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International tensions

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 194 Collections and/or Records:

 Unknown

"Cabinet: Note on Tube Alloys, 1954", 14 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/217/15
Scope and Contents Top secret Cabinet Paper by WSC on nuclear deterrents; the nuclear power of the United States and Soviet Union and considerations about the likelihood of them using nuclear weapons; the importance of NATO's position and nuclear strength; and communication of information and policy to the Soviet Union. He ends "The next two or three years may well be the safest the world will see for a long time. We should remain calm and firm."Printed pamphlet.
Dates: 14 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Correspondence A - Z, 1935-01 - 1935-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/1/25
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Julian Amery; Vera Astley-Rushton on the death of her husband Edward Astley-Rushton; Stanley Baldwin, thanking LSA for his book ["The Forward View"]; Jacques Bardoux on subjects including Italy's invasion of Abyssinia [later Ethiopia]; 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken] on the case for isolationism; Richard Bennett, Canadian Leader of the Opposition, on his defeat in the Canadian elections; Sir Henry Birchenough; Sir William Birdwood on subjects including putting...
Dates: 1935-01 - 1935-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Correspondence A - Z, 1936-01 - 1936-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/1/26
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harold Armstrong on the history of the South African War, particularly ill-treatment of pro-British Boers (2); Mary Arnold-Forster; Cyril Bailey [President of the Classical Association]; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including thanking LSA for his sympathy during the Abdication Crisis (4); Jacques Bardoux on subjects including the Franco-Soviet Pact and the crisis in Europe over Italy's invasion of Abyssinia [later Ethiopia] (4); 2nd Lord Beatty [earlier...
Dates: 1936-01 - 1936-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Correspondence A - Z, 1936-12 - 1937-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/1/27
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Joe Amery (3); Harold Armstrong; Mary Arnold-Forster; 1st Lord Baden-Powell; Sir Abe Bailey; Stanley Baldwin (2); Richard Bennett [Canadian Leader of the Opposition] on the proposed Anglo-American trade treaty; Stanley Bruce [High Commissioner for Australia in London] on the Imperial Conference; Edward Keeling, Secretary of the British School of Archæology in Iraq, inviting LSA to become President of the school; James Butler; [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister]...
Dates: 1936-12 - 1937-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Correspondence A - Z, 1938-01 - 1938-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/1/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harold Armstrong, suggesting Jan Smuts as a war leader (2); Sir Abe Bailey (3); Stanley Baldwin; [Charles] Vernon Bartlett, congratulating LSA on his letter to the press about the Munich Crisis; 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken], criticizing a speech by [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister; Richard Bennett, Canadian Leader of the Opposition on the chances of a commercial treaty between Britain and the United States, and the results for Canada; 1st Lord...
Dates: 1938-01 - 1938-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Correspondence A - Z, 1939-01 - 1939-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/1/29
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Samuel] Vyvyan Adams on LSA's being included in the new Cabinet; Harold Armstrong on LSA's advice to delay publishing his unfavourable biography of Winston Churchill or revise it (6); Sir Abe Bailey (3); Stanley Baldwin on a poem by LSA; Jacques Bardoux; Robert Bower, RAF Coastal Command; Sir Frank Fox (2); [Edward] Leslie Burgin [Minister of Supply] on buying policy; [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] on subjects including a proposal to give a copy of the...
Dates: 1939-01 - 1939-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Unknown

