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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 22 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Broadcasts, 1955-10 - 1970-02

Reference Code: GBR/0014/POLL 4/1/27
Scope and Contents Annotated transcripts of television and radio interviews and broadcasts by JEP on subjects including: immigration; defence, particularly cuts in the Middle East, British withdrawal from Singapore (in interviews with Denis Healey, Secretary of State for Defence, 1967), and retaining use of nuclear weapons; floating exchange rates; JEP's book on the relationship between the Ministry of Health and the National Health Service, A New Look at Medicine and Politics; Parliamentary privilege and...
Dates: 1955-10 - 1970-02
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Please see individual files for details.
 File

Literary: Co-operation Press Service: business correspondence., 03 Jan 1939 - Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/638
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Co-operation including its head, Imre Revesz [later Emery Reves]; Wilbur Forrest, Assistant Editor, and Mrs Ogden Reid, the Proprietor of the New York Herald Tribune, on the importance of the American reading public getting up-to-date comment from leading European statesmen; Sir Alexander Cadogan (Foreign Office); A de Premio Real, Chief Editor of L'Ilustre Francais; Thornton Butterworth Limited; Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] on broadcasting to the...
Dates: 03 Jan 1939 - Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), C-I., Jun 1946 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/19A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] on the atomic bomb; R V Jones; Sir Laurence Collier [British Ambassador to Norway]; William Deakin (12); Ian Colvin (4) including (2) on his book on [General Paul] von Kleist; Robert Sherwood; Sir Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich] (2); Sir Stafford Cripps sending on extracts from his diary for summer 1939; [George Gordon] Allen (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3) including (2) on sending draft chapters to...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/295
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Ormsby-Gore [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 4th Lord Harlech] on the Peel Commission [into Britain's Palestine Mandate]; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on Randolph Churchill's interview with General Franco for the Daily Mail, and Franco's sensible policies; Oliver Locker-Lampson; 4th Lord Camden, President, Kent Council of Social Service; Philip Guedalla [Honorary Director, Ibero- American Institute of Great...
Dates: Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public abroad, mainly from the United States, on the Munich Crisis, Germany, Czechoslovakia, and other aspects of the international situation; mostly supporting WSC's stance, praising his speeches and broadcasts., 14 Sep 1938 - 18 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/608A-C
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: James Witherow (4); James Harvey criticising the "monied interests" running Britain (3); Oswald Veblen; [Herbert] Swope; Frederic Wile.Also includes: reprints and cuttings from papers, mainly US, including an article by Drew Pearson and Robert Allen; papers entitled "The Fallacies of Fascism" by Aurel Kolnai and "There's Always the Aftermath . . . Mr Chamberlain" by William Seers; Belgian pamphlet on Czechoslovakia.

