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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 41 Collections and/or Records:

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  • 2
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 10 [eventually entitled "Recovery and Reform" and included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various pre-war proofs., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/411
Scope and Contents Includes typed drafts and galley proofs (marked printer's copy and first revise) for chapters entitled "The Crimean War", "Canada: 1660-1780", "Canada: 1780-1812", "The Loyalists", "New Zealand", "Australia", "The Locust Years (1815-32)", "The Monarchy and the Divorce (1820-22)", "Tory England (1822-27)", "The Dissolution of Eighteenth-Century England (1827-30)", "The Passing of the Great Reform Bill (1830-32)", "Reform and Beyond (1832-54)", "England: 1832-37", "England: 1837-46", "South...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 10, "Recovery and Reform" [eventually included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various post-war revises., Nov 1954 - Jan 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/436A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as first, second, third, fourth, penultimate, or last revise, "duplicate", or second draft) and manuscript and typed drafts for: provisional chapter lists; chapters entitled "The Locust Years" or "The Tory Peace" or "The Victory Peace", "Prelude to Reform" or "Canning and the Duke", "The Migration of the Peoples. I: Canada and South Africa", "The Migration of the Peoples. II: Australia and New Zealand", "Reform and Beyond" or "Reform and Free Trade",...
Dates: Nov 1954 - Jan 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 11, "The Great Republic" [eventually included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various pre-war proofs., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/412
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and typed drafts (marked printer's copy and first revise) for: chapters entitled "Canada: 1660-1780", "Canada: 1780-1812", "Slavery and Succession", "America and the French Revolution", "The United States: 1797-1801", "Jeffersonian Democracy: 1801-5", "The United States: 1815-37" or "American Epic", "The American Civil War: 1862" or "America: 1862", "The War of 1812", "1840-50", "1850-60", "The Seven Days", "(Chancellorsville and) Gettysburg", "The Union in Danger",...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1-4, "From Earliest Years to 1485", "1485-1688, The Tudors and Stuarts", "Confronting the French, 1689-1815", and "The Nineteenth Century" [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies"]: superseded version (pre-war and post-war proofs)., [1938] - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/415A-E
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as "R E's" [returned empties] or debris; some marked first revise of 1 May 1954 or printer's copy) for: chapters or sections entitled "Church and State, 1066-1215, and the Quarrel with Beckett", "Tudor Rule", "Henry VIII and the Reformation", "Protestant and Catholic: the Reigns of Edward VI and Mary I", "Queen Elizabeth I", "Notes on the History of Law under the Tudors", "The Government of the Stuarts", "The Age of Expansion", "Charles I and the Great...
Dates: [1938] - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence, mainly thanking WSC for complimentary copies and congratulating him on volumes 1-4 ("The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution" and "The Great Democracies") of "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples"., Apr 1956 - Jun 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/67A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Doreen Henderson of Cassell and Company (6); David Pitblado (2) and Sir Leslie Rowan [former Private Secretaries to WSC]; Oliver, 1st Lord Chandos [earlier Oliver Lyttelton] (3); Josephine Schwarz, WSC's cook; Lettice Shillingford [earlier Lettice Marston] (3), Jane Welby (2), Jo Sturdee [later Lady Onslow] (2), Elizabeth Gilliatt (3), Grace Hamblin (2), Delia Morton, Gillian Maturin (2), Jill Lynam (2), and Jane Darwin [WSC's secretaries]; Lady Diana Cooper [earlier...
