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Electoral systems

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 21 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Official: Prime Minister: copies of WSC's correspondence., 14 Oct 1954 - 07 Apr 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/6A-C
Scope and Contents Carbons of letters from WSC to a variety of prominent individuals including Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Cabinet Ministers, Members of Parliament, Lords, foreign Heads of State, foreign ambassadors, British High Commissioners, Conservative parliamentary candidates, and others.Includes correspondence with Lady Violet Bonham Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet, Lady Bonham Carter, later Lady Asquith of Yarnbury], Sir Ian Jacob [Director General of the BBC], 2nd Lord Camrose [earlier...
Dates: 14 Oct 1954 - 07 Apr 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence H., Jan 1938 - Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir James Hawkey, Vice-Chairman of Epping Division Conservative Association (19).Subjects include: proportional representation; local commerce; Felsted Grammar School [Essex]; constituency feeling towards WSC following the Munich [Germany] Crisis; founding a British Institute of Photographic Propaganda; general constituency business.Also includes: copy letters from WSC to Hawkey outlining his position on British foreign policy and the National Government; letters to...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence E-F (almost all material dates from 1950)., Nov 1946 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/96A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); David Eccles (4); Stephen Pierssene, General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office; various representatives of the Conservative Research Department, including Peter Goldman (5); Walter Elliot on visiting Chaim Weizmann [President of Israel] and Scottish matters (2); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (4); Sir Malcolm Trustram...
Dates: Nov 1946 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 268 and 273-4 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about a living individual until 1 January 2026.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-J., Nov 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/98
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Samuel Hammersley on the possibility of atomic war; [Arthur] Vere Harvey [later Lord Harvey of Prestbury] on the Schuman Plan and passing on a letter on Sweden (2); Antony Head on an Austrian admirer of WSC; John Henderson (2); James Henderson-Stewart; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (10); Prime Minister Clement Attlee (12); 6th Lord Winterton [earlier Edward Turnour] (2); Edward Cass [Private Secretary to the Prime Minister];...
Dates: Nov 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q., Jan 1949 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/84A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Shenton Thomas on Malaya's [later Malaysia] war effort; Edward Mallalieu; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (7); 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney, later 1st Lord De L'Isle] on a fund for the defence of Field Marshal Fritz von Manstein; Prime Minister Clement Attlee on currency for Princess Margaret's trip to Italy; Douglas Marshall (4); Moss Turner-Samuels; John Langford-Holt; Lieutenant-General Sir...
Dates: Jan 1949 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence O-P., Nov 1946 - Nov 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/56A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office, including Press Officer Gerald O'Brien and 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman] (14); James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] on the summoning of Parliament; George Benson, Derick Heathcote-Amory, and [Rhys] Hopkin Morris (joint letter) on the death penalty; Thomas Hopkinson, Editor of Picture Post, on WSC writing an article on economic policy; 1st Lord Portal [of Laverstoke, earlier Sir...
Dates: Nov 1946 - Nov 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 84-7 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about living individuals until 1 January 2020.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence on relations with the Liberal Party., Mar 1947 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/64
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Juliet, Lady Rhys Williams (20); Eliot Crawshay-Williams; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office, including Stephen Pierssene [General Director] (7); Clement Davies [Leader of the Liberal Party] (5); Roy Harrod (2); Reginald Maudling; Philip Fothergill, Chairman, Executive, Liberal Party Organisation; 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward...
Dates: Mar 1947 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence P-R., Jan 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/70A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Habib Rahimtoola, High Commissioner for Pakistan, on the supply of military stores by India; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (5); Douglas Clifton Brown [later 1st Lord Ruffside, Speaker of the House of Commons] (6); Nigel Colman, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations; Baronne Pessonne de Sennevoy on [Marshal Henri] Petain; Victor Raikes on basic petrol abolition; 1st...
Dates: Jan 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence P - S., 13 May 1950 - 17 Feb 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/130A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ernest Marples, Postmaster General; Eugene Spier, on writing a history of the Focus luncheon meetings and combating the continuing influence of Hitler in Germany (7); Richard Greville, Personal Assistant to the Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office (6); Edward Given, Foreign Office, on WSC's New Year message to Poland; Henry Price (2); Sir Clive Morrison-Bell on proportional representation; Julian Ridsdale; John Rodgers; George Beck, Bishop of Brentwood...