Debate on the Address, 03 Nov 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/52A/1-44
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the forthcoming royal tour of the Commonwealth and Empire; the timing of the next General Election and the general length of Parliaments; constructive and non-partisan politics; housing policy, including new building and repair of existing property; reducing restrictions and controls on agriculture, increasing food production and retaining food subsidies; changes in the international...
Dates: 03 Nov 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Defence", 16 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33B/217-272
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: ministerial appointments in defence; the need for greater openness with the House of Commons; retaining a reformed National Service scheme; recruitment for the regular army; the defence of Western Europe, particularly West Germany, against the Soviet Union and its satellites; reducing the Royal Navy; the threat from Soviet submarines and the need to develop aircraft carriers and anti-submarine aircraft; expanding the RAF as...
Dates: 16 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Defence (Government Policy)", 15 Feb 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/40B/269-320
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: recent Government defence policy changes; the disruptive effect of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act on rearmament; general mismanagement of defence, including demobilization, the dispersion and destruction of weapons, the extension of National Service and the wastage of defence funds; the British inability to produce atom bombs; Government opposition to the rearmament of West Germany and a European Army; the risk of...
Dates: 15 Feb 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Election Address", 23 Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/44B/197-241
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's election address (Home Park Football Ground, Plymouth [Devon]) on subjects including: the nation's improvement in health being due to science, not socialism; the disunity of the Labour Party and unity of the Conservatives, particularly between WSC and Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon]; the harm done to relations with the United States by the Government; accusations that WSC and the Conservatives are war-mongers, and WSC's own hopes of helping to prevent a Third World...
Dates: 23 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Headway towards Freedom and Peace", Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/132/111
Scope and Contents Pamphlet including on pages 18-19 an article by WSC entitled "In truth and earnestness" on the price of peace, the future of the League of Nations Union, the Munich agreement and WSC's warnings, call for action and for Britain to lead. Pages 33-35 include the text of WSC's broadcast to the United States (16 October 1938, [United States National Broadcasting Company]) entitled "The defence of freedom and peace" on the need for the democracies, including the United States, to unite against the...
Dates: Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Ibn Rashid and Ibn Saud", [Jan 1921]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 17/14/10-12
Scope and Contents Paper on subjects including: the position of Ibn Rashid as Chief of the central Arabian tribe, Shammar; traditional enmity between Ibn Rashid and Ibn Saud; observations on Ibn Saud "in astuteness...unequalled in the Arabian peninsula"; loyalty against Turkey; information about their followers and Ibn Saud being followed by the Ikhwan "the fanatical puritans of the Islamic creed"; prediction that the best outcome would be a balance of power between Ibn Rashid and Ibn Saud; and Ibn Saud's request...
Dates: [Jan 1921]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"King Hussain and Ibn Saud: the Khurm-Turaba dispute", 13 Jan 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 17/14/3-9
Scope and Contents Report by the Political Department of the India Office on subjects and issues including: the position of King Hussain as the guardian of the sacred shrine at Mecca; Ibn Saud's position as 'dynastic head' of a confederation of tribes and of the Wahabi (within which is an 'inner circle of Puritanical fanatics', the Ikhwan); military possibilities of the Ikhwan; the danger of Ibn Saud losing control and the Ikhwan turning against other "Mahomedans" [Muslims]; Ibn Saud taking over the province of...
Dates: 13 Jan 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Korea", 05 Jul 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A/114-133
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) on debating the Korean crisis, the lack of information given to Parliament, Communist propaganda, British and Commonwealth support for the United States's intervention, Conservative support for the Government's position on the crisis, accusations of Conservative war-mongering, the protection of Western Europe by the nuclear deterrent, the increasing production of atom bombs by the Soviet Union, and the need for settlement with the Soviet Union...
Dates: 05 Jul 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on publishing WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), mainly with representatives of Time-Life International, including Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine], Walter Graebner [London representative], Andrew Heiskell [publisher], Monica Owen Horne, Constance Babbington-Smith, and Renee Harmer., Aug 1945 - Jan 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/15A-C
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Henry Laughlin [President of Houghton Mifflin Company, publishers] (2); William Edwards, [Assistant Director] Federation of British Industries; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Grace Hamblin, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Anne Hipwell, and...
Dates: Aug 1945 - Jan 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the foreign rights in WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") and other works, mainly with Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz], Q-Z., Jan 1946 - Apr 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/12A-B
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]; William Deakin (3); [William] Surrey Dane of Odhams Press Limited (3); Robert McAlpine [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Chips Gemmell, Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], and Anne Hipwell; [literary assistant]...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the serialisation of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") with representatives of the New York Times [United States], and correspondence on foreign editions of the memoirs and other miscellaneous matters, M-Z., Sep 1946 - Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/17A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Chikao Honda, President of the Mainichi Newspapers, on the Japanese edition of the memoirs; Henry Laughlin, President of Houghton Mifflin Company [publishers] (6); representatives of the New York Times including Chief European Correspondent Raymond Daniell (5), Chief Correspondent Herbert Matthews (9), Gilbert Bailey (London Editor, Sunday Department) (4), and publisher Arthur Sulzberger (29); General George Marshall; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3); Lord...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence thanking WSC for complimentary copies and congratulating him on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of his war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Nov 1950 - Aug 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/59
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: John Snyder; Sir Oliver Franks; Fleet Admiral William Leahy and Herbert Swope, both also on the Korean War; [Fleet Admiral] Ernest King; "Beetle" [Walter Bedell Smith]; Cordell Hull; James Farley; "Alex" [1st Lord Alexander of Tunis]; Major-General Frederick Anderson, also on the Soviet threat; Sir Alexander Cadogan; Lewis Douglas; John Dulles; the Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward Prince of Wales and King Edward VIII]; Dorothy, Lady Moran; Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor];...
Dates: Nov 1950 - Aug 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Navy Estimates", 18 Mar 1912

