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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 29 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
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 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 5 ("Closing the Ring") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1951 - Feb 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/61
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: ?Robert Chapman; Michael Wilford and Frederick Leishman [Assistant Private Secretaries to Foreign Secretary]; Francis Fisher on confusion between Monte Camino and Monte Cassino [Italy]; Oswald Frewen on the role of "gooseberries" in artificial harbours; Ross Geddes on supplying petrol from Britain to France; Charles Wood [WSC's proof reader] on Admiral Sir Max Horton's role; Randolph Churchill (2) and 2nd Lord Jellicoe on the SAS' (Special Air Service) role; French...
Dates: Oct 1951 - Feb 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-L., Sep 1946 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/22
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George Gordon] Allen (6); William Deakin (5); Prime Minister Clement Attlee on House of Commons' questions on German invasion plans in 1940; Eva, Lady Keyes, on 1st Lord Keyes and King Leopold of Belgium (2); Arthur Birse [one of WSC's wartime interpreters] on WSC's talks with Marshal Stalin in 1942; Alfred Bossom; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet until 1946] (4); Sir Philip Morris [later 1st Lord Morris of Kenwood]; Sir George Bull; Ronald Fraser,...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: R V Jones on bombing science (4); Lieutenant-General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine] on the Katyn [Soviet Union] massacre; Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (7); William Deakin (10); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Frank Rye on the Westminster by-election [1924]; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; 1st Lord Portal [of Hungerford, earlier Sir Charles...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), M-Z., Jan 1942 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/23A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Ian Fraser, Chairman of St Dunstan's; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]; Sir Thomas Moore (2); Lord Mountbatten of Burma (3) including (2) on Canada and the Dieppe raid [France]; 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; Cecil Aspinall-Oglander on 1st Lord Keyes and King Leopold of Belgium; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3); William Deakin (2); Admiral William Leahy, Chief of Staff [to...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: lists of recordings by WSC and cuttings from "Into Battle" and "The Unrelenting Struggle"., [1941] - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/3
Scope and Contents Includes lists of recordings from the above books, "The Gathering Storm" [volume 1 of "The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"; pages cut from: "Into Battle" featuring WSC's speeches (13 May, 28 May, 4 June, 18 June, and 20 August 1940) on becoming Prime Minister, the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France], and the role of the RAF in the Battle of Britain; and "The Unrelenting Struggle" featuring WSC's joint messages with President...
Dates: [1941] - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Appendices: Copy and provisional proofs., 20 May 1938 - 20 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/112
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of the appendices to Volume 1 including: Appendix A "A Conversation with Count [Dino] Grandi" [Italian Ambassador to Britain]; Appendix B "A Note on the Fleet Air Arm"; Appendix D "My Statement on the Occasion of the Deputation of Conservative Members of Both Houses to the Prime Minister, July 28 1936"; Appendix F "Tables of Naval Strength, September 3 1939"; Appendix G "Minute of September 12 1939, Plan 'Catherine'"; Appendix H "New Construction and...
Dates: 20 May 1938 - 20 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Appendices etc.: Proofs for and notes by [George] Gordon Allen., 06 Nov 1947 - 25 Mar 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/139A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs annotated with comments and suggestions by [George] Gordon Allen of the following appendices to volume 1: Appendix A "A Conversation with Count [Dino] Grandi" [Italian Ambassador to Britain]; Appendix B "A Note on the Fleet Air Arm"; Appendix C "Memorandum on Supply Organisation"; Appendix D "My Statement on the Occasion of the Deputation of Conservative Members of Both Houses to the Prime Minister, July 28 1936"; Appendix F "Tables of Naval Strength,...
Dates: 06 Nov 1947 - 25 Mar 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Book 2: Master copy proofs., 26 Mar 1948 - 21 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/120
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 22 "War"; Chapter 23 "The Admiralty Task"; Chapter 24 "The Ruin of Poland"; Chapter 25 "War Cabinet Problems"; Chapter 26 "The Front in France"; Chapter 27 "The Combat Deepens"; Chapter 28 "The Magnetic Mine"; Chapter 29 "The Action off the River Plate"; Chapter 30 "Scandinavia. Finland"; Chapter 31 "A Dark New Year"; Chapter 32 "Before the Storm"; Chapter 33 "The Clash at Sea" (provisionally entitled "The Clash of the Fleets"); Chapter 34 "Narvik"; Chapter...
