Transcript of interview: Sir John Fretwell, 1996
Scope and Contents
The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
Biographical / Historical
John Fretwell was born 15 June 1930, the son of the late Francis Thomas Fretwell and of Dorothy Fretwell; he married 1959, Mary Ellen Eugenie Dubois. Fretwell was educated at Chesterfield Grammar School, Lausanne University and King’s College, Cambridge (MA).
After serving in the forces, 1948-50, Fretwell joined the Diplomatic Service in 1953. His postings included: 3rd Secretary, Hong Kong, 1954-55; 2nd Secretary, Peking [China], 1955-57; FO, 1957-59; 1st Secretary, Moscow [Soviet Union], 1959-62; FO, 1962-67; 1st Secretary (Commercial), Washington [United States], 1967-70; Commercial Counsellor, Warsaw [Poland], 1971-73; Head of European Integration Department (Internal), FCO, 1973-76; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1976-79; Minister, Washington, 1980-81; Ambassador to France, 1982-87. He served as Political Director and Deputy to the Permanent Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1987-90, and was a Specialist Adviser, House of Lords, 1992-93.
Sir John was awarded the GCMG 1987 (KCMG 1982; CMG 1975). He died on 30 March 2017.
1 file(s) : Paper
Language of Materials
Fretwell, Sir John Emsley, 1930-2017, Knight, diplomat
Finding aid date
Part of the Churchill Archives Centre Repository
Churchill Archives Centre
Cambridge Cambridgeshire CB3 0DS United Kingdom
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