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Kling women, Alma Estate, P[rovince ?] Wellesley, 1881 - 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0115/RCS/BAM 2/41

Scope and Contents

237 x 183 mm. A carefully posed study of five Kling women grouped in front of the whitewashed wall of a European house. The Klings (the term has since the turn of the century been considered highly deregoratory) were the Tamil immigrants who formed the lowest classes of labour. The women in this picture wear saris and the characteristic toe and nose rings. The Alma Estate, situated some seven miles from Prye, originally consisted of some 500 acres planted out by a Mr Wilson during the Crimean War. It was acquired by Leopold and Emile Chasseriau during the 1890s and by 108 comprised 3000 acres containing 800 acres under tapioca, 60,000 rubber trees and 30,000 coconut trees. The largest proportion of the workforce at this period was Tamil.


  • Creation: 1881 - 1920


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From the Fonds:

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Language of Materials


Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Fair condition, slight overall yellowing and pencil line across bottom portion of print.


A detailed history of the Alma Estate is available in Cartwright, H.A. and Wright, Arnold (eds) (1908). Twentieth Century impressions of British Malaya: its history, people, commerce, industries and resources. London : Lloyd's Greater Britain Publishing Co., p. 369-373. This photograph was used in Swettenham, Sir, Frank (1907), British Malaya an account of the origin and progress of British influence in Malaya, London : John Lane, The Bodley Head.


PJ. Additional title information supplied by PJ.

Date information

DateText: The date is approximate..


Wray, Leonard, 1852-1942

Finding aid date

2002-05-25 09:52:33+00:00

Includes index.

Repository Details

Part of the Cambridge University Library Repository

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