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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 53 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/232
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: "Mr Macdonald's Opportunity" on the visit of Ramsay Macdonald to the United States; "The Naval Argument" on British and American naval policy; "Prohibition" in the United States; "California"; "Wall Street" on the Wall Street crash; "The Battlefields" about Virginia; "Hollywood"; "Palestine and the Zionists" on violence in Palestine and the need for reconciliation between Jews and Arabs; "Why We Lost" on the defeat of the...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/279A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondence, research notes and proofs of articles by WSC: "The United States of Europe" on European affairs and trade, the treaty of Versailles [France], the League of Nations, decisions made by [Aristide] Briand and the positions of the United States and Canada; "The Truth about the Dardanelles" including WSC's relationship with Lord Fisher at the Admiralty; "A Great Big Idea" on European affairs; "Why Pay More Taxes" including a statement by WSC on the Budget; "Mr Churchill advises...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/282A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs for various articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine: "[Georges] Clemenceau: the man and the tiger" including his relationship with [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch, French politics and World War I; "If I lived my life over again" on various decisions taken by WSC, gambling, his experiences during the Boer War and at the Admiralty and his attitude towards the Conservative Party; "People who have influenced or impressed me" on Lord Randolph Churchill, William Bourke Cockran, Sir Francis...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC., Jan 1939 - Sep 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/653A-B
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Let the Tyrant Criminals Bomb" (British title "The Balance of Air Power") on German and British air strength in the 1930s, the threat of air attacks on ships, and the use of bombing against civilians; "War - Now or Never" (British title "Will There Be War [in Europe - and When?]") on the nature of the Nazi and Italian regimes, their financial needs, the growth of the German army and munitions programme, and the state of the RAF (with some...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Sep 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Evening Standard articles: correspondence., 25 Jan 1936 - 24 Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/534
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of the Evening Standard, including Percy Cudlipp, Editor (16).Also includes: a memorandum on the Evening Standard position on the new Unemployment Regulations; Curtis Brown Limited's agreement with WSC for international sales of his articles; an open letter to WSC from Fight, Organ of the British Bolshevik-Leninists in response to WSC's article on Communism; copies of Fight and the Red Flag; extracts from Stanley Baldwin's speeches on democracy...
Dates: 25 Jan 1936 - 24 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 2., May 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/615
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Peopling the Wide, Open Spaces of Empire" on foreign emigration to parts of the British Empire, factors which prevent the British from emigrating, and developing the Empire through investment and emigration; "Why Not 'The United States of Europe'?" on the harm done by European rivalries and nationalism, fascism and communism, the economic benefits of European integration, and the role of Britain towards...
Dates: May 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: notes and cuttings for Sunday Dispatch articles., 1934 - 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/673
Scope and Contents Includes lists of articles by WSC for possible publication in the Sunday Dispatch and cuttings from earlier articles by WSC: "Premiers on the Sick List", dismissing the strains of being Prime Minister; "What's Wrong With Parliament" on the need for parliamentary reform; "I Always Took Chances" on his childhood rashness; "Open Letter to a Communist" on his disapproval of dictatorship in the Soviet Union and Germany; "The Blackcoat Tragedy" on the decline of the middle classes; "India and the...
Dates: 1934 - 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"., [1929] - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/235
Scope and Contents

Proofs of Chapter 4 entitled "Russia Forlorn" on the Russian revolution and the rise of Bolshevism. Corrected by WSC.

Dates: [1929] - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"., 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/265
Scope and Contents

Newscuttings of reviews from various publications including an article by Leon Trotsky criticising WSC's portrayal of Lenin.

