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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 37 Collections and/or Records:

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Articles, memoranda, reviews, 1953-02 - 1953-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 1/7/89
Scope and Contents Texts and cuttings of articles by LSA on subjects including: Central African Federation; Kenya (as LSA's foreword to "Before the White Man in Kenya", by Christopher Wilson); tribute to David Lloyd George and Sir Winston Churchill as war leaders (as LSA's contribution to "Winston Spencer Churchill, Servant of Crown and Commonwealth"); Commonwealth trade (as LSA's reply to an article by Roy Harrod on Commonwealth co-operation); some elementary notes on trade and production; LSA's review of...
Dates: 1953-02 - 1953-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 6, "Restoration and Revolution" [eventually entitled "The Restoration" and included in volume 2, "The New World"]: various post-war revises., 1954 - May 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/426A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as "superseded" or second or third revise) and typed drafts for: chapters entitled "The Restoration", "The Commonwealth" or "The English Republic", "The Lord Protector", "The Merry Monarch", "The Popish Plot", "The Great and Glorious Revolution of 1688", "Whig and Tory", and "The Catholic King"; provisional chapter lists; an epilogue.With suggested corrections, amendments, and notes from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, etc.] including:...
Dates: 1954 - May 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 6, "Restoration and Revolution" [eventually entitled "The Restoration" and included in volume 2, "The New World"]: various pre-war proofs., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/407
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and typed drafts (marked printer's copy, and first revised galley) for chapters entitled "Cromwell: The History of England 1642-60", "The Commonwealth", "The Lord Protector", "Lambert and Monk", "The Restoration", "The Merry Monarch", "The Popish Plot", and "King James II".With suggested corrections, amendments, and notes from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, etc.] including: [WSC], [Grace Hamblin], [William Deakin], [?Sir Edward Marsh], "A" [Maurice]...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 2 "1485-1688, The Tudors and the Stuarts" [eventually entitled "The New World"]: superseded version (pre-war proofs) [with later notes and amendments]., [1938] - [1955]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/414A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (marked first revise of 1 May 1954) for: a chapter list; chapters or sections entitled "Tudor Rule", "Henry VIII and the Reformation", "Protestant and Catholic: the Reigns of Edward VI and Mary I", "Queen Elizabeth I", "Notes on the History of Law Under the Tudors", "The Government of the Stuarts", "The Age of Expansion", "Charles I and the Great Rebellion", "Cromwell and the Protectorate", "Monarchy Restored, 1660-1685", "The American Colonies under the Stuarts,...
Dates: [1938] - [1955]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 2 [eventually entitled "The New World"]: main pre-war revise., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/422A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some marked printer's copy) for: chapter lists; book 4, "The Rise of Britain" [eventually entitled "Renaissance and Reformation"] featuring chapters entitled "The Dictatorship of Henry VII", "The Field of the Cloth of Gold", "The Break with Rome", "Dissolution", "The English Reformation and its Martyrs", "The Catholic Counterblast", "Good Queen Bess", and "The Invincible Armada"; book 5, "Liberty and Sovereignty" [eventually entitled "The Civil War"] featuring...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volume 2 [eventually entitled "The New World"]: "New Discovery": spare proofs., [1938] - [1955]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/423A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some marked "revised") for: chapter lists; book 4, "The Rise of Britain" [eventually entitled "Renaissance and Reformation"] featuring chapters entitled "The Dictatorship of Henry VII", "The Field of the Cloth of Gold", "The Break with Rome", "Dissolution", "The English Reformation and its Martyrs", "Good Queen Bess", and "The Invincible Armada"; book 5, "Liberty and Sovereignty" [eventually entitled "The Civil War"] featuring chapters entitled "The United Crowns",...
