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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 38 Collections and/or Records:

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  • 2
 File

Diary, 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/11
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships with Churchill, the Foreign Office, War Cabinet, and Special Operations Executive; Cadogan's role and interventions in ongoing strategic discussions between Churchill and Roosevelt, Eisenhower, Stalin, and De Gaulle; Cadogan's opinions on the Allied negotiations over future Soviet frontiers and the second front; Cadogan's involvement in overseas diplomatic visits, and the hosting of Soviet diplomats in Edinburgh and London; plans for an Allied...
Dates: 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Literary: correspondence on the serialisation of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") with representatives of the New York Times [United States], and correspondence on foreign editions of the memoirs and other miscellaneous matters, A-L., Apr 1947 - Sep 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/16
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of the New York Times including General Manager Julius Adler (6), publisher Arthur Sulzberger, Chief Correspondent Herbert Matthews (5), and Chief European Correspondent Raymond Daniell (5); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (6); William Deakin (12); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] (12); Jacques Pirenne, Secretary to King [Leopold of Belgium]; French Defence Minister Paul Ramadier; General Pierre Billotte...
Dates: Apr 1947 - Sep 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the United States publication of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") in book form, mainly with representatives of Houghton Mifflin Company of Boston [United States], particularly President Henry Laughlin and others including Paul Brooks., Nov 1946 - May 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/14A-B
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: William Deakin (3); [George] Gordon Allen; Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] (4); Sir Edward Spears on his ancestry; Desmond Flower, Director of Cassell and Company. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Grace Hamblin, Chips Gemmell, and Anne Hipwell; [literary assistants] Denis Kelly...
Dates: Nov 1946 - May 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: 'Final' proofs., 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/183A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May -...
Dates: 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and Appendices: Master copy proofs., 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/181A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: Proofs for William Deakin., 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/192A-C
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Chapter 30 "Ocean Peril"., 02 Mar 1948 - 17 Oct 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/176
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 30 entitled "Ocean Peril" (provisionally entitled "The Air and the U-Boats" and "The End of the Year"), annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various individuals including: WSC, William Deakin, Denis Kelly, George [Gordon] Allen and CSC.Some source material is also present in the file, including: notes on the operational control of Coastal Command.Also includes: galley proofs from Volume 3, Chapter 3 "Blitz and Anti-Blitz....
Dates: 02 Mar 1948 - 17 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance": Chapter 7 "The Battle of the Atlantic: The Western Approaches"., 31 Mar 1948 - 06 Nov 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/209A-C
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 7 entitled "The Battle of the Atlantic: The Western Approaches", annotated with notes and comments by various individuals including: WSC, Denis Kelly, Charles Wood, Sir Edward Marsh, William Deakin, Jay Gold, CSC, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet], Lieutenant- General Sir Henry Pownall and George [Gordon] Allen.Also includes: galley proofs of Chapter 8 "The Battle of the Atlantic: American Intervention"...
Dates: 31 Mar 1948 - 06 Nov 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance": Chapter 8 "The Battle of the Atlantic: American Intervention"., 02 Jul 1948 - 06 Nov 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/210
Scope and Contents

Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 8 entitled "The Battle of the Atlantic: American Intervention" (provisionally entitled "The Battle of the Atlantic 1941: The Ocean"), annotated with notes and comments by various individuals including: WSC, Denis Kelly, Charles Wood, Sir Edward Marsh, William Deakin and Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall.Also includes: galley proofs of the contents table and title pages for Volume 3.

Dates: 02 Jul 1948 - 06 Nov 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: typescript proofs and draft copies of the "Secret Session Speeches" containing WSC's speeches: "Britain Fights Alone" (20 June 1940), "Parliament in the Air Raids" (17 September 1940), "The Battle of the Atlantic" (25 June 1941), "The Fall of Singapore" (23 April 1942), and "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the North African landings" (10 December 1942), with minor annotations by individuals including WSC and ?Charles Eade., Jan 1946 - Sep 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/70A-B
Scope and Contents

Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretary Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow].Other subjects include: Dutch serialisation rights.Also includes: a note from Martin Gilbert (1963); details of word counts for speeches; cuttings from Life magazine serialisation; copies of Ons Vrije Nederland [Dutch magazine] containing the speeches.WSC's notes and source material for these speeches can be found in files CHAR 9/140-1, 147, 156, 174, 179, 184 and 187.

