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South African papers of Killie Campbell

Reference Code: GBR/0115/RCS/RCMS 333

Scope and Contents

Papers gathered by Killie Campbell relating to the issue of race relations between the two world wars, under the nomenclature of the time referred to as the 'native question' or the 'colour question'. Includes draft and published articles, memoranda, minutes of meetings, newscuttings, notes and reports. The topics covered include government legislation, complaints from the townships, and issues to do with employment, including industry and forced labour, and the place of women. Some material relates to the Johannesburg Joint Council, an inter-racial joint council and early precursor of the South African Institute of Race Relations (established in 1929), whose aim was to discuss racial matters and to promote good working relationships between South Africa's peoples. It is not known if Killie Campbell participated in the work of the joint council or merely collected the papers as part of her wider collecting efforts to document South African history. There are some brief annotations and notes in pencil which are thought to be in the hand of Killie Campbell.


  • Creation: 1919 - 1941


Conditions Governing Access

Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (

Biographical / Historical

Margaret Roach Campbell, known as Killie (1881-1965), was born at Mount Edgecombe, the daughter of Sir Marshall Campbell. She attended St Anne's Diocesan College, Hilton, Natal, and St Leonards School in Scotland. Killie Campbell was an avid collector who built up a large library of material relating to the history of Southern Africa, particularly Natal and Zululand (now KwaZulu Natal). She was the first female member of the Historical Manuscripts Commission, and received honorary degrees from the University of Natal and the University of Witwatersrand. After her death her Africana Library of books, letters, manuscripts, maps, photographs and government publications was bequeathed to the University of Natal.


1 archive box(es) (1 box) : paper

Language of Materials



Sotho, Southern

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Presented to the Royal Empire Society by Killie Campbell in 1950.

Related Materials

The R.C.S. Manuscripts Collection includes 'Reminiscences of General Louis Botha', a typescript produced on the instance of Killie Campbell, RCMS 207. The R.C.S. Photograph Collection includes an album of photographs taken by Killie Campbell and others, Y305O, presented by her in 1950.


This collection level description was created by RAS.

2004-03-25 11:25:03+00:00
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Cambridge University Library Repository

Cambridge University Library
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Cambridge CB3 9DR United Kingdom