Skip to main content

Cambridge University Libraries are providing a blend of online and controlled in-person services. Please see our website for more details.

Army

 Organization

Found in 31 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 Series

Home Office, 1910 - 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12
Scope and Contents INTRODUCTION TO CHAR 12: THE HOME OFFICE: GENERAL The Home Office papers contain correspondence, printed material and papers which were created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as Home Secretary. The papers have been arranged into correspondence and subject-based files. The Home Office papers form a departmental sub-class of the official class of the Chartwell Papers which was divided according to the various offices held by WSC. Files containing varying numbers of items were...
Dates: 1910 - 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: correspondence mainly about the Dardanelles Expedition., Apr 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/43A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Josiah Wedgwood, General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (4), Kenneth Dundal and Harold Cawley on their personal experiences of events at the Dardanelles; Maurice Hankey [Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence] on his responsibility for policy on the Dardanelles expedition; "Freddie" [Frederick Guest]; Major General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations at the War Office] (10) on subjects including movements of...
Dates: Apr 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I., Oct 1915 - Nov 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/42
Scope and Contents Printed papers by various individuals on various subjects including: the national register; [Lord] Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], [Lord] Curzon of Kedleston [Lord Privy Seal] and Lord Crewe [earlier Lord Houghton and Robert Milnes] Secretary of State for India] on recruitment to the army; WSC on Gallipoli and the Dardanelles; a neutral press committee; WSC on trench mortar guns; Sir William Max-Muller on the economic situation of Germany and Austria-Hungary; the Dardanelles...
Dates: Oct 1915 - Nov 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: War Policy Committee: statement by David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions]., 16 Aug 1915 - 18 Aug 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/56
Scope and Contents

Includes 3 copies of a statement by Lloyd George on the manufacture of munitions covering requirements for the war, estimated dates of completion, calculations of wastage on the Western Front, labour problems including the employment of women and the deployment of trained engineers in the army, the possible effect of compulsory military service. Also includes a statement by Lloyd George on the supply of guns.

Dates: 16 Aug 1915 - 18 Aug 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence, mainly on demobilisation and the reorganisation of the Air Ministry., 01 Feb 1919 - 28 Feb 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: King Manuel II on the "future of Portugal"; General Sir William Robertson [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief the Forces in Great Britain] (3); 1st Lord Milner [Secretary of State for the Colonies] on appointing neither Major-General Sir Hugh Trenchard or General Sir John Cowans as Governor of Nigeria (2); Andrew Bonar Law [Lord Privy Seal] passing on a copy of a letter from Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Lawson on a decline in his pay and position; Philip Kerr [later...
Dates: 01 Feb 1919 - 28 Feb 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: various papers., 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/2
Scope and Contents Includes minutes of a meeting of the Committee on the Limitation of Armaments; a War Office memorandum on WSC's and other appointments; copy of Army Orders for 1919; copies of telegrams from the Adjutant-General [Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh] on potential police strikes; RAF demobilisation form; precis on the Roger Casement letters; outline of scheme of army reorganisation; notes from Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso], Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary...
Dates: 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 01 Jan 1920 - 29 Apr 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/51A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes (and telegrams) from WSC to various individuals including: Secretary [War Office, Sir Reginald Brade]; 1st Lord Peel [Under-Secretary of State for War]; Chief of Imperial General Staff [General Sir Henry Wilson]; Sir Herbert Creedy; Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff [Major-General Charles Harington]; Chief of the Air Staff [Air-Marshal Sir Hugh Trenchard]; Major-General Fabian Ware; [David Lloyd George]; Andrew Bonar Law [Lord Privy Seal]; Director of...
Dates: 01 Jan 1920 - 29 Apr 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: Dundee: Correspondence:., 01 Jan 1921 - 31 Dec 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 5/24
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: Sir George Ritchie (9), on Liberal Party, constituency affairs and unemployment in Dundee; The City of Dundee Territorial Force Association and the War Office on the amalgamation of the 4th and 5th Black Watch.

Dates: 01 Jan 1921 - 31 Dec 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence., 06 Nov 1936 - 20 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/371A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents on defence issues include: Sir Thomas Inskip [Minister for Co-ordination of Defence, later 1st Lord Caldecote]; Harry Sellar, Private Secretary to Inskip (2); Leslie Hore-Belisha, Secretary of State for War, on subjects including the arming of the Guards Battalions; Sir Kingsley Wood, Secretary of State for Air, on showing WSC [air construction graphs]; 1st Lord Swinton [former Secretary of State for Air, earlier Philip Cunliffe-Lister and Philip Lloyd-Greame] on the formation...
Dates: 06 Nov 1936 - 20 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-Z., Dec 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/8A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir David Robertson on industrial affairs; Randolph Churchill and John Dugdale on Soviet attitudes; 1st Lord Rankeillour [earlier James Hope] and Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] on Indian affairs; Stephen Pierssene, General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office (4); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis], Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office [from July 1946] (4); James Stuart [Chief...
Dates: Dec 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/37A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and transcript of WSC's speech (11 August, Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg [France]) entitled "European Unity and a European Army" on subjects including: the need for a European Assembly to remain in close contact with European governments and parliaments; the gradual process of building up the European Parliament; guidance to be given to governments on issues such as the Schuman Plan [for the European Coal and Steel Community]; support for...
Dates: 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/48A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of...
Dates: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 03 Mar 1919 - 15 Dec 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/57
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (3 March) on army estimates, demobilisation, the formation of a regular army, British forces in Russia and the enforcing of peace terms on Germany. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2674 - 2692.Speech notes for WSC's statement (29 May) on using the army for strike-breaking and sending volunteer forces to Russia. Source material includes a note on the current situation of Admiral Alexander Kolchak [leader of anti-Bolshevik forces], and extracts from a...
Dates: 03 Mar 1919 - 15 Dec 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Nov 1907

