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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 122 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Personal: Family: biographical material and information file., 1891 - 1953

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/38A-B
Scope and Contents Includes details of WSC's filing system, broadcasts, speeches, favourite songs, agricultural patronage, books, orders and decorations, honorary degrees, fellowships, freedoms, medals, ministerial appointments, service titles, degrees offered but not yet received, parliamentary seats, paintings exhibited at the Royal Academy [London], and annual subscriptions; copies of various items by WSC including a letter to the Times under the pseudonym "Scorpio" on prayers for rain, and a lecture...
Dates: 1891 - 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: South Africa: Correspondence., 1900

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/26
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include Joseph Cheetham; Joseph Chamberlain; Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson; Captain Percy Scott; Colonel Neville Chamberlain.File also includes WSC's certificate of service with the South African Light Horse, Jan-Mar 1900, signed by Lt-Colonel Julian Byng [later Lord Byng of Vimy].

Dates: 1900
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, K-Z., Sep 1948 - Feb 1949

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/47
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Frederick Mummery, Honorary Secretary and Agent, Woodford Conservative Association (9); H J Backwell, Deputy Regional Petroleum Officer, Ministry of Fuel and Power (9); [Arthur] Halls, Private Secretary [to the President of] the Board of Trade; [Christopher] Fogarty [Assistant Principal] HM Treasury; [Derek] Stephen [Assistant Principal] War Office (2); Herbert Truelove, Honorary Secretary, Chigwell [Essex] Urban District Chamber of Commerce (6); Reginald Maudling of...
Dates: Sep 1948 - Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 173-6 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about a potentially living individual until 1 January 2024.
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, A-B. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Oct 1940 - Dec 1943

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/471A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] (2) commenting on a book on WSC from the Alliance Press and a special edition of the Cuban paper Avance; Sir John Hammerton of Amalgamated Press Limited (2) sending a book "Other things than war" and an encyclopaedia of the war; [Guy] Millard of the Foreign Office sending on an Arabic translation of the Gospel of St Matthew; Brigadier-General Cecil Aspinall-Oglander sending a "Victory" potato;...
Dates: Oct 1940 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, C-D. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Nov 1941 - Dec 1943

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/472A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [2nd] Lord Chaplin sending brandy; Sylvia Checkley sending birthday wishes and flowers (5); [1st] Lord Davidson on an appeal fund for Wilson Carlisle, founder of the Church Army (2); Major-General [Charles] Constantine on meeting WSC and receiving a signed photograph from him; Captain A M Dick requesting an autographed photograph (4); [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] and [James] Drawbell on Drawbell's book "All Change Here"....
Dates: Nov 1941 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, K-Y., May 1941 - Nov 1942

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/449
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Harold] Clifford Smith on the gift of a damask napkin with pictures of [1st] Duke of Marlborough's victories; [3rd] Lord Rothschild [of MI5] on testing honey; [Ben] Russell of Cunard White Star Limited on seeds from the United States (2); [?John] Wood [WSC's accountant] on an old friend whose son is a POW. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from CSC and her secretary [Grace] Hamblin, WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and [Elizabeth] Layton, and [Prime...
Dates: May 1941 - Nov 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, N-Q., Feb 1942 - Dec 1943

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/476
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Leslie] Bradley [Director] of the Imperial War Museum, Eleanor Emery [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for the Dominions], UK High Commissioner in New Zealand Sir Harry Batterbee (4), [Saville] Garner [Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for the Dominions] (3), [William] Jordan, High Commissioner for New Zealand in London, and [Clement] Attlee [Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs] on an inkstand presented to WSC by the New Zealand...
Dates: Feb 1942 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, R., Jan 1943 - Dec 1943

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/477
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Betram Rumble, Honorary Secretary of the Air Force Benevolent Fund on obtaining WSC's signature (2). Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and "E S L" [Elizabeth Layton], [Prime Minister's Private Secretaries, Edith] Watson and "J M M" [John Martin], CSC and [her secretary] "G H" [Grace Hamblin], and "C R T" [Charles Thompson, Personal Assistant to WSC].Other subjects include: various gifts and items sent or offered to...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, S., Dec 1942 - Dec 1943

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/478
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys sending on a pamphlet by [General Sir Bernard] Montgomery; Archdeacon of Quebec [Canada, Frederick] Scott sending copies of poems (2); Gladys Storey on her Bovril Fund; Lisa Sheridan, photographer, on taking photographs of WSC (5). Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and "E S L" [Elizabeth Layton], [Prime Minister's Private Secretaries] Leslie Rowan, Francis [Brown], [Edith] Watson, and "J H P" [John...
Dates: Dec 1942 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1942 - Dec 1943

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/479A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Guy] Millard of the Foreign Office (2) and [Philip] Mitchell, Managing Director, Royal Mail House, (3) on gifts to WSC of an atlas of Poland and a statuette from the Ukrainian Democratic Colony of Sao Paolo [Brazil]; [6th] Lord Clarendon [earlier Lord Hyde], Chairman Revenue Committee, Toc H (2) requesting WSC's patronage for an event and inviting him to a luncheon; Reverend [James] Tomlin on publishing an anecdote about WSC at school; [John] Perowne of the Foreign...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Gifts K-Z:., Sep 1948 - Apr 1949

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/379
Scope and Contents Correspondents (on gifts to WSC) include: Samuel Kaplan, on gift of cigars and whisky; A E King, on copy of letter from Sergeant-Major A Brockie to his parents on WSC's escape from the Boers in 1899; Fred Lipmann, enclosing photographs of WSC, "Rufus" the poodle and the garden at Chartwell; Evelyn Waugh, on gift of cigars from Henry Luce; Reginald Maudling on gift of Armagnac; John Beasley, Australian High Commissoner, London, on gift of lambswool covered book from the Mayor of Melbourne, on...
Dates: Sep 1948 - Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Greetings: Birthday greetings, 1899 - 1960

