Ben] Russell of Cunard White Star Limited on seeds from the United States (2); [?John] Wood [WSC's accountant] on an old friend whose son is a POW. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from CSC and her secretary [Grace] Hamblin, WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and [Elizabeth] Layton, and [Prime...
Dates: May 1941 - Nov 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office Correspondence C-D., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/530
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by WSC's Private Office at 10 Downing Street, (Kathleen Hill) as opposed to the Private Office File also contains copies of notes and letters by Private Office staff including John Colville, B C Sendall, John Martin, Leslie Rowan,.Correspondents include: Lord Camrose; Richard Casey, on election defeat; Henry "Chips" CChannon, on election defeat; Robert Chapman, offering book on Marlborough; Admiral Sir George Chetwode, on Victory in Europe; Noel Coward, asking for...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office Correspondence E-G., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/531
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by WSC's Private Office at 10 Downing Street, (Kathleen Hill, Grace Hamblin and Elizabeth Layton) as opposed to the Private Office File also contains copies of notes and letters by Private Office staff including Commander Charles Thompson, Leslie Rowan and John Colville.Correspondents include: Charles Eade, on electon defeat; Sir Crisp English on Victory in Europe; Irene Wellington (3) on presentation of manuscript copy of "Rule Britannia" to the Gunroom of HMS...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, E-G., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/442
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch (3) and Lovat Dickson [Director] of MacMillan and Company (2) on subjects including Eade going to Egypt and WSC binding copies of his works for him; Sir Crisp English on WSC's acute appendicitis in 1922; Michael Foot, [Acting] Editor, Evening Standard, on Low's cartoon "Winterton's Nightmare"; [Sir Alexander] Erskine-Hill congratulating WSC on his speech of 23 April; Wilfred Fish [WSC's dentist]; [Alan] Hodge [Assistant...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office Correspondence H-K., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/532
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by WSC's Private Office at 10 Downing Street, (Kathleen Hill and Elizabeth Layton) as opposed to the Private Office File also contains copies of notes and letters by Private Office staff including John Peck and Commander Charles Thompson.Correspondents include: Sir Ian Hamilton; Sir James Hawkey on Victory in Europe; Harry Hopkins, on the election campaign; Lord Horder, on gift of book - "Rebuilding Family Life in the Post-War world"; Lady Howe, on the death of...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office Correspondence L-M., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/533
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by WSC's Private Office at 10 Downing Street, (Kathleen Hill and Elizabeth Layton) as opposed to the Private Office File also contains copies of notes and letters by Private Office staff including John Colville, John Martin, Anthony Bevir and Paul Beards.Correspondents include: Rene Leon, on Victory in Europe; Eric, Lord Long, on Victory in Europe; Sir Leonard Lyle, sympathy on election defeat; Neville Lytton, on Victory in Europe; Pamela, Lady Lytton, (3) on lunch...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office Correspondence R-S., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/535
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by WSC's Private Office at 10 Downing Street, (Kathleen Hill and Elizabeth Layton) as opposed to the Private Office File also contains copies of notes and letters by Private Office staff including Commander Charles Thompson; John Martin, Brendan Bracken, Ministry of Information; George Harvie Watt and Anthony Bevir Correspondents include: Frank Richards on Victory in Europe; Rosamond, Lady Ridley, asking for ticket to hear him speak in the House of Commons; the...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, R-S, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches, Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/398
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay on his knighthood; Sir Eugene Ramsden on Conservative support for WSC; Whitelaw Reid [London correspondent] of the New York Herald Tribune [United States]; [Sir] Robert Renwick sending on memoranda on French banks (by "Birch"), demolition in London, and Albania (by Renwick) (4); [David] Waley [Principal Assistant Secretary] (Treasury) and Philip Allen (Ministry of Home Security) on Renwick's memoranda; Paul Reynaud, French Minister of...
Dates: Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office Correspondence T-Z., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/536
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by WSC's Private Office at 10 Downing Street, (Kathleen Hill and Elizabeth Layton) as opposed to the Private Office File also contains copies of notes and letters by Private Office staff including John Colville, Anthony Bevir and Commander Charles Thompson.Correspondents include: Vice-Admiral Ernest Taylor MP, on election defeat; General Sir William Thwaites on Victory in Europe; Robert Turton MP on electon defeat; Major-General Sir Hugh Tudor, (2) on Victory in...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - D., 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/140
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Max Aitken, MP for Holborn [London]; John Addis [Junior Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; 17th Duke of Alba (2); "Alex", Field Marshal Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis], Supreme Allied Commander [Mediterranean], on subjects including WSC's visit to Italy (5); Leo Amery on subjects including Britain's place in Europe (3); General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine]; Frank Giles [Private Secretary to the...
Dates: 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence C., 22 Nov 1946 - 29 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/161
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry] on racing; Ruby, Lady Carson on black swans; Douglas Chandor on his portraits of WSC and CSC (5); "F T Cheng", Tien-Hsi Cheng [Chinese Ambassador to Britain] on gifts and invitations to WSC (2); Frank Clarke on subjects including the United States elections, sending cigars to WSC, and a projected visit by WSC to the United States (15); Walter Graebner [London representative for Time-Life International]; Randolph...
Dates: 22 Nov 1946 - 29 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence N - Z., 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/142
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Jooda Shumshere Jung Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Nepal, on WSC's illness and his own abdication (2); Basil Neven- Spence; Hubert Pierlot [Senator of Belgium] on WSC's visit to Belgium; Harold Nicolson on reactions in the army to WSC's loss of the General election, and on WSC's example to new MPs; Dr Berggrav, Bishop of Oslo; George Bell, Bishop of Chichester, on Berggrav's visit; Ridley Pakenham-Walsh [former literary assistant to WSC]; John Winant [United States...
Dates: 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with and on Charles Crisp, 07 Oct 1900 - 26 Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/215
Scope and Contents Copies and originals of correspondence 1900 - 1948 between WSC and Charles Crisp, second Conservative candidate for Oldham [Lancashire], on subjects including WSC becoming MP for Oldham, Crisp standing for the Carlton Club, constituency business, shares held by Crisp for WSC, Crisp finding a different candidacy, Crisp standing again for Oldham, and Crisp trying to quote from or sell WSC's letters.Other correspondents include: Joseph Chamberlain on Crisp finding a new candidacy (2). Also...
Dates: 07 Oct 1900 - 26 Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 88 - 89, closed since they contain sensitive information on living individuals. Open date: 1 Jan 2025.
 File

