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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 17 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: miscellaneous correspondence., Dec 1885 - Feb 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/66
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Percy Hobart requesting WSC to write a foreword for his history of the Royal Tank Regiment; Walter Graebner [London representative of Time-Life International] on the painter Jacques Majorelle; Desmond Flower, director of Cassell and Company; John Wyndham [later 1st Lord Egremont and 6th Lord Leconfield] (Foreign Office) on a letter by ex-Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (5); Sir Ian Jacob...
Dates: Dec 1885 - Feb 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC: 1., Jan 1939 - May 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/642
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Parliament is the Stage of Empire Drama", comparing pre-World War I parliamentary politics with the contemporary situation and reminiscing on post-World War I parliamentary life; "The Minister Who Has to Say 'No'" on his experiences as Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Gold Standard, budgets; "Sombre Memories of the Home Office" on his experiences as Home Secretary, capital punishment, prison reform, the police and...
Dates: Jan 1939 - May 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 05 Jan 1941 - 16 Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/690
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Tank Tactics" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its use in action at the Battles of the Somme and Cambrai [France]; "Crime and Punishment" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, penal and prison reform, and new forms of punishment for young offenders; "The King Who Saved England" on the life and reign of King George V, his coming to the throne, changes to the constitution, his...
Dates: 05 Jan 1941 - 16 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/672
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Neville Chamberlain" on British Prime Ministers since [William] Gladstone, Chamberlain's career, including during World War I, and as Chancellor of the Exchequer, and WSC's views on his personality; "The Grimmest Task in the Government" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, capital punishment, and prison reform; "Maiden and Other Speeches" on speeches by F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead], Timothy Healy, WSC, Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord...
Dates: 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Official: Colonial Office: Correspondence., 03 Jun 1922 - 22 Oct 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 17/25
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prince Arthur of Connaught [Governor General and Commander in Chief South Africa] on South African affairs including a case in which he has recommended that natives should be sentenced to death (2); 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge]; Frederick Guest [Secretary of State for Air] on the RAF forces in Iraq, their shortages and the promotion of Air Vice Marshal [John] Salmond; Alexander Harris, Governor of Newfoundland [Canada] on the choice of his...
Dates: 03 Jun 1922 - 22 Oct 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, C - D., 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/76A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Woodford Conservative Association including W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent (17); Peter Hudson, Private Secretary to the Minister of Transport (5); [Margaret] Barbara Sloman [Assistant Principal], Treasury; Stuart Mallinson; Gordon Wilson, Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War; Arthur Hockaday, Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty; Stuart Gilbert, Private Secretary to the Minister of...
Dates: 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 199 - 203 and 269 - 273, closed for 75 years until 2029, and folios 79 - 83, closed for 100 years until 2054, on grounds of data protection due to the presence of sensitive and personal information on potentially living individuals.
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: New Commonwealth Society for the promotion of International Law and Order: correspondence mainly with General Secretary N B Foot., Jan 1939 - Oct 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/377
Scope and Contents

Subjects include: Society publications, including publishing the text of a broadcast by WSC, [16] October 1938; involving Emile Bure in the Society; the Society's International Summer School and Delegate Conference; a meeting of the British Parliamentary Group; a suggested letter to be sent by sympathetic MPs to newspapers in their constituency; Hungarian members; a Europa Union Congress.Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries including [Kathleen] Hill.

Dates: Jan 1939 - Oct 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/17A-G
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 March 1948, House of Commons) on navy estimates including: the absence of enemies at sea; the importance of the navy to sustaining the British empire; criticism of the Labour government's secrecy about their naval policy and naval estimates; previous mistakes in naval policy; the scrapping of ships; and his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty. Source material includes: notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC] and "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady...
Dates: 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/20A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 July, Woodford [Essex]) at an open air constituency meeting entitled "A new parliament" on subjects including: praise for Sir James Hawkey as Chairman of the Woodford Conservative Association; the strength of the Conservative Party; his involvement with social policy; the National Health service; the need to oppose communism; the possibility of war with the Soviet Union; the Labour government's economic policy; and the pledges of the Conservative Party. Also...
Dates: 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/106
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (12 July, Clarke Hall Fellowship address) on Sir William Hall and penal reform.Rough notes for WSC's speech (7 July, Epping [Essex]) on the India White Paper. Source material includes notes for WSC's speech (24 June, Gloucester) on subjects including the National Government and the economy. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5279-80.Notes for WSC's speech (12 August, Theydon Bois [Essex]) entitled "Europe's hour of danger" on subjects including the National...
Dates: 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 26 Jul 1910 - 30 Jul 1910

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/4/36
Scope and Contents

Letter from John Heaton (Schifferstrasse, 82/86, Frankfurt [Germany]) to [?Edward Marsh] concerning a speech by WSC on prisons and prisoners. He offers to use his influence to ensure the publication of the speech; asks [Edward Marsh] to secure WSC's consent; and says that his own name would not appear in connection with the publication. Signed manuscript, annotated by [? Edward Marsh] (30 July).

Dates: 26 Jul 1910 - 30 Jul 1910
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Aug 1910 - 08 Aug 1910

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/4/37
Scope and Contents

Letter from John Heaton (Schifferstrasse, 82/86, Frankfurt [Germany]) to WSC expressing pleasure that WSC has agreed to revise his speech on prisons and prisoners for publication. He explains that his objection to his name being associated with the publication is that he is not an authority on the issue. Signed manuscript, annotated by Sidney Harris that [WSC] is expecting a proof to correct (8 July).

Dates: 02 Aug 1910 - 08 Aug 1910
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 09 Sep 1910

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/4/40-41
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC (Honor, Off Mytilene [Mitilini, Greece]) to Sir Edward Grey thanking him for taking over his "painful duties" [see CHAR 12/4/39]. WSC describes a decision over a capital case which he regrets, and speaks of the departmental work he has accomplished while on holiday. He describes the places he has visited (including Monte Carlo where he won o160), a meeting with Governor Mahmoud Muktar, and an incident in which de Forest [Count de Bendern] shot a seagull with a Mauser pistol....
Dates: 09 Sep 1910
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 23 Aug [1910]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/4/42-43
Scope and Contents Letter from [Edward Marsh] (Home Office) to WSC including the following points: the reaction to WSC's memorandum on prison reform by Sir Evelyn Ruggles-Brise [Chairman of the Prison Commission] and Mr Blackwell (who criticised the plans for a board to ensure uniform sentencing policy and the system of classified institutions); WSC's proposed visit to Dartmoor [prison, Devon] and the remaining preparation of the Shop Hours Bill. He also encloses two novels by [Elizabeth] Arnim [not present]....
Dates: 23 Aug [1910]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 31 Oct 1910

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/4/46
Scope and Contents

Letter from Henry Massingham [editor of the Nation] (14 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, London) to WSC asking him to write an article on prison reform for the Nation. He suggests several possible subjects including young offenders and solitary confinment, and says that the fee would be 20 guineas. Signed manuscript annotated by WSC.

Dates: 31 Oct 1910
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.