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Correspondence A - J, 1906-03 - 1942-12

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/1/34

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: A V Alexander [First Lord of the Admiralty], explaining that there were no submarines available to help the Yugoslavs and on efforts to persuade the French fleet at Alexandria [Egypt] to join the Allies (3); Sir John Anderson [Lord President of the Council, later 1st Lord Waverley] on the Canadian wage control scheme, and whether similar measures could be used in Britain (2); Harold Armstrong (2); Lord Athlone [Governor-General of Canada] commenting on Indian affairs, particularly the arrest of Mohandas Gandhi, the handling of the conscription issue by [William] Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] and whether Indian princes should act as delegates to the United States (2); 2nd Lord Linlithgow [Viceroy of India, earlier Lord Hopetoun]; Clement Attlee [Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs]; Jessie, Lady Auchinleck; Sir [Clement] Anderson Montague-Barlow; Sir James Barrett (3); Sir Harry Batterbee [High Commissioner for Britain in New Zealand] on British prestige in New Zealand and the decision to leave the New Zealand division in the Middle East; Eduard Benes, President of the Czechoslovak Republic; Janet, Lady Beveridge; Sir William Beveridge; 1st Lord Birdwood congratulating LSA on the Indian situation, including the arrest of Gandhi and the view from the United States (4); Robert Bower on public feeling against the Government and Winston Churchill, Prime Minister, mistaken grand strategy and bad advice given to Churchill, particularly by Admiral of the Fleet Sir [Alfred] Dudley Pound [1st Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff] (2); Leonard Brockington; General Sir Alan Brooke, Chief of Imperial General Staff [later 1st Lord Alanbrooke] on LSA's request for more battalions to be sent to Burma [later Myanmar, use that could be made of Lieutenant-Colonel Orde Wingate and Germany's essentially defensive strategy, making attacks on Egypt and Cyprus unlikely (5); General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, India, on finding a place for Wingate; Stanley Bruce [High Commissioner for Australia in Britain] on Richard Casey becoming Minister of State Resident in the Middle East (2); Arthur Bryant (3); Malcolm Burr; Cosmo Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury; Robert Cary [Parliamentary Private Secretary to LSA] on Parliamentary debates about India (2); George Catlin on his proposal for an Anglo-American Institute of Cultural Relations (2); Sir Malcolm Robertson [Chairman of the British Council] on Catlin's proposal; 1st Lord Elton, General Secretary of the Rhodes Trust, on Catlin; 1st Lord Catto; Somerset de Chair on his impressions of the Middle East, particularly the difficulties in working with the Free French and the alienation of Arab sympathy (2); 1st Lord Moyne [Secretary of State for the Colonies, earlier Walter Guinness] on de Chair's report, particularly on Palestine; [Thomas] Leslie Rowan, Private Secretary to Churchill; Clementine Churchill; Sir Firoz Khan Noon [Defence Member, Government of India] on the political situation, particularly the dangers of pushing the Moslems into open opposition to the Government; John Martin, Private Secretary to Churchill; Edward Cobb on giving up his position as Parliamentary Private Secretary to LSA; [Alfred] Duff Cooper, Chancellor of Duchy of Lancaster [later 1st Lord Norwich]; Colin Coote, Daily Telegraph; Colin Thornley [Principal Private Secretary to Lord Cranborne]; Field Marshal Sir John Dill on a request from Chaim Weizmann [President of the World Zionist Organisation and Jewish Agency for Palestine] that Orde Wingate should organize Jewish Commandos in Palestine; Lord Cranborne [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 5th Lord Salisbury] on the suggestion that Duff Cooper should be sent to West Africa and propaganda to the United States on Empire affairs (2); Lionel Curtis (2); [Frances] Joan, Lady Davidson [later Joan, Baroness Northchurch] on Communist propaganda on India; Clement Davies; Margot, Lady Davson; Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of the British Joint Staff Mission to the United States] on the choice of a successor to General Wavell in India, the health of Orde Wingate and his own position as [Governor-Designate of Bombay]; Alan Don; Sir Patrick Duncan [Governor-General of South Africa], writing to Lionel Curtis on the political situation in South Africa, particularly the Nationalist Party and its leader, Daniel Malan, and the necessity of the British withdrawing from India after the war, and to LSA on withdrawing from India (2); Eric Dutton, commenting on India and shortcomings in Imperial administration and the free Romanian movement; [Robert] Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon] on subjects including a suggestion that a relief ship be sent from Greece to Ireland and the reconstruction of King Petar of Yugoslavia's Cabinet (10); Herbert Evatt; Peter Fraser, Prime Minister of New Zealand, assuring LSA that New Zealand would give any help they could with India's problems after the war; Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Freyberg [General Officer Commanding New Zealand Forces] commenting on the situation in the Middle East, particularly shortcomings in air power; J L Garvin on India's political resemblance to Ireland, and his view that Sir [Richard] Stafford Cripps had understood the Hindu side better than the Moslem [during his mission to the Indian Congress] and on his own resignation as [Editor of the Observer] (2); Professor Arthur Goodhart on a speech by LSA; General Sir Hubert Gough on his concerns about the naval and military position in the Far East, particularly defending the border between India and Burma [later Myanmar]; Felix de Grand’ Combe [Felix Boillot] (2); 1st Lord Greenwood; Sir Edward Grigg [later 1st Lord Altrincham]; Brigadier-General Percy Groves, Political Intelligence Department, Foreign Office, on the work of the Political Warfare Executive, the importance of troop-carrying gliders, post-war reconstruction of Europe and a paper by Count Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi on using aims for a new European order as a method of shortening the war (4); 1st Lord Hailey on the attitude of the Labour Party to the internationalization of colonies; Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on subjects including approaches to the Indian constitutional problem and the American view of India (3); 1st Lord Hankey on subjects including being dismissed from the position of [Paymaster-General] (2); Sir Alexander Hardinge [Private Secretary to King George VI] on awarding the George Cross to Malta; 4th Lord Harlech [British High Commissioner in South Africa, earlier William Ormsby-Gore] on the political situation in South Africa, particularly the lack of interest towards Basutoland [later Lesotho], Bechuanaland [later Botswana], and Swaziland, expansion in South African industry, the poor prospects for new immigrants and the reasons for failure of British administration in India; Alan Herbert, enclosing a verse on Mohandas Gandhi; Lord Hinchingbrooke [later 10th Lord Sandwich, then Victor Montagu] on broadcasting the proceedings of Parliament; Cardinal Arthur Hinsley, Archbishop of Westminster; Sir Samuel Hoare [British Ambassador to Spain, later 1st Lord Templewood] on the deadlock in India, the need for a victory on land and his feelings at staying in Spain (3); Jan Hofmeyr [South African Minister of Finance and of Education]; 1st Lord Iliffe; Richard Jebb on his view of the Indian Congress Party; Sir William Jowitt, Paymaster-General, on his committee of reconstruction problems and the importance of nutrition to India's future needs (2).

