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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 40 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 10, "Recovery and Reform" [eventually included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various post-war revises., Nov 1954 - Jan 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/436A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as first, second, third, fourth, penultimate, or last revise, "duplicate", or second draft) and manuscript and typed drafts for: provisional chapter lists; chapters entitled "The Locust Years" or "The Tory Peace" or "The Victory Peace", "Prelude to Reform" or "Canning and the Duke", "The Migration of the Peoples. I: Canada and South Africa", "The Migration of the Peoples. II: Australia and New Zealand", "Reform and Beyond" or "Reform and Free Trade",...
Dates: Nov 1954 - Jan 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 1., Jan 1937 - May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/569
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "No Intervention in Spain for us!" on the wisdom of British neutrality in the Spanish Civil War, being equally opposed to both sides, and on the small likelihood of German troops staying with a successful General Franco; "How You Will Help to Meet the Bill" on funding rearmament and the probable need to increase taxation; "Europe's Peace" on the continued threat from Germany; "France Faces a New Crisis" on French economic...
Dates: Jan 1937 - May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 2., May 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/615
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Peopling the Wide, Open Spaces of Empire" on foreign emigration to parts of the British Empire, factors which prevent the British from emigrating, and developing the Empire through investment and emigration; "Why Not 'The United States of Europe'?" on the harm done by European rivalries and nationalism, fascism and communism, the economic benefits of European integration, and the role of Britain towards...
Dates: May 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/295
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Ormsby-Gore [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 4th Lord Harlech] on the Peel Commission [into Britain's Palestine Mandate]; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on Randolph Churchill's interview with General Franco for the Daily Mail, and Franco's sensible policies; Oliver Locker-Lampson; 4th Lord Camden, President, Kent Council of Social Service; Philip Guedalla [Honorary Director, Ibero- American Institute of Great...
Dates: Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/296A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Carl Bechhofer Roberts on subjects including his biography of WSC, and particularly the Abdication Crisis [of King Edward VIII, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, later Duke of Windsor] (2); Ivy, Lady Chamberlain; Cosmo Lang [Archbishop of Canterbury]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, on a speech by WSC in a foreign affairs debate, and his tribute to the Foreign Office; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord...
Dates: 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/330
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ramsay Muir [Vice-President, Liberal Party Organization] on the possibility of a by-election in Epping [Essex]; Lieutenant-General Sir [George] Tom Bridges on WSC's speech at Sheffield [Yorkshire, 31 May] and wartime conscription; Philip Noel-Baker; Don Pablo de Azcarate y Florez, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on including Spain in WSC's call for a team of peace-seeking nations; 10th Lord Elgin (and 14th Lord Kincardine [earlier Lord Bruce]), President, General...
Dates: 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1946 (mainly letters of congratulation from the general public following WSC's speech)., May 1946 - Nov 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/9
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe], Chairman of the Conservative Party [until July 1946] (2); James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip]; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis], Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office [from July 1946]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], and Honorary Secretary [Edmund]...
Dates: May 1946 - Nov 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-L., Nov 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Terence Garvey (Foreign Office) on the case of George Dace; Percy Cudlipp, editor, Daily Herald, and Patrick Donner (2) requesting WSC to write for them; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Kenneth de Courcy; Sir Paul Booth on the "Dog and Duck" circle; Eric Gandar Dower on his constituency position (2); Robert Jenkins; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director,...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A., 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/145A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Haile Selassie, Emperor [of Ethiopia] (2); Grant Duff Ainslie on the loss of India; "Brookie" [1st Lord Alanbrooke, earlier Sir Alan Brooke, Chief of Imperial General Staff] on subjects including the evacuation of British troops from Egypt (6); "Jimmy", 17th Duke of Alba, on subjects including Andres Revesz's biography of 1st Duke of Marlborough, and being prevented from leaving Spain (7); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on the country's need for WSC's...
Dates: 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/22
Scope and Contents Proof copy (3rd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation" and "The Budget", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/51A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (17 April 1953, Scottish Unionist Association Annual General Meeting, Green's Playhouse, Glasgow [Scotland]) entitled "The Government's Record" on subjects including: the latest Budget, including tax cuts and the encouragement of free enterprise; the strengthened Government position; relations with the Trade Unions; the drop in unemployment; support for the Welfare State; the housing situation; the Labour Government's financial mismanagement;...