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/30/87-90
Scope and Contents

Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton (Head Quarters, Southern Command, Tidworth House, Andover, [Hampshire]) to WSC on: WSC's report on the French army manoeuvres; Lloyd George's successful intervention in the railway dispute; the reform of the Territorial Army and the South African constitution as the main achievements of the present government. Signed typescript.

Dates: 18 Nov 1907
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 13 Dec 1907

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/30/92-95
Scope and Contents Letter from Walter Runciman [later Lord Runciman] (West Denton Hall, Scotswood-on-Tyne, [Northumberland]) to WSC on: disruption by suffragettes of speeches by cabinet ministers; the Tories' split over Tariff Reform; the industrious campaigning of Richard Haldane [later Lord Haldane]; reaction to Haldane's army estimates and 2nd Lord Tweedmouth's naval estimates; the introduction of old age pensions and Labour Party criticism of them; the prospect of the miners' group adhering to the Labour...
Dates: 13 Dec 1907
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 11 Jul 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/1-3
Scope and Contents Notes by Major-General Cecil Macready [Director of Personal Services, War Office] on the strike of dock workers and miners at Salford [Lancashire] including [WSC's] dispatch of Major-General Macready to command troops and mounted police; position of the forces of the cavalry, infantry and Metropolitan Police; the acceptance of terms by the strikers and subsequent withdrawal of troops and Metropolitan Police. Macready includes a copy of the order to withdraw [see CHAR 12/12/4] and a...
Dates: 11 Jul 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 10 Jul 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/4
Scope and Contents

Copy of the order given to Major-General Cecil Macready [Director of Personal Services, War Office] by the Mayor and Chief Constable to withdraw the troops [from Salford, Lancashire]. Typescript. See CHAR 12/12/1-3.

Dates: 10 Jul 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), [Jul] [1911]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/5-6
Scope and Contents

Copy of a confidential memorandum detailing the principles by which the military should assist the civil authorities during the strikes at Salford [Lancashire] including efforts which to avoid confrontation between the military and strikers, and the circumstances under which the military are to be deployed. Typescript. See CHAR 12/12/1-3.

Dates: [Jul] [1911]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), [Aug] [1911]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/24
Scope and Contents

Draft telegram from WSC to King George V including a report from the Chief Constable of Liverpool which describes the deterioration of the dock strike and the rioting in Liverpool. WSC includes details of the troops which have been sent to Liverpool and to areas close to Manchester and London. Typescript. Copy at CHAR 12/12/67, draft at CHAR 12/12/30-34.

Dates: [Aug] [1911]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), [Aug] [1911]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/30-34
Scope and Contents

Copy of a telegram from WSC to King George V including a report from the Chief Constable of Liverpool which describes the deterioration of the dock strike and the rioting in Liverpool. WSC includes details of the troops which have been sent to Liverpool and to areas close to Manchester and London. Manuscript in the hand of WSC. Copy telegrams at CHAR 12/12/24 and CHAR 12/12/67.

Dates: [Aug] [1911]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 16 Aug 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/37
Scope and Contents

[Transcript of a letter from] King George V [to WSC] concerning the riots in Liverpool which appear to be more like a revolution than a strike. He asks whether Labour leaders could help in forcing a settlement, and says that troops should not be deployed in a "half hearted" way. Manuscript in the hand of Edward Marsh, on the notepaper of the Home Secretary.

Dates: 16 Aug 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Aug 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/41-44
Scope and Contents

Telegram from King George V to WSC thanking him for his telegram informing him that the strike has ended, and for the accounts he has provided during the strike. The King says that he is pleased that the troops are to return to their districts and expresses regret for the "unfortunate incident at Llanelly [Camarthenshire, Wales]". He also congratulates WSC on the measures he took which prevented further loss of life. Manuscript.

Dates: 20 Aug 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), [1910]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/52
Scope and Contents

Copy of a letter from [WSC, Home Office] to the Adjutant General concerning the presence of the Metropolitan Police in South Wales. As there is no sign of resolution in the strike it is proposed that the infantry force should be strengthened so that the police may be removed. WSC asks whether the War Office will be prepared to supply further infantry forces if Major-General [Cecil] Macready [Director of Personal Services, War Office] should require them. Unsigned typescript.

Dates: [1910]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), [1910]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/12/53-56
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from [WSC, Home Office] reporting that order has been established in the collieries in the Rhondda Valley [Glamorgan, Wales] and that it is expected that the Chief Constable will not need the military who are to remain nearby without coming into contact with the public. [WSC] also describes the action of the Home Office concerning the dispatch of troops to the riots at Tonypandy, and his subsequent decisions to use Metropolitan Police instead of troops and to halt the...
Dates: [1910]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
  • 1
  • 2

Filtered By

  • Subject: Labour relations X

Additional filters:

Subject
Strikes 20
Trade unions 11
Air warfare 6
Armed forces 6
Economic conditions 5

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.