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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 29 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 10 [eventually entitled "Recovery and Reform" and included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various pre-war proofs., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/411
Scope and Contents Includes typed drafts and galley proofs (marked printer's copy and first revise) for chapters entitled "The Crimean War", "Canada: 1660-1780", "Canada: 1780-1812", "The Loyalists", "New Zealand", "Australia", "The Locust Years (1815-32)", "The Monarchy and the Divorce (1820-22)", "Tory England (1822-27)", "The Dissolution of Eighteenth-Century England (1827-30)", "The Passing of the Great Reform Bill (1830-32)", "Reform and Beyond (1832-54)", "England: 1832-37", "England: 1837-46", "South...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 10, "Recovery and Reform" [eventually included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various post-war revises., Nov 1954 - Jan 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/436A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as first, second, third, fourth, penultimate, or last revise, "duplicate", or second draft) and manuscript and typed drafts for: provisional chapter lists; chapters entitled "The Locust Years" or "The Tory Peace" or "The Victory Peace", "Prelude to Reform" or "Canning and the Duke", "The Migration of the Peoples. I: Canada and South Africa", "The Migration of the Peoples. II: Australia and New Zealand", "Reform and Beyond" or "Reform and Free Trade",...
Dates: Nov 1954 - Jan 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1950 - Aug 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/57A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Kenneth Anderson on 1st Army in north Africa; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (6); Lieutenant-Colonel L V S Blacker (6); Captain John Broome on convoy PQ17; Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Browning on the raid on Bruneval [France]; ?Robert Chapman; Admiral John Godfrey; R G Gregory (4) and Josiah Francis, Australian Minister for the Army, on Australian troops and the Burma campaign; R V Jones on German use of "Window" [the code name...
Dates: Oct 1950 - Aug 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 6 ("Triumph and Tragedy") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1953 - Dec 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/64A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Houghton Mifflin Company of Boston [United States] including President Henry Laughlin and Austin Olney (13) on subjects including a request to publish WSC's speech on hearing of his Nobel Prize award; representatives of Time-Life International including Daniel Longwell [former editor of Life Magazine] (10); representatives of the New York Times [United States] including Assistant Managing Editor Theodore Bernstein (8); Ernest Passant [Director of...
Dates: Oct 1953 - Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-B., Sep 1945 - Jun 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/18A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Deakin (9); [George Gordon] Allen (16); Sir John Slessor on information on the Coastal Command in 1943; Thomas Allen, publisher, on Canadian editions of the memoirs (5); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on Sir Edward Spears reviewing "Their Finest Hour" (volume 2); "Max", 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2); Ernest Passant, Director of Research, Librarian and Keeper of the Papers, Foreign Office...
Dates: Sep 1945 - Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: miscellaneous correspondence, A-E, and correspondence on the Life magazine serialisation, of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Mar 1948 - Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (4); Brigadier Hugh Harlock [Australian Army Representative in the United Kingdom] on accounts of the Australian Army's part in the war; William Deakin (2); Robert Mason (Foreign Office); George Crosfield; Count Edmund Carton de Wiart (2); Andre de Staercke [Secretary to Prince Charles, Regent of Belgium]; Olive Muir (4); Arthur Birse [one of WSC's wartime interpreters] thanking WSC for mentioning him; Robert Marshall [Private...
Dates: Mar 1948 - Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Appendices: Copy and provisional proofs., 20 May 1938 - 20 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/112
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of the appendices to Volume 1 including: Appendix A "A Conversation with Count [Dino] Grandi" [Italian Ambassador to Britain]; Appendix B "A Note on the Fleet Air Arm"; Appendix D "My Statement on the Occasion of the Deputation of Conservative Members of Both Houses to the Prime Minister, July 28 1936"; Appendix F "Tables of Naval Strength, September 3 1939"; Appendix G "Minute of September 12 1939, Plan 'Catherine'"; Appendix H "New Construction and...
