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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 24 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Diary, 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/10
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships within the Foreign Office, in particular with Anthony Eden; Cadogan's insight into the Axis campaigns in the Balkans; diplomatic concerns regarding Britain's activities in North Africa and Persia; reception of intelligence in advance of Hitler’s planned attack on Russia; Cadogan's opinions and influence upon Churchill's communications with Roosevelt, the voyage to the USA aboard the H.M.S. Prince of Wales and the drafting of the Joint...
Dates: 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Diary, 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/11
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships with Churchill, the Foreign Office, War Cabinet, and Special Operations Executive; Cadogan's role and interventions in ongoing strategic discussions between Churchill and Roosevelt, Eisenhower, Stalin, and De Gaulle; Cadogan's opinions on the Allied negotiations over future Soviet frontiers and the second front; Cadogan's involvement in overseas diplomatic visits, and the hosting of Soviet diplomats in Edinburgh and London; plans for an Allied...
Dates: 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Diary, 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/12
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships with Churchill, the War Cabinet, and the Foreign Office; Cadogan's role as an intermediary between Churchill and statesmen including Anthony Eden and Charles De Gaulle; Cadogan's involvement in overseas diplomatic visits; Turkey's relationship with the Allied powers and strained relations with the Soviet Union, including discussions with Ismet Inönü at the Adana Conference; the increasingly hostile relations between the Soviet Union and Poland...
Dates: 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Diary, 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/13
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships with Churchill, the War Cabinet, and the Foreign Office; Cadogan's involvement in overseas diplomatic visits; ongoing disputes between the Soviet Union and Poland relating to borders and the Curzon Line; meetings and preparations for Operation Overlord and the D-Day landings; notes on the progress of the Italian Campaign and Allied progress in France, Belgium, and Greece; discussions on 'World Organisation' and post-war planning; concerns...
Dates: 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Diary, 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/15
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships with Churchill, the War Cabinet, and the Foreign Office; Cadogan's involvement in overseas diplomatic visits, including meetings at Alupka, Athens, Cairo, Washington, and San Francisco; Cadogan's role in the Malta Conference, Yalta Conference, and the United Nations Conference on International Organisation; the Allied invasion of Germany; negotiations over the Polish question and Soviet actions in Eastern Europe; reactions to the death of...
Dates: 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 1 ("The Gathering Storm") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Apr 1948 - May 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reverend Andrew Blair on Pierre Laval [former head of government, Vichy France]; Belgian General Boels; Robert Boothby; George Bosworth on WSC's role in the 1930s and arms exports to Germany; Timothy Breen (2); Camille Chautemps defending his actions; William Clarke [member of Room 40, naval intelligence]; Kenneth de Courcy on British policy in the years before the war (2); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]; "Sidney", Lord Herbert [later 16th Lord Pembroke and 13th...
Dates: Apr 1948 - May 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Norwegian campaign: Material., 25 Nov 1939 - 06 Jun 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/142
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence concerning research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War" by individuals including: WSC on subjects including operations in Trondheim and Bergen; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall on subjects including the campaign in Narvik, from the interrogation of General Nicholas von Falkenhorst [commander of German forces in Norway] and the report of General Eduard Dietl [commander of German land forces in Norway], and commenting on Chapter 34...
Dates: 25 Nov 1939 - 06 Jun 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence H-Z., Jul 1945 - Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/2
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Quintin Hogg [later Lord Hailsham of Marylebone]; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (7); Sir George Harvie Watt (3); Leslie Hore Belisha on joining the Conservative Party; Pierson Dixon [Principal Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary]; Ernest Bevin [Foreign Secretary] on British-United States relations (2); Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe, Chairman of the Conservative Party] (4); Richard Law [later 1st Lord Coleraine]; Alan Lennox-Boyd [later 1st...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with President Eisenhower., 04 Feb 1952 - 22 Aug 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/217
Scope and Contents Correspondence between WSC and Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, on subjects including the 4-Power Summit at Geneva, American foreign policy, particularly on the Far East, former relations between Eisenhower and WSC, the declassification of war records, the defence of Formosa [later Taiwan], a medallion for WSC's 81st birthday, Western unity, Eisenhower's health, his relations with Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] and Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton], atomic...
Dates: 04 Feb 1952 - 22 Aug 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/179A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 June) in a secret session debate on shipping, the Battle of the Atlantic, merchant shipping losses, imports and the threat posed by U-Boats. Source material includes correspondence from Sir Andrew Hardinge [Private Secretary to King George VI] (2), Eric Speed (2), Percy Cudlipp, editor of the Daily Herald, and Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet] (2); copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC]; and an extract...
Dates: 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Nov 1942 - 10 Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/187A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 November) on the war situation including: successes in Egypt and the second battle of El Alamein; armaments supplied by the United States; agreements with Stalin; operations in the Mediterranean and changes in command in the Middle East; instructions to General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief Middle East] and General Sir Bernard Montgomery [General Officer Commanding the 8th Army]; tank tactics and the successes of the RAF. Also includes...
Dates: 08 Nov 1942 - 10 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Dec 1944 - 08 Feb 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/205A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (18 January) on the war situation and foreign policy including: the certainty of victory; the importance of unconditional surrender; praise for President Roosevelt; the importance of establishing democratic government in liberated countries with reference to the situations in Italy, Yugoslavia, and Greece; casualty figures for troops from the United States and the British empire; the Soviet Union advance into Germany; and operations in Burma and the Philippines....
Dates: 01 Dec 1944 - 08 Feb 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 19 May 1939 - 06 Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/135A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for an unused speech by WSC (prepared for 8 May) on conscription and the Military Training Bill.Notes for WSC's speech (19 May) on relations with the Soviet Union and Poland, and the effect of an agreement with the Soviet Union on relations with other European nations. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6117-23.Notes for WSC's speech (23 May) on his objections to the White Paper on Palestine, and the legacy of the Balfour declaration [supporting a Jewish national home in Palestine]....
Dates: 19 May 1939 - 06 Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/181A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.BBC broadcast by WSC (9 February) entitled "Give us the tools" on the war situation including: the repulsion of the threat of...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/182A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May) to the Polish people on the attack on Poland by Germany and the siege of Warsaw. Also includes correspondence from Count Edward Raczynski [Polish Ambassador to Great Britain], Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon , Foreign Secretary] and notes and copies of correspondence from Kathleen Hill [Secretary to WSC] and John Colville [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29...
Dates: 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/150A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.Various cuttings reporting WSC's speech (17 January, Glasgow [Scotland])...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/151
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May, BBC) to the Polish people on 150th anniversary of the Polish Constitution, commenting on the attack on Poland by Germany, Polish resistance, and praise for Poles in exile in Britain. Also includes cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's speech entitled "Poland will remain unconquerable". Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29 May, broadcast 2 June) to the people of Canada, on Canada's support in the...
Dates: 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/138
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (8 August, United States [National Broadcasting Company]) entitled "A hush over Europe" on German and Italian war preparations, and [Adolf] Hitler's pivotal role. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6149-51.Notes for WSC's broadcast (1 October, BBC) entitled "The first month of war" on Poland, the Soviet Union, U-boat attacks, the situation in Britain, and Franco-British relations, which includes the phrase that Russia "is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an...
Dates: 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir John Colville

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CLVL
Scope and Contents

The material held at Churchill Archives Centre mainly consists of Colville's diaries. They provide an insight into the decision-making of three Prime Ministers and the meetings held with other top officials, as well as the lives of key figures during World War II, and its aftermath.

Dates: 1939 - 1987
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.