Public and Political: General Public Correspondence L-M, 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/541
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including Miss E M Watson, John Peck, George Harvie Wattand John Colville.Correspondents include Sir Eugene Ramsden on visit to Yorkshire during election campaign; Thomas Levy on election defeat; Lord Ashfield, London Passenger Transport Board, sending poster for display at stations quoting from speech by WSC; Prof A M Low, enclosing...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General Public Correspondence N-P Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including John Colville, John Martin and Miss E M Watson., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/542
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include Dr M A Phillips (4) on his part in the development of the sulphonamide drug M & B 693, request for signed photograph of WSC, and recommendation of Dr Arthur Ewins (Director of Research at May & Baker) for an honour Subjects include correspondence on gifts (particularly books, cigars, wines and spirits), requests for patronage, requests for signed books and photographs, Victory in Europe and the General Election campaign and result.

Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General Public Correspondence R-S., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/543
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including Miss E M Watson Correspondents include Sir Richard Redmayne, on gift of book "The Problem of the Coal Mines"; Sir Stanley Reed, asking if he would be willing to pass through Aylesbury during election tour, pointing out that it was a very marginal seat; H S Richards (3) on gift of "Victory" horse brasses (retained); Lt General Guy...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General Public Correspondence T-Z., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/544
Scope and Contents Correspondence dealt with by Kathleen Hill, and Elizabeth Layton, WSC's Personal Private Secretaries, with some notes and replies by Private Office Staff including John Colville, Miss E M Watson, and John Peck.Correspondents include: Philip Tilden, Architect, on the election campaign, particularly Herbert Morrison's statement that houses built under a Conservative regime would be shoddy; Elsie and Doris Waters ("Gert and Daisy") sending photograph of his old bungalow in Bangalore, India,...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 May 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/200/70
Scope and Contents Letter from General Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence] to John Martin [Prime Minister's Principal Private Secretary] enclosing a book on defence by Brigadier J G Smyth, a military correspondent and the Conservative candidate for Central Wandsworth [London] which the author has asked be presented to WSC. He suggests that WSC might be interested in the chapter on "Leaders and Leadership" and, in view of the author's standing in the Conservative interest, ought to be...
Dates: 02 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.

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