Dates: 20 May 1938 - 20 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", Appendices., 1941 - Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/240
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Appendix A (Abbreviations), Appendix B (Codenames), Appendix C (Prime Minister's Personal Minutes and Telegrams, 1941), Appendix E (Monthly totals of shipping losses), Appendix H (Prime Minister's telegrams to the government of Australia), Appendix I (the British Purchasing Commission in the United States), Appendix J (The Anglo-American Russian conference), Appendix K (fleet dispositions in the Indian Ocean), Appendix L (tanks for the Middle East),...
Dates: 1941 - Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", Appendix C., 1941 - 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/241A-N
Scope and Contents

Includes typescript and galley proofs of Appendix C "Prime Minister's Personal Minutes and Telegrams, 1941." Annotated by various individuals with comments and corrections including: WSC, Denis Kelly, William Deakin, 1st Lord Camrose [earlier William Berry] and Sir Edward Marsh.

Dates: 1941 - 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", Assembled Appendices., 1940 - Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/243A-D
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of Appendix A (Abbreviations), Appendix B (Codenames), Appendix C (Prime Minister's Personal Minutes and Telegrams, 1941), Appendix D (Estimated British and German air strengths, December 1940), Appendix E (Monthly totals of shipping losses), Appendix F (Military directives and minutes, 1941), Appendix G (Prime Minister's personal minutes and telegrams, July to December 1941), Appendix H (Prime Minister's telegrams to the government of Australia), Appendix I (the...
Dates: 1940 - Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Chapter 1 "Australasian Anxieties"., Jan 1949 - Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/253A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 1 "Australasian anxieties" [provisionally entitled "The Dark Valley"]. Annotated with notes and suggestions by various people including: WSC, Denis Kelly, William Deakin, Charles Wood, [1st Lord] Ismay, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall and Sir Edward Marsh.Also includes correspondence from various individuals including William Hughes [former Prime Minister of Australia] requesting that a letter should not be published because of political...
Dates: Jan 1949 - Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Miscellanea., Jun 1942 - Jan 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/300A-D
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence from individuals including: Charles Wood (5); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall on various subjects including the Japanese assault on the Philippines and on tanks (20); Renee Harmer of Time Life International (3); Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook], Secretary to the Cabinet on the publication of official documents and suggesting amendments to the text (7); William Deakin (23); 1st Lord Ismay with notes on the text (8); George Mallaby, Under...
Dates: Jun 1942 - Jan 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Colonial Office: Correspondence., 05 Mar 1922 - 30 Apr 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 17/23
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Brigadier-General Sir Frederick Guggisberg, Governor and Commander in Chief, Gold Coast [Ghana]; Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Private Secretary to WSC, Secretary of State for the Colonies]; 1st Lord Forster, Governor General and Commander in Chief, Australia, on the position of Sir Francis Newdegate [Governor of Western Australia]; Newdegate on the importance of the position of Governor to preserve British interests and on the expense of maintaining the...
Dates: 05 Mar 1922 - 30 Apr 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Personal: Family etc.: correspondence A - L., 11 Jan 1947 - 30 Jan 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/44
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Jacques Balsan; "Sunny" [Lord Blandford, later 11th Duke of Marlborough]; CSC on subjects including President Roosevelt and the future of Chartwell Farm [Kent] (16); Lord Charles Spencer-Churchill; Lord Ivor Churchill; Hugh Frewen (2); Margaret de Reneville (2); Oswald Frewen (4); Amy Guest (2); Raymond Guest (2); representatives of Nicholl, Manisty, Few and Company (11); Anita Leslie [later Anita King] (2); Desmond Leslie; Sir Shane Leslie, on his biography of...
Dates: 11 Jan 1947 - 30 Jan 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/296A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Carl Bechhofer Roberts on subjects including his biography of WSC, and particularly the Abdication Crisis [of King Edward VIII, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, later Duke of Windsor] (2); Ivy, Lady Chamberlain; Cosmo Lang [Archbishop of Canterbury]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, on a speech by WSC in a foreign affairs debate, and his tribute to the Foreign Office; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord...
Dates: 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C., Dec 1946 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/53
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George] Peter Thorneycroft; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (8); Colonel Patrick Blair, Political Secretary [to Chairman of Unionist Party in Scotland] (2); Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton] (2); Sir Arthur Young, Scottish Unionist Whip (2); 11th Lord Scarbrough [earlier Sir Lawrence Lumley]; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin], Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party, on...
