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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 15 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 12, "The Victorian Age" [eventually included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various revises., 1956 - Jan 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/438A-C
Scope and Contents Includes typed drafts and galley proofs (some described as first or second proof, first, second, third, last or final revise, "dead duplicate", or "returned empties") for: chapters entitled "The Rise of Germany", "Gladstone and Disraeli", "Home Rule for Ireland", "Lord Salisbury's Governments", "America from 'Reconstruction' to World Power" or "America in 'Reconstruction'" or "American Reconstruction" and "America as a World-Power", and "The Dawn of the Twentieth Century"; notes on the...
Dates: 1956 - Jan 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1 to 4, "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies": page proofs., 1955 - 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/441A-D
Scope and Contents

Includes loose and bound page proofs for the above volumes, with suggested corrections, amendments, and notes [mainly for volume 1] from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, printers, etc.] or organisations including: "C C W" [Charles Wood], "A H" [Alan Hodge], WSC, [John] Sundell of Cassell [and Company], "D K" [Denis Kelly], Time-Life [International], and [George Gordon] Allen.

Dates: 1955 - 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Daily Mail., Mar 1935 - Nov 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/519
Scope and Contents Proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "To-day's Great Problems at Home and Abroad" on the threat of war; "The Grave Weakness of Britain's Defences" on the need to build up the Forces; "The Miracle of Our Balanced Budgets" on changes to the economy since 1929, and the contradictions between economic problems and a balanced budget; "Is Parliament Merely a Talking Shop?" on government by debate and the influence of Socialist and Irish members of Parliament; "What is the...
Dates: Mar 1935 - Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "Great Contemporaries": proofs., 28 May 1937 - 07 Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/586
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Lord Fisher and his Biographer" on Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon's appointment to and removal from the Dover Patrol (1915-1917) and Bacon's biography of 1st Lord Fisher, and also on Fisher's part as 1st Sea Lord and during the Dardanelles Campaign; "Charles Stewart Parnell" on Parnell, Home Rule for Ireland and Kitty O'Shea; "B-P" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell; "Roosevelt From Afar" on Franklin Roosevelt's economic and labour reforms.

Dates: 28 May 1937 - 07 Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, L-M, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party and praising his leadership., Dec 1939 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/396
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: George Lambert; Nathan Laski (2) including (1) on Randolph Churchill; Harold Laski; [1st] Lord Lee of Fareham and [Ruth] Lady Lee; [Brigadier-General] Raymond Lee [US Military Attache] on a dinner with WSC; Alexis Leger ["St-John Perse"]; "Charley", [7th] Lord Londonderry [earlier Lord Castlereagh] (3) including (1) on using Southern Irish ports and (2) on his attitude to German rearmament in the 1930s; Major [Richard] Eric Long (2); 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip...
Dates: Dec 1939 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, A-B., Jun 1946 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Marcel Sibert, President of the French Committee for International Relations, inviting WSC to speak; Freda Smith [Duncan Sandys' secretary] (4); secretarial support for the United Europe Committee (4); Duncan Sandys, Joint Honorary Secretary of the Committee (5); Leo Amery (7) including (1) partly on India; Prime Minister Clement Attlee (2); Major Edward Beddington-Behrens (6) including (1) offering WSC a ride on his horse; United States Representative Hale Boggs;...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Sa., 28 Apr 1948 - 12 Oct 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/198
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Emir Zeid [Iraqi Ambassador to Britain]; [? Nourias Said, Prime Minister of Iraq]; 2nd Lord St Aldwyn [earlier Lord Quenington]; "Bobbety", 5th Lord Salisbury [earlier Lord Cranborne], Leader of the House of Lords and Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, on subjects including Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Salisbury himself being unable to continue at the Commonwealth Relations Office, the de-nationalization of steel, appointing a deputy Foreign...
Dates: 28 Apr 1948 - 12 Oct 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open except folios 14-16 which are closed under S37(1), S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review 2021.
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/101
Scope and Contents Typescript draft of WSC's speech (27 June), entitled "India" on 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, Chairman, Indian Franchise Committee]'s scheme for enfranchising the Indian population. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5186 - 5189.Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July), entitled "Reparations Abandoned" on the War Loan Conversion, the worsening economic situation, the need for international economic co-operation, the Lausanne Treaty, the ending of German reparations and the treatment...
Dates: 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/22A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 November 1948, Westminster Abbey) at the unveiling of a memorial to President Franklin Roosevelt in which WSC pays tribute to Roosevelt. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7730-31.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November 1948, House of Commons) entitled "The Iron and Steel Bill" on the nationalisation of the steel industry including: the contrast between unemployment after World War I and full employment after World War II; a loan from the United States...
Dates: 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/25A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (United Europe Economic Conference, Church House, Westminster [London]) entitled "The three circles (foreign policy)" including: the importance of the European movement in foreign policy; the resources of Europe; the "three circles" of significance in world affairs being the British empire and commonwealth, the English-speaking world, and United Europe. Source material includes: background notes from Duncan Sandys [Chairman of the International Executive of the...
Dates: 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.