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First World War (1914-1918)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 26 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: Correspondence concerning WSC's research for Volume 3 of "The World Crisis"., 20 Jan 1926 - 31 Oct 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/203
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Beatty, Admiral of the Fleet; James Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] (2); Kenneth Dewar of the Naval Staff Intelligence Division (5); 1st Lord D'Abernon [earlier Sir Edgar Vincent] (4) on statistics of German casualties (4); Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] (3); Brigadier General James Edmonds of the Military Branch of the Historical Section (13); John Du Cane (3); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial...
Dates: 20 Jan 1926 - 31 Oct 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 1 ("The World Crisis" series)., Oct 1939 - Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/651
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "War - from inside the Admiralty" on experiencing naval action at the Admiralty during World War I, and a detailed description of the battle of the Dogger Bank; "U-boats - How the Navy Beat Them" on the morality of submarine warfare, the development of the Q-boat, the U-boat campaign against supply from the United States, and its consequence, the entry of the US into the war; "War on the Western Front" on casualties among the French, Germans and...
Dates: Oct 1939 - Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 2 ("The World Crisis" series)., 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/675
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "The Man Who Scared the U-Boats" on the convoy system for merchant shipping during World War I; "The German Army Myth" on the first battles on the Western Front; "The French" on the Battle of Verdun [France]; "The Blackest Day of the German Army" on the use of tanks at the Battles of Cambrai and Amiens [both France]; "The Valiant Heart of Man" on the bravery of those who fought in World War I; "Plan for Victory" on British naval strategy at the start...
Dates: 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/649
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Most Thrilling Days I Have Ever Lived" on his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty, on board the Enchantress, visiting the British Naval Fleet, his threat to resign, and the decision to order the Fleet to its war stations; "With the Kaiser on Parade" on his experiences as Under Secretary of State for the Colonies, viewing the manoeuvres of the German Army in 1906, WSC's impressions of its strength, and his meeting with Young Turks in...
Dates: Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Official: Cabinet: correspondence and notes on World War I., 17 Feb 1915 - 22 Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/37
Scope and Contents Correspondence includes: [1st Lord] Emmott [First Commissioner of Works] on the fortification of Buckingham Palace against air attacks; Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC]; David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions] on negotiations between Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] and Bulgaria and Greece; Austen Chamberlain [Secretary of State for India] on rewards to India after the war; Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith, Prime Minister]; [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston, Lord Privy...
Dates: 17 Feb 1915 - 22 Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: correspondence mainly about the Dardanelles Expedition., Apr 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/43A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Josiah Wedgwood, General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (4), Kenneth Dundal and Harold Cawley on their personal experiences of events at the Dardanelles; Maurice Hankey [Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence] on his responsibility for policy on the Dardanelles expedition; "Freddie" [Frederick Guest]; Major General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations at the War Office] (10) on subjects including movements of...
Dates: Apr 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: war appreciations., 28 May 1915 - 13 Nov 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/51
Scope and Contents Printed papers on various operations including: the Dardanelles by Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War]; the situation in the Aegean; several assessments and forecasts of the situation on the Western Front and in the Balkans (by Lieutenant General Sir Archibald Murray, Chief of the Imperial General Staff), and in Syria and Mesopotamia [later Iraq]; the impact of the Dardanelles operation on the conduct of the war; the employment of an allied force in Macedonia and Serbia; and the...
Dates: 28 May 1915 - 13 Nov 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: War Office telegrams., May 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/54
Scope and Contents Printed telegrams about the Dardanelles expedition including 131 telegrams from General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force on various aspects of the campaign including Turkish fortifications, operations and engagements, landing troops at Gallipoli, his requirements for troops, ammunition and rations and 19 telegrams from Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War. Also includes manuscript calculations by WSC on troop numbers.Other subjects include the...
Dates: May 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: War Policy Committee: correspondence and papers., Aug 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/61
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Reginald Brade [Secretary, War Office] on machine gun wastage; [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston, Lord Privy Seal]; [3rd Lord] Selborne [earlier Lord Wolmer] on population calculations and compulsory military service (2); Major General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations at the War Office](4); Austen Chamberlain [Secretary of State for India]; Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith, Prime Minister]; Robert Borden [Prime Minister of Canada] on the...
Dates: Aug 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Correspondence., 18 Jan 1918 - 03 Oct 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/32
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: David Lloyd George, Prime Minister, on munitions requirements for the Admiralty (1); Sir Eric Geddes [First Lord of the Admiralty] on munitions; Sir Auckland Geddes [Minister of National Service and Reconstruction] on a ministry of supply; and Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig [Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France and Flanders] (2).Also includes copy letters from WSC to the individuals mentioned above including 12 letters to Lloyd George about his...
Dates: 18 Jan 1918 - 03 Oct 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Council., 09 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/1
Scope and Contents General Correspondence Correspondents include Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, on Yeomanry Organisation, the possible use of Russian troops on the Western Front and at Gallipoli, and his visit to the British Expeditionary Force in France; General Sir John French, (later Lord Ypres) C. in C., British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front; Herbert Asquith (later Lord Oxford and Asquith), Prime Minister, giving permission for WSC to visit Dunkirk to look into Naval matters, but...
Dates: 09 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Council., Jan 1915 - May 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/2
Scope and Contents General Correspondence.Correspondents include 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, (3) mainly on Russia; General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres] (9), mainly on the Western Front; General Sir Ian Hamilton (8); on the Territorial Army; Major-General William Birdwood, the 2nd London Division and the Dardanelles; F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead] (2); Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Prime Minister (2), on the War Council and the Dardanelles; David Lloyd...
Dates: Jan 1915 - May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: War Council, 1914-1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26
Scope and Contents The War Council was established in November 1914 to direct the overall conduct of the War. This class contains all of WSC's correspondence and papers relating to the discharge of this responsibility except those relating to the Admiralty and certain other specific bodies such as the Cabinet and its various committees. The two correspondence files (26/1 and 26/2) contain valuable correspondence with Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War and General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres],...
Dates: 1914-1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 23 May 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/110/33
Scope and Contents Letter from 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] (Roman Camp, Callander, [Perthshire, Scotland]) to WSC arguing, having read Sir Ian Hamilton's Gallipoli Diary, that had Vice-Admiral Sir John Keyes [later Lord Keyes] been in charge Constantinople [Turkey] would have been taken in 1915. Laments the apparent return to pre-war methods of naval and military organisation and argues that the factors which saved the country during the war were the readiness of the fleet in 1914, the Naval...
Dates: 23 May 1920
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 22 Jun 1916

