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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 24 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/232
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: "Mr Macdonald's Opportunity" on the visit of Ramsay Macdonald to the United States; "The Naval Argument" on British and American naval policy; "Prohibition" in the United States; "California"; "Wall Street" on the Wall Street crash; "The Battlefields" about Virginia; "Hollywood"; "Palestine and the Zionists" on violence in Palestine and the need for reconciliation between Jews and Arabs; "Why We Lost" on the defeat of the...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/279A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondence, research notes and proofs of articles by WSC: "The United States of Europe" on European affairs and trade, the treaty of Versailles [France], the League of Nations, decisions made by [Aristide] Briand and the positions of the United States and Canada; "The Truth about the Dardanelles" including WSC's relationship with Lord Fisher at the Admiralty; "A Great Big Idea" on European affairs; "Why Pay More Taxes" including a statement by WSC on the Budget; "Mr Churchill advises...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/282A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs for various articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine: "[Georges] Clemenceau: the man and the tiger" including his relationship with [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch, French politics and World War I; "If I lived my life over again" on various decisions taken by WSC, gambling, his experiences during the Boer War and at the Admiralty and his attitude towards the Conservative Party; "People who have influenced or impressed me" on Lord Randolph Churchill, William Bourke Cockran, Sir Francis...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC., Jan 1939 - Sep 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/653A-B
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Let the Tyrant Criminals Bomb" (British title "The Balance of Air Power") on German and British air strength in the 1930s, the threat of air attacks on ships, and the use of bombing against civilians; "War - Now or Never" (British title "Will There Be War [in Europe - and When?]") on the nature of the Nazi and Italian regimes, their financial needs, the growth of the German army and munitions programme, and the state of the RAF (with some...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Sep 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Evening Standard articles: correspondence., 25 Jan 1936 - 24 Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/534
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of the Evening Standard, including Percy Cudlipp, Editor (16).Also includes: a memorandum on the Evening Standard position on the new Unemployment Regulations; Curtis Brown Limited's agreement with WSC for international sales of his articles; an open letter to WSC from Fight, Organ of the British Bolshevik-Leninists in response to WSC's article on Communism; copies of Fight and the Red Flag; extracts from Stanley Baldwin's speeches on democracy...
Dates: 25 Jan 1936 - 24 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 2., May 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/615
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Peopling the Wide, Open Spaces of Empire" on foreign emigration to parts of the British Empire, factors which prevent the British from emigrating, and developing the Empire through investment and emigration; "Why Not 'The United States of Europe'?" on the harm done by European rivalries and nationalism, fascism and communism, the economic benefits of European integration, and the role of Britain towards...
Dates: May 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: notes and cuttings for Sunday Dispatch articles., 1934 - 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/673
Scope and Contents Includes lists of articles by WSC for possible publication in the Sunday Dispatch and cuttings from earlier articles by WSC: "Premiers on the Sick List", dismissing the strains of being Prime Minister; "What's Wrong With Parliament" on the need for parliamentary reform; "I Always Took Chances" on his childhood rashness; "Open Letter to a Communist" on his disapproval of dictatorship in the Soviet Union and Germany; "The Blackcoat Tragedy" on the decline of the middle classes; "India and the...
Dates: 1934 - 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"., [1929] - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/235
Scope and Contents

Proofs of Chapter 4 entitled "Russia Forlorn" on the Russian revolution and the rise of Bolshevism. Corrected by WSC.

Dates: [1929] - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"., 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/265
Scope and Contents

Newscuttings of reviews from various publications including an article by Leon Trotsky criticising WSC's portrayal of Lenin.

