Correspondence G - Z, 1941-01 - 1964-04
Scope and Contents
Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Hastings Ismay [Deputy Secretary (Military) to War Cabinet]; [Willoughby] Clive Garsia [Guy Cottar] on his book "Planning the War"; J L Garvin [Editor of the Observer] on subjects including LSA's tribute to 1st Lord Lloyd and Mahomed Jinnah [President of the All India Muslim League] (5); Admiral Sir William Goodenough; 1st Lord Greenwood; Francis Pember on LSA's tribute to Edward Grenfell [1st Lord St Just]; Sir Lloyd Griscom on subjects including opinion in the United States against Japan; Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on subjects including Indian representation in the United States, an Indian having responsibility for defence in India and American public opinion on the war (2); Sir Ian Hamilton; 2nd Lord Astor, Chairman of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, on a proposed survey of Commonwealth affairs by Professor [William] Keith Hancock; Professor Hancock; Lord Cranborne [Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, later 5th Lord Salisbury] on Canada's war effort; Richard Hanson, Canadian Leader of the Opposition, protesting about a speech by LSA praising Canada's war effort as belittling the Canadian contribution to the First World War; Sir Edward Harding [British High Commissioner for South Africa] on having to resign; 4th Lord Harlech [British High Commissioner for South Africa, earlier William Ormsby-Gore] on the situation in South Africa, including the lack of a successor for Jan Smuts as Prime Minister, neglect of Swaziland [later Eswatini] and the deadlock in Palestine; Wing Commander H Hemming (4); Sir Samuel Hoare [British Ambassador to Spain, later 1st Lord Templewood] on Spanish reaction to the collapse of Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia] and Britain's withdrawal from Egypt, the importance of keeping Spanish goodwill, Indian Liberals, LSA's administrative changes in India, a speech by General Francisco Franco [Head of Spanish State] in support of Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, Spanish reaction to German setbacks in the Soviet Union and discouraging reports from the Spanish division in the German army and Hoare's view that an invasion of Spain was now less likely (3); Henry Hodson [Reforms Commissioner, Government of India]; Sir Walter Monckton [Director-General of Ministry of Information, then Director-General of British Propaganda and Information Services at Cairo, Egypt] on propaganda in Iceland and his new job in Egypt (2); Enid, Lady Jones on LSA's offer to help Sir Roderick Jones; Henri de Kerillis on his dismay that John Amery was being interned as an enemy in France and his own powerlessness to help the Allied cause; R A Butler [Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs]; Sir John Latham [Minister for Australia to Japan] on the results of defending Crete for the Middle Eastern campaign, disappointment that the Allies could not do more to help the Soviet Union, or carry out large-scale bombing attacks, Japan's 'divine mission' to lead East Asia, particularly excluding all British and American influence, the impending attack on Thailand, justification for Japan's military actions, Japanese methods of dealing with dissent and unease at Japan's situation and fear of war with the United States; Richard Law [later 1st Lord Coleraine]; Edith, Lady Londonderry; 7th Lord Londonderry [earlier Lord Castlereagh]; Oliver Lyttelton, Minister of State [later 1st Lord Chandos] on his difficulties with the Free French and sending help to insurgents in Yugoslavia (2); [Henry] David Margesson, Secretary of State for War, on a proposed Information Centre in the Middle East for co-ordination of overt and covert propaganda, including copies of telegrams between the Commander-in-Chief Middle East [General Sir Archibald Wavell] and the War Office; Sir Edward Marsh; Sir Walter Massy-Greene on the Eastern Group Supply Council's demands on Australian wool manufacturers, the effect of a delay in licensing wool manufacture machinery, and concerns that this was a deliberate attempt by the Board of Trade to forestall Australian competition after the war (4); Sir Andrew Duncan [President of the Board of Trade] (3); Robert Menzies, Prime Minister of Australia (3); Violet, Lady Milner; 5th Lord Monteagle [earlier Charles Spring Rice]; John Moore-Brabazon [Minister of Aircraft Production, later 1st Lord Brabazon]; Sir [John] Henry Morris-Jones on the appointment of Sir Henry Craik as Political Adviser to the Viceroy of India; 1st Lord Moyne [Secretary of State for the Colonies, earlier Walter