Dates: 13 May 1950 - 17 Feb 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political; Correspondence S., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/101A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Walter Matthews, Dean of St Paul's, on a pre-election service; "Bobbety", 5th Lord Salisbury [earlier Robert Gascoyne Cecil and Lord Cranborne] on Conservative policy towards the Soviet Union; Sir Arthur Salter; Duncan Sandys; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (2); Prime Minister Clement Attlee; Harold MacMillan [later 1st Lord Stockton] (3); Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]; 1st Lord Swinton [earlier Philip Lloyd Greame...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/56A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcripts for WSC's speech (9 October, Conservative Party Conference, Winter Gardens, Blackpool [Lancashire]) entitled "'Peace Through Strength'" on subjects including: the achievements of the Government, including restored national solvency, the dismantling of wartime economic controls and the work done by Conservative MPs; the corrective influence of the press on politics; the need for stable government; the 2-Party system, and common ground between Conservatives and...
Dates: 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Oct 1951 - 09 Oct 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/58A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election address (16 May 1955, Sir James Hawkey Hall, Woodford [Essex]) on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Prime Minister and his appointment of Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] as his successor; the Government's record on the economy, employment, social services, housing and the reduction of economic controls; the threat of a return to Socialism; the support of Clement Attlee [leader of the Labour Party] for the hydrogen bomb and Western...
Dates: 06 Oct 1951 - 09 Oct 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/14A-F
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 September, International Congress of Physicians, Guildhall, London) on the medical profession and scientific advances in which he reflects on previous speeches made by Sir Edward Grey and 1st Lord Morley of Blackburn. Also includes a report from the Lancet on WSC's speech and the reply to it made by 1st Lord Moran and papers about the meeting. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7521-3.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 September, Royal Wanstead Schools,...
Dates: 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/16A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 January 1948, House of Commons) on the foreign affairs debate including: support for the Labour government's foreign policy; affairs and events in various countries including Greece, Italy and the United States; his predictions of the Cold war in his Fulton speech ["The Sinews of Peace" see CHUR 5/4A-B] and the need for reconciliation between France and Germany at Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", see CHUR 5/8]; criticism of a speech by Herbert Morrison, Lord...
Dates: Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/17A-G
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 March 1948, House of Commons) on navy estimates including: the absence of enemies at sea; the importance of the navy to sustaining the British empire; criticism of the Labour government's secrecy about their naval policy and naval estimates; previous mistakes in naval policy; the scrapping of ships; and his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty. Source material includes: notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC] and "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady...
Dates: 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The Franchise Question: Memorandum by the Chancellor of the Exchequer", 08 Mar 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/155/119
Scope and Contents Printed memorandum by WSC marked 'secret' in which he argues against the extension of the franchise. He discusses the extension of the franchise over the last century, arguing that its negative impact on the Conservative vote has been masked by the withdrawal of Irish votes and the splitting of the anti-Conservative vote. He urges caution in extending the franchise at the present time for "the good of the nation", arguing that there is no forceful public support for further extension of the...
Dates: 08 Mar 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 1907

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/31/3
Scope and Contents

Leaflets issued by the Liberal Publication Department, covering the budget of 1907, land reform and small holdings, registration of voters and Conservative proposals for Tariff Reform and the abolition of income tax. 6 items.

Dates: 1907
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 06 Jun 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/64/3-13
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from WSC to Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, marked "secret and personal" on the need to "dominate events lest we be submerged by them", reflecting on achievements of the government but predicting bleak prospects for the next year as the government has not been successful, his own efforts to reduce expenditure have failed, the Factory and Poor Law Bills and Franchise will not support them, and advising that a constructive measure is needed. He seeks Baldwin's support for...
Dates: 06 Jun 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), [24] [Dec] 1923

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/126/107-111
Scope and Contents Letter from Lady Violet Bonham-Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet, Lady Bonham Carter, later Lady Asquith of Yarnbury] (The Wharf, Sutton Courtney, Berkshire) to WSC on: the danger of a reaction towards Labour if the Liberals moved closer to the Tories, which is what Labour would like to happen; the grave difficulties James Ramsay Macdonald would have with his own supporters if he got into office; Herbert Asquith's belief that it is not in any party's interests to go into office at...
Dates: [24] [Dec] 1923
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.