Dates: 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Various material., 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/143A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War", from individuals including: General Alphonse Georges on the French Air Force, 1930 - 1940; Alan Gomme-Duncan [earlier Alan Duncan]; Michael Joy, Foreign Office; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on records of Soviet support for the Allies in 1938; Richard Law [later 1st Lord Coleraine] on meetings with WSC concerning Soviet support in 1938; 1st Lord...
Dates: 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Various correspondence., 21 Oct 1922 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/223
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Colonel Minnegerode of the New York Times about the serialisation of Volume 4 of "The World Crisis", "The Aftermath"; Sir James Henderson-Stewart; Lucy Wise on the visit of Sir Frederic Wise to Germany to report on the country's financial position to the Peace Conference; Professor Leslie Hearnshaw; Henry Forster (3); [Major] Desmond Morton; [Brigadier General James] Edmonds [of the Military Branch of the Historical Section] (6); Commander Taprell Dorling (4); Peter...
Dates: 21 Oct 1922 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various correspondence about corrections to and research for WSC's book "The Aftermath" [Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"]., 01 Dec 1928 - 27 Dec 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/218
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence with: Sir James [Cosgrave] (2); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence]; on various subjects including the Peace Treaty after World War I, reparations, the roles of President [Woodrow] Wilson, [David] Lloyd George, [Vittorio] Orlando and [Georges] Clemenceau (6); James Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] on approving the book for the Foreign Office (2); Desmond Morton on WSC's treatment of General [Pierre] Janin and...
Dates: 01 Dec 1928 - 27 Dec 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Various correspondence about WSC's book "The Aftermath" [Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"]., 05 Jun 1928 - 30 Nov 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/217
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence with: Owen O Malley, WSC's researcher (3); Desmond Morton (1); Alexander Watt of A P Watt and Sons (5); Nevile Bland (1); [Brigadier General] James Edmonds [of the Military Branch of the Historical Section] 2); Sir Warren Fisher (1); James Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] on approving the contents of "The Aftermath"; "Archie" [Sir Archibald Sinclair, later Lord Thurso] criticising WSC's representation of the Bolsheviks as "utterly inhuman, the...
Dates: 05 Jun 1928 - 30 Nov 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various correspondence about WSC's book "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Jan 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/222
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [James] Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] on subjects including the blockade and starvation of Germany after the armistice (4); David Lloyd George on his role in negotiations in Ireland, and on policy regarding Greece and [Eleutherios] Venizelos, Turkey and Russia [the Soviet Union]; Lord Cecil of Chelwood; Lionel Curtis; Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence]; Hubert Carr-Gomm; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Jan 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: WSC's articles for the Daily Mail., 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/339
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC: "Gordon: a Christian hero's sacrifice" on the death of General Charles Gordon at Khartoum [Sudan] in defiance of government orders; "Ireland" on the electoral success of [Eamon] De Valera and Anglo-Irish relations; an article on the Soviet Union including comments on communism, food shortages and embargoes imposed by the British government; a review of J L Garvin's biography of Joseph Chamberlain; "August 4, 1914: a nation transformed" on the effect of...
Dates: 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower [President of the United States]., 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A-C
Scope and Contents ff 1- 139 are copies of letters and telegrams from WSC to President Dwight D Eisenhower, 07 Feb 1953 - 31 Mar 1955.ff 140 - 214 are copies of letters from President Dwight D Eisenhower to WSC, 02 Feb1953 - 29 Mar 1955.ff 215 - 282 are copies of correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower, 29 Jan 1953 - 24 Mar 1955. Includes original letters from Dwight D Eisenhower, James D Moffett (2nd Secretary, United States Embassy in Britain) and Winthrop Aldrich (United States...
Dates: 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence C-G., Jul 1929 - May 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/573A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [1st Lord] Carson on India; "Bertie" [7th Duke of] Leinster [earlier Lord Edward FitzGerald] on his health; Randolph Churchill on his finances; representatives of Nicholl Manistry and Company regarding the division of stock and a settlement to Randolph Churchill; Lord Ivor Churchill on subjects including family affairs including Gladys, Duchess of Marlborough and a statue of John, 1st Duke of Marlborough (5); Neville Chamberlain on opposition to the Finance Bill;...
Dates: Jul 1929 - May 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence with Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]., Oct 1946 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/51
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow] and Chips Gemmell; and from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Chairman of the Conservative [and Unionist] Party [1st Lord Woolton, earlier Frederick Marquis].Subjects...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A-C
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution on the presentation of the Chesney Gold Medal to WSC (4 July, Royal United Service Institution), including WSC's acceptance speech entitled "Military History", on former winners of the medal, the importance of the study of military history, the progress of military science and in tribute to the career of Admiral Sir Henry Moore, Chairman of the Royal United Service Institution Council. Also includes opening speech by Admiral...
Dates: 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.