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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 140 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1937 - 24 May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/123
Scope and Contents Rough notes for WSC's speech (27 January) on air defence, comparing British and German air strength. Source material includes copy of Hansard for 12 November 1936 containing WSC's speech ["The locust years"]. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5825-7.Notes for WSC's speech (4 March) on the defence loan bill, praising its long term nature, but expressing concern over Britain's defences in the immediate future. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5830-5.Notes for WSC's speech (11 March)...
Dates: 27 Jan 1937 - 24 May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 22 Feb 1938 - 24 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/128
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 February) on [Anthony] Eden's [later 1st Lord Avon] resignation as Foreign Secretary, Eden's achievements, relations with Italy, and past foreign policy mistakes, which includes the phrase "This has been a good week for Dictators". Source material includes text from the Daily Telegraph on the Italian view of Eden, and a cutting on German reaction to international press criticism. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5911-7.Rough notes for WSC's speech (28 February)...
Dates: 22 Feb 1938 - 24 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/129A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (5 May) on the Eire bill, Britain abandoning rights it had under the 1921 Treaty, and the role of [Eamon] De Valera [Prime Minister of Ireland]. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5948-55.Notes for WSC's speech (25 May) entitled "A private execution" on the replacement of 1st Lord Swinton [earlier Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister and Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame] as Secretary of State for Air, the state of air defence, and setting up a...
Dates: 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/172
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Speech notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender". Source material...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/173A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 June) entitled "The fall of France" on the capitulation of France, the surrender of the French fleet to Germany and his visit to see [Paul] Reynaud [Prime Minister of France]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6239-41.Statement by WSC (4 July) on the British destruction of the French fleet at Oran [Algeria]. Source material includes notes on the co-ordination of intelligence, the role of the Commander-in-Chief of the Home Forces [General Sir Alan Brooke,...
Dates: 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/174A-C
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (5 September) on the war situation and an agreement with the United States over destroyers and defence bases, events in Romania, the achievements of the RAF, damage through bombing and the insurance scheme, evacuation, air raid warnings and other Home Front issues. Source material includes: notes and correspondence from Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse [Vice-Chief of Air Staff], Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook] (2), Arthur Cary [Assistant Principal, Air Ministry] (4),...
Dates: 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/180A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for statement by WSC (30 September) on the war situation including: the threat posed by Hitler, WSC's intention not to publish shipping losses to U-Boats, food and rations, the strength of the United States and the Soviet Union, Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, the army and Bomber Command, and events and operations in Persia. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis] Minister of Food, Frank Wood, and Major-General Bernard Paget,...
Dates: 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 Apr 1942 - 02 Jun 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/184A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 April) in secret session on the war situation including: Japan's entry into the war; setbacks including battleship losses; defence of the Admiralty over the escape of the German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau; events and operations in the Far East, the Middle East and the Soviet Union; air battles including the bombing of Germany; and aircraft and ship production. Also includes correspondence from: Maurice Dean [Assistant Under Secretary of State,...
Dates: 23 Apr 1942 - 02 Jun 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Nov 1942 - 10 Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/187A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 November) on the war situation including: successes in Egypt and the second battle of El Alamein; armaments supplied by the United States; agreements with Stalin; operations in the Mediterranean and changes in command in the Middle East; instructions to General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief Middle East] and General Sir Bernard Montgomery [General Officer Commanding the 8th Army]; tank tactics and the successes of the RAF. Also includes...
Dates: 08 Nov 1942 - 10 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/192A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 July) on the fall of Mussolini including an assessment of his regime and the principles to be used in negotiations with Italy; and also on events and operations in the Soviet Union and the bombing of Germany. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States]; Francis Keenlyside [Assistant Secretary in charge of Shipping Policy]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet]; and...
Dates: 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 18 Feb 1944 - 22 Mar 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/197A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (22 February) on the progress of the war and the international situation including: the strength of the forces of Germany; successes in the Soviet Union and through bombing attacks on Germany; the importance of the role played by the Royal Navy and the RAF; a prediction of increased attack in 1944; events and operations in Italy, Yugoslavia and Greece; the principles of the choice of commanders for joint operations; his meeting with Chiang Kai-Shek; the Cairo...
Dates: 18 Feb 1944 - 22 Mar 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/200A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (2 August) on the war situation including: successes against Germany and Japan world-wide including the Far East; decisions made at the Quebec [Canada] conference; the Normandy landings; RAF losses; the tanks supplied by the United States and praise for the Sherman and Churchill tanks; the progress of General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in Italy]; his hopes of victory; flying bombs and the evacuation of London; improved...
