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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 26 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence and papers on rating relief proposals., 30 Apr 1928 - 31 May 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/90
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Donald Fergusson [Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (3); Alfred Hurst [Principal Assistant Secretary, Treasury] (3); Sir Horace Hamilton [Permanent Secretary, Board of Trade] (3); Sir Richard Hopkins [Controller of Finance and Supply Services, Treasury] (2); Sir George Courthope MP (2); William John MP; Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC]; Graham Vincent [Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; Stanley Baldwin [Prime Minister] (2); James...
Dates: 30 Apr 1928 - 31 May 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, E - O., 27 Nov 1950 - 17 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/65A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Woodford Conservative Association including Sir James Hawkey, Chairman, on subjects including the visit of Princess Elizabeth [later Queen Elizabeth II] to Woodford (6), C C Worsdell, Secretary and Agent (4) and "Kath", Kathleen Kemp, Secretary to the Agent (6); John Hudson, Ministry of Education; Percy Cohen [Joint Director], Conservative Research Department (5); Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, Chairman, Far Eastern Prisoners of War Committee,...
Dates: 27 Nov 1950 - 17 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/330
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ramsay Muir [Vice-President, Liberal Party Organization] on the possibility of a by-election in Epping [Essex]; Lieutenant-General Sir [George] Tom Bridges on WSC's speech at Sheffield [Yorkshire, 31 May] and wartime conscription; Philip Noel-Baker; Don Pablo de Azcarate y Florez, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on including Spain in WSC's call for a team of peace-seeking nations; 10th Lord Elgin (and 14th Lord Kincardine [earlier Lord Bruce]), President, General...
Dates: 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1950 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/113A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Richard Acland on the "Churchill Arch" in the House of Commons; Commander Peter Agnew withdrawing his candidacy at Ormskirk [Lancashire]; Patrick Kinna (Foreign Office); representatives of the Conservative Research Department including [Richard] Michael Fraser [later Lord Fraser of Kilmorack] (4); Garry Allighan on his expulsion from the House of Commons; Cuthbert Alport; Leo Amery on Persian [Iranian] oil; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman,...
Dates: Jun 1950 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and material on steel nationalisation., Nov 1948 - Feb 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/79A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reginald Maudling; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2); Sir Andrew Duncan [Chairman of Executive Committee of British Iron and Steel Federation] (6); John Wilson [Private Secretary to Minister of Supply]; George Christ. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretary Elizabeth Gilliatt.Subjects covered by the file include:...
Dates: Nov 1948 - Feb 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-J., Nov 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/98
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Samuel Hammersley on the possibility of atomic war; [Arthur] Vere Harvey [later Lord Harvey of Prestbury] on the Schuman Plan and passing on a letter on Sweden (2); Antony Head on an Austrian admirer of WSC; John Henderson (2); James Henderson-Stewart; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (10); Prime Minister Clement Attlee (12); 6th Lord Winterton [earlier Edward Turnour] (2); Edward Cass [Private Secretary to the Prime Minister];...
Dates: Nov 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence with Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]., Oct 1946 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/51
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow] and Chips Gemmell; and from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Chairman of the Conservative [and Unionist] Party [1st Lord Woolton, earlier Frederick Marquis].Subjects...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/22
Scope and Contents Proof copy (3rd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation" and "The Budget", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/42A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 July, Grosvenor House Hotel [London]) at the English Speaking Union dinner for General Dwight Eisenhower, on the English Speaking Union as a foundation for peace and an advance towards a united Europe.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (10 July, Royal College of Physicians [London]) entitled "Lord Moran" (for the presentation of his portrait to 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson, former President, Royal College of Physicians]), on subjects...
Dates: Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and prints., 15 Apr 1929 - 23 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/87
Scope and Contents Speech notes and a print for WSC's Budget statement (15 April) on a review of the past 5 years, the Gold Standard and cost of living, the National Debt, surplus funds (1928 - 1929), expenditure (1929), revenue, import duties, the betting tax, the Road Fund, de-rating and taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4574 - 4603.Speech notes for WSC's speech (19 December), entitled "Coal Mines Bill" on the arguments against the bill, a new form of taxation, cuts in miners' working hours,...