Dates: 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Various material., 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/143A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War", from individuals including: General Alphonse Georges on the French Air Force, 1930 - 1940; Alan Gomme-Duncan [earlier Alan Duncan]; Michael Joy, Foreign Office; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on records of Soviet support for the Allies in 1938; Richard Law [later 1st Lord Coleraine] on meetings with WSC concerning Soviet support in 1938; 1st Lord...
Dates: 23 Nov 1934 - 07 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various correspondence., 21 Oct 1922 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/223
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Colonel Minnegerode of the New York Times about the serialisation of Volume 4 of "The World Crisis", "The Aftermath"; Sir James Henderson-Stewart; Lucy Wise on the visit of Sir Frederic Wise to Germany to report on the country's financial position to the Peace Conference; Professor Leslie Hearnshaw; Henry Forster (3); [Major] Desmond Morton; [Brigadier General James] Edmonds [of the Military Branch of the Historical Section] (6); Commander Taprell Dorling (4); Peter...
Dates: 21 Oct 1922 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various correspondence about corrections to and research for WSC's book "The Aftermath" [Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"]., 01 Dec 1928 - 27 Dec 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/218
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence with: Sir James [Cosgrave] (2); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence]; on various subjects including the Peace Treaty after World War I, reparations, the roles of President [Woodrow] Wilson, [David] Lloyd George, [Vittorio] Orlando and [Georges] Clemenceau (6); James Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] on approving the book for the Foreign Office (2); Desmond Morton on WSC's treatment of General [Pierre] Janin and...
Dates: 01 Dec 1928 - 27 Dec 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various correspondence about WSC's book "The Aftermath" [Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"]., 05 Jun 1928 - 30 Nov 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/217
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence with: Owen O Malley, WSC's researcher (3); Desmond Morton (1); Alexander Watt of A P Watt and Sons (5); Nevile Bland (1); [Brigadier General] James Edmonds [of the Military Branch of the Historical Section] 2); Sir Warren Fisher (1); James Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] on approving the contents of "The Aftermath"; "Archie" [Sir Archibald Sinclair, later Lord Thurso] criticising WSC's representation of the Bolsheviks as "utterly inhuman, the...
Dates: 05 Jun 1928 - 30 Nov 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various correspondence about WSC's book "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Jan 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/222
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [James] Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] on subjects including the blockade and starvation of Germany after the armistice (4); David Lloyd George on his role in negotiations in Ireland, and on policy regarding Greece and [Eleutherios] Venizelos, Turkey and Russia [the Soviet Union]; Lord Cecil of Chelwood; Lionel Curtis; Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence]; Hubert Carr-Gomm; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Jan 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: WSC's articles for the Daily Mail., 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/339
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC: "Gordon: a Christian hero's sacrifice" on the death of General Charles Gordon at Khartoum [Sudan] in defiance of government orders; "Ireland" on the electoral success of [Eamon] De Valera and Anglo-Irish relations; an article on the Soviet Union including comments on communism, food shortages and embargoes imposed by the British government; a review of J L Garvin's biography of Joseph Chamberlain; "August 4, 1914: a nation transformed" on the effect of...
Dates: 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers, correspondence and notes., 08 Jun 1920 - 07 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/3
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet] (6); 7th Lord Londonderry [earlier Lord Castlereagh] on the need for special constables in Northern Ireland; 1st Lord Curzon of Kedleston [Foreign Secretary] on Egypt; Arthur Balfour [Lord President of the Council] on reacting to Bolshevik attacks against Poland by stopping the visas of Russian Trade Unionists; "F E", (the Lord Chancellor) [1st Lord Birkenhead, earlier F E Smith] urging WSC not to resign over the...
Dates: 08 Jun 1920 - 07 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Prime Minister: correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower [President of the United States]., 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A-C
Scope and Contents ff 1- 139 are copies of letters and telegrams from WSC to President Dwight D Eisenhower, 07 Feb 1953 - 31 Mar 1955.ff 140 - 214 are copies of letters from President Dwight D Eisenhower to WSC, 02 Feb1953 - 29 Mar 1955.ff 215 - 282 are copies of correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower, 29 Jan 1953 - 24 Mar 1955. Includes original letters from Dwight D Eisenhower, James D Moffett (2nd Secretary, United States Embassy in Britain) and Winthrop Aldrich (United States...
Dates: 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/295
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Ormsby-Gore [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 4th Lord Harlech] on the Peel Commission [into Britain's Palestine Mandate]; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on Randolph Churchill's interview with General Franco for the Daily Mail, and Franco's sensible policies; Oliver Locker-Lampson; 4th Lord Camden, President, Kent Council of Social Service; Philip Guedalla [Honorary Director, Ibero- American Institute of Great...
Dates: Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/296A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Carl Bechhofer Roberts on subjects including his biography of WSC, and particularly the Abdication Crisis [of King Edward VIII, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, later Duke of Windsor] (2); Ivy, Lady Chamberlain; Cosmo Lang [Archbishop of Canterbury]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, on a speech by WSC in a foreign affairs debate, and his tribute to the Foreign Office; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord...
Dates: 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence C-G., Jul 1929 - May 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/573A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [1st Lord] Carson on India; "Bertie" [7th Duke of] Leinster [earlier Lord Edward FitzGerald] on his health; Randolph Churchill on his finances; representatives of Nicholl Manistry and Company regarding the division of stock and a settlement to Randolph Churchill; Lord Ivor Churchill on subjects including family affairs including Gladys, Duchess of Marlborough and a statue of John, 1st Duke of Marlborough (5); Neville Chamberlain on opposition to the Finance Bill;...
Dates: Jul 1929 - May 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Patronage: Correspondence, P-Q., [Mar] [1941] - Mar 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/560A-B
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence from various organisations and individuals informing WSC of tributes paid to him or requesting his support for various projects. Correspondents include: D Routhwaite of the Commonwealth Relations Office regarding a centenary message from WSC to the Pioneer newspaper (3); Sir Frank Francis, Director and Principal Librarian of the British Museum; Charles Jervis, Editor-in-Chief, Press Association; Henry Boyne regarding the Parliamentary Press Gallery Trust; various...
Dates: [Mar] [1941] - Mar 1965
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1950., Aug 1950 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/103
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (3); representatives of the Hotel Majestic, St Annes on the Sea [Lancashire], on WSC's stay there (5); George Christ of Conservative and Unionist Central Office; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip]; H V Armstrong, Secretary of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations (9); representatives of British Railways (4). Also...
Dates: Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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