Dates: [1938] - [1955]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1-4, "From Earliest Years to 1485", "1485-1688, The Tudors and Stuarts", "Confronting the French, 1689-1815", and "The Nineteenth Century" [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies"]: superseded version (pre-war and post-war proofs)., [1938] - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/415A-E
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as "R E's" [returned empties] or debris; some marked first revise of 1 May 1954 or printer's copy) for: chapters or sections entitled "Church and State, 1066-1215, and the Quarrel with Beckett", "Tudor Rule", "Henry VIII and the Reformation", "Protestant and Catholic: the Reigns of Edward VI and Mary I", "Queen Elizabeth I", "Notes on the History of Law under the Tudors", "The Government of the Stuarts", "The Age of Expansion", "Charles I and the Great...
Dates: [1938] - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1 to 4, "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies": page proofs., 1955 - 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/441A-D
Scope and Contents

Includes loose and bound page proofs for the above volumes, with suggested corrections, amendments, and notes [mainly for volume 1] from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, printers, etc.] or organisations including: "C C W" [Charles Wood], "A H" [Alan Hodge], WSC, [John] Sundell of Cassell [and Company], "D K" [Denis Kelly], Time-Life [International], and [George Gordon] Allen.

Dates: 1955 - 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 05 Jan 1941 - 16 Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/690
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Tank Tactics" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its use in action at the Battles of the Somme and Cambrai [France]; "Crime and Punishment" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, penal and prison reform, and new forms of punishment for young offenders; "The King Who Saved England" on the life and reign of King George V, his coming to the throne, changes to the constitution, his...
Dates: 05 Jan 1941 - 16 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Official: Cabinet: Correspondence and notes., 04 Feb 1909 - 19 Jul 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/12
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: David Lloyd George on his and WSC's opposition to the naval building programme; Moreton Frewen on Bank of England policy and the issuing of 10 shilling notes; Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith] , Prime Minister and Lord Crewe [earlier Lord Houghton and Robert Milnes] objecting to a speech by WSC in which he forecast a dissolution of Parliament if the House of Lords proposed amendments to the 1909 [People's] Budget.Also includes press cuttings on speeches...
Dates: 04 Feb 1909 - 19 Jul 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Colonial Office: correspondence, mainly on South African affairs., 01 Aug 1906 - 29 Aug 1906

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 10/14
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Ripon; General Sir Ian Hamilton congratulating WSC on his speech on the Transvaal [South Africa] Constitution; 2nd Lord Selborne [Governor of the Transvaal and High Commissioner for South Africa] (2); 1st Lord Knollys [Private Secretary to King Edward VII] on WSC's choice of uniform for German army manoeuvres; [Dewdney] Drew of the Friend newspaper, Bloemfontein [South Africa] (3); Frederick Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby, Assistant Private Secretary to...
Dates: 01 Aug 1906 - 29 Aug 1906
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D., Jan 1943 - Jun 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/464
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "E R" [Eleanor Roosevelt] and John Russell [2nd Secretary] (British Embassy, Washington [United States]) (2) on communications with a US sculptor Stirling Calder and his bust of WSC; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry], High Commissioner for Canada [in the United Kingdom] Vincent Massey, Chilean Ambassador [to Great Britain] Manuel Bianchi, and Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia Jan Sramek, on WSC's health problems; Sir Newman Flower, Director of Cassell and...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Jun 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence O - R., 01 Nov 1945 - 22 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/164
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ridley Pakenham-Walsh [former literary assistant to WSC] on General Douglas MacArthur's view of WSC's achievement in holding back the Allied invasion of Europe; 5th Duke of Palmella, Portuguese Ambassador to Britain; George Paynter (3); 1st Lord Portal of Hungerford, President, Ex-Services Welfare Society; CSC on Portal; 1st Lord Portal of Laverstoke; 11th Lord Queensberry [earlier Lord Drumlanrig] on correspondence between WSC and Lord Alfred Douglas in his book...