Dates: 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 20 Mar 1917 - [Jun] 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/54
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (20 March) entitled "Report of the Dardanelles Commission" pointing out the report's inaccuracies and defending his own actions as First Lord of the Admiralty. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2524 - 2539.Speech notes by WSC on the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service, and the need to develop their role against zeppelins at home and at sea, and against submarines.Speech notes by WSC [? April] on the Corn Production Bill.Speech notes and typescript of a statement...
Dates: 20 Mar 1917 - [Jun] 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/60
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 March) on the union of the Air and War Ministries, and building up the RAF. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2965 - 2974.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on the need for forces in the Middle East, the situation in the Caucasus, the Crimea [Soviet Union] and Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey], and the need for more Territorial and regular army recruitment.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on army...
Dates: 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/59
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 February) on the abolition of conscription, the need for an increase in the army, development in the Air Force and in tanks, the Territorial Army and troops for Ireland. Source material includes: an extract from the Naval, Military and Air Force Service Act, 1919; memoranda by WSC on estimates, and reliefs for foreign garrisons; [?] Francis Acland on estimates; [Lieutenant-General Sir George MacDonogh] Adjutant-General, on reliefs for...
Dates: 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Miscellaneous speech notes., [1933] - [1935]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/92
Scope and Contents

Speech notes for WSC's speeches, including (29 March 1933, House of Commons), on India. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5241 - 5256.Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 November 1933, House of Commons), on Socialism in the Armed Forces.Speech notes on air parity with Germany.Also includes: a list of votes of censure, 1931 - 1935.

Dates: [1933] - [1935]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/181A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.BBC broadcast by WSC (9 February) entitled "Give us the tools" on the war situation including: the repulsion of the threat of...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/188A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 February) on the fall of Singapore and reviewing the war. Subjects covered include: the Atlantic Charter and assistance provided by the United States; operations in the Soviet Union; the entry of Japan into the war; the Home Front and difficulties of food supply; and the strength of China. Also includes correspondence from James Stuart [Government Chief Whip]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Secretary of State for Air]; [General Wladyslaw]...
Dates: 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 May 1943 - 30 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/194A-B
Scope and Contents Press cuttings of WSC's broadcast from Washington, United States (14 May) on the Home Guard in which he pays tribute to the members of the Home Guard. Also includes correspondence from Sydney Redman [Principal Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War]; Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Thomas Moore [Chairman of the Home Guard Joint Parliamentary Committee] (3); Robert Gransden; George Anderson, Principal Officer Eastern civil defence region (2); telegrams from the Ministry of Information;...
Dates: 11 May 1943 - 30 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 07 Jul 1943 - 31 Aug 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/195
Scope and Contents Broadcast by WSC (14 July) to the Polish forces on the death of General [Wladyslaw] Sikorski, former Prime Minister of Poland. Also includes correspondence from Sir Owen O'Malley, British Ambassador to Poland; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] and notes and copies of correspondence from Francis Brown [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC], John Peck [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC] and John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp...
Dates: 07 Jul 1943 - 31 Aug 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Mar 1945 - 13 May 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/207A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 March, Conservative Party Conference) including: the absence of party politics during the war; thanks for support of government policy in Greece; the likelihood of a general election; post-war reconstruction including rebuilding, agriculture and education; and the importance of continuing the war against Japan. Includes the phrase "When I became Prime Minister I promised nothing but blood, toil, tears and sweat". Also includes correspondence from: Basil...
Dates: 15 Mar 1945 - 13 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/24A-E
Scope and Contents Includes speech notes for WSC's speech (31 March, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston [United States]) entitled "The twentieth century - its promises and its realisation" on subjects including: the teaching of engineering and science in the United Kingdom contrasted with the situation in the United States; the role of science and the use made of scientific discoveries for military purposes; Great Britain's hopes for the twentieth century; WSC's early political career and...
Dates: Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/150A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.Various cuttings reporting WSC's speech (17 January, Glasgow [Scotland])...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 19 Mar 1934 - 24 Jul 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/110
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (19 March, Mansion House, London) on ex-services welfare. Source material includes letter from George Tryon [Minister of Pensions], cutting from the Manchester Guardian, statistics on the scale of losses for various nations in World War I, and suggested headings for WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V p 5349.Rough notes for WSC's speech (20 April, Mansion House, London, Honourable Company of Merchant Mariners Dinner) on the courage of the merchant service...
Dates: 19 Mar 1934 - 24 Jul 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/111
Scope and Contents Notes and draft press statement for WSC's speech (1 November, Woodford Bridge [Essex], Constituency meeting) on subjects including the need for Conservatives to be ready for the next general election, the National government, India and air defence against Germany. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5389-90.Notes and drafts for WSC's speech (16 November, BBC broadcast) entitled "The Causes of War" on German domestic policy, and the German threat to Europe and Britain. Also includes galley...
Dates: 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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