Dates: Dec 1946 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence C., 02 Apr 1946 - 19 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/147
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Bill" [1st Lord Camrose, earlier Sir William Berry] (4); Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord Kemsley]; Hewlett Johnson, Dean of Canterbury, on a mis-reported story concerning WSC's speech ["Wars are not won by evacuations", 4 June 1940]; Leslie Rowan [former Principal Private Secretary to WSC] on the speech; Sir Adrian Carton de Wiart on his memoirs (6); Sir Robert Cary; Richard Casey, President, Australian-American Association and Federal President, Liberal Party of...
Dates: 02 Apr 1946 - 19 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Ca - Col., 22 Oct 1951 - 29 Nov 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/182A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Jock", John Colville [Joint Principal Private Secretary to WSC] on subjects including WSC's income, reaction in the United States to President Dwight Eisenhower's illness and the possible marriage of Princess Margaret, Averell Harriman and democratic policies and anti-Americanism in Britain (17); Sir Alexander Cadogan; Alice, Lady Cahill; Louis St Laurent, Prime Minister of Canada; Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury; H A Cape on playing polo with WSC (4); Lord...
Dates: 22 Oct 1951 - 29 Nov 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence E - G., 04 Jun 1946 - 17 Nov 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/169
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade; Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2) on subjects including his intention to divorce Beatrice Eden; Nicholas Eden [later 2nd Lord Avon]; [2nd] Lord Beatty (2) and Walter Monckton (4) on the affair between Beatty's wife [Dorothy, Lady Beatty, earlier Dorothy Bragg, later Dorothy Hewitt] and [Anthony Eden] and the possibility of divorce; Leif Egeland [High Commissioner in London for South Africa] on the illness of Jan Smuts [former Prime Minister of...
Dates: 04 Jun 1946 - 17 Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence H - J., 02 Nov 1948 - 30 Jan 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/170
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 2nd Lord Hailsham, earlier Quintin Hogg, [later Lord Hailsham of Marylebone] on the death of his father [1st Lord Hailsham, earlier Sir Douglas Hogg]; Joyce Hall, President, Hallmark Cards, on floods in Kansas City [United States]; Nina, Duchess of Hamilton and Brandon [President, Animal Defence and Anti- Vivisection Society] on cruelty to animals (4); Samuel Hammersley, former Tank expert, Ministry of Supply, on the suggestion that he should have been Tank Adviser to...
Dates: 02 Nov 1948 - 30 Jan 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence H - N., 26 Mar 1946 - 04 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/163A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Nina, Duchess of Hamilton and Brandon [President, Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society] on animal rescue; Roy Harrod on "The Gathering Storm" [Volume 1, "The Second World War"], his own political position and his biography of 1st Lord Keynes [earlier John Maynard Keynes] (3); Sir James Hawley on revoking WSC's deed of covenant in favour of his late wife (2); Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans]; Agatha, Lady Hindlip; Violet Hoare on her son's death in Malaya...
Dates: 26 Mar 1946 - 04 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/141A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (30 July) on making the remainder of the day's sitting a secret session. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard.Statement by WSC (17 September, secret session) on the danger to the Houses of Parliament posed by air raids and possible changes to House of Commons procedures as a consequence of this threat. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6280-3.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (13 August) on an aeroplane disaster involving Australian ministers and military...
Dates: 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and press cuttings., 02 Mar 1944 - 04 Jan 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/166
Scope and Contents Typescript speaking notes and press cuttings for WSC's speech (2 Mar 1944, London) entitled "The Royal College of Physicians" proposing the health of the College and on the National Health Service. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6895 - 7.Press cutting from The Times reporting WSC's speech (23 Mar 1944, London) to United States troops. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6905 - 6.Typescript speaking notes, and press cuttings for WSC's BBC broadcast (26 Mar 1944) entitled "The Hour of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1944 - 04 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/181A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.BBC broadcast by WSC (9 February) entitled "Give us the tools" on the war situation including: the repulsion of the threat of...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/150A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.Various cuttings reporting WSC's speech (17 January, Glasgow [Scotland])...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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