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Newton, Sir Isaac, 1642-1727 (Knight, natural philosopher and mathematician)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1642 - 1727

Biography

Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was born at Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, on 25 December 1642. He attended Grantham Grammar School, 1654-1656, before matriculating at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1661 (B.A., 1665), where he became a Fellow in 1667. In 1669 he was appointed Lucasian Professor at the university. Newton was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1672, and served as its President, 1703-1727. He was M.P. for Cambridge University, 1689 and 1701-1702. Newton's work on optics was published in 1704, and his research on the laws of motion appeared in his Principia, published in 1687. His other work included theological writings and the use of astronomy to try to amend ancient chronology. He was knighted in 1705, and died at Kensington, London, on 20 March 1727.

Found in 427 Collections and/or Records:

 Fonds

A book containing the commencement of a work on Hydrostatics, the greater part consisting of a dissertation partly metaphysical, partly theistic, on the constitution of matter, motion, the Cartesian philosophy etc., c 1670

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.4003
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The Portsmouth Collection is the principal collection of Isaac Newton's scientific and mathematical papers, including early drafts of the Principia, and his correspondence with Oldenburg, Halley Flamsteed and many of the other most prominent scientists of his day.

Dates: c 1670
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 File

A draft of parts of Principia Prop. XXXV - XXXVI, 1685

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3965.10: 134
Scope and Contents

A revise of f.106, virtually identical with the version published in the first edition of Principia.

Dates: 1685
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A few MS leaves, containing Compendium Trigonometriae, c 1700

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3959.5: 33-44
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Fonds:

Notes and papers regarding algebra and trigonometry.

Dates: c 1700
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A fragment in which fluxions are employed in finding the Centripetal force in an Orbit, 1690

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3965:2
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Fonds:

Early drafts of the Principia and related notes; additions, corrections and revisions to the Principia. This is the 'general' category: papers relating specifically to lunar theory or containing mathematical problems are classified separately.

Dates: 1690
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 File

A fragment in which Fluxions are employed in finding the Centripetal force in an Orbit, c 1690

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3965.2: 5-6
Scope and Contents

Continued on Add. 3965.2: 4v.

Dates: c 1690
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A Fragment on Porisms, c 1665-c 1727

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3963.3: 13-26, 29-39
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The Portsmouth Collection is the principal collection of Isaac Newton's scientific and mathematical papers, including early drafts of the Principia, and his correspondence with Oldenburg, Halley Flamsteed and many of the other most prominent scientists of his day.

Dates: c 1665-c 1727
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A Fragment On the Quadrature of Curves, c 1700-c 1706

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3962.2: 29-46
Scope and Contents

f.39 should go after f.54. ff.45-46 Draft of the Demonstratio on p.14 of the printed text

Dates: c 1700-c 1706
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A Fragment On the Quadrature of Curves, c 1700-c 1706

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3962.4: 60-67
Scope and Contents

ff.62-63 - late draft of propositions 1-2

Dates: c 1700-c 1706
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A Fragment On the Quadrature of Curves whose Equations Consist of Only Three Terms, c 1700-c 1706

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3962:6: 70-77
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Fonds:

Miscellaneous drafts, notes and fragments regarding 'The Quadrature of Curves' (published 1706).

Dates: c 1700-c 1706
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A fragment relating to the Comarison of Curved Superficies, c 1665-c 1727

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3963.16: 184-185
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The Portsmouth Collection is the principal collection of Isaac Newton's scientific and mathematical papers, including early drafts of the Principia, and his correspondence with Oldenburg, Halley Flamsteed and many of the other most prominent scientists of his day.

Dates: c 1665-c 1727
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A Fragment that goes with Add.3960.11: 193/195, c 1665-c 1700

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3960.9: 161-164
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Fonds:

Papers on infinite series, curves and fluxions, in the hands of Newton and two others.

Dates: c 1665-c 1700
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 File

A Humphrey Newton transcription of an amended version of "De motu corporum", c December 1684

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3965.7: 40-54
Scope and Contents

Humphrey Newton's transcription of Newton's corrected primary autograph (Add. 3965.7: 55-62) amplified by an augmented set of introductory 'Definitions' and by new 'scholia' to Theorum 4 and Problem 5 and further altered and slightly amended by Newton's own hand. According to Whiteside, "By and large these latter changes convert the present text into corresponding portions of [Add. 3965.5]."

