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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 122 Collections and/or Records:

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 Series

Acquired Papers, 1690 - 1960

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28
Scope and Contents This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 1690 - 1960
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Acquired Papers. Letters and telegrams from various correspondents to Lady Randolph Churchill concerning WSC's capture and escape from the Boers. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described., 1899

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/69
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 1899
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/282A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs for various articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine: "[Georges] Clemenceau: the man and the tiger" including his relationship with [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch, French politics and World War I; "If I lived my life over again" on various decisions taken by WSC, gambling, his experiences during the Boer War and at the Admiralty and his attitude towards the Conservative Party; "People who have influenced or impressed me" on Lord Randolph Churchill, William Bourke Cockran, Sir Francis...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/338
Scope and Contents Proofs and cutting of various articles and short pieces by WSC: an introduction to a biography of 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] by 2nd Lord Birkenhead [earlier Frederick Smith]; "Great fighters in lost causes" on the careers of various historical figures; "Shakespeare's plays as short stories: Julius Caesar"; "Life - the greatest secret of all and how to tackle all its trials and problems"; "England. My England" in which WSC dwells on his pride in his country; "If I lived my life...
Dates: 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: articles: Sunday Chronicle., 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/574
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Big Navy" on the possibilities of war between Japan and China, or Japan and the United States; "A King is Crowned" on the relationship between the Crown and the Empire, George VI and past coronations; "The Better Way" on the similarities between Nazism and Communism, Benito Mussolini, Stalin and Hitler; "Menace Over Europe" on the threat of war arising from the economic strains in Germany, Italy and Japan; "Jellicoe" on...
Dates: 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence concerning "My Early Life"., Oct 1946 - Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/35
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Viola [Violet] Lady Apsley [earlier Violet Bathurst] on quoting WSC on fox-hunting (2); representatives of Odhams Press Limited including [William] Surrey Dane [Vice-Chairman and Managerial Consultant] (15); representatives of the BBC (17); Allen Lane of Penguin Books offering to publish the book; Sir George Bull; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (2); B W Cummins, honorary editor of the Swimming Times, on quoting WSC on swimming (5). Also...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on permission to quote extracts from various of WSC's works including speeches, "Great Contemporaries", "Liberalism and the social problem", "London to Ladysmith", "Lord Randolph Churchill", "Marlborough: His Life and Times", "My African Journey", "My Early Life", "Thoughts and Adventures", "The River War", "Secret Session Speeches", "Savrola", the war memoirs ["The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"., Dec 1949 - Jan 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/60A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade, [editor] of the Sunday Dispatch, proposing the book publication of WSC's articles on monarchs (2); Sir Robert Hodgson on a letter from WSC on King Alfonso XIII of Spain; representatives of Odhams Press Limited particularly G C Piper of the Book Department (20); representatives of Fladgate and Company particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (24); James Thornton, Assistant Controller, (2) and Mary Somerville, Controller, Talks Division, BBC, and John,...
Dates: Dec 1949 - Jan 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with and about Sir Edward Marsh., Oct 1933 - Oct 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/2
Scope and Contents Others correspondents include: Sir William Haley, [Editor] of the Times, on WSC writing a tribute on Marsh's death (2); 10th Lord Elgin and Kincardine [earlier Lord Bruce]; James Stewart-Murray [?9th Duke of Atholl]; David Garnett on his publishing a volume of T E Lawrence's [T E Shaw, "Lawrence of Arabia"] letters. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: Denis Kelly [literary assistant to WSC]; secretaries Grace Hamblin, Anthony Montague Browne, Lettice Marston [later Lettice...
Dates: Oct 1933 - Oct 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Material used in WSC's book "My Early Life"., 1899 - [1929]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/284
Scope and Contents

Includes notes about the Boer War, the treatment of rebels in South Africa and sport at Harrow school. Also includes transcripts of letters to WSC from [3rd Lord] Salisbury, [Evelyn, 1st Lord] Cromer criticising WSC's writing, Albert Edward [Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII] on WSC's letters to the Daily Telegraph concerning battles on the North West Frontier in India and a letter from "De Profundis" [?to the Harrovian] concerning conditions at Harrow school.

Dates: 1899 - [1929]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: miscellaneous correspondence., Nov 1942 - Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Henry Morton on WSC's escape from the Boers; Antony Brett-James; Winifred Bull on her WSC quotation calendars (4); Randolph Churchill on Collier's magazine taking colour pictures of WSC; Sir Charles Petrie (2); John Lockhart; Allen Lane of Penguin Books (2); representatives of H A and W L Pitkin Limited (11) on subjects including reproducing a 1941 letter from King George VI to WSC and various of their publications; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; Sir Norman...
Dates: Nov 1942 - Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "My Life", News of the World: copy., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/522A-B
Scope and Contents Carbon copies of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World": press cuttings., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/524
Scope and Contents

Cuttings of the following articles by WSC from "My Life": "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord Randolph Churchill's autobiography and the Free Trade issue; "Changing the Political Camp" on going over to the Liberals, South Africa and the Board of Trade; Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst.

Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "My Life", News of the World": proofs., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/523A-B
Scope and Contents Galley proofs of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 1., Apr 1938 - May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/614
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "How Wars of the Future will be Waged" on the importance of the horse in the Boer War, of machine-guns and tanks in World War I, the need for foresight and initiative amongst generals, and the importance of air power in a future conflict; "Future Safeguards of National Defence" on the importance of the Navy to national defence, the German submarine campaign in World War I, the threat of air attacks on ships...
Dates: Apr 1938 - May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC., 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/619
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and press cuttings from the Sunday Chronicle for: "I Escape" on WSC's capture by the Boers and details of his subsequent escape; "The Blunder that Beat Germany" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The True Story of the Tank" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its first use in action; "When Britain Nearly Starved" on the German submarine campaign during World War I, British anti-submarine warfare, and...
Dates: 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., Oct 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/647
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Life Story", an introduction to WSC's autobiography, his childhood, education, entry into the Army and early career in India; "I Charge with the Lancers" on his experiences trying to go to the Sudan, Lord Kitchener's opposition, meeting [Robert, 3rd] Lord Salisbury, and taking part in the "last great charge of British cavalry"; "When I was a Prisoner of War", an brief account of the origins of the Boer War, WSC's experiences in action on...
Dates: Oct 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 2., Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/648
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "First Political Triumph, A Ban by the Duchess, Trouble with My Party Chiefs, Free Trade War Starts" on his return from the Boer War, victory at Oldham [Lancashire] in the 1900 General Election, obtaining his father's papers for the biography of Lord Randolph Churchill, and the opening of the Free Trade versus Protection debate; "I Was Warned that I Should be Called a Turncoat" on his dispute with Joseph Chamberlain and the Conservative Party,...
Dates: Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 2., 08 Mar 1942 - 05 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/703
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Are there men on the moon?" on the necessary conditions for life to develop outside the Earth; "The Ides of March", William Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" rewritten as a short story; "India - as I knew it" on WSC's memories of his time in India as an officer in the 4th Hussars; "I prayed" on WSC's experiences on the run from captivity by the Boers; "What do you know about yourself?" on the digestive system, the liver, the nervous system and the...
Dates: 08 Mar 1942 - 05 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 6., 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/670
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "How It Feels to be a Road Accident Victim" on WSC's accident in New York [United States]; "Parliament", defending the British parliamentary system, an historical examination of developments in the rights of the individual citizen, contrasting the British system with that of the dictatorships, and explaining its structure; "The Other Side of Flying" on developments in air travel, the autogyro, gliding, an historical review, and the benefits of...
Dates: 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/671
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The British Working Man" on WSC's views on the rights and responsibilities of trade unions, strikes, the role of government in industrial disputes, and the birth of the Labour Party; "A Very Great Englishman" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell, his role at the siege of Mafeking [South Africa] and the founding of the Boy Scouts Movement; "The March of Progress" on scientific developments and their effect on mankind from the Stone Age to the mid-twentieth...
Dates: 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/672
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Neville Chamberlain" on British Prime Ministers since [William] Gladstone, Chamberlain's career, including during World War I, and as Chancellor of the Exchequer, and WSC's views on his personality; "The Grimmest Task in the Government" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, capital punishment, and prison reform; "Maiden and Other Speeches" on speeches by F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead], Timothy Healy, WSC, Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord...
Dates: 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Tit-Bits articles by WSC., Oct 1939 - Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/654
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from Tit-bits for: "I Was a Prisoner of War" (2 parts) on WSC's capture by the Boers, his subsequent escape from a prisoner of war camp, his experiences on the run, and his luck in seeking refuge in a British home; "I am a Prisoner in a Mine" on his experiences hiding in a mine; "My Nightmare Journey" on his escape on board a goods train bound for the Portuguese frontier; "It's Splendid to be Free" on his escape into Portuguese territory, his reception at the British...
Dates: Oct 1939 - Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: various correspondence., 09 Jan 1943 - 30 Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/707
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of MacMillan and Company including Daniel MacMillan, [Chairman and Managing Director], and Lovat Dickson, [Director], on managing their works by WSC (14); James Drawbell, [Editor] of the Sunday Chronicle, on a tribute by WSC to Rupert Brooke; Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] on reprinting articles by WSC in the United States and an article and book by Reves; Sir Malcolm Robertson, [Chairman] of the British Council, on the Spanish publication of...
Dates: 09 Jan 1943 - 30 Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: various correspondence., 18 Jan 1944 - 05 Jan 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/711
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of MacMillan and Company including Lovat Dickson, [Director], on managing their works by WSC (25); Guy Millard (Foreign Office); officials of the Ministry of Information including Bernard Sendall (3); Curtis Brown Limited on WSC's war memoirs; Lod de Haas (6) on subjects including signing WSC's arrest warrant during the Boer War (with a transcript of a 1908 letter from WSC to Haas); George Harvie-Watt [Parliamentary Private Secretary to WSC]; Alfred...
Dates: 18 Jan 1944 - 05 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Official: Prime Minister: correspondence mainly relating to change of administration., 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Gordon Wilson and Paul Beards (Private Secretaries, War Office) on South African war graves; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (6); R A Butler [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (2); Harold Macmillan [later Lord Stockton, Minister of Housing and Local Government]; Duncan Sandys [Minister of Supply] (2); Christopher Soames [Parliamentary Private Secretary to Prime Minister]; John Colville [Prime Minister's Principal Private Secretary] on subjects...
Dates: 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.