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/74/8
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on the War Council minutes showing the strong support given by Asquith, Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] Lord Kitchener and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] for WSC' s Admiralty plans for the Dardanelles Expedition, and WSC's disclaimer of responsibility "if a military disaster occurred through adequate troops not being sent in time to deal with the situation that might arise during the...
Dates: 22 Jun 1916
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/74/58
Scope and Contents

Note by the Admiralty Transport Department on the move of the 29th Division and the 2nd Mounted Division from Avonmouth to the Mediterranean. Printed. Other copies at CHAR 2/81/15 and CHAR 2/88/22.

Dates: 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 27 Feb 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/74/59
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener on the preparation of transports to the Dardanelles for the 29th Division and the need for the French Division to come to Lemnos in view of the absence of British regulars. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/17.

Dates: 27 Feb 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 04 Mar 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/74/60
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener suggesting that 20 March be fixed on as the date for the landing of troops after the initial naval operations at the Dardanelles and approving the appointment of General Sir Ian Hamilton to the command of the military operations. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/18.

Dates: 04 Mar 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 13 Mar 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/74/61
Scope and Contents Memorandum by WSC that Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden will be in charge of the Dardanelles operations until troops land and that French and Russian troops will be under the overall command of General Sir Ian Hamilton. With note from Commodore Charles de Bartolome to the First Sea Lord [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher] explaining that the memorandum is the result of a discussion between WSC and Lord Kitchener and asking for Fisher's concurrence, which he gives. Printed copy. Another copy...
Dates: 13 Mar 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 05 Oct 1916

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/74/91
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to Lord Cromer asking for his evidence to the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry to be amended to make it clear that he favoured the military attack after the naval operation was abandoned and that the matter was discussed in Cabinet. Copy in WSC' s hand.

Dates: 05 Oct 1916
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Feb 1915 - 20 Feb 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/74/116
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener urging him to have a military force near at hand should the naval attack on the Dardanelles succeed, either to seize the Gallipoli peninsula or to occupy Constantinople if a revolution takes place (18 Feb). Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener sending him a copy of his minute about transport for the Mediterranean and asking him to organise a force in Egypt of 8000 or 10000 men to be despatched quickly to the Dardanelles in an emergency (20 Feb). Printed...
Dates: 18 Feb 1915 - 20 Feb 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 14 May 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/74/118
Scope and Contents

Minute by WSC stating that the Dardanelles operations could easily develop into a great siege and calling for the following measures: the provision of siege artillery and well-equipped semi-permanent landing stages; protection against submarines; the fitting of the bombarding fleet with mine protection; the provision of seventy aircraft. Printed copy.

Dates: 14 May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 13 Mar 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/81/20
Scope and Contents Memorandum by WSC that Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden will be in charge of the Dardanelles operations until troops land and that French and Russian troops will be under the overall command of General Sir Ian Hamilton. With note from Commodore Charles de Bartolome to the First Sea Lord [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher] explaining that the memorandum is the result of a discussion between WSC and Lord Kitchener and asking for Fisher's concurrence, which he gives. Printed copy. Another copy...
Dates: 13 Mar 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 11 Mar 1915 - 13 Mar 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/81/21
Scope and Contents

Minute by Admiral Sir Henry Jackson to [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] on the hindering of Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden's operations in the Dardanelles by concealed batteries of howitzers and the need to occupy the Gallipoli peninsula to ensure safe passage of troops through the straits (11 Mar). With note from [Lord Kitchener] to [WSC] stating that no attempt on Gallipoli should be made until the 29th Division has arrived (13 Mar), and circulation note (13 Mar). Printed copy.

Dates: 11 Mar 1915 - 13 Mar 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.