Dates: Jan 1946 - Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

"My family saga", 1955 - 1976

Reference Code: GBR/0014/GALN 2
Scope and Contents Autobiographical account by George Allen written for his family covering his life and naval career, highlighting key events and turning points and analysing his response to them. Also includes details of people, colleagues and family members. Subjects, issues and people covered include: childhood and education; his mother, Beatrice Allen (née Wilkinson, known as Betty) and her circumstances and career; joining the Royal Navy aged 12, naval traditions, reforms to the navy by [Sir...
Dates: 1955 - 1976
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/142A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (8 October) on the Battle of Britain, the Home Guard and the Home Front, Hitler's threat to invade Britain, events at Dakar [Senegal], the desertion of Vichy France, the Burma road and events in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6284-94.Notes for WSC's statement (17 October) on Robert Boothby [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food] and Czechoslovak claims.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on the war situation, including the air battles, the bombing of...
Dates: 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/146A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Also includes copy of Hansard containing the text of WSC's speech and others in the debate on production, supply and manpower. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6331-8.Hansard copy of the debate on the conduct of Robert Boothby (28 January) including...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 20 May 1941 - 25 Jun 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/147A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (20 May) on victory in Abyssinia [Ethiopia], action at Sollum [Egypt], and the German attack on Crete [Greece]. Also includes cuttings from the Daily Telegraph and the Times reporting WSC's statements. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6401-3.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (21 May) on the attack on Crete.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (22 May) on heavy fighting in the battle for Crete. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6403-4.Hansard copy of WSC's...
Dates: 20 May 1941 - 25 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1940 - 13 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/139A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (27 February) on supplementary navy estimates, protecting merchant and fishing vessels from U-boats, the strength of the Fleet, and naval losses. Also includes cutting from the Daily Telegraph reporting WSC's speech and relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6194-8.Incomplete notes for WSC's speech (11 April) on the German invasion of Norway and Denmark and the naval battle off Norway. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published:...
Dates: 27 Feb 1940 - 13 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/177A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Source material includes correspondence from: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] (5), Charles Hendriks, Clement Attlee [Lord Privy Seal], William Beveridge, Ernest Bevin [Minister of Labour and National Service] and notes from Eric Seal...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Apr 1941 - 10 Jun 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/178A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for statement by WSC (30 April) on the evacuation of Empire forces from Greece, giving details of casualties. Published: Complete Speeches VI, p 6385.Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 May) on the war situation including: a Vote of Confidence in parliament; events and operations in Greece, the Balkans, and Libya including the defence of Tobruk against forces under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel; a comparison of Hitler with Napoleon; production of tanks; the Battle of the Atlantic and...
Dates: 30 Apr 1941 - 10 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/179A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 June) in a secret session debate on shipping, the Battle of the Atlantic, merchant shipping losses, imports and the threat posed by U-Boats. Source material includes correspondence from Sir Andrew Hardinge [Private Secretary to King George VI] (2), Eric Speed (2), Percy Cudlipp, editor of the Daily Herald, and Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet] (2); copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC]; and an extract...
Dates: 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/180A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for statement by WSC (30 September) on the war situation including: the threat posed by Hitler, WSC's intention not to publish shipping losses to U-Boats, food and rations, the strength of the United States and the Soviet Union, Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, the army and Bomber Command, and events and operations in Persia. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis] Minister of Food, Frank Wood, and Major-General Bernard Paget,...
Dates: 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 Apr 1942 - 02 Jun 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/184A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 April) in secret session on the war situation including: Japan's entry into the war; setbacks including battleship losses; defence of the Admiralty over the escape of the German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau; events and operations in the Far East, the Middle East and the Soviet Union; air battles including the bombing of Germany; and aircraft and ship production. Also includes correspondence from: Maurice Dean [Assistant Under Secretary of State,...
Dates: 23 Apr 1942 - 02 Jun 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Sep 1942 - 11 Sep 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/186A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 September) on the war situation including: his position as Prime Minister; the success of getting supplies to Malta; successes of United States and Australian troops against Japan in Pacific; the U Boat war; the United States mission of Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt], General George Marshall [Chief of Staff, United States Army] and Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] to Great Britain; WSC's...
Dates: 08 Sep 1942 - 11 Sep 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 10 Aug 1942 - 17 Feb 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/190A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 February) on the war situation including: the U Boat war; losses on all fronts; ship-building in the United States; decisions made at the Casablanca [Morocco] with President Roosevelt; a tribute to the achievements of General Sir Harold Alexander as Commander in Chief Middle East and General Sir Bernard Montgomery as General Officer commanding the 8th Army; support for Turkey; his visit to Cyprus, Cairo [Egypt] and Tripoli [Italy]; events and operations in...
Dates: 10 Aug 1942 - 17 Feb 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/191A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for a speech by WSC (not used) and part of a broadcast about India on calls for Indian independence, the achievements of the Indian army, Gandhi's fast and WSC's illness. Part of the notes form an unused section of WSC's broadcast of 21 March 1943 [see CHAR 9/193]. Source material includes correspondence from Leo Amery, Secretary of State for India and Burma (3), Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] (2); a pamphlet on Britain and India;...
Dates: 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.