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John Malcolm Forbes Ludlow: Papers

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.7348

Scope and Contents

Papers of John Ludlow and of the Ludlow, Liot and Des Graz families. Ludlow's correspondence includes bundles of letters from Thomas Hughes, author of Tom Brown's Schooldays, 1850-1896; Charles Kingsley and his wife, 1848-1868, with Ludlow's letters to them until 1855; Norman Macleod, editor of Good Words, 1860-1871; Charles Blachford Mansfield, chemist, 1848-1854; and Frederick Denison Maurice, theologian, 1847-1871, with Ludlow's replies from 1852. Other correspondents, represented by a smaller numbers of letters, include John Llewelyn Davies, theologian (7 letters); William Edward Forster, statesman (20); James Anthony Froude, historian (6); Elizabeth Gaskell (14); Lord Goderich, Marquis of Ripon (11); Richard Holt Hutton of the Spectator (8); Alexander Macmillan, publisher (26); John Stuart Mill (5); Sir Stafford Northcote, Lord Iddesleigh (5); E.H. Plumptre, Dean of Wells (6); and N. Story-Maskelyne, mineralogist (4). The collection also includes Ludlow's unpublished autobiography. This contains a large amount of information for the first half of Ludlow's life, and in particular on the Christian Socialist period. There is less material for after the 1850s, and only an appendix for his seventeen years at the Registry of Friendly Societies. Additional material relating to Ludlow includes periodicals containing his articles and biographical and obituary notices about him; poems, including a batch of his poems submitted to Charles Kingsley for criticism; transcripts of German and English poems written in a fellow student's lecture notebook; material collected for an annotated edition of the memoirs of Edmund Ludlow, the seventeenth-century regicide, to whom he was related; Ludlow's diary in French, 1838-40 and 1840-1845; and photographs of him. Other members of Ludlow's family are represented in the collection. There is correspondence and other papers of Ludlow's father Colonel John Ludlow, including a series of letters while on campaign in the Gurkha War, 1814-1815, and in Central India, 1818-1819, written to his wife. There are also papers relating to the British India Society, founded by John Malcom Ludlow's uncle, Frank Brown, and a series of letters from Brown to Ludlow, including information on local affairs in India. The diaries of Ludlow's sisters, Eliza F. Ludlow (1825-1832) and Maria E.S. Ludlow (Mrs. Liot) (1828-1831) are also included, as are letters to his cousin, Lieutenant-Colonel E.H. Ludlow (d.1850) from various writers, with other papers, 1849-1850. The collection also includes Ludlow's correspondence with other members of his family. The Liot and Des Graz families are also represented in the collection. There are letters and papers of Charles Liot, Ludlow's brother-in-law, and of his family. The papers of Louis Des Graz include a file relating to a scheme for improving the harbour at Marseilles in the 1830s, drafts of articles and poems, correspondence, and papers connected with his literary works. There are also papers relating to Des Graz's sons, including Edouard Des Graz's correspondence and papers, 1837-1850, and the letters of César Des Graz, including some from his time as secretary to the French navigator Dumont D'Urville on the latter's last voyage around the world in the Astrolabe, 1837-1840. Maurice Des Graz's correspondence is included, as are the papers of Sir Charles Des Graz, including a copy of a diary running from the beginning of 1914 to the middle of 1916. Ludlow's letters to and from members of the two families can also be found in the collection.


  • Creation: 1750-1925 (Circa)


Conditions Governing Access

Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (


3 archive box(es) (3 boxes)

Language of Materials



Much of the collection came to the Library in a state of some confusion. This is due partly to Sir Charles L. Des Graz, who went through the papers in pursuit of his ancestors. John Malcom Ludlow is also known to have gone through his own papers in old age and destroyed much of the material, which probably accounts for the lack of his correspondence after 1874. In the sorting and listing of the collection, the two parts of the collection were treated as a whole. Original bundles were retained where these could be recognised, but a good deal of rearrangement was unavoidable.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Presented to Cambridge University Library by C.G.M. Des Graz, 1953

Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm available


Ludlow's biography by N.C. Masterman, J.M. Ludlow: The Builder of Christian Socialism (1963), is based partly on these papers, which had not, however, been fully sorted when Masterman wrote his work.
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Cambridge University Library Repository

Cambridge University Library
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Cambridge CB3 9DR United Kingdom