Dates: Apr 1956 - Jun 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on offers for WSC's war memoirs, other works and lecture tours., Jul 1945 - Jun 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (2); "Johnny", John G Churchill; [William] Surrey Dane; 1st Lord Southwood [earlier Julius Elias, Chairman and Managing Director of Odham's Press Limited]; Arthur Christiansen, Editor of the Daily Express; Adam Marshall Diston of the Daily Sketch; "Eric", 3rd Lord Long of Wraxall; Winston Guest; Stafford Somerfield, News of the World Features Editor; Spencer Curtis Brown (8); Frederick Allen, Editor of Harper's...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Jun 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples", L-Z., Oct 1949 - Jul 1962

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/28A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Alan Hodge (5); Emmet Hughes [Special European Correspondent, Life Magazine]; Henry Luce [owner and editor of Time Magazine] (17); Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (17); Walter Graebner [London representative of Time-Life International] (3); Daniel Longwell [former editor of Life Magazine] (2); representatives of Cassell and Company including director Desmond Flower (6); John McClelland of McClelland and Stewart Limited, publishers (4);...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Jul 1962
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), M-Z., Jan 1942 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/23A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Ian Fraser, Chairman of St Dunstan's; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]; Sir Thomas Moore (2); Lord Mountbatten of Burma (3) including (2) on Canada and the Dieppe raid [France]; 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; Cecil Aspinall-Oglander on 1st Lord Keyes and King Leopold of Belgium; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3); William Deakin (2); Admiral William Leahy, Chief of Staff [to...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/296A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Carl Bechhofer Roberts on subjects including his biography of WSC, and particularly the Abdication Crisis [of King Edward VIII, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, later Duke of Windsor] (2); Ivy, Lady Chamberlain; Cosmo Lang [Archbishop of Canterbury]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, on a speech by WSC in a foreign affairs debate, and his tribute to the Foreign Office; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord...
Dates: 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence on gifts to WSC, H-N, especially cigars., Dec 1940 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/436
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir George Ogilvie-Forbes, British Minister at Havana, Cuba, on gifts of a picture made of Cuban woods and a cartoon of WSC (2); Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King praising WSC's broadcast to Rochester University [United States, 16 June]; [Colin] Thornley [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for the Colonies] (2); [Kenneth] Pepper, HM Customs and Excise; Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Murray [later 3rd Lord Elibank] sending WSC "The Five Sons of 'Bare...
Dates: Dec 1940 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, A-J., Nov 1940 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/424A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Cecil Allen on the gift of a stick and various suggestions for the war effort (6); [6th] Lord Hood [Private Secretary to the Minister of Information] and representatives of Balding and Mansell, printers, (4) on a WSC calendar; [Saville] Garner [Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for the Dominions]; Acting United Kingdom High Commissioner to Canada ?[Walter] Hankinson; [Robert] Wiseman (Dominions Office); Sir Walter Citrine, General Secretary of the TUC,...
Dates: Nov 1940 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Patronage: Correspondence, Caernarvonshire - Cheshire., May 1954 - Nov 1964

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/547A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents concerning honours to be given to WSC, or tributes made to him or requesting support from WSC include: P Williamson, President of the Calcutta [India] Polo Club (8); [1st Lord] Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken] and Pierre Dupuy on the Canadian Corporation for the 1967 World Exhibition; Sir Cecil Wakeley, Vice-President of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund; Dwight Eisenhower and Christopher Everett of the British Embassy in Washington [United States] regarding WSC's membership...