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/42/1-22
Scope and Contents Typescript speaking notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: naval armaments; detailed explanation of the naval estimates and predictions; increase of German naval power; the importance of maintaining the fleet at the minimum level "consistent with full security"; plans for construction of ships which will be modified to follow German naval construction; docks; oil; aviation and shipbuilding capacity; the importance of a strong fleet to Great Britain; plans for the...
Dates: 18 Mar 1912
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Not the Same Old Lion He Used to Be- By Hungerford", 05 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/355/40
Scope and Contents Cutting from the [Edinb]urgh Post-Gazette of a cartoon depicting Hitler's Czech Barber Shop" showing Adolf Hilter after cutting off the mane of [Neville] Chamberlain's British lion. The lion is seated in the barber's chair looking horrified at his reflection in the mirror.Newspaper cutting annotated with a note "Show Mrs Churchill [CSC]". Keep"
Dates: 05 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Irish Committee: report on Irish Intelligence., May 1920-Jul 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/9
Scope and Contents "A report on the Intelligence Branch of the Chief of Police from May 1920 to July 1921". Includes observations about: the difficulties of obtaining and disseminating information about underground organisations in Ireland including the IRA, Sinn Fein and the Irish Republican Brotherhood; the differences between counter-espionage activities during wartime and the circumstances in Ireland; and difficulties for the police. Includes instances of the successful use of intelligence information in...
Dates: May 1920-Jul 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Two pages within this report (folios 42 and 43) are closed on Cabinet Office recommendations under section 23 of the Freedom of Information Act. 'Sanitised' versions of these folios plus a surrogate copy of the rest of the report are open for consultation.
 Series

Official: Prime Minister, 1951 - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6
Scope and Contents The papers in this class relating to WSC's second period as Prime Minister are few.The files mainly concern WSC's patronage and relate to Government appointments and changes (CHUR 6/1, 6/2, 6/4 and 6/5). There is one file containing copies of WSC's correspondence with President Dwight D Eisenhower of the United States (CHUR 6/3). There is also a single file containing copies of WSC's outgoing correspondence for the last months of his administration (CHUR 6/6). File CHUR 6/8, apparently relating...
Dates: 1951 - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Prime Minister: correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower [President of the United States]., 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A-C
Scope and Contents ff 1- 139 are copies of letters and telegrams from WSC to President Dwight D Eisenhower, 07 Feb 1953 - 31 Mar 1955.ff 140 - 214 are copies of letters from President Dwight D Eisenhower to WSC, 02 Feb1953 - 29 Mar 1955.ff 215 - 282 are copies of correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower, 29 Jan 1953 - 24 Mar 1955. Includes original letters from Dwight D Eisenhower, James D Moffett (2nd Secretary, United States Embassy in Britain) and Winthrop Aldrich (United States Ambassador...
Dates: 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.