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/491A-F
Scope and Contents Correspondents (concerning birthday greetings and good wishes following his fall) include: Joyce Hall; Winston Guest; Keith Holyoake, Prime Minister of New Zealand; John Peck; John Wilson [later 2nd Lord Moran]; Sir Albert Richardson, former President of the Royal Academy; Herbert Haseltine; Henry Laughlin; Maria Callas; Esmond [2nd Lord] Rothermere [earlier Esmond Harmsworth]; [Sir Alfred] Chester Beatty; Averell Harriman; Sir Hugh Tudor; Elizabeth Gilliatt; Sir [Edward] Spears; [1st Lord]...
Dates: 1899 - 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Greetings: Birthday greetings: various bodies and acquaintances, and associated correspondence, 1894 - 1955

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/471A-G
Scope and Contents Correspondents (concerning birthday greetings to WSC) include: Archibald Ballantyne, Secretary of the Royal Aeronautical Society; Margaret, Lady Ebbisham, President of the Ladies' Imperial Chapter of the Primrose League; Tom O'Brien, M P for Nottingham; Una, Lady O'Dwyer; Sir Charles Petrie, Chairman of the 1900 Club; Harold Glanville; Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Thomas Moore, Master of the Needlemakers' Livery; [7th Lord] Nelson; William Nunn; Bryce Nairn; "Harry" [1st] Lord McGowan; Sir Desmond...
Dates: 1894 - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D., Jan 1941 - Dec 1941

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/417
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [4th] Lord Camden [John Pratt] on rationing on the Riviera, France; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry] (2); [Arnold] Heeney, Clerk of the Privy Council, Canada, on the Privy Council oath; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] and "B B" [Brendan Bracken, Prime Minister's Parliamentary Private Secretary] on the death of Ronald Cartland; Freda, Marquesa de Casa Maury [earlier Freda Dudley Ward], on a "health-giving lamp" and the Feathers Club (2); Robert...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence M - Q., 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/153A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Mabane [Director, Kemsley Newspapers] asking if WSC could contribute to the Sunday Chronicle on United Europe and fears of a Socialist State; Marjorie Madan on publishing quotations from WSC (4); Stuart Mais on dedicating a book to WSC; 1st Lord Margesson; Louis Marin, member, French National Assembly; Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (4); Douglas Marshall, MP for Bodmin [Cornwall] conveying greetings from his constituency; John Martin [former Private...
Dates: 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: various papers. [most date from 1943]., Jan 1939 - Dec 1943

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/462
Scope and Contents Includes: cutting from the Daily Telegraph on a broadcast by President [Franklin] Roosevelt on ?13 February 1943 on matters including the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers and the situation in North Africa; list of members of the Other Club; copies of poem by [Arthur] Weber-Brown on WSC and Roosevelt; extract from a lecture given by WSC to the Royal United Services Institution on 17 April 1901 on the war in South Africa; cutting from the St Louis Post-Dispatch [United States] on the...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States (January - March 1946) E - G., May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/226
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: General Ira Eaker, Deputy Commander, United States Army Air Forces (2); Dwight Eisenhower on subjects including the death of Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to Franklin Roosevelt], and histories of the Second World War (5); Harry Butcher, former naval aide to Eisenhower, on publishing his diaries; J C Thomson [British Consul, Miami] (3); Sir Francis Evans [British Consul-General, New York]; Clarence Streit, President, Federal Union; Millard...
Dates: May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons., c 1901

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/5
Scope and Contents

Notes and drafts for speech by WSC on The South African War Manuscript and typescript.

Dates: c 1901
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Typescripts Typescript copy of WSC's Maiden Speech, 18 Feb 1901, mainly on the South African War. [Typed on "G.R." headed notepaper, and therefore typed after 1910] Published Complete Speeches I, pp.65-70., 18 Feb 1901 - 13 May 1901

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/2
Scope and Contents

Typescript copy of WSC's speech on Mr Brodrick's scheme for Army Reform, 13 May 1901. [Typed on "G.R." headed notepaper, and therefore typed after 1910] Published Complete Speeches I, pp.76-86.

Dates: 18 Feb 1901 - 13 May 1901
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons:., 26 Jul 1897 - 26 Jul 1900

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/1
Scope and Contents Cutting from the Bath Daily Chronicle on speech by WSC at Primrose League Fete at Claverton Manor, Bath, 26 Jul 1897. [This was WSC's first political speech] Published: Complete Speeches I, pp.25-28.Printed pamphlet, published by Oldham Conservative Association, containing text of WSC's speech at the Empire Theatre, Oldham, 25 Jul 1900 on the South African War and his candidature Extract pub. Complete Speeches I, pp.53-54.Typescript copy of WSC's speech on the South African War at the...
Dates: 26 Jul 1897 - 26 Jul 1900
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 19 Jan 1900

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/25/1-2
Scope and Contents

Letter from Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), Sandringham, Norfolk, to WSC, thanks for, letter on South Africa, commenting on his escape from captivity, and the progress of the campaign. Also thanks for copy of "The River War".

Dates: 19 Jan 1900
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Jun 1900

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/25/14
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC, Pretoria, to Major-General Robert Baden-Powell, on article by WSC in the Morning Post.Letter from Major-General Robert Baden Powell [Pretoria]to WSC, on WSC's article.

Dates: 20 Jun 1900
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Aug 1900

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/26/18-19
Scope and Contents

Certificate of WSC's Service as a Lieutenant in the South African Light Horse, 2 January - 23 March 1900, signed by Lt-Colonel Julian Byng, later Lord Byng.

Dates: 06 Aug 1900
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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