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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Apr 1938 - 31 May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/329

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: [Henry] Wickham Steed on subjects including Germany's campaign against Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia], alleged tensions between the German Army and Nazi Party, and a speech by Baron Richard von Kuhlmann on Germany's economic position (2); Lieutenant-Colonel Daniel Sandford [former British Consul in Addis Ababa, Abyssinia, later Ethiopia] on subjects including the position of Haile Selassie, Emperor of Abyssinia, on the Anglo-Italian negotiations on Abyssinia (4); Katharine, Duchess of Atholl on German fortifications in Spain and Spanish Morocco, the chances of the Republicans defeating General Franco and the shortage of Republican aircraft and artillery; Sir Frederick Lugard on Abyssinia, Daniel Sandford and Sir Sidney Barton [former Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Abyssinia] (2); Herbert Swope; Harold Caccia [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary]; "Louis" [Edward Spears] on subjects including visiting Prague [Czechoslovakia] with WSC (2); Bernard Freyberg; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] on subjects including Britain's pact with Italy over Abyssinia, the ambitions of Benito Mussolini, keeping himself out of the debate on Italy, the Italian presence in Spain, and broadcasting a speech (23 April) (3); Edouard Daladier, Prime Minister of France, thanking WSC for his good wishes on his premiership, and on his own wish for closer ties between France and Britain; Philip Guedalla on his tour of the United States [for the Focus in Defence of Freedom and Peace], the pro-British attitude of the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, before Britain's negotiations with Italy, and the British failure to respond to American initiatives; Paul Maze; Bernard Baruch on subjects including difficulties with both the British and American armaments programmes (2); Brigadier-General Sir Henry Page Croft on [the ceding of British rights in Irish naval bases]; Sir Abe Bailey on subjects including WSC's intention of selling Chartwell [Kent] and Hitler's achievements (2); Sir John Simon [Chancellor of the Exchequer]; 5th Lord Caledon [earlier Lord Alexander]; Herbert Fisher; [John] Sandeman Allen [Chairman, British Group of the Inter-Parliamentary Union], asking WSC to be president of the group (3); Leslie Hore-Belisha, Secretary of State for War (2); Malcolm Christie on WSC's meeting with Conrad Henlein [Sudeten Nationalist Leader]; Roy Harrod; Lady Violet Bonham Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet, Lady Bonham Carter, later Lady Asquith of Yarnbury] on subjects including forming an economic bloc against Germany (2); Sir Hugh Tudor (2); Sir [Robert] Geoffrey Ellis; Richard Acland on the need for a National Government; James Watts on the need for a National Government; Ronald Bell; John Courtauld; Colonel George Turner [former Superintendent, Design Department, Royal Arsenal] on the reduction of the Air Force after the First World War; John Gretton; James de Rothschild on the employment of Jews in Germany before Hitler; Ghanshyam Birla on a visit by Sir Nripendra Sircar.Other subjects include: WSC's wish for detailed military arrangements with France; press backing for the Anglo-Italian pact over Abyssinia and the results of the pact; increasing German influence in Eastern Europe; Spanish refugees; WSC's speeches, including requests for him to give speeches; the Air debate (May 1938); WSC's views on the reduction of the Air Force after the First World War.Also includes: note by F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] on the meeting between WSC, Conrad Henlein, Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso], Malcolm Christie and himself on the position of the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia, and their relations with Germany and the Soviet Union; extract from a speech by Field Marshal Hermann Goering [German Minister for Air] in Vienna, on Austria as a link between Germany and Italy, and the Italian Empire as a bridge to Africa; extract from the New York Times with an article by James Garvin [Editor, the Observer] on the spirit of Hitlerism; memorandum by Sir Frederick Lugard with a suggestion for settling negotiations over Abyssinia; notes and copies of correspondence by WSC and William Deakin and Violet Pearman, Kathleen Hill and Millicent Broomhead [Secretaries to WSC] to individuals listed above and also to others including Sir Eric Phipps [British Ambassador to France], Robert Boothby, Leo Amery, Pierre Cot [? French Minister for Air], Sir Archibald Sinclair, Joseph Kennedy [United States Ambassador to Britain], Sir John Reith [Director-General, BBC], Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] and Lord Halifax [Foreign Secretary, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin].


  • Creation: 01 Apr 1938 - 31 May 1938

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