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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Apr 1938 - 31 May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/329

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: [Henry] Wickham Steed on subjects including Germany's campaign against Czechoslovakia, alleged tensions between the German Army and Nazi Party, and a speech by Baron Richard von Kuhlmann on Germany's economic position (2); Lieutenant-Colonel Daniel Sandford [former British Consul in Addis Ababa, Abyssinia, later Ethiopia] on subjects including the position of Haile Selassie, Emperor of Abyssinia, on the Anglo-Italian negotiations on Abyssinia (4); Katharine, Duchess of Atholl on German fortifications in Spain and Spanish Morocco, the chances of the Republicans defeating General Franco and the shortage of Republican aircraft and artillery; Sir Frederick Lugard on Abyssinia, Daniel Sandford and Sir Sidney Barton [former Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Abyssinia] (2); Herbert Swope; Harold Caccia [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary]; "Louis" [Edward Spears] on subjects including visiting Prague [Czechoslovakia] with WSC (2); Bernard Freyberg; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] on subjects including Britain's pact with Italy over Abyssinia, the ambitions of Benito Mussolini, keeping himself out of the debate on Italy, the Italian presence in Spain, and broadcasting a speech (23 April) (3); Edouard Daladier, Prime Minister of France, thanking WSC for his good wishes on his premiership, and on his own wish for closer ties between France and Britain; Philip Guedalla on his tour of the United States [for the Focus in Defence of Freedom and Peace], the pro-British attitude of the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, before Britain's negotiations with Italy, and the British failure to respond to American initiatives; Paul Maze; Bernard Baruch on subjects including difficulties with both the British and American armaments programmes (2); Brigadier-General Sir Henry Page Croft on [the ceding of British rights in Irish naval bases]; Sir Abe Bailey on subjects including WSC's intention of selling Chartwell [Kent] and Hitler's achievements (2); Sir John Simon [Chancellor of the Exchequer]; 5th Lord Caledon [earlier Lord Alexander]; Herbert Fisher; [John] Sandeman Allen [Chairman, British Group of the Inter-Parliamentary Union], asking WSC to be president of the group (3); Leslie Hore-Belisha, Secretary of State for War (2); Malcolm Christie on WSC's meeting with Conrad Henlein [Sudeten Nationalist Leader]; Roy Harrod; Lady Violet Bonham Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet, Lady Bonham Carter, later Lady Asquith of Yarnbury] on subjects including forming an economic bloc against Germany (2); Sir Hugh Tudor (2); Sir [Robert] Geoffrey Ellis; Richard Acland on the need for a National Government; James Watts on the need for a National Government; Ronald Bell; John Courtauld; Colonel George Turner [former Superintendent, Design Department, Royal Arsenal] on the reduction of the Air Force after the First World War; John Gretton; James de Rothschild on the employment of Jews in Germany before Hitler; Ghanshyam Birla on a visit by Sir Nripendra Sircar.Other subjects include: WSC's wish for detailed military arrangements with France; press backing for the Anglo-Italian pact over Abyssinia and the results of the pact; increasing German influence in Eastern Europe; Spanish refugees; WSC's speeches, including requests for him to give speeches; the Air debate (May 1938); WSC's views on the reduction of the Air Force after the First World War.Also includes: note by F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] on the meeting between WSC, Conrad Henlein, Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso], Malcolm Christie and himself on the position of the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia, and their relations with Germany and the Soviet Union; extract from a speech by Field Marshal Hermann Goering [German Minister for Air] in Vienna, on Austria as a link between Germany and Italy, and the Italian Empire as a bridge to Africa; extract from the New York Times with an article by James Garvin [Editor, the Observer] on the spirit of Hitlerism; memorandum by Sir Frederick Lugard with a suggestion for settling negotiations over Abyssinia; notes and copies of correspondence by WSC and William Deakin and Violet Pearman, Kathleen Hill and Millicent Broomhead [Secretaries to WSC] to individuals listed above and also to others including Sir Eric Phipps [British Ambassador to France], Robert Boothby, Leo Amery, Pierre Cot [? French Minister for Air], Sir Archibald Sinclair, Joseph Kennedy [United States Ambassador to Britain], Sir John Reith [Director-General, BBC], Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] and Lord Halifax [Foreign Secretary, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin].


  • 01 Apr 1938 - 31 May 1938

Conditions Governing Access



1 file(s) (1 bound file (157 folios))

Language of Materials


The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.