Dates: 14 Sep 1938 - 18 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia; mostly supporting WSC and his fellow critics of Neville Chamberlain's policy towards Adolf Hitler., 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/607A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Brigadier [Leonard] Smithers on arming the nation; Oliver Stewart on standing by France; [William] Adam; Eliot Slater; [Thomas Skeffington-]Lodge; [Rhys] Hopkin Morris on WSC's use of language; Reverend J Ingram Bryan on supplies going to Japan; [James] Leishman; Brigadier Sir Walter Ludlow sending a proof of an article by him on national military training.Other subjects include: congratulations on WSC's speeches and broadcasts on the matter; offers to assist WSC's...
Dates: 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence, mostly on the Munich Crisis, from the general public in Britain and abroad, mostly supporting WSC's stance., Oct 1938 - Jan 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/605A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Guy Beatty, Sir Albert Howard, Sir Robert Bird, Sir Michael Sadler, and [John] Eric Allden on WSC's broadcast to the United States of 16 October; George Bailey on modernising dry docks; [John Warren] MacAlpine on getting information into Germany and Italy; Sir Leonard Hill of the St John Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine on birth rates; A H Richards [General Organising Secretary of the Anti-Nazi Council] (5) on organising meetings and support...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Jan 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence T - Y., 11 Apr 1939 - 20 Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/368
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Colin Thornton-Kemsley, apologizing for his former opposition to WSC; representatives of Barclays Bank Limited, Thornton Heath [Surrey] on WSC standing as guarantor for Walter Thompson [WSC's former detective] (4); Benjamin Tillett, congratulating WSC on his appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty, and offering his services; Josiah Wedgwood on subjects including the policy of building aircraft carriers and battleships after [the sinking of the Royal Oak], WSC's...
Dates: 11 Apr 1939 - 20 Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, A-B., Jun 1946 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Marcel Sibert, President of the French Committee for International Relations, inviting WSC to speak; Freda Smith [Duncan Sandys' secretary] (4); secretarial support for the United Europe Committee (4); Duncan Sandys, Joint Honorary Secretary of the Committee (5); Leo Amery (7) including (1) partly on India; Prime Minister Clement Attlee (2); Major Edward Beddington-Behrens (6) including (1) offering WSC a ride on his horse; United States Representative Hale Boggs;...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Press cuttings etc., 03 Feb 1938 - 20 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/355
Scope and Contents Press cuttings from British and American newspapers, with reports of statements, speeches and letters by individuals including: Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord Templewood], Home Secretary, on the need for ARP training; Sir Thomas Inskip [later 1st Lord Caldecote], Minister for Co-ordination of Defence, on aircraft production, particularly by "shadow" car factories; Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] on progress in rearmament and a call for national unity, including a transcript of his...
Dates: 03 Feb 1938 - 20 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/37A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and transcript of WSC's speech (11 August, Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg [France]) entitled "European Unity and a European Army" on subjects including: the need for a European Assembly to remain in close contact with European governments and parliaments; the gradual process of building up the European Parliament; guidance to be given to governments on issues such as the Schuman Plan [for the European Coal and Steel Community]; support for...
Dates: 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/103
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 February) entitled "Broadcasting and political controversy" on the reporting of political affairs and the BBC. Source material includes minutes of a meeting of the Doran Committee on the BBC. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5221-4.Rough notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on air estimates, criticising the disarmament conference at Geneva [Switzerland] and arguing for a strong British air force. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5229-34.Notes for WSC's speech (22...
Dates: 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 24 Feb 1938 - 17 May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/131
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (24 February, Constitutional Club [London]) on Anthony Eden's [later 1st Lord Avon] resignation as Foreign Secretary, foreign policy particularly concerning Italy, and British rearmament. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5917-20.Notes for WSC's speech (6 April, Guildhall [London], National Council of Girls' Clubs benefit dinner) on the changing status of women in work and at leisure. Also includes...
Dates: 24 Feb 1938 - 17 May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1938 - Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/132
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (23 May, Royal Forest Hotel, Chingford [Essex]) on international affairs and collective security, particularly the Sudeten problem in Czechoslovakia. Also includes cutting from the Chingford Guardian reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5965-6.Notes for WSC's speech (31 May, Sheffield [Yorkshire] City Hall) on the German threat to Czechoslovakia and inadequacies in the British rearmament programme. Also includes press cutting on the speech....
Dates: 23 May 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/150A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.Various cuttings reporting WSC's speech (17 January, Glasgow [Scotland])...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material [dated 1939 unless otherwise indicated]., [Nov] [1938] - Apr 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/136
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (23 May, House of Commons) on his objections to the White Paper on Palestine, and the legacy of the Balfour declaration [supporting a Jewish national home in Palestine]. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6128-37 [further notes in CHAR 9/135].Typed report of WSC's speech (1 February, Buckhurst Hill [Essex]) on Germany, the international situation, and civil defence. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6063-4.Typed report of WSC's speech (10 March, Chigwell [Essex])...
Dates: [Nov] [1938] - Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/111
Scope and Contents Notes and draft press statement for WSC's speech (1 November, Woodford Bridge [Essex], Constituency meeting) on subjects including the need for Conservatives to be ready for the next general election, the National government, India and air defence against Germany. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5389-90.Notes and drafts for WSC's speech (16 November, BBC broadcast) entitled "The Causes of War" on German domestic policy, and the German threat to Europe and Britain. Also includes galley...
Dates: 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/151
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May, BBC) to the Polish people on 150th anniversary of the Polish Constitution, commenting on the attack on Poland by Germany, Polish resistance, and praise for Poles in exile in Britain. Also includes cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's speech entitled "Poland will remain unconquerable". Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29 May, broadcast 2 June) to the people of Canada, on Canada's support in the...
Dates: 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes (by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 20 Jan 1940 - 29 Feb 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/143
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (20 January, BBC) on the war situation, entitled "A house of many mansions" on the German threat to neutral and allied shipping, to neutral nations, and Finland's stand against the Soviet Union. Also includes cuttings from the Times and the Listener containing the text of WSC's broadcast. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6183-6.Notes for WSC's statement (24 January, House of Commons 1922 Committee) on British naval strength, the U-boat war, pocket battleships,...
Dates: 20 Jan 1940 - 29 Feb 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/138
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (8 August, United States [National Broadcasting Company]) entitled "A hush over Europe" on German and Italian war preparations, and [Adolf] Hitler's pivotal role. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6149-51.Notes for WSC's broadcast (1 October, BBC) entitled "The first month of war" on Poland, the Soviet Union, U-boat attacks, the situation in Britain, and Franco-British relations, which includes the phrase that Russia "is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an...
Dates: 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/144
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (30 March, BBC) entitled "A hideous state of alarm and menace" on the fate of the neutral nations, German atrocities, particularly in Poland, and wishing to avoid conflict with the Soviet Union. Also includes various cuttings reporting the speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6199-201.Notes for WSC's broadcast (19 May, BBC) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government,...
Dates: 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open