Dates: May 1954 - Nov 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D., Jan 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/417
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [4th] Lord Camden [John Pratt] on rationing on the Riviera, France; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry] (2); [Arnold] Heeney, Clerk of the Privy Council, Canada, on the Privy Council oath; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] and "B B" [Brendan Bracken, Prime Minister's Parliamentary Private Secretary] on the death of Ronald Cartland; Freda, Marquesa de Casa Maury [earlier Freda Dudley Ward], on a "health-giving lamp" and the Feathers Club (2); Robert...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, H-K., Jan 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/419
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Ian Hamilton (4) on subjects including the death of his wife, and his bull; George Harrap (7) on subjects including his marriage; Averell Harriman and his wife Kathleen; T E R Harris, WSC's banker; [Sir] James Hawkey and his wife Vera; Alice Keppel; Eva, Lady Keyes, on her husband [Sir Roger] Keyes; Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord Templewood] (2); [Clarence] Howe, Canadian Minister of Munitions and Supply, thanking WSC for his hospitality; [Arthur] Winnington...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, L-M. [please note that most material dates from 1941]., Feb 1941 - Feb 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/420
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: George Lambert; Harold Laski on the death of his father Nathan Laksi; "Jack" [John] Lawson (2); [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] on United States recordings of WSC's speeches; Major [Richard] Eric Long (3) including (1) sending on a letter from [Robert] Hudson [Minister of Agriculture] on Long's gardener; [Dame] Edith Lyttelton [Mrs Arthur Lyttelton] (3) including (2) on an English Speaking Union luncheon; Oliver Lyttelton...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Feb 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1950 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/113A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Richard Acland on the "Churchill Arch" in the House of Commons; Commander Peter Agnew withdrawing his candidacy at Ormskirk [Lancashire]; Patrick Kinna (Foreign Office); representatives of the Conservative Research Department including [Richard] Michael Fraser [later Lord Fraser of Kilmorack] (4); Garry Allighan on his expulsion from the House of Commons; Cuthbert Alport; Leo Amery on Persian [Iranian] oil; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman,...
Dates: Jun 1950 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C., Dec 1946 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/53
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George] Peter Thorneycroft; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (8); Colonel Patrick Blair, Political Secretary [to Chairman of Unionist Party in Scotland] (2); Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton] (2); Sir Arthur Young, Scottish Unionist Whip (2); 11th Lord Scarbrough [earlier Sir Lawrence Lumley]; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin], Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party, on...
Dates: Dec 1946 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - B., 29 Dec 1945 - 26 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/160
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Christabel, Lady Aberconway, on WSC's cat (2); Max Aitken; Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia; "Alex", 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis [Governor-General of Canada] (9); Herbert Bruce [former Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario, Canada] on WSC's loss of the 1945 General Election and WSC's speeches in the United States; Arthur Meighen [former Prime Minister of Canada] on the need to maintain close relations with Britain, the menace of the Soviet Union to world peace and...
Dates: 29 Dec 1945 - 26 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence B., 13 Nov 1945 - 27 Oct 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/146A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Hugo Baring; 2nd Lord Baldwin of Bewdley; Consuelo Balsan [earlier Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough] (2); Don Domingo de las Barcenas, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on the attitude of the United Nations to Spain, and worsening relations with Britain; Gunilla, Lady Barnes, on the death of Sir Reginald Barnes; "Reggie" [Sir Reginald Barnes] (3); Herman Baruch, United States Ambassador to the Netherlands; Beverley Baxter; Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands; 10th Duke...
Dates: 13 Nov 1945 - 27 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Don - Du., 31 Jan 1952 - 18 Feb 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/185
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Lew", Lewis Douglas [former United States Ambassador to Britain] on subjects including WSC's speech in Parliament on foreign affairs (11 May 1953), and the 4-power summit at [Geneva, Switzerland] (13); [Sir Saville Garner] British High Commissioner in Canada, on the resignation of George Drew as Leader of the Canadian Opposition; George Drew; Frank Ross [Lieutenant Governor, British Columbia, Canada]; Lady Juliet Duff on subjects including a film script by Terence...
Dates: 31 Jan 1952 - 18 Feb 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence M., 27 Apr 1949 - 10 Nov 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/173
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Mabane; George Marshall, United States Secretary of Defence, comparing his current service with wartime (3); Julius Holmes, Charge d'Affaires, United States Embassy, London; Walter Gifford [United States Ambassador to Britain] (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Gifford Martel [former head of Military Mission to Moscow, Soviet Union] on banding the Allied armies together against the Soviet Union, and 1st Lord Montgomery's failure to exploit mobility and armour (2);...
Dates: 27 Apr 1949 - 10 Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.