Also includes: memorandum by Sir Kingsley Wood, Chancellor of the Exchequer, on the wages situation and inflation; the originals of correspondence between LSA and Geoffrey Dawson [Editor of the Johannesburg Star, then Editor of the Times, earlier Geoffrey Robinson], 1906-41, on subjects including the South African political situation (1906-1910), a proposed Imperial press agency and Dawson's decision to leave South Africa (from 1918, copies exist elsewhere in AMEL 2/1); sequence of war sonnets by Sir Geoffrey Davson [later Sir Anthony Glyn]; paper by Arthur Goodhart on the political and constitutional implications of closer Anglo-American co-operation; paper on the Political Warfare Executive; article by Richard Jebb on Dominion status for India.

Dates

  • 1906-03 - 1942-12

Conditions Governing Access

The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.

Extent

3 file(s)

Language of Materials

English

Former / Other Reference

Box 163

Existence and Location of Copies

Copies of most of the LSA-Geoffrey Dawson correspondence from 1918 are arranged by year in the relevant files, AMEL 2/1/1-33.

Date information

DateText: The majority of folios date from 1942.

Finding aid date

2004-06-21 14:35:06.217000+00:00

Repository Details

Part of the Churchill Archives Centre Repository

Contact:
Churchill Archives Centre
Churchill College
Cambridge Cambridgeshire CB3 0DS United Kingdom
+44 (0)1223 336087

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.