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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 18 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: correspondence on publishing WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), mainly with representatives of Time-Life International, including Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine], Walter Graebner [London representative], Andrew Heiskell [publisher], Monica Owen Horne, Constance Babbington-Smith, and Renee Harmer., Aug 1945 - Jan 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/15A-C
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Henry Laughlin [President of Houghton Mifflin Company, publishers] (2); William Edwards, [Assistant Director] Federation of British Industries; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Grace Hamblin, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Anne Hipwell, and...
Dates: Aug 1945 - Jan 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: lists of recordings by WSC and cuttings from "Into Battle" and "The Unrelenting Struggle"., [1941] - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/3
Scope and Contents Includes lists of recordings from the above books, "The Gathering Storm" [volume 1 of "The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"; pages cut from: "Into Battle" featuring WSC's speeches (13 May, 28 May, 4 June, 18 June, and 20 August 1940) on becoming Prime Minister, the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France], and the role of the RAF in the Battle of Britain; and "The Unrelenting Struggle" featuring WSC's joint messages with President...
Dates: [1941] - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: copies of the House of Commons Official Report [Hansard] for the debate on the conduct of the war., 07 May 1940 - 08 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/407
Scope and Contents

Includes speeches by Prime Minister [Neville] Chamberlain, [David] Lloyd George, [Leo] Amery, and WSC on the withdrawal from Norway, the operations at Trondheim and Narvik [Norway], and general criticism of the government. [features cover annotations by WSC].

Dates: 07 May 1940 - 08 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and leader of the Conservative Party and praising his leadership., Jan 1940 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/393
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Monsieur Campinchi, French Minister of Marine; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief] of the Daily Telegraph sending on a United States article published in the Telegraph; Robert Cary; [1st] Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil] (?2) including (1) on the League [of Nations]; Lord Hugh Cecil [later 1st Lord Quickswood]; Neville Chamberlain (5) on subjects including his health, government policy, and his resignation; Sir Evan...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence L - Q., 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/366
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly congratulating WSC on his appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty, and on his broadcasts (1 October ["The first month of war"] and 12 November ["Ten weeks of war"]) include: George Lambton; Sir Walter Layton on reactions to WSC's description of the Germans as Huns; Frederick Leathers; "Charley" [7th Lord Londonderry, earlier Lord Castlereagh] on subjects including his differences with [Neville Chamberlain], Prime Minister, on foreign policy, the results of WSC's...
Dates: 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1940 - 13 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/139A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (27 February) on supplementary navy estimates, protecting merchant and fishing vessels from U-boats, the strength of the Fleet, and naval losses. Also includes cutting from the Daily Telegraph reporting WSC's speech and relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6194-8.Incomplete notes for WSC's speech (11 April) on the German invasion of Norway and Denmark and the naval battle off Norway. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published:...
Dates: 27 Feb 1940 - 13 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/172
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Speech notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender". Source material...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/173A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 June) entitled "The fall of France" on the capitulation of France, the surrender of the French fleet to Germany and his visit to see [Paul] Reynaud [Prime Minister of France]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6239-41.Statement by WSC (4 July) on the British destruction of the French fleet at Oran [Algeria]. Source material includes notes on the co-ordination of intelligence, the role of the Commander-in-Chief of the Home Forces [General Sir Alan Brooke,...
Dates: 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 03 May 1944 - 06 Jul 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/199A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (24 May) on the foreign affairs debate entitled "The world situation" including: a meeting of the Dominion Prime Ministers; the unity of empire; discontinuation of arms to Turkey; the fall of Mussolini and the position of Italy; relations with and events in Spain, Greece, Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union and Poland. Also includes correspondence from: Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (4): Count Edward Reventlow [Danish Minister at the Court of St...
Dates: 03 May 1944 - 06 Jul 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/200A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (2 August) on the war situation including: successes against Germany and Japan world-wide including the Far East; decisions made at the Quebec [Canada] conference; the Normandy landings; RAF losses; the tanks supplied by the United States and praise for the Sherman and Churchill tanks; the progress of General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in Italy]; his hopes of victory; flying bombs and the evacuation of London; improved...
Dates: 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/201A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (28 September) on the war situation including: successes in France, the liberation of Paris, and landings in the South of France; fighting in Italy; a tribute to the achievements of the British and United States armies; casualty figures; the campaign in Burma and progress against Japan; the use of DDT; setbacks in China; the modernisation of the British fleet; the position of Eastern European countries; and the presidential elections in the United States. Also...
Dates: 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 31 Oct 1944 - 30 Nov 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/202A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (31 October) on the death of Princess Beatrice. Also includes Hansard report of speech. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7019.Speech notes for WSC's speech (31 October) on the prolongation of Parliament in which he stresses the need to maintain the coalition government until the end of the war. Also includes: Hansard report of the speech; correspondence and source material from "Archie" [Sir Archibald Sinclair, later 1st Lord Thurso] Secretary of State for...
Dates: 31 Oct 1944 - 30 Nov 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/204A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 March, Royal College of Physicians, London) on advances in medicine and science and the importance of a National Health Service. Also includes correspondence and source material from: 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] President of the Royal College of Physicians (2); Michael Reed [Private Secretary to Minister of Health]; notes and copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC] and John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC];...
Dates: 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, newspaper cuttings and source material., 19 May 1940 - 23 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/176A-B
Scope and Contents BBC broadcast by WSC (19 May) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government. Source material includes notes from Andrew Stewart. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6220-23.BBC broadcast by WSC (17 June) entitled "The news from France is very bad" on the capitulation of France. Published: Complete Speeches VI, p 6231.BBC broadcast by WSC (14 July) entitled "War of the unknown warriors" on the disabling of the...
Dates: 19 May 1940 - 23 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/145
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 October, [Caxton Hall, London]) on his leadership of the Conservative Party and the retirement of Neville Chamberlain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6294-6.Notes for WSC's broadcast (21 October, BBC) to the people of France entitled "Dieu protege la France". Also includes French translation of WSC's broadcast. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6296-8.Notes for WSC's speech (9 November, Mansion House [London]) entitled "A long road to tread" on the illness of...
Dates: 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/144
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (30 March, BBC) entitled "A hideous state of alarm and menace" on the fate of the neutral nations, German atrocities, particularly in Poland, and wishing to avoid conflict with the Soviet Union. Also includes various cuttings reporting the speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6199-201.Notes for WSC's broadcast (19 May, BBC) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government,...
Dates: 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Wars are not won by evacuations", 04 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A/9-28
Scope and Contents Typescript copy of notes for WSC's speech on the fall of Belgium and surrender of King [Leopold] of Belgium; the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France]; the successes of the RAF; losses of men and weaponry; military development and the possibility of German invasion. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender".Carbon typescript copy with some manuscript annotations in ink [not by WSC] laid out in "psalm style" apart...
Dates: 04 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open

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