Dates: 26 Mar 1948 - 21 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 23 Aug 1939 - 23 Sep 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/140A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence concerning research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War" by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall on subjects including: German air strength; Soviet aid to Germany, 1920 - 1932; the British military mission to Moscow [Soviet Union], 1939; air defence; the French Air Force; the Graf Spee; the defences of Scapa Flow [Orkney, Scotland]; French rearmament 1930 - 1939; the British Expeditionary Force; Finland; the rearmament survey of...
Dates: 23 Aug 1939 - 23 Sep 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Proofs for 1st Lord Cherwell., 23 Oct 1947 - 24 Jan 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/132
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and typescript annotated with comments and suggestions by 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] of the following chapters: Chapter 9 "Problems of Air and Sea, 1935 - 1939" (provisionally entitled "Air Defence Research"); Chapter 11 "Hitler Strikes, 1936"; Chapter 14 "Mr [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] at the Foreign Office: His Resignation"; Chapter 15 "The Rape of Austria, February 1938"; Chapter 16 "Czechoslovakia"; Chapter 17 "The Tragedy of Munich"...
Dates: 23 Oct 1947 - 24 Jan 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Comments by Sir Norman Brook., 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/193
Scope and Contents Includes notes by Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] on Volume 2, on subjects including: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Chapter 16 "The...
Dates: 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/196A-C
Scope and Contents Includes notes and comments by Pownall on subjects including: factual and printing errors throughout Volume 2; the build-up to the German attack on the Soviet Union; the build-up to "Dynamo" [codename for the evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk, France]; the British Expedition Force; the meeting between 6th Lord Gort [Commander-in-Chief of British Field Force, earlier John Vereker] and General Maxime Weygand [Commander-in-Chief, French Army], May 1940; British casualties; the defence of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Various material., 22 May 1940 - 15 Jan 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/198
Scope and Contents Includes: extracts from the Belgian press on the surrender of Belgium in 1940, with comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; issue of the Air Ministry pamphlet "The Battle of Britain"; typescript draft of Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain" annotated by WSC, Denis Kelly and [?] Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park [former Commander of No 11 Fighter Group]; supplements to the London Gazette on the Battle of Britain and the evacuation from Dunkirk [France], containing despatches from Air...
Dates: 22 May 1940 - 15 Jan 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Air Operations in Britain and North-West Europe, 1940-45: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., Jun 1946 - Sep 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/245
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Sep 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy., Nov 1945 - Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (6); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] on the strength of the army and RAF; [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (3); President Harry Truman (2); Walter Gifford, United States Ambassador to Great Britain. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries "N S" [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow], "J P" [Jane Portal, later Lady Williams of Elvel], "L M M" [Lettice Marston, later Lettice Shillingford], and "C G"...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A-C
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution on the presentation of the Chesney Gold Medal to WSC (4 July, Royal United Service Institution), including WSC's acceptance speech entitled "Military History", on former winners of the medal, the importance of the study of military history, the progress of military science and in tribute to the career of Admiral Sir Henry Moore, Chairman of the Royal United Service Institution Council. Also includes opening speech by Admiral...
Dates: 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/42A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 July, Grosvenor House Hotel [London]) at the English Speaking Union dinner for General Dwight Eisenhower, on the English Speaking Union as a foundation for peace and an advance towards a united Europe.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (10 July, Royal College of Physicians [London]) entitled "Lord Moran" (for the presentation of his portrait to 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson, former President, Royal College of Physicians]), on subjects...
Dates: Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, Hansard and source material., 12 Jul 1954 - 05 Sep 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/55A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (12 July, House of Commons) entitled "Visit to the United States and Canada" on subjects including: WSC's concern at the lack of information given by the United States on their hydrogen bomb tests; his visit with Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, for personal talks with Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States; hopes for more open relations in future; his reception in Canada; Britain's common aims with the...
Dates: 12 Jul 1954 - 05 Sep 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/172
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Speech notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender". Source material...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/173A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 June) entitled "The fall of France" on the capitulation of France, the surrender of the French fleet to Germany and his visit to see [Paul] Reynaud [Prime Minister of France]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6239-41.Statement by WSC (4 July) on the British destruction of the French fleet at Oran [Algeria]. Source material includes notes on the co-ordination of intelligence, the role of the Commander-in-Chief of the Home Forces [General Sir Alan Brooke,...
Dates: 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/200A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (2 August) on the war situation including: successes against Germany and Japan world-wide including the Far East; decisions made at the Quebec [Canada] conference; the Normandy landings; RAF losses; the tanks supplied by the United States and praise for the Sherman and Churchill tanks; the progress of General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in Italy]; his hopes of victory; flying bombs and the evacuation of London; improved...
Dates: 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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