Dates: c December 1684
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A List of Propositions in the Lunar Theory, c 1700

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3966.8: 54-58
Scope and Contents

Prepared for a 2nd Edition of the Principia but not used.

Dates: c 1700
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 File

A near final draft of parts of Principia Prop. XXXV - XXXVI, c 1685-c 1700

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3965.10: 106-107
Scope and Contents

3965.10: 134 represents a final revision of this manuscript and is virtually identical to the printed version (I.B. Cohen, Introduction to Newton's Principia (Cambridge, 1971,) p.107.)

Dates: c 1685-c 1700
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A Note On the Quadrature of Curves, c 1700-c 1706

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3962.5: 68-69
Scope and Contents

Intended as a Supplement to Principia Book I, Section 10.

Dates: c 1700-c 1706
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 File

A portion of the first major revision of "De Motu Corporum.", Early 1685

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3965.5: 21-22
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Fonds:

Early drafts of the Principia and related notes; additions, corrections and revisions to the Principia. This is the 'general' category: papers relating specifically to lunar theory or containing mathematical problems are classified separately.

Dates: Early 1685
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 File

A revised version 'De quadratura curvarum', c April 1712

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.9597/2/9
Scope and Contents From the Series:

Primarily Newton autographs and letters to Newton.

Dates: c April 1712
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Please enquire at the Manuscripts Reading Room desk if you would like to view items from the Macclesfield Collection.
 Series

A Scheme for Establishing the Royal Society, c 1665-c 1727

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.4005.2: 1-8
Scope and Contents

Seven drafts.

Dates: c 1665-c 1727
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A Scheme of Mathematical Learning Proposed for Mr Stone's Foundation at Christ's Hospital, c 1665-c 1727

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.4005.19: 85-90
Scope and Contents

Several drafts.

Dates: c 1665-c 1727
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Item

A short chronicle from the first memory of things in Europe to the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, 1727

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3988
Scope and Contents

? A note on f.1r reads: "This is the original manuscript from which Sr Isaac Newton's Chronology was printed in 1727. & belongs to John Conduitt."

Dates: 1727
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

A small fragment (early) of the Principia, 1685

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3965:4
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Fonds:

Early drafts of the Principia and related notes; additions, corrections and revisions to the Principia. This is the 'general' category: papers relating specifically to lunar theory or containing mathematical problems are classified separately.

Dates: 1685
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 File

A stage in the revision of Principia Book I, c 1692

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3965.17: 635-636bis
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Fonds:

Early drafts of the Principia and related notes; additions, corrections and revisions to the Principia. This is the 'general' category: papers relating specifically to lunar theory or containing mathematical problems are classified separately.

Dates: c 1692
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 File

'A Table of the fixed Starrs of the yeare 1671' and other astronomical notes, c 1665-c 1672

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3958.2: 38-44
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The Portsmouth Collection is the principal collection of Isaac Newton's scientific and mathematical papers, including early drafts of the Principia, and his correspondence with Oldenburg, Halley Flamsteed and many of the other most prominent scientists of his day.

Dates: c 1665-c 1672
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

'Ad Lectorem' prefixed to the second edition of the Commercium epistolicum, c 1710-c 1720

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3968.21: 312-332
Scope and Contents

Several drafts.

Dates: c 1710-c 1720
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.
 Series

Additions and Corrections to 1st Edition of the Principia, c 1688-c 1712

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.3965:12
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Fonds:

Early drafts of the Principia and related notes; additions, corrections and revisions to the Principia. This is the 'general' category: papers relating specifically to lunar theory or containing mathematical problems are classified separately.

Dates: c 1688-c 1712
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: Due to the fragile nature of the material access to the collection is restricted. It is available to view in the Cambridge University Digital Library at https://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1 with the exception of MS.Add.4007, which is open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.

Additional filters:

Type
Archival Object 418
Collection 9
 
Subject
Mathematics 34
Calculus 15
Astronomy 6
Education 5
Geometry 5

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