Dates: 01 Nov 1945 - 22 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of Commons), entitled...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/22
Scope and Contents Proof copy (3rd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation" and "The Budget", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/79
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (9 February), for the debate on the address on the programme of Government legislation, the Trade Unions Bill, the situation in China and Britain's attitude to the Soviet Union. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4140 - 4148.Speech notes for WSC's Budget statement (11 April), on the effects of the General Strike and coal dispute, revenue (1926-1927) and expenditure (1926-1928), post-war Government departments, the National Debt, war debts, the sinking fund,...
Dates: 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 29 Jan 1934 - 23 Apr 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/107A-B
Scope and Contents Source material includes a government memorandum for the Disarmament Conference [Geneva, Switzerland].Brief notes for WSC's speech (7 February) against disarmament and on Britain's defence needs, which includes the phrase "We are vulnerable as we have never been before". Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5321-6.Notes for WSC's speech (6 March) on the army estimates and India. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5329-35.Notes for WSC's speech (8...
Dates: 29 Jan 1934 - 23 Apr 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 13 Jun 1934 - Dec 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/108A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (13 June) on the Committee of Privileges' report into allegations concerning the Secretary of State for India [Sir Samuel Hoare, later 1st Lord Templewood] and 17th Lord Derby [Member of the Joint Select Committee on the Indian Constitution]. Also includes copies of Hansard containing speech. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5359-73.Brief notes for WSC's speech (13 July) on the League of Nations and disarmament. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5377-81.Notes for...
Dates: 13 Jun 1934 - Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 22 May 1935 - 24 Oct 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/113
Scope and Contents Brief notes for WSC's speech (22 May) on a speech by Adolf Hitler, and comparing German and British military strength. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5610-7.Rough notes for WSC's speech (31 May) entitled "Deepening and Darkening Danger" on Germany's threat and influence in Europe. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5624-7.Notes for WSC's speech (5 June) on his continued doubts about the Government of India Bill, the role of the Indian Princes and Civil Service in the scheme, and...
Dates: 22 May 1935 - 24 Oct 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 05 Jun 1931 - 31 Oct 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/97
Scope and Contents Memorandum by WSC (5 June, Select Committee on Procedure on Public Business) on forming a non-political Economic Sub-Parliament.Speech notes and typescript (10 June, Folkestone, Kent), entitled "India (Government Policy) on the Gateshead by-election [County Durham], the Labour Government's record, the need for Conservatives to have a separate policy on India, British interests in India and the Cawnpore Riots. Source material includes a press cutting from the Times on the Round Table...
Dates: 05 Jun 1931 - 31 Oct 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 19 Feb 1930 - 25 Dec 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/91A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (19 February, 1900 Club) on the failure of the Labour Government, a 3 party General Election, the Labour and Liberal alliance, Conservative proposals for protective food taxation and agriculture.Typescript for WSC's speech (26 March, Harlow, Essex), entitled "The Economic Situation" on Conservative proposals for protective food taxation, the Labour and Liberal alliance, the next Labour Budget and agricultural policy. Also includes a note (1934) from Violet...
Dates: 19 Feb 1930 - 25 Dec 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 20 Jan 1931 - 27 Jun 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/95
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's statement (20 January, Press Association, London), entitled "The Indian Conference" on the difference between public opinion and the Round Table Conference on India, and concessions to India. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4945 - 4946.Speech notes by WSC (27 June, Chancellor's Address, Degree Conferment Ceremony, Bristol University), entitled "War Debts" on the moratorium proclaimed by the United States on war debts, and the harmful effects of reparations. Written on...
Dates: 20 Jan 1931 - 27 Jun 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 16 Mar 1931 - 22 Apr 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/96
Scope and Contents Typescript and print for WSC's speech (16 March, Select Committee on Procedure on Public Business) on Parliament as a focus and expression of national opinion, and its need for greater flexibility to free itself from routine business.Speech notes for WSC's speech (26 March, Constitutional Club, London), entitled "The March of Events" on the Labour Government's Indian policy, the cotton trade and Britain's duty to govern India. Source material includes press cuttings on the Indian boycott of...
Dates: 16 Mar 1931 - 22 Apr 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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