Dates: 15 Apr 1929 - 23 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/76
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (2 July), entitled "Emergency Power", on the coal dispute, the 8 Hours Bill, wages, the Labour Party's vote of censure against the Government, the miners' refusal to come to terms, and the results of the strike. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4014 - 4024.Speech notes for WSC's statement (15 July), entitled "Finance Bill (Betting Duty)", on the expected revenue from the tax, and different rates for racecourses and betting offices. Published:...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and typescript., 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/72A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 May) on the silk duty in the Budget, and the sugar tax. Source material includes notes on artificial silk, including a quote from Samuel Courtauld, Chairman of Courtaulds Limited, and Philip Snowden [former Chancellor of the Exchequer] on tea duty. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3620 - 3631.Speech notes for WSC's statement (25 May) for the 2nd reading of the Finance Bill, on criticism of the Budget, particularly from Snowden, taxation, silk and death...
Dates: 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material, print and press cutting., 03 Apr 1926 - 10 Jun 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/75A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (3 April) on the choice between an indefinite coal subsidy or a General Strike, and maintaining essential services in a strike. Source material includes a note from [Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister] on [Ramsay MacDonald, Leader of the Labour Party]'s attitude to the subsidy, a copy of a letter from Walter Citrine, Secretary, Trades Union Congress General Council, on the distribution of essential foodstuffs, and a press cutting reporting a statement by Arthur...
Dates: 03 Apr 1926 - 10 Jun 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript, source material and press cuttings., 26 Apr 1928 - 09 Nov 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/84
Scope and Contents Typescript for [? Neville Chamberlain, Minister of Health]'s draft reply to David Lloyd George [Leader of the Liberal Party] on local rating reform.Speech notes for WSC's statement (1 May), entitled "The Budget (Kerosene Duty)". Also includes extracts from Hansard reporting the statement. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4410 - 4416.Speech notes for WSC's statement (5 June), entitled "Finance Bill (Rating Reform)", for the 2nd reading of the bill, on rating relief for industry and Liberal...
Dates: 26 Apr 1928 - 09 Nov 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/77A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (3 January, Wolfe Dinner, Westerham, Kent) on the achievements and prosperity of Canada.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (20 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Leeds, Yorkshire), entitled "National Finance", on the increase in national expenditure and necessity for cuts, particularly in education, on the changing funding system for local authorities, electricity development, the coal subsidy and averting a coal dispute, and the general improvement in...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 14 Jul 1926 - 26 Nov 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/78
Scope and Contents Print and partial typescript of WSC's speech (14 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet, Mansion House, London), entitled "War Debts" on the mysteries of finance, the need for a stable currency and economy, the settlement of France's debt and the whole principle of war debts, the effects of the coal dispute and Trade Union involvement in politics. Also includes a press cutting from the City Press reporting the banquet. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4038 - 4042.Typescript and speech notes for WSC's...
Dates: 14 Jul 1926 - 26 Nov 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript, press cuttings and source material., 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/88A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (21 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Midland Hotel, Manchester), entitled "Trade" on 20th century economic conditions, currency stability, rating reform, economic development, taxation and the cotton trade. Also includes a press cutting from the Manchester Guardian reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4541 - 4546.Speech notes for WSC's speech (6 February, Town Hall, Battersea, London), entitled "Battersea By-Election" on the Government's...
Dates: 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 14 Jun 1945 - 31 Mar 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/11A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (10 February 1947, House of Commons) on the coal crisis including: criticism of the policies of Emanuel Shinwell, Minister of Fuel and Power; the need to plan for winter and the inefficiencies of cutting the coal supply. Source material includes: notes from "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; notes on the increased numbers of civil servants; press cuttings on subjects including the challenge by Gwilym Lloyd George [later...
Dates: 14 Jun 1945 - 31 Mar 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 03 Jun 1947 - 16 Aug 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/13A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 June, House of Commons) on India and the transfer of power including: the need for agreement of all parties and the likelihood of unrest. Source material includes: a paper on government policy regarding Indian independence and partition. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7499-500.Speech notes for WSC's speech (4 August, Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire) at the West Country Conservative Rally entitled "A Doctor's Mandate" including: criticism of the...
Dates: 03 Jun 1947 - 16 Aug 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., May 1945 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/15A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (5 November 1947, House of Commons) on Burma including: the agreement made in 1945; the need for development of a constitution in Burma; protection for the frontier tribes; criticism of the Labour government's proposed bill granting full independence; and the cases of U Aung Sang and U Saw. Source material includes: a copy of the bill granting independence to Burma; a statement of government policy on Burma (May 1945) and a Hansard copy of a debate on Burma...
Dates: May 1945 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/22A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 November 1948, Westminster Abbey) at the unveiling of a memorial to President Franklin Roosevelt in which WSC pays tribute to Roosevelt. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7730-31.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November 1948, House of Commons) entitled "The Iron and Steel Bill" on the nationalisation of the steel industry including: the contrast between unemployment after World War I and full employment after World War II; a loan from the United States...
Dates: 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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