Guinness] on LSA's suggestion that Arab tribesmen could be recruited for the army; Sir John Murray, senior director of John Murray, publishers (2); Flora MacLeod of MacLeod [earlier Flora Walter]; Sir Firoz Khan Noon, High Commissioner for India in London, on subjects including LSA's hope that India and Pakistan would not split (3); [Arthur] George Peel; Leonard Elmhirst, Chairman of Political and Economic Planning (PEP); Annie, Lady Plumer (2); Margaret Purvis on LSA's tribute to Arthur Purvis; [?] Quo Tai-chi [Chinese Ambassador to Britain]; Catherine Radcliffe; [Frederick] Nugent Hicks, Bishop of Lincoln on the case of Nathaniel Railton (3); Sir [John] Gilbert Laithwaite, Secretary to the Governor-General of India, on correspondence between Jawaharlal Nehru and Eleanor Rathbone; Aileen, 2nd Countess Roberts; Sir Archibald Sinclair, Secretary of State for Air [later 1st Lord Thurso] on subjects including the air services between Australia and South Africa, Palestine and Singapore and the effects of bombing on morale (4); Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] on subjects including the general war situation, splits in the Nationalist Afrikaner Party following the retirement of James Hertzog, Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, economic negotiations with the United States, particularly the Most Favoured Nation clause, Palestine and concerns that Winston Churchill [Prime Minister] might be overtaxing himself (4); J Alfred Spender; Sir Bertram Stevens, Australian Representative, Empire Eastern Group Supply Council (2); Ethel, Lady Stonehaven on the death of 1st Lord Stonehaven [earlier John Baird]; Myron Taylor (2); Sir Orme Sargent, Foreign Office, on reasons for avoiding a declaration of policy on Albania, or on any other Balkan country and on Myron Taylor's questions about British policy on removing Hitler, the difference between Nazism and Hitlerism and restoring the independence of countries overrun by the Axis Powers (3); Marshal of the RAF Sir Arthur Tedder, Air Officer Commanding in Chief, RAF, Middle East, on Yugoslav officers serving in Trans-Jordan [later Jordan]; Viorel Tilea; [Hubert] Gladwyn Jebb, Ministry of Economic Warfare (2); Marshal of the RAF 1st Lord Trenchard; Sir Samuel Turner, Director of Turner and Newall Limited on distributing a booklet, "The British Commonwealth" (2); Air Vice-Marshal [Alfred] Guy Garrod [Air Member for Training on Air Council] on restrictions on gliding and distribution of "The British Commonwealth" among air training units (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Churchill] (2); Sir John Wardlaw-Milne [Chairman of the Conservative India Committee and House of Commons Select Committee on National Expenditure] on his concerns about the deadlock between Hindus and Moslems over political progress in India, suggesting that ministers should be responsible to the Governor-General rather than the Indian Parliament and problems with awarding competitive contracts (2); Sir Fabian Ware on subjects including bombs falling close to LSA's house (2); General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, India, on taking up his new command, particularly the lack of an air force, Russian fears of attack on the Caucasus, shortage of tanks and the pay of Indian officers serving overseas (2); Josiah Wedgwood (3); Vi Wellington Koo [Chinese Ambassador to Britain] on his pride that China and Britain were now allies; John Winant [American Ambassador to Britain] (2); John Wolfenden [Director of Pre-Entry Training, Air Ministry]; Herbert Wood [Professor of Theology, University of Birmingham]; Sir Kingsley Wood, Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Also includes: memorandum by Wing Commander H Hemming, Managing Director of the Aircraft Operating Company Limited on the air survey work done by his company for the RAF Photographic Reconnaissance Unit; translation of article from the Japanese paper Yomiuri on rumours of hostile Allied policy towards East Asia and cutting from the Japan Times on the influence of Europe, particularly Britain, in the East; extracts of letters from LSA to Lord Castlereagh on his views about Hitler and the sense in leaving him to invade the Soviet Union, and the British Government's failure to be frank with Germany in the past (c 1936); a letter from John Connell to Julian Amery on using a letter from LSA on the opportunities open to Wavell's Desert Force in his biography of Wavell.
- 1941-01 - 1964-04
Conditions Governing Access
The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
Language of Materials
Former / Other Reference
DateText: The majority of folios date from 1941.
Finding aid date