Dates: 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and others: speech notes and source material [all dates below are 1938]., 1938 - 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/130A-D
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (30 June) entitled "The Sandys storm" supporting the motion to set up a Select Committee to enquire into a complaint by Duncan Sandys concerning anti-aircraft defences. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5985-90.Notes for an unused speech (July) on agricultural policy, free trade, and the dangers to sea trade in time of war.Notes for WSC's speeches (11 and 19 July) entitled "The Sandys storm" on the report of the Committee of Privileges concerning an alleged breach of...
Dates: 1938 - 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes., 01 Jun 1937 - 21 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/124
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (1 June) on the finance bill, taxation, and objecting to the method of raising the proposed National Defence Contribution. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5857-67.Notes for WSC's speech (15 July) supporting the government and objecting to the opposition motion of censure on non-intervention in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5870-4.Notes for WSC's speech (19 July) expressing his concern about the mounting of heavy howitzer cannons near Gibraltar,...
Dates: 01 Jun 1937 - 21 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and prints., 15 Apr 1929 - 23 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/87
Scope and Contents Speech notes and a print for WSC's Budget statement (15 April) on a review of the past 5 years, the Gold Standard and cost of living, the National Debt, surplus funds (1928 - 1929), expenditure (1929), revenue, import duties, the betting tax, the Road Fund, de-rating and taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4574 - 4603.Speech notes for WSC's speech (19 December), entitled "Coal Mines Bill" on the arguments against the bill, a new form of taxation, cuts in miners' working hours,...
Dates: 15 Apr 1929 - 23 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and Hansard., 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/93A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (26 January), entitled "India - 'A Frightful Prospect'" on poor recent handling of Indian affairs, Indian hopes for Dominion status and a Federal Government, parallels with South Africa and Ireland and the effects of losing India. Also includes an extract from Hansard reporting the debate. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4947 - 4956.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (28 January), entitled "'Cut Its Dirty Throat' - Trade Disputes and...
Dates: 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/94A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (29 April), entitled "The Budget" on the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden's adoption of WSC's own measures as former Chancellor, on the National Debt, the Unemployment Insurance Fund and taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5016 - 5024.Speech notes for WSC's speech (13 May), entitled "India Office" on trade with India, the boycott on British goods and its harmful effect on Lancashire and the Indian people, and the political...
Dates: 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/101
Scope and Contents Typescript draft of WSC's speech (27 June), entitled "India" on 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, Chairman, Indian Franchise Committee]'s scheme for enfranchising the Indian population. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5186 - 5189.Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July), entitled "Reparations Abandoned" on the War Loan Conversion, the worsening economic situation, the need for international economic co-operation, the Lausanne Treaty, the ending of German reparations and the treatment...
Dates: 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript, source material and press cuttings., 26 Apr 1928 - 09 Nov 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/84
Scope and Contents Typescript for [? Neville Chamberlain, Minister of Health]'s draft reply to David Lloyd George [Leader of the Liberal Party] on local rating reform.Speech notes for WSC's statement (1 May), entitled "The Budget (Kerosene Duty)". Also includes extracts from Hansard reporting the statement. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4410 - 4416.Speech notes for WSC's statement (5 June), entitled "Finance Bill (Rating Reform)", for the 2nd reading of the bill, on rating relief for industry and Liberal...
Dates: 26 Apr 1928 - 09 Nov 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Lecture tour of United States and Canada: Speech notes and typescript., 28 Jan 1932 - 08 Mar 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/99A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speeches (including 3 February, Public Music Hall, Cleveland, Ohio and 8 February, Economic Club Meeting, Hotel Astor, New York), entitled "International Finance" and "Deflation and War Debts" on the world economy, war debts and the Gold Standard. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5130 - 5133 (part).Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speeches (including 28 January, Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York, 7 February, Orchestra Hall, Chicago, and 8 March,...
Dates: 28 Jan 1932 - 08 Mar 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/44A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election address (15 October, Huddersfield Town Hall [Yorkshire]) on subjects including: the decision by the Colne Valley [Yorkshire] Conservatives to support a Liberal candidate to stop Labour from winning the seat; the duty of all Conservatives and Liberals to combine against Labour; a tribute to Lady Violet Bonham-Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet Lady Bonham- Carter, later Violet, Lady Asquith of Yarnbury], Liberal candidate for Colne Valley;...
Dates: 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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